The Autoimmune Diseases, Sixth Edition, emphasizes the "3 P's" of 21st Century medicine: precision, prediction and prevention. Topics cover the modern systems approach to biology that involves large amounts of personalized, ongoing physiologic data ("omics") coupled with advanced methods of analysis, new tests of genetic engineering, such as CRISPR, auto inflammatory diseases, autoimmune responses to tumor immunotherapy, and information on normal immune response and disorders. Each of the major autoimmune disorders is discussed by researchers and clinical investigators experienced in dealing with patients. Chapters emphasize the immunologic basis of the disease as well as the use of immunologic diagnostic methods and treatments.
The book also covers several cross-cutting issues related to the recognition and treatment of autoimmune diseases, including chapters on the measurement of autoantibodies and T cells, the use of biomarkers as early predictors of disease, and new methods of treatment.
Section 1: Immunologic Basis of Autoimmunity 1. Prelude: Historical introduction to autoimmunity and autoimmune disease 2. Structural and Functional Aspects of the Innate and Adaptive Systems of Immunity 3. General Features of Autoimmune Diseases 4. Antigen Presentation, Dendritic Cells, and Autoimmunity 5. T cells and their subsets 6. Role of Th1 Th2 Th17 Cells in Autoimmunity 7. Tolerance and Autoimmunity: T Cells 8. Regulatory T Cells 9. B Cells and Autoimmunity 10. Immunological memory T cells 11. Immunological memory B cells 12. Apoptotic Cells as a Source of Autoantigens 13. Effector Mechanisms of Autoimmunity: Antibodies and Immune Complexes 14. Functional Effects of Autoantibodies 15. Cytokine Chemokines 16. Signaling Pathways in T and B Lymphocytes 17. HLA Genetics and Autoimmunity 18. Non HLA Genetics 19. AIRE related Autoimmunity 20. Immune Deficiencies and Autoimmunity 21. Infections and Autoimmunity 22. Noninfectious Environmental Agents and Autoimmunity 23. Sex, Pregnancy and Autoimmunity 24. Animal Models of Autoimmune Disease
Section 2: Multisystem Diseases 25. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus 26. Systemic Sclerosis, Scleroderma 27. Antiphospholipid Syndrome 28. Sjogren Syndrome 29. Rheumatoid Arthritis 30. Spondyloarthritis and Chronic Idiopathic Arthropathies 31. Myositis 32. Thyroid Disease 33. Type 1 Diabetes 34. Adrenalitis 35. Polyendocrine Syndromes 36. Gastritis and Pernicious Anemia 37. Hypophysitis 38. Hemolytic Anemia 39. Thrombocytopenic Purpura 40. Neutropenia 41. Aplastic Anemia 42. Clotting Disorders 43. Multiple Sclerosis 44. Peripheral Neuropathy 45. Myasthenia Gravis 46. Ocular Disease 47. Inner Ear Disease 48. Celiac Disease 49. Inflammatory Bowel Diseases: Ulcerative Colitis and Crohn's Disease 50. Chronic Hepatitis 51. Primary Billiary Cirrhosis 52. Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis 53. Pancreatitis 54. Bullous Skin Diseases: Pemphigus and Pemphigoid 55. Non-Bullous Skin Diseases: Alopecia, Vitiligo, Psoriasis and Urticaria 56. Kidney Disease: Goodpasture's Disease, Lupus Nephritis, ANCA-Associated Glomerulonephritis 57. Orchitis and Male Infertility 58. Oophoritis 59. Rheumatic Heart Disease 60. Myocarditis and Dilated Cardiomyopathy 61. Necrotizing Arteritis and Small Vessel Vasculitis 62. Large and Medium Vessel Vasculitides 63. Autoimmune Disorders of the Lung 64. Paraneoplastic Diseases 65. Antibody-Associated Neurological Diseases 66. Autoinflammatory and other Related Diseases
Section 3: Diagnosis, Prevention, and Therapy 67. Autoantibody Assays, Testing, and Standardization 68. Prediction of Autoimmune Disease 69. Emerging Therapies for Autoimmune Diseases 70. Postlude
Noel Rose was born in Stamford, Connecticut. He attended Yale University for his undergraduate education followed by the University of Pennsylvania for a Ph.D. and State University of New York at Buffalo for an MD. He was a member of the faculty of the State University of New York at Buffalo School of Medicine for a period of 20 years, rising through the ranks to become a professor of Microbiology and Medicine, Director of Clinical Laboratories and Director of the Center for Immunology. He then spent ten years at Wayne State University School of Medicine where he chaired the Department of Immunology and Microbiology. In 1981, he joined the faculty of Johns Hopkins University as chairman of the Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases. He presently holds professorial appointments in the Departments of Pathology, Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Medicine and Environmental Health Sciences at The Johns Hopkins University and directs the Center for Autoimmune Disease Research. Dr. Rose's original investigations on the autoimmune basis of thyroid disease in 1956 opened the present era of research on autoimmunity. He has since investigated many areas of autoimmunity and related issues in clinical and basic immunology. Dr. Rose is the author or co-author of over 800 scientific papers and editor or co-editor of 24 books. He has received numerous honors, including two honorary doctoral degrees, election to fellowship in national or international societies, service in national and international organizations and editorial boards of leading journals.
Ian R. Mackay Professor, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia.
In the 1950s and 1960s Professor Mackay led the field of research into autoimmune diseases, coining the term 'autoimmunity'.
In 1963, he and Sir Macfarlane Burnet published a definitive monograph on the subject, firmly placing autoimmunity on the research map. Professor Mackay defined major autoimmune diseases of the liver and devised a life-saving protocol for autoimmune hepatitis that remains standard today. He also advanced knowledge on many other expressions of autoimmunity.