African Internet Connectivity Expands with New Subsea Cables

## African countries showing steady progress towards fibre broadband builds

Although for many years the development of telecom infrastructure in Africa had been held back by underinvestment and neglect among governments and telecom sector regulators, more recently there have been determined efforts across much of the region to address these shortcomings. Even so, some countries continue to suffer from a mix on man-made and natural problems, including civil strife, insurgencies, and drought, which render efforts towards progress difficult.

Inadequate fixed-line services remain pervasive across much of the continent, even in the more mature markets such as South Africa and Nigeria. However, investments being made by governments and telcos are ongoing, and while mobile networks account for most of this spend, there is a considerable proportion earmarked for terrestrial cabling. The result is a growing network of telecom cables providing regional and international connectivity.

These cable systems are providing the means for telcos to expand the reach of their fibre platforms. In many areas, fibre deployments are no longer nascent but maturing, as telcos reach deeper into major urban areas. With cable infrastructure providing greater bandwidth, telcos are able to offer compelling fibre-based broadband services at a reasonable cost to end-users. As such, fibre is being taken up by a wider proportion of urban dwellers, and the service is no longer limited to or perceived as a platform for NGOs, government departments, and businesses which can afford it.

In many respects, fibre is an obvious choice as a platform, since telcos are building infrastructure from the bottom up, and there is little economic benefit in building out copper when fibre is the technology which is best placed to enable governments to achieve their ambitions for developing digital economies.

## Table of Contents

**Telecoms Maturity Index - Africa**

- Market characteristics
- Market Leaders
- Market Challengers
- Market Emergents
- TMI vs GDP
- Mobile and mobile broadband penetration
- Fixed versus mobile broadband penetration

**Regional fixed broadband market overview**

**Algeria**

- Market analysis
- Broadband statistics
- Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
- Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
- Other fixed broadband services

**Angola**

- Introduction and statistical overview
- Market analysis
- Broadband statistics
- Internet Exchange Points (IXP)
- Fixed-line broadband technologies

**Benin**

- Introduction and statistical overview
- Broadband statistics
- Public Internet Access Locations
- Fixed-line broadband technologies

**Botswana**

- Introduction and statistical overview
- Market analysis
- Public internet access facilities
- Botswana Internet Exchange (BINX)
- White space spectrum
- Broadband statistics
- Fixed-line broadband technologies

**Burkina Faso**

- Introduction and statistical overview
- Broadband statistics
- Public Internet access locations
- Computer program
- ISP market
- Fixed-line broadband technologies
- Other fixed broadband services

**Cameroon**

- Introduction and statistical overview
- Broadband statistics
- Fixed-line broadband technologies

**Chad**

- Market analysis
- Broadband statistics
- Fixed wireless (WiMAX, WiBro, Wi-Fi)
- Satellite broadband

**Cote d'Ivoire**

- Introduction and statistical overview
- Broadband statistics
- Public Internet access locations
- Fixed-line broadband technologies

**Democratic Republic of Congo**

- Introduction
- Broadband statistics
- ISP market
- Internet exchange points (IXP)
- Internet satellite

**Djibouti**

- Broadband statistics
- Fixed-line broadband technologies

**Egypt**

- Market analysis
- Free Internet project
- National Broadband Plan
- Public internet access locations
- Broadband statistics

**Eritrea**

- Telecom, mobile and internet market overview
- Privatisation of EriTel
- Internet statistics

**Ethiopia**

- Introduction and statistical overview
- Broadband statistics
- Public internet access locations
- Fixed-line broadband technologies

**Gabon**

- Introduction
- Market analysis
- Broadband statistics
- Fixed-line broadband technologies

**Gambia**

- Market analysis
- Broadband statistics
- Internet Exchange Point (IXP)
- Fixed-line broadband technologies

**Ghana**

- Introduction and statistical overview
- Broadband statistics
- Public Internet Access Venues (PAVs)
- Shared access centres
- Mobile Telecentre To-Go
- Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
- Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP)
- Other fixed broadband services
- Domestic backbone network infrastructure

**Guinea**

- Introduction and statistical overview
- Broadband subscribers
- Fixed wireless (Wi-Fi and WiMAX)
- Satellite broadband

**Kenya**

- Introduction and statistical overview
- Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
- Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
- Other fixed broadband services

**Lesotho**

- Introduction and statistical overview
- Broadband statistics
- Fixed-line broadband technologies

**Liberia**

- Introduction and statistical overview

**Libya**

- Introduction
- Broadband statistics
- Fixed-line broadband technologies

**Madagascar**

- Market analysis
- Broadband statistics
- Public internet access locations
- Data licensees
- Broadband infrastructure

**Malawi**

- Introduction
- Broadband statistics
- Fixed-line broadband technologies
- Wi-Fi/WiMAX

**Mali**

- Introduction and statistical overview
- Broadband statistics
- Fixed-line broadband technologies

**Mauritania**

- Introduction and statistical overview
- Other fixed broadband services

**Mauritius**

- Introduction
- Broadband statistics
- Broadband infrastructure

**Morocco**

- Introduction
- Broadband statistics
- Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
- Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
- Other fixed broadband services

**Mozambique**

- Introduction
- Broadband statistics
- Public internet access locations
- Mozambique Internet Exchange Point (MOZ-IX)
- Fixed-line broadband technologies

**Namibia**

- Introduction
- Broadband statistics
- Fixed-line broadband technologies

**Niger**

- Introduction and statistics

**Nigeria**

- Introduction and statistical overview
- Market analysis
- Internet Exchange Points (IXP)
- National Broadband Plan
- Broadband statistics
- Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
- Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
- Other fixed broadband services

**Rwanda**

- Introduction
- Broadband statistics
- Rwanda Internet Exchange Point (RIXP)
- Cybercafes and telecentres
- One Laptop per Child (OLPC)
- Other initiatives
- Fixed-line broadband technologies

**Senegal**

- Introduction and statistical overview
- Broadband statistics
- Fixed-line broadband technologies

**Sierra Leone**

- Introduction and statistical overview

**Somalia**

- Market analysis
- Broadband statistics

**South Africa**

- Market analysis
- Community access projects
- Internet Service Providers Association (ISPA)
- Internet Exchange Points (IXP)
- Broadband statistics
- Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
- Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
- Other fixed broadband services

**South Sudan**

- Introduction and statistical overview
- Broadband infrastructure

**Sudan**

- Introduction and statistical overview
- Sudan Internet Society (SiS)
- Broadband statistics
- Fixed-line broadband technologies
- Fixed wireless broadband services

**Swaziland**

- Introduction and statistical overview
- Fixed-line broadband technologies

**Tanzania**

- Introduction and statistical overview
- Broadband infrastructure

**Tunisia**

- Introduction and statistical overview
- Broadband statistics
- Public Internet access locations
- Agence Tunisienne d'Internet (ATI)
- Fixed-line broadband technologies

**Uganda**

- Market analysis
- Broadband statistics
- Public Internet access locations
- Uganda Internet Exchange Point (UiXP)
- Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
- Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
- Other fixed broadband services

**Zambia**

- Introduction and statistical overview
- Fixed-line broadband technologies

**Zimbabwe**

- Introduction and statistical overview
- Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) Networks
- Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP)
- Other fixed broadband services

**List of Tables**

Table 1 Select African countries Fixed broadband subscribers 2019-2022

Table 2 Algeria Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2011-2026

Table 3 Algeria Fixed-line broadband connections by data rate 2017-2018

Table 4 Algeria Fixed-line broadband connections by data rate (new format) 2020 - 2021

Table 5 Algeria Growth in the number of DSL broadband subscribers and penetration 2009-2021

