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Role of Wireless ICT in Healthcare: M2M, WBAN and Underlying Technologies: Standardization, Trends and Markets

  • ID: 4790868
  • Report
  • 196 Pages
  • PracTel Inc
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This Report Concentrates on the Fast-Growing Healthcare and Related Segments of M2M/IoT Communications

FEATURED COMPANIES

  • Aeon Labs-Aeotec
  • Ingenu
  • Laird Technologies
  • Morse Micro
  • NorthQ
  • Renesas (Platforms)
  • MORE

This report reviews, updates and extends the publisher's M2M/IoT project that has been launched a couple of years ago. In particular, it concentrates on the fast-growing healthcare and related segments of M2M/IoT communications.

Ambient Intelligence is a vision where the environment becomes smart, friendly, context-aware and responsive to any type of human needs. In such a world, computing and networking technology coexist with people in a ubiquitous, friendly and pervasive way. Numerous miniature and interconnected smart devices create new intelligence and interact with each other seamlessly. For healthcare, this translates into the proliferation of remote monitoring and telemedicine supported by M2M/IoT networking.

The report addresses recent advances in wireless communications technologies for medical/fitness applications.

Particular, it analyzes the following related developments:

  • Status of M2M standardization, market, and development in general and specifically for medical/wellness applications
  • Development and standardization of the Wireless Body Area Network (WBAN) and Medical Body Area Network (WMBAN), including the specifics of their markets.

Underlying technologies:

  • Bluetooth and it's Medical Profile
  • ZigBee and it's Medical Profile
  • Wi-Fi low-power consumption technology
  • Z-Wave
  • Self-powered wireless sensors
  • Continua Health Care Alliance activities in the selection of WICT for healthcare
  • Survey of related industries
  • An estimate of related market segments

The report emphasizes the necessity of further proliferation standardized wireless communications in medicine and wellness to reduce the cost and enhance the quality of services.

It also includes a survey of patents related to the discussed subjects.

The report is written for service providers, IT departments of hospitals and other medical organizations, retail operators, vendors, network operators, and managers, investors and end users seeking to gain a deeper understanding of new trends in the wireless communications medical/wellness applications.

For systems integrators, the report provides an analysis and assessment of competing products currently available as well as an estimation of the overall opportunities in the coming years.

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
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FEATURED COMPANIES

  • Aeon Labs-Aeotec
  • Ingenu
  • Laird Technologies
  • Morse Micro
  • NorthQ
  • Renesas (Platforms)
  • MORE

1. Introduction   
1.1 General   
1.2 Scope   
1.2.1 Choices   
1.3 Status   
1.4 Requirements   
1.5 WBAN - WMBAN   
1.6 Bluetooth   
1.7 ZigBee   
1.8 Wi-Fi   
1.9 Demand   
1.10 Crisis   
1.11 Focus   
1.12 Research Methodology   
1.13 Target Audience   

2. WBAN/WMBAN - Features and Standardization   
2.1 General   
2.2 Reasons   
2.3 Definition   
2.3.1 Structure   
2.4 Overview   
2.4.1 WBAN Requirements   
2.5 Groups   
2.5.1 By Application   
2.5.2 By Transmission Medium   
2.5.3 By Number of Nodes   
2.5.4 By Environment   
2.5.5 By Radio Type   
2.5.6 By Place   
2.5.7 By Response   
2.5.8 By User Condition   
2.5.9 By Frequency Spectrum   
2.6 FCC Regulations-Frequency Spectrum   
2.7 Standardization   
2.7.1 General   
2.7.2 IEEE 802.15.6   
2.7.2.1 Scope   
2.7.2.2 Status   
2.7.2.3 Structure   
2.7.2.4 Major Characteristics   
2.7.2.4.1 Specifics   
2.7.2.4.2 Overview   
2.7.2.4.2.1 Technology Characterization   
2.7.2.5 IEEE 802.15.6: Major Points   
2.7.2.5.1 Areas of Applications   
2.7.2.5.2 Physical Layers   
2.7.2.5.2.1 Narrow Band   
2.7.2.5.2.2 UWB PHY   
2.7.2.5.2.3 HBC PHY   
2.7.2.5.3 MAC   
2.7.2.5.4 Security   
2.7.2.5.5 Power Savings   
2.7.2.6 Summary   
2.7.3 IEEE 802.15.4j - Medical BAN (MBAN)   
2.7.3.1 Scope   
2.7.3.2 Differences   
2.7.3.3 Timeline   
2.7.3.4 Characteristics   
2.7.3.4.1 Spectrum and Channel Plan   
2.7.3.4.2 Major Parameters   
2.7.3.5 Benefits   
2.7.4 ISO/IEEE 11073 - Personal Health Data   
2.7.4.1 Family   
2.7.4.2 IEEE 11073 Scope   
2.8 Market Considerations   
2.9 ETSI eHealth   
2.9.1 Scope   
2.9.2 ETSI TR 101 557 V1.1.1 (2012-02) - MBANS   
2.9.2.1 General   
2.9.2.2 ETSI - MBANS   
2.9.2.3 Market Characteristics   
2.9.2.4 Technical Details   
2.10 Major WBAN Applications   
2.10.1 Healthcare   
2.10.2 Wellness   
2.10.3 First Responders and Military   
2.11 Industry   

