+353-1-416-8900REST OF WORLD
+44-20-3973-8888REST OF WORLD
1-917-300-0470EAST COAST U.S
1-800-526-8630U.S. (TOLL FREE)

Calcium Hydroxide Market - Growth, Trends, COVID-19 Impact, and Forecasts (2023 - 2028)

  • PDF Icon


  • 120 Pages
  • April 2023
  • Region: Global
  • Mordor Intelligence
  • ID: 4771916
The market for calcium hydroxide is expected to register at a CAGR of greater than 4% during the forecast period.

COVID-19 significantly impacted the construction, water treatment, and pulp and paper industries, thus hampering the market growth. However, the industry recovered from that time onwards, and the market is driven by steady expansion in the construction, pulp, paper, and wastewater treatment industries.

Key Highlights

  • One of the major factors driving the market studied is the growing investment in the United States construction sector. Due to strict drinking water regulations, the wastewater treatment industry dominated the market globally and is expected to grow during the forecast period.
  • However, the increasing renewable sources adoption for power generation in utility plants, as they avoid the need for flue gas treatment, is expected to restrain the market growth.
  • The latest developments in FGD (Flue Gas Desulfurization) technology result in higher efficiency. It is expected to act as an opportunity in the coming future.
  • Asia-Pacific dominated the global market, with enormous consumption from China and followed by India.

Calcium Hydroxide Market Trends

Wastewater Treatment to Dominate the Market

  • Calcium hydroxide is used as a flocculant in wastewater treatment to clean industrial and drinking water. It can also be used to lower the water's hardness. One of the most successful and cost-effective alkaline products used in drinking water production, wastewater treatment, and sludge is calcium hydroxide, sometimes known as slaked lime.
  • It improves drinking water quality by softening, neutralizing, and removing suspended contaminants. Water can also be disinfected by treating it with calcium hydroxide. The bacteria and viruses present in the water are primarily removed when the pH of the water is raised to 10.5 - 11 by adding calcium hydroxide over 24-72 hours. Also, the presence of dissolved heavy metals is eliminated.
  • The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recommends using calcium hydroxide in wastewater treatment in the United States and Europe. Various ordinances govern sludge treatment. The therapy specifies the utilization of calcium hydroxide for treating and cleaning sludges.
  • According to Stabel, the Belgian statistical office, Belgium's revenue from wastewater treatment was approximately EUR 612 million (~USD 650 million) as of the end of 2022, an increase of 8% over the same period the year before. Wastewater treatment generated about EUR 1.7 billion (USD 1.8 billion) in total revenue in 2022.
  • The United States, which provides services for millions of Americans, is expected to increase the number of wastewater treatment plants in the coming years. It is owing to the funds granted by the government as part of the Water Infrastructure Finance and Innovation Act (WIFIA).
  • According to the US Census Bureau, the total capital expenditures for water, sewage, and other system utilities in the United States in 2021 were close to USD 6 billion, an increase of 8% over the expenditures in the prior year, which were close to USD 5.5 billion.
  • As per the various company reports, BASF SE accounted for the highest revenue in 2021 at approximately USD 89.4 billion in water and wastewater treatment revenue. It was followed by Dow at around USD 55 billion, and 3M at around USD 35.5 billion.
  • Water and wastewater treatment is growing in importance due to rising populations, water scarcity, and declining water quality, owing to which countries like the United Kingdom, Germany, and France, established stringent regulations regarding wastewater treatment. This increased focus on wastewater treatment will likely boost the demand for calcium hydroxide.