Table 6 Algeria Growth in the number of fibre broadband subscribers 2015-2021

Table 7 Algeria Change in the number of WiMAX broadband subscribers 2013-2021

Table 8 Algeria Fixed-wireless (LTE) broadband subscribers 2014-2021

Table 9 Angola Growth in the number of internet users and penetration 2014-2019

Table 10 Angola Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2011-2026

Table 11 Angola Growth in the number of DSL broadband subscribers 2011-2021

Table 12 Angola Growth in the number of fibre broadband subscribers 2012-2021

Table 13 Angola Satellite broadband subscribers in Angola 2011-2021

Table 14 Benin Growth in the number of internet users and penetration 2011-2021

Table 15 Benin Change in the number of internet subscribers by technology 2010-2021

Table 16 Benin Change in the market share of fixed internet subscribers by operator 2014-2021

Table 17 Benin DSL subscribers 2010-2019

Table 18 Benin Change in the number of Isocel's broadband subscribers 2014-2021

Table 19 Botswana Growth in the number of internet subscribers and penetration rate 2011-2021

Table 20 Botswana Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers 2011-2026

Table 21 Botswana DSL broadband subscribers 2011-2021

Table 22 Botswana Fixed wireless broadband subscribers 2012-2021

Table 23 Burkina Faso Change in the number of fixed internet subscribers 2011-2021

Table 24 Burkina Faso Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers 2013-2021

Table 25 Burkina Faso Change in the number of public telecentres 2009-2021

Table 26 Burkina Faso Change in the number of DSL's subscribers 2011-2021

Table 27 Burkina Faso Change in the number of Onatel's fixed broadband subscribers 2011-2021

Table 28 Cameroon Fixed internet market revenue 2012-2019

Table 29 Cameroon Total fixed and mobile internet subscribers 2014-2019

Table 30 Cameroon Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers 2011-2026

Table 31 Cameroon CamNet fixed broadband subscribers (DSL, EVDO and CDMA) 2012-2019

Table 32 Cameroon Fibre broadband subscribers 2014-2019

Table 33 Cameroon WiMAX subscribers 2012-2019

Table 34 Chad Growth in the number of fixed line internet subscribers 2011-2026

Table 35 Chad Change in average annual internet ARPU 2011-2020

Table 36 Chad Growth in the number of total internet subscribers 2009-2020

Table 37 Chad Growth in total internet sector revenue 2011-2020

Table 38 Cote d'Ivoire Increase in fixed internet revenue 2012-2021

Table 39 Cote d'Ivoire Internet access market investment in Côte d'Ivoire 2012-2021

Table 40 Cote d'Ivoire Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration 2012-2027

Table 41 Cote d'Ivoire ISP market share of subscribers 2012-2021

Table 42 Cote d'Ivoire Change in the number of broadband subscribers by ISP 2013-2021

Table 43 Cote d'Ivoire Change in the proportion of fixed/fixed-wireless broadband connections by platform 2016-2021

Table 44 Cote d'Ivoire Change in the number of DSL subscribers 2015-2021

Table 45 Cote d'Ivoire Growth in the number of Orange CI's DSL broadband subscribers 2012-2021

Table 46 Cote d'Ivoire Growth in the number of fibre broadband subscribers 2015-2022

Table 47 Cote d'Ivoire Fixed-wireless (LTE/WiMAX) broadband subscribers 2015-2021

Table 48 DRC Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers 2013-2026

Table 49 Djibouti Internet users and penetration rate 2011-2019

Table 50 Djibouti Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers 2012-2027

Table 51 Djibouti Change in the number of DSL subscribers 2017-2019

Table 52 Djibouti Change in the number of Fibre subscribers 2017-2019

Table 53 Djibouti Change in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers by speed 2017-2020

Table 54 Egypt Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2011-2026

Table 55 Egypt Growth in the number of DSL subscribers 2011-2021

Table 56 Growth in the number of Vodafone Egypt's fixed broadband subscribers 2013-2021

Table 57 Decline in the number of Orange Egypt's fixed broadband subscribers 2013-2021

Table 58 Growth in the number of Telecom Egypt's DSL subscribers 2010-2021

Table 59 Eritrea Fixed-line broadband subscribers 2011-2021

Table 60 Ethiopia Growth in the proportion of households with internet access 2010-2021

Table 61 Ethiopia Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration 2011-2026

Table 62 Ethiopia Growth in the number of Ethio Telecom's DSL subscribers 2011-2021

Table 63 Gabon Change in the market share of internet subscribers by operator 2012-2021

Table 64 Gabon Growth in the number of fixed-line and mobile internet subscribers and penetration 2011-2021

Table 65 Gabon Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2011-2021

Table 66 Gabon Growth in the number of Moov Gabon's fixed internet subscribers 2011-2021

Table 67 Gambia Internet users and penetration 2011-2019

Table 68 Gambia Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers 2011-2022

Table 69 Gambia Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers by operator 2013-2020

Table 70 Ghana Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers 2011-2026

Table 71 Increase in the number of Vodafone Ghana's fixed broadband subscribers 2012-2021

Table 72 Ghana DSL subscribers 2011-2019

Table 73 Ghana Broadband wireless access subscribers by operator 2016-2021

Table 74 Ghana Broadband wireless access market share by operator 2016-2021

Table 75 Guinea Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers 2012-2023

Table 76 Guinea Development of fixed-line internet revenue 2017-2020

Table 77 Kenya Growth in the number of total internet subscriptions 2011-2021

Table 78 Kenya Growth in the number of wireless internet subscriptions by access technology 2011-2021

Table 79 Kenya Change in the number of fixed-line broadband subscriptions by access technology (thousand) 2011-2021

Table 80 Kenya Change in the number of fixed-line broadband subscriptions and penetration 2011-2026

Table 81 Kenya Growth in the number of total broadband subscriptions 2014-2021

Table 82 Kenya Decline in the number of DSL subscribers 2011-2021

Table 83 Kenya Market share of fixed broadband subscribers by operator 2018-2021

Table 84 Kenya Safaricom fixed broadband subscribers 2015-2020

Table 85 Kenya Growth in the number of Safaricom's fibre broadband premises covered 2016-2020

Table 86 Kenya Growth in the number of fibre broadband subscribers 2011-2021

Table 87 Kenya Change in the number of cable broadband subscribers 2016-2021

Table 88 Lesotho Proportion of households with internet access 2007-2021

Table 89 Lesotho Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2011-2026

Table 90 Lesotho Growth in the number of DSL broadband subscribers 2011-2021

Table 91 Liberia Internet users and penetration rate in Liberia 2011-2019

Table 92 Liberia Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers 2011-2027

Table 93 Libya Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration 2011-2026

Table 94 Madagascar Change in the number of internet users and penetration rate 2012-2020

Table 95 Madagascar Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers 2012-2027

Table 96 Madagascar Increase in fixed-line internet traffic 2012-2020

Table 97 Madagascar Decline in the number of DSL subscribers 2012-2020

Table 98 Madagascar Increase in the number of fibre broadband subscribers 2013-2020

Table 99 Madagascar Change in the number of fixed wireless broadband subscribers 2016-2020

Table 100 Madagascar Decline in the number of satellite broadband subscribers 2016-2020

Table 101 Malawi Fixed broadband subscribers 2012-2022

Table 102 Mali Growth in the number of Sotelma's internet subscribers 2012-2021

Table 103 Mali Change in the number of fixed-line internet and broadband subscribers 2012-2022

Table 104 Mali Change in the number of DSL subscribers 2012-2020

Table 105 Mali Change in the number of WiMAX subscribers 2012-2020

Table 106 Mali Fixed broadband fibre and other subscribers 2018-2020

Table 107 Mauritania Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2012-2027

Table 108 Mauritania Growth in the number of DSL broadband subscribers 2011-2020

Table 109 Mauritania Change in the number of Moov Mauritel's fixed broadband subscribers 2011-2021

Table 110 Mauritius Internet subscribers and penetration rate 2012-2021

Table 111 Mauritius Change in the number of internet subscribers by type 2012-2021

