DHM and Posturography explores the body of knowledge and state-of-the-art in digital human modeling, along with its application in ergonomics and posturography. The book provides an industry first introductory and practitioner focused overview of human simulation tools, with detailed chapters describing elements of posture, postural interactions, and fields of application. Thus, DHM tools and a specific scientific/practical problem - the study of posture - are linked in a coherent framework. In addition, sections show how DHM interfaces with the most common physical devices for posture analysis. Case studies provide the applied knowledge necessary for practitioners to make informed decisions.
Digital Human Modelling is the science of representing humans with their physical properties, characteristics and behaviors in computerized, virtual models. These models can be used standalone, or integrated with other computerized object design systems, to design or study designs, workplaces or products in their relationship with humans.
- Presents an introductory, up-to-date overview and introduction to all industrially relevant DHM systems that will enable users on trialing, procurement decisions and initial applications
- Includes user-level examples and case studies of DHM application in various industrial fields
- Provides a structured and posturography focused compendium that is easy to access, read and understand
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Part I Introduction 1. Introduction: from greek sculpture to the digital human model-a history of "human equilibrium 2. Why do we need digital human models?
Part II Human motion simulation tools 3. Siemens Jack 4. Human solutions RAMSIS 5. Task-based digital human simulation with editors for manual work activitiesdBasic Functionalities, applications, and future works 6. Santos: an integrated human modeling and simulation platform 7. NexGen Ergonomics Inc. HumanCAD 8. The AnyBody Modeling System 9. Virtual ergonomics by dassault syste`mes 10. CASIMIRda human body model for the analysis of seat vibrations 11. Industrial path solutionsd
intelligently moving manikins 12. ERL seat design and digital human models 13. ESI unique human model for seat (dis)comfort evaluation 14. Simcenter Madymo 15. VIRTHUMAN models for impact 16. Alaska/dynamicusdHuman movements in interplay with the environment
Part III Open source and internal DHM in posturography 17. Open-source software to create a kinematic model in digital human
Part IV Elements of posture 18. Human head modeling and applications 19. Neck postural stabilization, motion comfort, and impact simulation 20. Motion analysis and modeling of the shoulder: challenges and potential applications 21. Development of a feasible finite element digital human hand model 22. The spine: biomechanics and subject-specific finite element models 23. Foot size and foot shape of children, adults and elderly 24. Pelvic floor biomechanical assessment: current approaches and new evidence
Part V Postural interactions 25. Posture and anthropometry 26. Posturography
Part VI Activities of daily living 27. Physics-based sit-to-stand three-dimensional motion prediction considering seat pan contact 28. Digital human modeling and ergonomics of sleeping systems 29. Surface transitions and stair climbing and descent 30. Ingresseegress analysis for passenger vehicle design through digital human modeling 31. Posture prediction and physics-based human motion simulation 32. Three-dimensional body shape modeling and posturography 33. Adaptable digital human models from 3D body scans 34. Occupant comfort 35. Models of the human in dynamic environments
Part VII Cognition and control in posturography 36. Probabilistic reliability-physics models in aerospace human-in-the-loop (HITL) problems 37. Modeling human cognitive behavior for system design
Part VIII Fields of applications 38. Task analysisdErgonomically designed socio-technical work processes or humanemachine interfaces using digital ergonomic tools and methods 39. Rehabilitation 40. Digital human modeling in aerospace 41. DHM applied to ergonomic design and assessment of diagnostic ultrasound systems 42. Task-based digital human simulation with Editor for manual work activitiesdindustrial applications in product design and production planning 43. Medicine and the virtual physiological human 44. Use of digital human modeling in product design 45. Clothing 46. Human modeling tools for spacesuit and hardware design and assessment 47. Individualization of digital human models for planning of humanerobot collaboration 48. Anthropometric modeling in forensics 49. Biomechanical human models for seating discomfort assessment
Part IX DHM protocols 50. Standards and Norms 51. DHM data exchange protocols
Part X Integrations 52. Motion analysis of work conditions using commercial depth cameras in real industrial conditions 53. Design smart clothing using digital human models 54. Integration of commercial pressure measurement technologies 55. Haptic device integration
Part XI Case studies 56. Application of 3D scanning in design education 57. A virtual platform for lower limb prosthesis design and assessment 58. Three-dimensional scanning of the torso and breasts to inform better bra design 59. Building patternmaking theory to better represent the female form 60. Digital human modeling for collaborative robotics 61. Designing aircraft seats to fit the human body contour 62. Posture analysis in extreme sports 63. Predicting vehicle occupant postures using statistical models
Sofia Scataglini is a Human Factors Engineer and Visiting Professor at the Department of Product Development at Faculty of Design Sciences of Antwerp University. Since 2014, she has been working as Researcher at the Belgian Royal Academy and since 2018 at the Belgian Military Hospital Queen Astrid. She holds a Joint PhD in Applied Science between Politecnico di Milano and Belgian Royal Military Academy. Her research activity is dedicated to wearable sensors, physical ergonomics, design applied to human health, DHM and standards.
Sofia is a founder of the Digital Human Modeling by Women group (DHMW), which is dedicated to promoting women researchers around the world.
Gunther Paul is an Ergonomist and James Cook University Principal Research Fellow for Occupational Health and Safety at the Australian Institute for Tropical Health and Medicine (AITHM), and the Mackay Institute for Research and Innovation (MIRI). He holds a PhD in Ergonomics and MPhil in Control Engineering from Darmstadt University of Technology. His research focuses on complex work system related issues, such as health systems, respiratory health, human-in-the-loop modelling, or musculoskeletal disorders. Gunther has been the Chief Investigator in 17 research projects. He is the Editor-In-Chief of the International Journal of Human Factors Modelling and Simulation, and a reviewer for over 20 international journals. He chairs the International Ergonomics Association Technical Committee on Human Simulation and Virtual Environments, and is a Member of the Queensland Government Safety Leadership at Work Expert Reference Group, Member of the Commonwealth Department of Employment Research and Evaluation Services Panel, and Member of the Panel of Assessors, Queensland Civil and Administrative Tribunal (QCAT). Gunther is also the Ambassador of the Foundation for Professional Ergonomics in Australia. He has published over 100 journal articles, books and book chapters, and has been regularly presenting and chairing sessions at International conferences over the last 25 years. In his most recent previous employments, Gunther led the Health Safety Environment Discipline in the School of Public Health and Social Work at QUT, and before that he was Director of Ergolab at UniSA. In his 10 year industrial career, he worked as Project Manager for Ford, Daimler, and Faurecia.