  • AirStrip Technologies
  • GE
  • Intelesens
  • Intel
  • Medtronic
  • Microcemi
  • Nokia
  • Siemens
  • Sotera Wireless
  • Sensium
  • Vivago
  • VitaMove

2.12 Summary: WBAN Current and Future Trends   

3. Underlying Technologies   
3.1 IEEE 802.15.1 (Bluetooth-BT)   
3.1.1 BT Protocol Stack   
3.1.1.1 Transport layer   
3.1.1.1.1 Radio Layer   
3.1.1.1.2 Baseband and Link Manager Layers   
3.1.1.2 Middleware Layer   
3.1.2 Profiles   
3.1.3 Power Consumption - ULP/BLE   
3.1.4 Health Device Profile   
3.1.4.1 IEEE 11073 and BT   
3.1.5 Highlights   
3.1.5.1 The Standard:   
3.1.5.2 The Technology:   
3.1.6 Evolution   
3.1.6.1 BT v2.1   
3.1.6.2 BT v3.0   
3.1.6.3 BT v4.0 and Further Development   
3.1.6.4 BT v5.0 and v5.1   
3.1.7 Market Estimate   
3.1.8 BT Industry-HDP   

  • Cambridge Consultants
  • Continua (now part of PCHA)
  • Laird Technologies
  • LNI-InHealth
  • Nonin
  • Omron
  • Nordic Semiconductor
  • Silicon Labs

3.2 ZigBee   
3.2.1 General   
3.2.2 Technology   
3.2.2.1 Major Features   
3.2.3 Device Types   
3.2.4 Protocol Stack   
3.2.4.1 Physical and MAC Layers - IEEE802.15.4   
3.2.4.1.1 Frame   
3.2.4.2 Upper Layers   
3.2.4.2.1 Network Layer Responsibilities   
3.2.4.2.2 Application Layer   
3.2.5 Interoperability   
3.2.6 Security   
3.2.7 Platform Considerations   
3.2.7.1 Battery Life   
3.2.8 ZigBee Technology Benefits and Limitations   
3.2.9 Standardization Process   
3.2.9.1 ZigBee Alliance   
3.2.9.1.1 Objectives   
3.2.9.2 IEEE 802.15.4-2015 and ZigBee   
3.2.9.2.1 IEEE 802.15.4 Radio   
3.2.10 Applications Specifics   
3.2.10.1 Personal, Home and Hospital Care (PHHC) Profile -ZigBee Healthcare   
3.2.10.1.1 Objectives   
3.2.10.1.2 Details   
3.2.10.1.3 Use Cases   
3.2.11 Market   
3.2.11.1 Segments   
3.2.11.2 Forecast   
3.2.12 Industry   

  • CEL (modules)
  • Digi (Radio, Medical Application)
  • Lamprey Networks, Inc. (LNI)
  • Microchip
  • NXP
  • Philips Applied Technologies (Healthcare)
  • Renesas (Platforms)
  • Silicon Laboratories (Chipsets, Modules, Medical)
  • Synapse (Modules, Protocols)
  • TI (Chipsets)
  • Qorvo