Asia-Pacific Region to Dominate the Market

  • Asia-Pacific region dominated the global market share globally. With growing construction activities, increasing food and beverage, water treatment, and pulp and paper industry in countries such as China and India, calcium hydroxide usage is increasing in the region. Calcium hydroxide includes multiple applications in construction as a critical ingredient in the preparation of asphalt and mortars.
  • Just 6% to 7% of the world's freshwater is found in China, despite the country having around 20% of the global population. According to the International Trade Administration, China intends to construct or upgrade 80,000 km of sewage collection pipeline networks between 2021 and 2025, increasing sewage treatment capacity by 20 million cubic m/day. Additionally, the development of wastewater treatment facilities in second and third-tier cities and chances for sewage pipeline maintenance will be made possible by China's strong regulatory backing and investment focus.
  • In India, under the Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban) 2.0 launched in October 2021, INR 15,883 crore (~USD 2.16 billion) was being allocated to States/UTs for wastewater/used water management. It also includes setting up STPs and FSTPs (fecal sludge treatment plants).
  • In addition, China's building industry is expanding dramatically. The fourth quarter of 2022 saw an increase in China's construction output of around 50% over the previous quarter (USD 27.6 billion), reaching an estimated CNY 276 billion (about USD 40 billion), according to the National Bureau of Statistics of China.
  • The Indian government, in its Union Budget 2022-23 as well allocated INR 48,000 crores (~USD 5.8 billion) for its PM Aawas Yojana scheme, reiterating its commitment to building affordable homes for the urban poor.
  • The building and construction sector in Japan also saw significant growth. According to Japan's Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT), total investments in the construction sector are expected to total over JPY 66,990 billion (USD 508,16 billion) in 2022, up roughly 0.6% from the previous year.
  • The ASEAN building and construction sector's rising investment is projected to fuel market expansion in this area. In addition, the rapid urbanization of Southeast Asia may fuel the expansion of the industrial water treatment sector, which in turn may increase the region's need for calcium hydroxide.

Calcium Hydroxide Industry Overview

The calcium hydroxide market is partially fragmented, with the top players accounting for a small market share. Some major companies in this market include Carmeuse, Graymont Limited, Lhoist, Hydrite Chemical, and Mississippi Lime Company, among others.

Additional Benefits:

  • The market estimate (ME) sheet in Excel format
  • 3 months of analyst support

This product will be delivered within 2 business days.

Table of Contents

1.1 Study Deliverables
1.2 Study Assumptions
1.3 Scope of the Study



4.1 Drivers
4.1.1 Increasing Private Investment in US Construction Sector
4.1.2 Other Drivers
4.2 Restraints
4.2.1 Increasing Adoption of Renewable Sources for Power Generation in Utility Plants
4.2.2 Other Restraints
4.3 Industry Value-Chain Analysis
4.4 Porter's Five Forces Analysis
4.4.1 Bargaining Power of Suppliers
4.4.2 Bargaining Power of Consumers
4.4.3 Threat of New Entrants
4.4.4 Threat of Substitute Products and Services
4.4.5 Degree of Competition
4.5 Trade Analysis
4.6 Price Trends

5 MARKET SEGMENTATION (Market Size in Value)
5.1 End-user Industry
5.1.1 Water Treatment
5.1.2 Construction
5.1.3 Environmental Gas Treatment
5.1.4 Food & Beverages
5.1.5 Pulp & Paper
5.1.6 Other End-user Industries
5.2 Geography
5.2.1 Asia-Pacific China India Japan South Korea Rest of Asia-Pacific
5.2.2 North America United States Canada Mexico
5.2.3 Europe Germany United Kingdom Italy France Rest of Europe
5.2.4 South America Brazil Argentina Rest of South America
5.2.5 Middle East & Africa Saudi Arabia South Africa Rest of Middle East & Africa

6.1 Mergers & Acquisitions, Joint Ventures, Collaborations, and Agreements
6.2 Market Share (%)** / Ranking Analysis
6.3 Strategies Adopted by Leading Players
6.4 Company Profiles
6.4.1 CAO Industries Sdn Bhd.
6.4.2 Carmeuse
6.4.3 GFS Chemicals, Inc.
6.4.4 Graymont Limited
6.4.5 Hydrite Chemical
6.4.6 Innova Corporate
6.4.7 Jost Chemical Co.
6.4.8 Lhoist
6.4.9 Mississippi Lime Company
6.4.10 United States Lime & Minerals, Inc.

7.1 Developments in FGD (Flue Gas Desulfurization) technology

Companies Mentioned (Partial List)

A selection of companies mentioned in this report includes, but is not limited to:

  • CAO Industries Sdn Bhd.
  • Carmeuse
  • GFS Chemicals, Inc.
  • Graymont Limited
  • Hydrite Chemical
  • Innova Corporate
  • Jost Chemical Co.
  • Lhoist
  • Mississippi Lime Company
  • United States Lime & Minerals, Inc.