Table 112 Mauritius Change in the number of broadband subscribers by type 2012-2021

Table 113 Mauritius Change in the number of dial-up internet subscribers and penetration 2012-2021

Table 114 Mauritius Change in the number of total broadband subscribers and penetration 2012-2021

Table 115 Mauritius Change in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2012-2027

Table 116 Mauritius Change in the number of wireless broadband subscribers 2012-2021

Table 117 Morocco Increase in the total number of internet subscribers, and penetration 2009-2021

Table 118 Morocco Increase in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration 2011-2026

Table 119 Morocco Change in the market share of overall internet subscribers by ISP 2012-2021

Table 120 Morocco Change in the average revenue per internet subscriber (MAD/month/subscriber) 2012-2021

Table 121 Morocco Increase in the number of DSL subscribers 2009-2021

Table 122 Morocco Distribution of DSL access by speed (old style) 2012-2017

Table 123 Morocco Distribution of DSL access by speed (new style) 2018-2021

Table 124 Morocco Change in internet subscriber market share: DSL and mobile 2010-2021

Table 125 Morocco Increase in the number of Maroc Telecom's internet subscribers by access technology (thousand) 2009-2021

Table 126 Morocco FttP broadband subscribers 2017-2021

Table 127 Mozambique Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers 2011-2026

Table 128 Mozambique Growth in the number of cable broadband subscribers 2011-2019

Table 129 Mozambique Change in the number of DSL broadband subscribers 2011-2019

Table 130 Mozambique Growth in the number of FTTP broadband subscribers 2014-2019

Table 131 Namibia Internet users and penetration 2011-2019

Table 132 Namibia Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2011-2022

Table 133 Namibia Growth in the number of DSL broadband subscribers 2012-2021

Table 134 Namibia Change in the number of DSL connections by data rate 2012-2021

Table 135 Namibia Broadband revenue by technology (N$ million) 2012-2020

Table 136 Namibia Growth in the number of Telecom Namibia's fixed broadband subscribers 2013-2020

Table 137 Namibia Increase in the number of fibre broadband subscribers 2014-2021

Table 138 Namibia Growth in the number of satellite broadband subscribers 2012-2021

Table 139 Niger Growth in the number of fixed broadband and penetration 2012-2021

Table 140 Niger Change in the number of fixed broadband connections by type 2012-2020

Table 141 Nigeria Fixed-line (wired) broadband subscribers 2017-2021

Table 142 Nigeria Fixed-line (wired) broadband subscribers by operator 2017-2021

Table 143 Nigeria Change in the market share of fixed-wired broadband subscribers by operator 2017-2021

Table 144 Rwanda Growth in the number of internet users and penetration 2012-2021

Table 145 Rwanda Internet subscribers by platform 2012-2021

Table 146 Rwanda Dial-up internet subscribers by operator 2013-2021

Table 147 Rwanda Change in the number of fixed broadband (>256kb/s) subscribers by operator 2013-2021

Table 148 Rwanda Internet subscribers by major ISP 2012-2021

Table 149 Senegal Fixed broadband subscribers by alterative ISPs 2018-2021

Table 150 Senegal Growth in the number of internet users in Senegal 2010-2021

Table 151 Senegal Market share of internet connections by platform 2011-2021

Table 152 Senegal Change in internet penetration by platform 2015-2021

Table 153 Senegal Change in the number of internet subscribers by platform 2011-2021

Table 154 Senegal Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration 2012-2027

Table 155 Senegal Change in the number of fixed wireless internet subscribers 2012-2021

Table 156 Senegal Change in the share of fixed wireless broadband market by operator (keys and data cards) 2013-2021

Table 157 Sierra Leone Internet users and penetration rate 2011-2019

Table 158 Somalia Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers 2012-2026

Table 159 South Africa National Broadband Policy penetration targets to 2030

Table 160 South Africa Change in fixed internet revenue by type (ZAR million) 2015-2020

Table 161 South Africa Development of the Schools Connected program 2016-2020

Table 162 South Africa Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2011-2026

Table 163 South Africa Change in the number of fixed broadband subscribers by type (thousand) 2015-2020

Table 164 South Africa Change in the number of Telkom's broadband subscribers 2011-2021

Table 165 South Africa Growth in Telkom's fixed data traffic 2014-2021

Table 166 South Africa Change in the number of Telkom's DSL subscribers by type 2016-2019

Table 167 South Africa Change in Telkom's fixed copper and fibre broadband subscribers 2017-2021

Table 168 Increase in the number of Telkom South Africa's fibre ports 2017-2021

Table 169 Telkom South Africa fibre premises passed 2016-2019

Table 170 South Africa Growth in the number of fibre broadband subscribers 2013-2020

Table 171 South Africa Change in the number of fixed wireless broadband subscribers 2017-2020

Table 172 South Sudan Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscriptions 2012-2027

Table 173 Sudan Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2012-2027

Table 174 Sudan DSL subscribers 2012-2022

Table 175 Swaziland Change in the proportion of households with internet access 2012-2022

Table 176 Swaziland Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers 2012-2022

Table 177 Swaziland Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers (regulator data) 2017-2021

Table 178 Swaziland Market share of broadband subscribers by operator 2018-2021

Table 179 Swaziland Fixed broadband subscribers by operator 2019-2021

Table 180 Tanzania Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers 2011-2026

Table 181 Tanzania Cable modem broadband subscribers 2011-2019

Table 182 Tanzania Fixed wireless internet subscribers 2013-2019

Table 183 Tunisia Change in the number of fixed-line broadband connections: lower data speed 2018-2021

Table 184 Tunisia Change in the number of fixed-line broadband connections: higher data speed 2018-2021

Table 185 Tunisia Change in the proportion of fixed-line broadband connections: lower data speed 2014-2021

Table 186 Tunisia Change in the proportion of fixed-line broadband connections: higher data speed 2014-2021

Table 187 Tunisia Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2012-2027

Table 188 Tunisia Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers by type (million) 2017-2021

Table 189 Tunisia Increase in computer penetration in households 2012-2019

Table 190 Tunisia Decline in the number of public internet kiosks 2015-2021

Table 191 Tunisia Growth in the number of DSL subscribers 2012-2021

Table 192 Tunisia Change in the number of DSL subscribers by operator 2013-2021

Table 193 Tunisia Change in the market share of DSL subscribers by operator 2013-2021

Table 194 Tunisia Increase in the number of FttP/B subscribers 2012-2021

Table 195 Tunisia Change in the number of fixed-wireless broadband subscribers 2017-2021

Table 196 Tunisia Satellite internet subscribers 2015-2021

Table 197 Uganda Growth in the number of internet users and penetration rate 2010-2021

Table 198 Uganda Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers 2011-2026

Table 199 Zambia Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration 2011-2026

Table 200 Zambia Change in the number of DSL subscribers 2010-2021

Table 201 Zambia Growth in the number of FttB subscribers 2011-2021

Table 202 Zimbabwe Increase in internet access revenue and investment ($ million) 2012-2018

Table 203 Zimbabwe Increase in internet access revenue and investment inflated (ZW$ million) 2019-2021

Table 204 Zimbabwe Growth in the number of internet subscribers and penetration 2012-2021

Table 205 Zimbabwe Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2012-2027

Table 206 Zimbabwe Growth in the number of DSL subscribers 2012-2021

Table 207 Zimbabwe Growth in the number of Ecoweb's data subscribers 2012-2019

Table 208 Zimbabwe Ecoweb broadband revenue 2013-2019

Table 209 Zimbabwe Ecoweb broadband revenue inflated 2020-2022

Table 210 Zimbabwe Growth in the number of fibre broadband subscribers 2013-2021

Table 211 Zimbabwe Decline in the number of WiMAX internet subscribers 2013-2021

Table 212 Zimbabwe Satellite internet subscribers 2013-2021

Table 2 Algeria Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2011-2026

Table 3 Algeria Fixed-line broadband connections by data rate 2017-2018

Table 4 Algeria Fixed-line broadband connections by data rate (new format) 2020 - 2021