3.3 Low-power Consumption Wi-Fi   
3.3.1 General   
3.3.2 802.11ah (Wi-Fi HaLow)   
3.3.2.1 Standard   
3.3.2.2 Goal and Schedule   
3.3.2.3 Attributes   
3.3.2.4 Use Cases   
3.3.2.5 PHY   
3.3.2.5.1 Bandwidth   
3.3.2.5.2 Channelization   
3.3.2.5.3 Transmission Modes and MIMO   
3.3.2.6 MAC Layer   
3.3.3 Summary   
3.3.4 Marketing Data   
3.3.5 Industry   

  • Microchip
  • Morse Micro
  • Newracom-Aviacomm
  • Telit (former GainSpan)

3.4 Z-Wave   
3.4.1 General   
3.4.2 Z-Wave Alliance   
3.4.3 Benefits   
3.4.4 Details   
3.4.4.1 Background   
3.4.4.2 Characteristics   
3.4.4.3 G.9959   
3.4.5 Advanced Energy Control Framework   
3.4.6 Selected Vendors   

  • Aeon Labs-Aeotec
  • NorthQ
  • There
  • Vera Control

3.4.7 Market Estimate   
3.4.7.1 Model   
3.4.7.2 Results   
3.5 Selection - Continua Health Alliance   
3.5.1 General   
3.5.2 Continua Design Guidelines (CDG)   

4. Self-powered Wireless Sensors   
4.1 Methods   
4.2 Batteries   
4.3 Power Harvesting Technologies   
4.3.1 Nodes   
4.3.2 Energy Sources   
4.3.2.1 General   
4.3.2.1.1 Solar Energy   
4.3.2.1.2 Thermoelectric   
4.3.2.1.3 Mechanical   
4.3.2.1.4 RF Power   
4.3.2.2 Summary   
4.4 Green Technologies Features and Requirements   

5. Medical WICT and M2M Communications   
5.1 M2M Specifics   
5.1.1 Definition and Process   
5.1.2 Statistics   
5.1.3 Properties   
5.1.4 P2P and M2M   
5.1.5 Choices   
5.1.5.1 Cellular   
5.1.5.2 Short-range   
5.1.5.3 Open Standard   
5.1.6 Challenges   
5.1.7 Advances   
5.1.7.1 Examples   
5.2 M2M Standardization   
5.2.1 Health Care Specifics   
5.2.2 OneM2M Alliance   
5.2.2.1 Varieties   
5.2.2.2 Service Layer Architecture   
5.2.2.3 Benefits   
5.2.2.4 oneM2M Standards   
5.2.3 M2M Alliance   
5.2.4 Open Mobile Alliance (OMA)   
5.2.5 ETSI   
5.2.5.1 Efforts   
5.2.5.2 Architecture   
5.2.5.3 Use Case-Healthcare   
5.2.6 ITU   
5.2.6.1 ITU-T Focus Group - Healthcare   
5.2.7 Global M2M Association (GMA)   
5.2.8 IETF and IP/WSN   
5.2.8.1 Major Projects   
5.2.8.1.1 6LoWPAN WG   
5.2.8.1.2 ROLL WG   
5.2.9 Summary   
5.3 Healthcare-M2M Specifics   
5.3.1 Role   
5.3.2 Monitoring   
5.3.3 Cost   
5.3.4 Advantages   
5.3.4.1 General   
5.3.4.2 Savings   
5.3.4.3 Categories and Benefits Details   
5.3.5 Components   
5.3.6 Examples   
5.3.7 Issues   
5.4 M2M Industry   

  • Aeris
  • Gemalto (a Thales company)
  • Iota
  • InterDigital/Lamprey Networks
  • Ingenu
  • Jasper Wireless
  • Kore Telematics
  • Libelium
  • Sigfox
  • Wireless Logic
  • Whiznets

5.5 M2M Markets and Applications   
5.5.1 Situation   
5.5.2 Structure   
5.5.3 Statistics   

6. Conclusions   

Attachments
Attachment I: IEEE 802.15.4a-2007   
Attachment II: MBAN - related Patents Survey (2017-2019)   
Attachment III: 802.11ah - related Patents Survey (2017-2019)   

