The global automatic identification system market was valued at USD 248.6 million in 2020 and is expected to reach USD 345.3 million by 2026 and grow at a CAGR of 5.8% over the forecast period (2021-2026). The spread of COVID-19 severely affected the market growth. Due to the closing of international borders to contain the spread of the virus, ports were closed with no trade deals. Recently, with container ship crew reporting COVID-19 cases, most ports have started quarantining vessels for fourteen days before they enter the ports.
- The International Maritime Organization’s International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea requires automatic identification systems to be fitted in international voyaging ships with 300 or more GT ( Gross Tonnage) and passenger ships, regardless of size. In February 2021, the Southern Region Marine Department of Malaysia issued Port Circular No. 02/2021, informing the maritime community that it may require all vessels approved to operate to activate their Automatic Identification System (AIS) at times.
- Sea freight has witnessed significant growth across the world in recent years. Significant investments are being made for the marine industry at a global level, which has led to an increased demand for AIS, especially for vessel tracking.
- For instance, the UK planned a Maritime Trade and Investment Five Year Plan, which focuses on five main areas - Green Maritime, Digital Technologies, Autonomous Vessels, Marine Science, and Maritime Professional, and Business Services. Additionally, Myanmar announced to install AIS on its coastal and fishing vessels to ensure maritime security. To control AIS and exchange navigation information, AIS stations are expected to be established at 19 jetties, and the range of the AIS may stretch to 48-80 kilometers.
- AIS systems transmit radio signals in the maritime VHF band, and airwaves are inherently noisy. In ports and crowded areas, bandwidths often become congested due to competing signals, which interfere with each other. Additionally, satellites and ground-based receivers may only take in limited information at one time. Any individual vessel may drop on and off the map due to this congestion. More satellites receiving AIS signals shall help enhance the coverage, but currently, they are of limited receiving capacity.
Key Market Trends
Fleet Management is Expected to Hold Significant Share
- International marine shipments declined by 3.8% to 10.65 billion metric tons, according to UNCTAD's Review of Maritime Transport 2021. However, UNCTAD forecasts a 4.3% increase in global maritime commerce in 2021, with growth expected to continue in 2022-2026.
- The world fleet comprised 99,800 ships of 100 gross metric tons or more in early 2021, equivalent to 2,134,639,907 dwt of capacity, and the global shipping fleet grew by 3% in the year leading up to January 1, 2021. With the growing number of ships, it has become difficult for shipping companies to manage and analyze these large fleets, as the reporting requirement and emission standards are continuously evolving worldwide.
- Ships can connect via the fleet management system, sharing crucial information and updates. The operators can plan the arrival and departure of ships in predetermined zones. This is critical for traveling through congested ports and pre-defined zones where they must schedule slots that are only available for a limited amount of time. The shipping businesses must pay for these slots, and if they do not arrive during the scheduled time, they may have to pay even more.
- Currently, companies such as Big Ocean Data are adding capabilities to their fleet management solutions, such as a 5-day weather forecast and risk-based routing capability. As the EU plans the subsequent EU monitoring, reporting, and verification (MRV) rule to monitor emissions, fleet management solutions will play a critical role in the future for ships operating in the European Union. The fleet management system may reduce the time and effort required to record speed, fuel consumption, pollutants, and work statistics.
- With the help of fleet management solutions, the shipping companies are able to control their fleet in real-time, due to which ships are able to navigate around any unforeseen climate situation. The fleet managers are now able to trigger alarms with no lead-times, due to which the crew on the ships are able to make timely decisions.
North America is Expected to Hold Significant Share
- The North American region accounts for the largest automatic identification system market share. The region is known for its large coastal area, which requires continuous monitoring. For instance, according to the World Atlas, Canada has the longest coastline across the globe, covering 202,080 km. Moreover, the US has a total coastline length of 19,924 km.
- Moreover, the increasing commercial activities and trade across the region are also propelling the need for maritime safety and surveillance. According to Reading Economics, the US is among the top exporters across the globe. Therefore, the growth in trading activities across the region is anticipated to bolster the market's growth over the forecast period.