Table 5 Algeria Growth in the number of DSL broadband subscribers and penetration 2009-2021

Table 6 Algeria Growth in the number of fibre broadband subscribers 2015-2021

Table 7 Algeria Change in the number of WiMAX broadband subscribers 2013-2021

Table 8 Algeria Fixed-wireless (LTE) broadband subscribers 2014-2021

Table 9 Angola Growth in the number of internet users and penetration 2014-2019

Table 10 Angola Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2011-2026

Table 11 Angola Growth in the number of DSL broadband subscribers 2011-2021

Table 12 Angola Growth in the number of fibre broadband subscribers 2012-2021

Table 13 Angola Satellite broadband subscribers in Angola 2011-2021

Table 14 Benin Growth in the number of internet users and penetration 2011-2021

Table 15 Benin Change in the number of internet subscribers by technology 2010-2021

Table 16 Benin Change in the market share of fixed internet subscribers by operator 2014-2021

Table 17 Benin DSL subscribers 2010-2019

Table 18 Benin Change in the number of Isocel's broadband subscribers 2014-2021

Table 19 Botswana Growth in the number of internet subscribers and penetration rate 2011-2021

Table 20 Botswana Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers 2011-2026

Table 21 Botswana DSL broadband subscribers 2011-2021

Table 22 Botswana Fixed wireless broadband subscribers 2012-2021

Table 23 Burkina Faso Change in the number of fixed internet subscribers 2011-2021

Table 24 Burkina Faso Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers 2013-2021

Table 25 Burkina Faso Change in the number of public telecentres 2009-2021

Table 26 Burkina Faso Change in the number of DSL's subscribers 2011-2021

Table 27 Burkina Faso Change in the number of Onatel's fixed broadband subscribers 2011-2021

Table 28 Cameroon Fixed internet market revenue 2012-2019

Table 29 Cameroon Total fixed and mobile internet subscribers 2014-2019

Table 30 Cameroon Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers 2011-2026

Table 31 Cameroon CamNet fixed broadband subscribers (DSL, EVDO and CDMA) 2012-2019

Table 32 Cameroon Fibre broadband subscribers 2014-2019

Table 33 Cameroon WiMAX subscribers 2012-2019

Table 34 Chad Growth in the number of fixed line internet subscribers 2011-2026

Table 35 Chad Change in average annual internet ARPU 2011-2020

Table 36 Chad Growth in the number of total internet subscribers 2009-2020

Table 37 Chad Growth in total internet sector revenue 2011-2020

Table 38 Cote d'Ivoire Increase in fixed internet revenue 2012-2021

Table 39 Cote d'Ivoire Internet access market investment in Côte d'Ivoire 2012-2021

Table 40 Cote d'Ivoire Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration 2012-2027

Table 41 Cote d'Ivoire ISP market share of subscribers 2012-2021

Table 42 Cote d'Ivoire Change in the number of broadband subscribers by ISP 2013-2021

Table 43 Cote d'Ivoire Change in the proportion of fixed/fixed-wireless broadband connections by platform 2016-2021

Table 44 Cote d'Ivoire Change in the number of DSL subscribers 2015-2021

Table 45 Cote d'Ivoire Growth in the number of Orange CI's DSL broadband subscribers 2012-2021

Table 46 Cote d'Ivoire Growth in the number of fibre broadband subscribers 2015-2022

Table 47 Cote d'Ivoire Fixed-wireless (LTE/WiMAX) broadband subscribers 2015-2021

Table 48 DRC Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers 2013-2026

Table 49 Djibouti Internet users and penetration rate 2011-2019

Table 50 Djibouti Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers 2012-2027

Table 51 Djibouti Change in the number of DSL subscribers 2017-2019

Table 52 Djibouti Change in the number of Fibre subscribers 2017-2019

Table 53 Djibouti Change in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers by speed 2017-2020

Table 54 Egypt Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2011-2026

Table 55 Egypt Growth in the number of DSL subscribers 2011-2021

Table 56 Growth in the number of Vodafone Egypt's fixed broadband subscribers 2013-2021

Table 57 Decline in the number of Orange Egypt's fixed broadband subscribers 2013-2021

Table 58 Growth in the number of Telecom Egypt's DSL subscribers 2010-2021

Table 59 Eritrea Fixed-line broadband subscribers 2011-2021

Table 60 Ethiopia Growth in the proportion of households with internet access 2010-2021

Table 61 Ethiopia Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration 2011-2026

Table 62 Ethiopia Growth in the number of Ethio Telecom's DSL subscribers 2011-2021

Table 63 Gabon Change in the market share of internet subscribers by operator 2012-2021

Table 64 Gabon Growth in the number of fixed-line and mobile internet subscribers and penetration 2011-2021

Table 65 Gabon Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2011-2021

Table 66 Gabon Growth in the number of Moov Gabon's fixed internet subscribers 2011-2021

Table 67 Gambia Internet users and penetration 2011-2019

Table 68 Gambia Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers 2011-2022

Table 69 Gambia Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers by operator 2013-2020

Table 70 Ghana Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers 2011-2026

Table 71 Increase in the number of Vodafone Ghana's fixed broadband subscribers 2012-2021

Table 72 Ghana DSL subscribers 2011-2019

Table 73 Ghana Broadband wireless access subscribers by operator 2016-2021

Table 74 Ghana Broadband wireless access market share by operator 2016-2021

Table 75 Guinea Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers 2012-2023

Table 76 Guinea Development of fixed-line internet revenue 2017-2020

Table 77 Kenya Growth in the number of total internet subscriptions 2011-2021

Table 78 Kenya Growth in the number of wireless internet subscriptions by access technology 2011-2021

Table 79 Kenya Change in the number of fixed-line broadband subscriptions by access technology (thousand) 2011-2021

Table 80 Kenya Change in the number of fixed-line broadband subscriptions and penetration 2011-2026

Table 81 Kenya Growth in the number of total broadband subscriptions 2014-2021

Table 82 Kenya Decline in the number of DSL subscribers 2011-2021

Table 83 Kenya Market share of fixed broadband subscribers by operator 2018-2021

Table 84 Kenya Safaricom fixed broadband subscribers 2015-2020

Table 85 Kenya Growth in the number of Safaricom's fibre broadband premises covered 2016-2020

Table 86 Kenya Growth in the number of fibre broadband subscribers 2011-2021

Table 87 Kenya Change in the number of cable broadband subscribers 2016-2021

Table 88 Lesotho Proportion of households with internet access 2007-2021

Table 89 Lesotho Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2011-2026

Table 90 Lesotho Growth in the number of DSL broadband subscribers 2011-2021

Table 91 Liberia Internet users and penetration rate in Liberia 2011-2019

Table 92 Liberia Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers 2011-2027

Table 93 Libya Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration 2011-2026

Table 94 Madagascar Change in the number of internet users and penetration rate 2012-2020

Table 95 Madagascar Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers 2012-2027

Table 96 Madagascar Increase in fixed-line internet traffic 2012-2020

Table 97 Madagascar Decline in the number of DSL subscribers 2012-2020

Table 98 Madagascar Increase in the number of fibre broadband subscribers 2013-2020

Table 99 Madagascar Change in the number of fixed wireless broadband subscribers 2016-2020

Table 100 Madagascar Decline in the number of satellite broadband subscribers 2016-2020

Table 101 Malawi Fixed broadband subscribers 2012-2022

Table 102 Mali Growth in the number of Sotelma's internet subscribers 2012-2021

Table 103 Mali Change in the number of fixed-line internet and broadband subscribers 2012-2022

Table 104 Mali Change in the number of DSL subscribers 2012-2020

Table 105 Mali Change in the number of WiMAX subscribers 2012-2020

Table 106 Mali Fixed broadband fibre and other subscribers 2018-2020

Table 107 Mauritania Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2012-2027

