Graphene has brought to the world’s attention to the exceptional properties of two-dimensional (2D) nanosheet materials. Due to its exceptional transport, mechanical and thermal properties, graphene has been at the forefront of nanomaterials research over the past few years. Its development has enabled researchers to explore other 2D layered materials, such as the transition metal dichalcogenides, a wide variety of oxides and nitrides and clays.
Researchers have therefore looked beyond graphene in recent years to other layered 2D materials, such as borophene, molybdenum disulfide (MoS2), hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) and phosphorene. These materials possess the intrinsic properties of graphene, such as high electrical conductivity, insulating and semiconducting properties, high thermal conductivity, high mechanical strength, gas diffusion barriers, high chemical stability, and radiation shielding, but crucially also possess a semiconductor bandgap. Theoretical and experimental works on these materials have rapidly increased in the past couple of years and they are now commercially available from several advanced materials producers.
Non-carbon 2D materials covered in this report include:
- molybdenum disulfide (MoS2).
- hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN).
- graphitic carbon nitride.
- tungsten diselenide.
- rhenium disulfide.
- indium selenide.
Markets these materials could significantly impact and are covered in this report include:
- Batteries (Lithium-ion, sodium-ion, lithium-sulfur, lithium-oxygen).
- Separation membranes.
Report contents include:
- Properties of non-carbon 2D materials.
- Applications of non-carbon 2D materials.
- Addressable markets for non-carbon 2D materials.
- Non-carbon 2D materials roadmap.
- Patent landscape.
- Production and pricing.
- Profiles of 2D materials producers.
1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
2 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.1 Types of non-carbon 2D materials
3.1.1 Transition-metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs)
3.1.2 2D oxides
3.1.3 Hexagonal boron nitride
3.1.4 Single element
3.2 Synthesis and production
3.3 Patent landscape
4.3 Market opportunity
5.2 Fabrication methods
5.3 Challenges for the use of phosphorene in devices
5.4.2 Field effect transistors
126.96.36.199 Lithium-ion batteries (LIB)
188.8.131.52 Sodium-ion batteries
184.108.40.206 Lithium-sulfur batteries
5.5 Market opportunity
6 GRAPHITIC CARBON NITRIDE (g-C3N4)
6.4.2 Filtration membranes
6.4.4 Batteries (LIBs)
6.5 Market opportunity
7.3 Market opportunity assessment
220.127.116.11 Lithium-ion batteries (LIB)
18.104.22.168 Sodium-ion batteries
8.2.3 Separation membranes
8.2.4 Water filtration
8.3 Market opportunity assessment
9.2.2 Hydrogen storage
9.3 Market opportunity assessment
10 HEXAGONAL BORON-NITRIDE
10.2.2 Fuel cells
10.3 Market opportunity assessment
11 MOLYBDENUM DISULFIDE (MoS2)
11.2.6 Fiber lasers
11.3 Market opportunity assessment
12 RHENIUM DISULFIDE (ReS2) AND DISELENIDE (ReSe2)
12.3 Market opportunity assessment
13.3 Market opportunity assessment
14.3 Market opportunity assessment
15 TUNGSTEN DISELENIDE
15.3 Market opportunity assessment
17.3 Market opportunity assessment
18 INDIUM SELENIDE
18.3 Market opportunity assessment
19 COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF GRAPHENE AND OTHER 2D MATERIALS
20 TECHNOLOGY ROADMAP
21 PRODUCER PROFILES
Table 1: 2D materials types
Table 2: Applications and addressable markets of borophene
Table 3: Electronic and mechanical properties of monolayer phosphorene, graphene, and MoS2
Table 4: Applications and addressable markets for phosphorene
Table 5: Applications and addressable markets for graphitic carbon nitride
Table 6: Applications and addressable markets for germanene
Table 7: Applications and addressable markets for graphdiyne
Table 8: Applications and addressable markets for graphane
Table 9: Applications and addressable markets for hexagonal boron nitride
Table 10: Applications and addressable markets for molybdenum disulfide
Table 11: Applications and addressable markets for Rhenium disulfide (ReS2) and diselenide (ReSe2)
Table 12: Applications and addressable markets for silicene
Table 13: Applications and addressable markets for stanine/tinene
Table 14: Applications and addressable markets for tungsten diselenide
Table 15: Applications and addressable markets for diamene
Table 16: Applications and addressable markets for indium selenide
Table 17: Comparative analysis of graphene and other 2-D nanomaterials
Figure 1: Schematic of 2-D materials
Figure 2: Borophene schematic
Figure 3: Black phosphorus structure
Figure 4: Black Phosphorus crystal
Figure 5: Bottom gated flexible few-layer phosphorene transistors with the hydrophobic dielectric encapsulation
Figure 6: Graphitic carbon nitride
Figure 7: Structural difference between graphene and C2N-h2D crystal: (a) graphene; (b) C2N-h2D crystal. Credit: Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology
Figure 8: Schematic of germanene
Figure 9: Graphdiyne structure
Figure 10: Schematic of Graphane crystal
Figure 11: Structure of hexagonal boron nitride
Figure 12: BN nanosheet textiles application
Figure 13: Structure of 2D molybdenum disulfide
Figure 14: SEM image of MoS2
Figure 15: Atomic force microscopy image of a representative MoS2 thin-film transistor
Figure 16: Schematic of the molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) thin-film sensor with the deposited molecules that create an additional charge
Figure 17: Schematic of a monolayer of rhenium disulfide
Figure 18: Silicene structure
Figure 19: Monolayer silicene on a silver (111) substrate
Figure 20: Silicene transistor
Figure 21: Crystal structure for stanene
Figure 22: Atomic structure model for the 2D stanene on Bi2Te3(111)
Figure 23: Schematic of tungsten diselenide
Figure 24: Schematic of Indium Selenide (InSe)
Figure 25: Non-graphene 2D materials roadmap