- Additionally, the region is marked with the presence of a significant number of AIS solution providers, which is contributing to the high share of the region, and hence the region dominates the market.
- The rising geopolitical tensions across the globe have made the governments focus on improving security. Various countries, such as the United States, are highly prone to various types of threats that may put any country in a compromising position. As such, the relevant authorities keep updating the vessels owners and cruisers about the possible threats. For instance, in September 2021, the US Maritime Administration (MARAD) issued an advisory to the US-flagged commercial vessels operating in the Persian Gulf, Red Sea, and the Western Indian Ocean about the possible AIS GPS spoofing and bridge-to-bridge communications spoofing.
- Furthermore, over the years, the government has made many investments to ensure maritime safety. Moreover, the relevant authorities in the region keep a thorough check on the usage of the automatic identification systems. For instance, in January 2021, the US Coast Guard (USCG) witnessed an alarming increase in the number of commercial fishing vessels disabling their AIS. This resulted in causing several accidents and making it difficult for the authorities to conduct search and rescue operations.
The global automatic identification system market is tending toward the fragmented market as the established players in the market dominate it. Due to significant innovations and an increase in partnerships by the players with Homeland Security agencies, the market is leading to a massive demand for AIS solutions. Key players in the market are - Saab AB, Furuno Electric Co. Ltd, exactEarth Limited, Orbcomm Inc., etc. The recent developments in the market are -
- August 2021: Jotron, a manufacturer of safety products and systems, has released Tron AIS TR-8000 MkII, an enhanced automatic identification system (AIS) for the maritime industry. The AIS complies with Bridge Alert Management (BAM) requirements and is designed for inland waterways. The system is also enhanced with the inclusion of blue sign information transmissions for safe navigation within European inland waterways.
- April 2021: Wärtsilä partnered with Tanger Med, one of the largest Mediterranean and African container ports, to take a new step forward in global port efficiency by co-developing a new cutting-edge Port Management Information System (PMIS). The joint initiative includes the delivery and installation of a Wärtsilä Navi-Harbour VTS System comprising PortLink Port Management Information System, IALA Advanced Coastal Surveillance Radars, VHF Radio Sub-System, Automatic Identification System, Operator Workstation, Network Systems, Ancillary Equipment, and a five-year service and support contract.
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Table of Contents
1.2 Scope of the Study
4.2 Industry Attractiveness - Porter's Five Forces Analysis
4.2.1 Bargaining Power of Suppliers
4.2.2 Bargaining Power of Consumers
4.2.3 Threat of New Entrants
4.2.4 Threat of Substitute Products
4.2.5 Intensity of Competitive Rivalry
4.3 Industry Value Chain Analysis
5.1.1 Increased Maritime Traffic
5.1.2 Need for Improvement in Vessel Dwell Time and Port Performance
5.2 Market Challenges
5.2.1 Range and Reporting Capabilities
7.1.1 Fleet Management
7.1.2 Vessel Tracking
7.1.3 Maritime Security
7.1.4 Other Applications (Accident investigation and Infrastructure Protection)
7.3.1 North America
7.3.3 Asia Pacific
7.3.4 Latin America
7.3.5 Middle East and Africa
8.1.1 Saab AB
8.1.2 Furuno Electric Co. Ltd
8.1.3 ExactEarth Ltd
8.1.4 Orbcomm Inc.
8.1.5 Garmin Ltd
8.1.6 Kongsberg Gruppen ASA
8.1.7 True Heading AB
8.1.8 Japan Radio Company Ltd.
8.1.9 C.N.S. Systems AB
8.1.10 Wartsila OYJ Abp
8.1.11 ComNav Marine Ltd
8.1.12 L3 Technologies Inc.
A selection of companies mentioned in this report includes:
- Saab AB
- Furuno Electric Co. Ltd
- ExactEarth Ltd
- Orbcomm Inc.
- Garmin Ltd
- Kongsberg Gruppen ASA
- True Heading AB
- Japan Radio Company Ltd.
- C.N.S. Systems AB
- Wartsila OYJ Abp
- ComNav Marine Ltd
- L3 Technologies Inc.