Table 108 Mauritania Growth in the number of DSL broadband subscribers 2011-2020

Table 109 Mauritania Change in the number of Moov Mauritel's fixed broadband subscribers 2011-2021

Table 110 Mauritius Internet subscribers and penetration rate 2012-2021

Table 111 Mauritius Change in the number of internet subscribers by type 2012-2021

Table 112 Mauritius Change in the number of broadband subscribers by type 2012-2021

Table 113 Mauritius Change in the number of dial-up internet subscribers and penetration 2012-2021

Table 114 Mauritius Change in the number of total broadband subscribers and penetration 2012-2021

Table 115 Mauritius Change in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2012-2027

Table 116 Mauritius Change in the number of wireless broadband subscribers 2012-2021

Table 117 Morocco Increase in the total number of internet subscribers, and penetration 2009-2021

Table 118 Morocco Increase in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration 2011-2026

Table 119 Morocco Change in the market share of overall internet subscribers by ISP 2012-2021

Table 120 Morocco Change in the average revenue per internet subscriber (MAD/month/subscriber) 2012-2021

Table 121 Morocco Increase in the number of DSL subscribers 2009-2021

Table 122 Morocco Distribution of DSL access by speed (old style) 2012-2017

Table 123 Morocco Distribution of DSL access by speed (new style) 2018-2021

Table 124 Morocco Change in internet subscriber market share: DSL and mobile 2010-2021

Table 125 Morocco Increase in the number of Maroc Telecom's internet subscribers by access technology (thousand) 2009-2021

Table 126 Morocco FttP broadband subscribers 2017-2021

Table 127 Mozambique Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers 2011-2026

Table 128 Mozambique Growth in the number of cable broadband subscribers 2011-2019

Table 129 Mozambique Change in the number of DSL broadband subscribers 2011-2019

Table 130 Mozambique Growth in the number of FTTP broadband subscribers 2014-2019

Table 131 Namibia Internet users and penetration 2011-2019

Table 132 Namibia Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2011-2022

Table 133 Namibia Growth in the number of DSL broadband subscribers 2012-2021

Table 134 Namibia Change in the number of DSL connections by data rate 2012-2021

Table 135 Namibia Broadband revenue by technology (N$ million) 2012-2020

Table 136 Namibia Growth in the number of Telecom Namibia's fixed broadband subscribers 2013-2020

Table 137 Namibia Increase in the number of fibre broadband subscribers 2014-2021

Table 138 Namibia Growth in the number of satellite broadband subscribers 2012-2021

Table 139 Niger Growth in the number of fixed broadband and penetration 2012-2021

Table 140 Niger Change in the number of fixed broadband connections by type 2012-2020

Table 141 Nigeria Fixed-line (wired) broadband subscribers 2017-2021

Table 142 Nigeria Fixed-line (wired) broadband subscribers by operator 2017-2021

Table 143 Nigeria Change in the market share of fixed-wired broadband subscribers by operator 2017-2021

Table 144 Rwanda Growth in the number of internet users and penetration 2012-2021

Table 145 Rwanda Internet subscribers by platform 2012-2021

Table 146 Rwanda Dial-up internet subscribers by operator 2013-2021

Table 147 Rwanda Change in the number of fixed broadband (>256kb/s) subscribers by operator 2013-2021

Table 148 Rwanda Internet subscribers by major ISP 2012-2021

Table 149 Senegal Fixed broadband subscribers by alterative ISPs 2018-2021

Table 150 Senegal Growth in the number of internet users in Senegal 2010-2021

Table 151 Senegal Market share of internet connections by platform 2011-2021

Table 152 Senegal Change in internet penetration by platform 2015-2021

Table 153 Senegal Change in the number of internet subscribers by platform 2011-2021

Table 154 Senegal Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration 2012-2027

Table 155 Senegal Change in the number of fixed wireless internet subscribers 2012-2021

Table 156 Senegal Change in the share of fixed wireless broadband market by operator (keys and data cards) 2013-2021

Table 157 Sierra Leone Internet users and penetration rate 2011-2019

Table 158 Somalia Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers 2012-2026

Table 159 South Africa National Broadband Policy penetration targets to 2030

Table 160 South Africa Change in fixed internet revenue by type (ZAR million) 2015-2020

Table 161 South Africa Development of the Schools Connected program 2016-2020

Table 162 South Africa Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2011-2026

Table 163 South Africa Change in the number of fixed broadband subscribers by type (thousand) 2015-2020

Table 164 South Africa Change in the number of Telkom's broadband subscribers 2011-2021

Table 165 South Africa Growth in Telkom's fixed data traffic 2014-2021

Table 166 South Africa Change in the number of Telkom's DSL subscribers by type 2016-2019

Table 167 South Africa Change in Telkom's fixed copper and fibre broadband subscribers 2017-2021

Table 168 Increase in the number of Telkom South Africa's fibre ports 2017-2021

Table 169 Telkom South Africa fibre premises passed 2016-2019

Table 170 South Africa Growth in the number of fibre broadband subscribers 2013-2020

Table 171 South Africa Change in the number of fixed wireless broadband subscribers 2017-2020

Table 172 South Sudan Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscriptions 2012-2027

Table 173 Sudan Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2012-2027

Table 174 Sudan DSL subscribers 2012-2022

Table 175 Swaziland Change in the proportion of households with internet access 2012-2022

Table 176 Swaziland Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers 2012-2022

Table 177 Swaziland Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers (regulator data) 2017-2021

Table 178 Swaziland Market share of broadband subscribers by operator 2018-2021

Table 179 Swaziland Fixed broadband subscribers by operator 2019-2021

Table 180 Tanzania Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers 2011-2026

Table 181 Tanzania Cable modem broadband subscribers 2011-2019

Table 182 Tanzania Fixed wireless internet subscribers 2013-2019

Table 183 Tunisia Change in the number of fixed-line broadband connections: lower data speed 2018-2021

Table 184 Tunisia Change in the number of fixed-line broadband connections: higher data speed 2018-2021

Table 185 Tunisia Change in the proportion of fixed-line broadband connections: lower data speed 2014-2021

Table 186 Tunisia Change in the proportion of fixed-line broadband connections: higher data speed 2014-2021

Table 187 Tunisia Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2012-2027

Table 188 Tunisia Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers by type (million) 2017-2021

Table 189 Tunisia Increase in computer penetration in households 2012-2019

Table 190 Tunisia Decline in the number of public internet kiosks 2015-2021

Table 191 Tunisia Growth in the number of DSL subscribers 2012-2021

Table 192 Tunisia Change in the number of DSL subscribers by operator 2013-2021

Table 193 Tunisia Change in the market share of DSL subscribers by operator 2013-2021

Table 194 Tunisia Increase in the number of FttP/B subscribers 2012-2021

Table 195 Tunisia Change in the number of fixed-wireless broadband subscribers 2017-2021

Table 196 Tunisia Satellite internet subscribers 2015-2021

Table 197 Uganda Growth in the number of internet users and penetration rate 2010-2021

Table 198 Uganda Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers 2011-2026

Table 199 Zambia Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration 2011-2026

Table 200 Zambia Change in the number of DSL subscribers 2010-2021

Table 201 Zambia Growth in the number of FttB subscribers 2011-2021

Table 202 Zimbabwe Increase in internet access revenue and investment ($ million) 2012-2018

Table 203 Zimbabwe Increase in internet access revenue and investment inflated (ZW$ million) 2019-2021

Table 204 Zimbabwe Growth in the number of internet subscribers and penetration 2012-2021