List of Figures
Figure 1: WBAN Illustration   
Figure 2: Intelligent Sensor   
Figure 3: WBAN Characteristics   
Figure 4: IEEE 802.15.6: Process   
Figure 5: 802.15.6 - PHY and MAC   
Figure 6: IEEE 802.15.6 Areas of Applicability   
Figure 7: Network Topology   
Figure 8: ISO/IEEE 11073 Protocol Family   
Figure 9: Estimate: U.S. Healthcare Expenditures ($T)   
Figure 10: Estimate: U.S. WBAN Equipment Sales - Medical Applications ($B)   
Figure 11: Estimate: Global - Medical Devices Connectivity Market ($B)   
Figure 12: Estimate: Patient Wireless Monitoring Devices Sales- Europe ($M)   
Figure 13: Bluetooth Protocol Stack   
Figure 14: Piconets Illustration   
Figure 15: ULP BT Layers   
Figure 16: BT HDP Building Blocks   
Figure 17: Estimate: Global Sales of BT Modules (Bil. Units)   
Figure 18: Estimate: Global Sales of BT Modules ($B)   
Figure 19: BT Market Geographical Segmentation   
Figure 20: Estimate: BT- HDP Modules Global Sales (Bil. Units)   
Figure 21: Estimate: BT- HDP Modules Global Sales ($B)   
Figure 22: ZigBee Channels   
Figure 23: ZigBee Protocol Stack   
Figure 24: Applications-Illustration   
Figure 25: Estimate: Global Market Size - ZigBee Chips ($B)   
Figure 26: Estimate - Global Market - Healthcare ZigBee ($B)   
Figure 27: ZigBee Market Segmentation (2019)   
Figure 28: ZigBee Market Segmentation (2023)   
Figure 29: Backhaul Use Case Illustration   
Figure 30: Standardized Frequency Spectrum (sub-1 GHz)   
Figure 31: 802.11ah - Channelization Plan in the U.S.   
Figure 32: Estimate: Low Power Consumption Wi-Fi Modules Sales - U.S. ($B)   
Figure 33: Estimate: U.S. Small SH Z-Wave IC Market ($B)   
Figure 34: Estimate: U.S. Large SH Z-Wave IC Market ($B)   
Figure 35: M2M Process-Illustration   
Figure 36: Major Layers   
Figure 37: M2M Use Cases and ETSI Documentation   
Figure 38: Healthcare Expenses - Percent of GDP (2018)   
Figure 39: Annual Savings - Adoption of Remote Monitoring   
Figure 40: Details   
Figure 41: M2M Applications   
Figure 42: Projections: M2M Traffic Growth (PB/Month)   
Figure 43: Estimate- Global Wireless M2M Market Revenue ($B)   
Figure 44: Estimate: Global-Health Care Sector-M2M Communications Market ($B)   

List of Tables
Table 1: ZigBee and 802.15.6 Radios   
Table 2: Sensors Classification - Placing   
Table 3: Allowable Power Density   
Table 4: NB PHY Characteristics   
Table 5: HBC Characteristics   
Table 6: Summary - 802.15.6 Properties   
Table 7: Modulation Parameters   
Table 8: Transports   
Table 9: WBAN Medical Applications   
Table 10: Bluetooth Profiles and Protocols - Samples   
Table 11: BT v4.2 vs v5.0   
Table 12: ZigBee Parameters   
Table 13: 802.11ah Features Summary   
Table 14: Continua Design Guidelines   
Table 15: Power Sources   
Table 16: Data - Illustration   
Table 17: Components   
Table 18: Standard Bands   

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
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  • Aeon Labs-Aeotec
  • Aeris
  • Cambridge Consultants
  • CEL (modules)
  • Continua (now part of PCHA)
  • Digi (Radio, Medical Application)
  • Gemalto (a Thales company)
  • Ingenu
  • InterDigital/Lamprey Networks
  • Iota
  • Jasper Wireless
  • Kore Telematics
  • Laird Technologies
  • Lamprey Networks, Inc. (LNI)
  • Libelium
  • LNI-InHealth
  • Microchip
  • Morse Micro
  • Newracom-Aviacomm
  • Nonin
  • Nordic Semiconductor
  • NorthQ
  • NXP
  • Omron
  • Philips Applied Technologies (Healthcare)
  • Qorvo
  • Renesas (Platforms)
  • Sigfox
  • Silicon Laboratories (Chipsets, Modules, Medical)
  • Synapse (Modules, Protocols)
  • Telit (former GainSpan)
  • There
  • TI (Chipsets)
  • Vera Control
  • Whiznets
  • Wireless Logic
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
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