Table 205 Zimbabwe Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2012-2027

Table 206 Zimbabwe Growth in the number of DSL subscribers 2012-2021

Table 207 Zimbabwe Growth in the number of Ecoweb's data subscribers 2012-2019

Table 208 Zimbabwe Ecoweb broadband revenue 2013-2019

Table 209 Zimbabwe Ecoweb broadband revenue inflated 2020-2022

Table 210 Zimbabwe Growth in the number of fibre broadband subscribers 2013-2021

Table 211 Zimbabwe Decline in the number of WiMAX internet subscribers 2013-2021

Table 212 Zimbabwe Satellite internet subscribers 2013-2021

**List of Charts**

Chart 1 Africa Telecoms Maturity Index Market Leaders

Chart 2 Africa Market Leaders global ranking

Chart 3 Africa Telecoms Maturity Index Market Challengers

Chart 4 Africa Market Challengers global ranking

Chart 5 Africa Telecoms Maturity Index Market Emergents

Chart 6 Africa Market Emergents global ranking

Chart 7 Africa Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per capita

Chart 8 Africa Mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration

Chart 9 Africa Fixed and mobile broadband penetration

Chart 10 Algeria Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2011-2026

Chart 11 Algeria Growth in the number of DSL broadband subscribers and penetration 2009-2021

Chart 12 Algeria Growth in the number of fibre broadband subscribers 2015-2021

Chart 13 Algeria Change in the number of WiMAX broadband subscribers 2013-2021

Chart 14 Algeria Fixed-wireless (LTE) broadband subscribers 2014-2021

Chart 15 Angola Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2011-2026

Chart 16 Benin Growth in the number of internet users (thousand) and penetration 2011-2021

Chart 17 Benin Change in the number of internet subscribers by technology 2010-2021

Chart 18 Benin Change in the market share of fixed internet subscribers by operator 2014-2021

Chart 19 Botswana Growth in the number of internet subscribers and penetration rate 2011-2021

Chart 20 Botswana Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers 2011-2026

Chart 21 Burkina Faso Change in the number of fixed internet subscribers 2011-2021

Chart 22 Burkina Faso Change in the number of DSL's subscribers 2011-2021

Chart 23 Burkina Faso Change in the number of Onatel's fixed broadband subscribers 2011-2021

Chart 24 Cameroon Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers 2011-2026

Chart 25 Cameroon CamNet fixed broadband subscribers (DSL, EVDO and CDMA) 2012-2019

Chart 26 Chad Growth in the number of fixed-line internet subscribers 2011-2026

Chart 27 Chad Change in average annual internet ARPU 2011-2020

Chart 28 Chad Total internet subscribers 2009-2020

Chart 29 Chad Growth in total internet sector revenue 2011-2020

Chart 30 Cote d'Ivoire Increase in fixed internet revenue 2012-2021

Chart 31 Cote d'Ivoire Internet access market investment in Côte d'Ivoire 2012-2021

Chart 32 Cote d'Ivoire Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration 2012-2027

Chart 33 Cote d'Ivoire ISP market share of subscribers 2012-2021

Chart 34 Cote d'Ivoire Change in the proportion of fixed/fixed-wireless broadband connections by platform 2016-2021

Chart 35 Cote d'Ivoire Change in the number of DSL subscribers 2015-2021

Chart 36 Cote d'Ivoire Growth in the number of Orange CI's DSL broadband subscribers 2012-2021

Chart 37 Growth in the number of fibre broadband subscribers 2015-2022

Chart 38 Cote d'Ivoire Fixed-wireless (LTE/WiMAX) broadband subscribers 2015-2021

Chart 39 Djibouti Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers 2012-2027

Chart 40 Djibouti Change in the number of DSL subscribers 2017-2019

Chart 41 Djibouti Change in the number of Fibre subscribers 2017-2019

Chart 42 Djibouti Change in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers by speed 2017-2020

Chart 43 Egypt Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2011-2026

Chart 44 Egypt Growth in the number of DSL subscribers 2011-2021

Chart 45 Growth in the number of Vodafone Egypt's fixed broadband subscribers 2013-2021

Chart 46 Decline in the number of Orange Egypt's fixed broadband subscribers 2013-2021

Chart 47 Growth in the number of Telecom Egypt's DSL subscribers 2010-2021

Chart 48 Ethiopia Growth in the proportion of households with internet access 2010-2021

Chart 49 Ethiopia Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration 2013-2026

Chart 50 Ethiopia Growth in the number of Ethio Telecom's DSL subscribers 2011-2021

Chart 51 Gabon Change in the market share of internet subscribers by operator 2013-2021

Chart 52 Gabon Growth in the number of fixed-line and mobile internet subscribers and penetration 2011-2021

Chart 53 Gabon Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2011-2021

Chart 54 Gabon Growth in the number of Gabon Telecom's fixed internet subscribers 2011-2021

Chart 55 Gambia Internet users and penetration 2011-2019

Chart 56 Gambia Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers 2011-2022

Chart 57 Gambia Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers by operator 2013-2020

Chart 58 Guinea Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers 2012-2023

Chart 59 Kenya Growth in the number of total internet subscriptions 2011-2021

Chart 60 Kenya Change in the number of fixed-line broadband subscriptions by access technology 2011-2021

Chart 61 Kenya Change in the number of fixed-line broadband subscriptions and penetration 2011-2026

Chart 62 Kenya Decline in the number of DSL subscribers 2011-2021

Chart 63 Kenya Growth in the number of Safaricom's fibre broadband premises covered 2016-2020

Chart 64 Kenya Growth in the number of fibre broadband subscribers 2011-2021

Chart 65 Lesotho Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2011-2026

Chart 66 Libya Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration 2011-2026

Chart 67 Madagascar Decline in the number of DSL subscribers 2012-2020

Chart 68 Madagascar Increase in the number of fibre broadband subscribers 2013-2020

Chart 69 Mali Growth in the number of Sotelma's internet subscribers 2012-2021

Chart 70 Mali Change in the number of DSL subscribers 2012-2020

Chart 71 Mali Change in the number of WiMAX subscribers 2012-2020

Chart 72 Mauritania Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2012-2027

Chart 73 Mauritania Growth in the number of DSL broadband subscribers 2011-2020

Chart 74 Mauritania Change in the number of Moov Mauritel's fixed broadband subscribers 2011-2021

Chart 75 Mauritius Internet subscribers and penetration rate 2012-2021

Chart 76 Mauritius Change in the number of internet subscribers by type 2012-2021

Chart 77 Mauritius Change in the number of broadband subscribers by type 2012-2021

Chart 78 Mauritius Change in the number of dial-up internet subscribers and penetration 2012-2021

Chart 79 Mauritius Change in the number of total broadband subscribers and penetration 2012-2021

Chart 80 Mauritius Change in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2012-2027

Chart 81 Mauritius Change in the number of wireless broadband subscribers 2012-2021

Chart 82 Morocco Increase in the total number of internet subscribers, and penetration 2009-2021

Chart 83 Morocco Increase in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration 2011-2026

Chart 84 Morocco Change in the market share of overall internet subscribers by ISP 2012-2021

Chart 85 Morocco Change in the average revenue per internet subscriber 2012-2021

Chart 86 Morocco Increase in the number of DSL subscribers 2009-2021

Chart 87 Morocco Distribution of DSL access by speed (new style) 2018-2021

Chart 88 Morocco Change in internet subscriber market share: DSL and mobile 2010-2021

Chart 89 Morocco Increase in the number of Maroc Telecom's internet subscribers by access technology 2009-2021

Chart 90 Morocco FttP broadband subscribers 2017-2021

Chart 91 Mozambique Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers 2011-2019

Chart 92 Mozambique Growth in the number of cable broadband subscribers 2011-2019

Chart 93 Mozambique Change in the number of DSL broadband subscribers 2014-2019

Chart 94 Mozambique Growth in the number of FTTP broadband subscribers 2011-2026

Chart 95 Namibia Internet users and penetration 2011-2019

Chart 96 Namibia Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2011-2022

Chart 97 Namibia Growth in the number of DSL broadband subscribers 2012-2021

Chart 98 Namibia Change in the number of DSL connections by data rate 2012-2021

Chart 99 Namibia Broadband revenue by technology 2012-2020

Chart 100 Namibia Growth in the number of Telecom Namibia's fixed broadband subscribers 2013-2020

Chart 101 Namibia Increase in the number of fibre broadband subscribers 2014-2021

Chart 102 Namibia Growth in the number of Satellite broadband subscribers 2012-2021

Chart 103 Niger Growth in the number of fixed broadband and penetration 2012 202

Chart 104 Niger Change in the number of fixed broadband connections by type 2012-2020

Chart 105 Nigeria Total fixed-line (wired) broadband subscribers 2017-2021

Chart 106 Nigeria Fixed-line (wired) broadband subscribers by operator 2017-2021

Chart 107 Nigeria Change in the market share of fixed-wired broadband subscribers by operator 2017-2021

Chart 108 Rwanda Growth in the number of internet users and penetration 2012-2021

Chart 109 Senegal Growth in the number of internet users in Senegal 2010-2021

Chart 110 Senegal Change in the number of internet subscribers by platform 2011-2021

Chart 111 Senegal Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration 2012-2027

Chart 112 Senegal Change in the share of fixed wireless broadband market by operator (keys and data cards) 2013-2021

Chart 113 Somalia Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration rate 2012-2026

Chart 114 South Africa Change in fixed internet revenue by type 2015-2020

Chart 115 South Africa Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2011-2026

Chart 116 South Africa Change in the number of fixed broadband subscribers by type 2015-2020

Chart 117 South Africa Growth in the number of Telkom's broadband subscribers 2011-2021

Chart 118 South Africa Growth in Telkom's fixed data traffic 2014-2021

Chart 119 South Africa Change in the number of Telkom's DSL subscribers by type 2016-2019

Chart 120 South Africa Change in Telkom's fixed copper and fibre broadband subscribers 2017-2021

Chart 121 South Africa Growth in the number of fibre broadband subscribers 2013-2020

Chart 122 South Sudan Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscriptions 2012-2027

Chart 123 Sudan Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2012-2027

Chart 124 Swaziland Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers 2012-2022

Chart 125 Swaziland Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers (regulator data) 2017-2021

Chart 126 Swaziland Market share of broadband subscribers by operator 2018-2021

Chart 127 Tanzania Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers 2013-2026

Chart 128 Tunisia Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2012-2027

Chart 129 Tunisia Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers by type 2017-2021

Chart 130 Tunisia Growth in the number of DSL subscribers 2012-2021

Chart 131 Tunisia Change in the number of DSL subscribers by operator 2013-2021

Chart 132 Tunisia Change in the market share of DSL subscribers by operator 2013-2021

Chart 133 Tunisia Increase in the number of FttP/B subscribers 2012-2021

Chart 134 Tunisia Change in the number of fixed-wireless broadband subscribers 2017-2021

Chart 135 Tunisia Satellite internet subscribers 2015-2021

Chart 136 Uganda Growth in the number of internet users and penetration rate 2010-2021

Chart 137 Zambia Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration 2011-2026

Chart 138 Zambia Change in the number of DSL subscribers 2010-2021

Chart 139 Zambia Growth in the number of FttB subscribers 2011-2021

Chart 140 Zimbabwe Increase in internet access revenue and investment 2012-2018

Chart 141 Zimbabwe Increase in internet access revenue and investment inflated 2019-2021

Chart 142 Zimbabwe Growth in the number of internet subscribers and penetration 2012-2021

Chart 143 Zimbabwe Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2012-2027

Chart 144 Zimbabwe Growth in the number of DSL subscribers 2012-2021

Chart 145 Zimbabwe Ecoweb broadband revenue 2013-2019

Chart 146 Zimbabwe Ecoweb broadband revenue inflated 2020-2022

Chart 147 Zimbabwe Growth in the number of fibre broadband subscribers 2013-2021

Chart 2 Africa Market Leaders global ranking

Chart 3 Africa Telecoms Maturity Index Market Challengers

Chart 4 Africa Market Challengers global ranking

Chart 5 Africa Telecoms Maturity Index Market Emergents

Chart 6 Africa Market Emergents global ranking

Chart 7 Africa Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per capita

Chart 8 Africa Mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration

Chart 9 Africa Fixed and mobile broadband penetration

Chart 10 Algeria Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2011-2026

Chart 11 Algeria Growth in the number of DSL broadband subscribers and penetration 2009-2021

Chart 12 Algeria Growth in the number of fibre broadband subscribers 2015-2021

Chart 13 Algeria Change in the number of WiMAX broadband subscribers 2013-2021

Chart 14 Algeria Fixed-wireless (LTE) broadband subscribers 2014-2021

Chart 15 Angola Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2011-2026

Chart 16 Benin Growth in the number of internet users (thousand) and penetration 2011-2021

Chart 17 Benin Change in the number of internet subscribers by technology 2010-2021

Chart 18 Benin Change in the market share of fixed internet subscribers by operator 2014-2021

Chart 19 Botswana Growth in the number of internet subscribers and penetration rate 2011-2021

Chart 20 Botswana Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers 2011-2026

Chart 21 Burkina Faso Change in the number of fixed internet subscribers 2011-2021

Chart 22 Burkina Faso Change in the number of DSL's subscribers 2011-2021

Chart 23 Burkina Faso Change in the number of Onatel's fixed broadband subscribers 2011-2021

Chart 24 Cameroon Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers 2011-2026

Chart 25 Cameroon CamNet fixed broadband subscribers (DSL, EVDO and CDMA) 2012-2019

Chart 26 Chad Growth in the number of fixed-line internet subscribers 2011-2026

Chart 27 Chad Change in average annual internet ARPU 2011-2020

Chart 28 Chad Total internet subscribers 2009-2020

Chart 29 Chad Growth in total internet sector revenue 2011-2020

Chart 30 Cote d'Ivoire Increase in fixed internet revenue 2012-2021

Chart 31 Cote d'Ivoire Internet access market investment in Côte d'Ivoire 2012-2021

Chart 32 Cote d'Ivoire Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration 2012-2027

Chart 33 Cote d'Ivoire ISP market share of subscribers 2012-2021

Chart 34 Cote d'Ivoire Change in the proportion of fixed/fixed-wireless broadband connections by platform 2016-2021

Chart 35 Cote d'Ivoire Change in the number of DSL subscribers 2015-2021

Chart 36 Cote d'Ivoire Growth in the number of Orange CI's DSL broadband subscribers 2012-2021

Chart 37 Growth in the number of fibre broadband subscribers 2015-2022

Chart 38 Cote d'Ivoire Fixed-wireless (LTE/WiMAX) broadband subscribers 2015-2021

Chart 39 Djibouti Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers 2012-2027

Chart 40 Djibouti Change in the number of DSL subscribers 2017-2019

Chart 41 Djibouti Change in the number of Fibre subscribers 2017-2019

Chart 42 Djibouti Change in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers by speed 2017-2020

Chart 43 Egypt Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2011-2026

Chart 44 Egypt Growth in the number of DSL subscribers 2011-2021

Chart 45 Growth in the number of Vodafone Egypt's fixed broadband subscribers 2013-2021

Chart 46 Decline in the number of Orange Egypt's fixed broadband subscribers 2013-2021

Chart 47 Growth in the number of Telecom Egypt's DSL subscribers 2010-2021

Chart 48 Ethiopia Growth in the proportion of households with internet access 2010-2021

Chart 49 Ethiopia Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration 2013-2026

Chart 50 Ethiopia Growth in the number of Ethio Telecom's DSL subscribers 2011-2021

Chart 51 Gabon Change in the market share of internet subscribers by operator 2013-2021

Chart 52 Gabon Growth in the number of fixed-line and mobile internet subscribers and penetration 2011-2021

Chart 53 Gabon Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2011-2021

Chart 54 Gabon Growth in the number of Gabon Telecom's fixed internet subscribers 2011-2021

Chart 55 Gambia Internet users and penetration 2011-2019

Chart 56 Gambia Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers 2011-2022

Chart 57 Gambia Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers by operator 2013-2020

Chart 58 Guinea Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers 2012-2023

Chart 59 Kenya Growth in the number of total internet subscriptions 2011-2021

Chart 60 Kenya Change in the number of fixed-line broadband subscriptions by access technology 2011-2021

Chart 61 Kenya Change in the number of fixed-line broadband subscriptions and penetration 2011-2026

Chart 62 Kenya Decline in the number of DSL subscribers 2011-2021

Chart 63 Kenya Growth in the number of Safaricom's fibre broadband premises covered 2016-2020

Chart 64 Kenya Growth in the number of fibre broadband subscribers 2011-2021

Chart 65 Lesotho Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2011-2026

Chart 66 Libya Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration 2011-2026

Chart 67 Madagascar Decline in the number of DSL subscribers 2012-2020

Chart 68 Madagascar Increase in the number of fibre broadband subscribers 2013-2020

Chart 69 Mali Growth in the number of Sotelma's internet subscribers 2012-2021

Chart 70 Mali Change in the number of DSL subscribers 2012-2020

Chart 71 Mali Change in the number of WiMAX subscribers 2012-2020

Chart 72 Mauritania Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2012-2027

Chart 73 Mauritania Growth in the number of DSL broadband subscribers 2011-2020

Chart 74 Mauritania Change in the number of Moov Mauritel's fixed broadband subscribers 2011-2021

Chart 75 Mauritius Internet subscribers and penetration rate 2012-2021

Chart 76 Mauritius Change in the number of internet subscribers by type 2012-2021

Chart 77 Mauritius Change in the number of broadband subscribers by type 2012-2021

Chart 78 Mauritius Change in the number of dial-up internet subscribers and penetration 2012-2021

Chart 79 Mauritius Change in the number of total broadband subscribers and penetration 2012-2021

Chart 80 Mauritius Change in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2012-2027

Chart 81 Mauritius Change in the number of wireless broadband subscribers 2012-2021

Chart 82 Morocco Increase in the total number of internet subscribers, and penetration 2009-2021

Chart 83 Morocco Increase in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration 2011-2026

Chart 84 Morocco Change in the market share of overall internet subscribers by ISP 2012-2021

Chart 85 Morocco Change in the average revenue per internet subscriber 2012-2021

Chart 86 Morocco Increase in the number of DSL subscribers 2009-2021

Chart 87 Morocco Distribution of DSL access by speed (new style) 2018-2021

Chart 88 Morocco Change in internet subscriber market share: DSL and mobile 2010-2021

Chart 89 Morocco Increase in the number of Maroc Telecom's internet subscribers by access technology 2009-2021

Chart 90 Morocco FttP broadband subscribers 2017-2021

Chart 91 Mozambique Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers 2011-2019

Chart 92 Mozambique Growth in the number of cable broadband subscribers 2011-2019

Chart 93 Mozambique Change in the number of DSL broadband subscribers 2014-2019

Chart 94 Mozambique Growth in the number of FTTP broadband subscribers 2011-2026

Chart 95 Namibia Internet users and penetration 2011-2019

Chart 96 Namibia Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2011-2022

Chart 97 Namibia Growth in the number of DSL broadband subscribers 2012-2021

Chart 98 Namibia Change in the number of DSL connections by data rate 2012-2021

Chart 99 Namibia Broadband revenue by technology 2012-2020

Chart 100 Namibia Growth in the number of Telecom Namibia's fixed broadband subscribers 2013-2020

Chart 101 Namibia Increase in the number of fibre broadband subscribers 2014-2021

Chart 102 Namibia Growth in the number of Satellite broadband subscribers 2012-2021

Chart 103 Niger Growth in the number of fixed broadband and penetration 2012 202

Chart 104 Niger Change in the number of fixed broadband connections by type 2012-2020

Chart 105 Nigeria Total fixed-line (wired) broadband subscribers 2017-2021

Chart 106 Nigeria Fixed-line (wired) broadband subscribers by operator 2017-2021

Chart 107 Nigeria Change in the market share of fixed-wired broadband subscribers by operator 2017-2021

Chart 108 Rwanda Growth in the number of internet users and penetration 2012-2021

Chart 109 Senegal Growth in the number of internet users in Senegal 2010-2021

Chart 110 Senegal Change in the number of internet subscribers by platform 2011-2021

Chart 111 Senegal Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration 2012-2027

Chart 112 Senegal Change in the share of fixed wireless broadband market by operator (keys and data cards) 2013-2021

Chart 113 Somalia Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration rate 2012-2026

Chart 114 South Africa Change in fixed internet revenue by type 2015-2020

Chart 115 South Africa Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2011-2026

Chart 116 South Africa Change in the number of fixed broadband subscribers by type 2015-2020

Chart 117 South Africa Growth in the number of Telkom's broadband subscribers 2011-2021

Chart 118 South Africa Growth in Telkom's fixed data traffic 2014-2021

Chart 119 South Africa Change in the number of Telkom's DSL subscribers by type 2016-2019

Chart 120 South Africa Change in Telkom's fixed copper and fibre broadband subscribers 2017-2021

Chart 121 South Africa Growth in the number of fibre broadband subscribers 2013-2020

Chart 122 South Sudan Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscriptions 2012-2027

Chart 123 Sudan Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2012-2027

Chart 124 Swaziland Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers 2012-2022

Chart 125 Swaziland Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers (regulator data) 2017-2021

Chart 126 Swaziland Market share of broadband subscribers by operator 2018-2021

Chart 127 Tanzania Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers 2013-2026

Chart 128 Tunisia Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2012-2027

Chart 129 Tunisia Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers by type 2017-2021

Chart 130 Tunisia Growth in the number of DSL subscribers 2012-2021

Chart 131 Tunisia Change in the number of DSL subscribers by operator 2013-2021

Chart 132 Tunisia Change in the market share of DSL subscribers by operator 2013-2021

Chart 133 Tunisia Increase in the number of FttP/B subscribers 2012-2021

Chart 134 Tunisia Change in the number of fixed-wireless broadband subscribers 2017-2021

Chart 135 Tunisia Satellite internet subscribers 2015-2021

Chart 136 Uganda Growth in the number of internet users and penetration rate 2010-2021

Chart 137 Zambia Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration 2011-2026

Chart 138 Zambia Change in the number of DSL subscribers 2010-2021

Chart 139 Zambia Growth in the number of FttB subscribers 2011-2021

Chart 140 Zimbabwe Increase in internet access revenue and investment 2012-2018

Chart 141 Zimbabwe Increase in internet access revenue and investment inflated 2019-2021

Chart 142 Zimbabwe Growth in the number of internet subscribers and penetration 2012-2021

Chart 143 Zimbabwe Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2012-2027

Chart 144 Zimbabwe Growth in the number of DSL subscribers 2012-2021

Chart 145 Zimbabwe Ecoweb broadband revenue 2013-2019

Chart 146 Zimbabwe Ecoweb broadband revenue inflated 2020-2022

Chart 147 Zimbabwe Growth in the number of fibre broadband subscribers 2013-2021

**List of Exhibits**

Exhibit 1 Map of Telecom Maturity Index global ranking among countries in Africa

Exhibit 2 Generalised Market Characteristics by Market Segment

Exhibit 3 Africa Market Leaders and market developments

Exhibit 4 Africa Market Challengers and market developments

Exhibit 5 Africa Market Emergents and market developments

Exhibit 2 Generalised Market Characteristics by Market Segment

Exhibit 3 Africa Market Leaders and market developments

Exhibit 4 Africa Market Challengers and market developments

Exhibit 5 Africa Market Emergents and market developments