In terms of telecoms infrastructure, countries across Africa pose a number of challenges which for many years contributed to the low take-up of fixed broadband services. The development of this market has long been stymied by the lack of fixed-line infrastructure in rural and semi-rural regions, as well as by the poor quality of networks in those urban areas where they are concentrated. As a result, mobile networks provide the principal platform for voice and data connectivity. Depending on the market, between 90% and 98% of all internet connections are via mobile networks. As a result, governments and regulators alike have concentrated on this platform to deliver on their broadband targets.

This has been achieved by several strategies. One important challenge is providing sufficient spectrum in a coordinated fashion, thereby efficiently managing spectrum use for MNOs across borders. Many governments and regulators have been slow to release spectrum or have preferred to demand such high fees that potential licensees have baulked at bidding for concessions. This has contributed to insufficient spectrum availability and thus poor QoS and network coverage.

However, progress is being made to increase backhaul capacity on both the international and national levels. This backhaul is being used to improve fixed-line telecoms as well as to support growing mobile data traffic. During the last two years several new submarine cables have been completed to provide direct links to southern Europe and Brazil, while terrestrial cables have also been extended to link to telecom infrastructure in the interior landlocked countries.

The 2Africa submarine cable announced in May 2020 will serve the Middle East and Africa region and connect to Europe. It will have 21 landings across 16 countries and will be the first of its kind to connect countries on Africa's east and west coasts. The project is testament to the continuing investor confidence in submarine cable infrastructure, and recognises that the Africa and Middle East region represents one of the key growth areas for internet traffic.

These projects are supported by sympathetic regulatory regimes as well as by governments which understand the key functions of broadband connectivity for economic growth. Through this awareness countries are placing greater focus on their fibre-based national broadband plans. Efforts are also supplemented by small-scale fibre operators which are expanding their investments beyond the wealthy suburbs and business districts.

The countries covered in this report include: Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Chad, Cote d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

**1 Regional fixed broadband market overview****2 Algeria**

2.1 Market analysis

2.2 Broadband statistics

2.3 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks

2.4 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks

2.5 Other fixed broadband services**3 Angola**

3.1 Introduction and statistical overview

3.2 Market analysis

3.3 Broadband statistics**4 Benin**

4.1 Introduction and statistical overview

4.2 Broadband statistics

4.3 Public Internet Access Locations

4.4 Fixed-line broadband technologies**5 Botswana**

5.1 Introduction and statistical overview

5.2 Market analysis

5.3 Public internet access facilities

5.4 Botswana Internet Exchange (BINX)

5.5 White space spectrum

5.6 Broadband statistics

5.7 Fixed-line broadband technologies**6 Burkina Faso**

6.1 Introduction and statistical overview

6.2 Broadband statistics

6.3 Public Internet access locations

6.4 Computer program

6.5 ISP market

6.6 Fixed-line broadband technologies

6.7 Other fixed broadband services**7 Cameroon**

7.1 Introduction and statistical overview

7.2 Broadband statistics

7.3 Fixed-line broadband technologies**8 Chad**

8.1 Introduction and statistical overview**9 Cote d'Ivoire**

9.1 Introduction and statistical overview

9.2 Broadband statistics

9.3 Public Internet access locations

9.4 Fixed-line broadband technologies**10 Democratic Republic of Congo**

10.1 Introduction and statistical overview

10.2 Broadband statistics

10.3 ISP market

10.4 Internet exchange points (IXP)

10.5 Internet satellite**11 Djibouti**

11.1 Introduction and statistical overview

11.2 Broadband statistics**12 Egypt**

12.1 Introduction and statistical overview

12.2 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks

12.3 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks

12.4 Other fixed broadband services**13 Eritrea**

13.1 Telecom, mobile and internet market overview

13.2 Internet statistics**14 Ethiopia**

14.1 Introduction and statistical overview

14.2 Broadband statistics

14.3 Public internet access locations

14.4 Fixed-line broadband technologies**15 Gabon**

15.1 Introduction and statistical overview

15.2 Market analysis

15.3 Broadband statistics

15.4 Fixed-line broadband technologies**16 Gambia**

16.1 Market analysis

16.2 Broadband statistics

16.3 Internet Exchange Point (IXP)

16.4 Fixed-line broadband technologies**17 Ghana**

17.1 Introduction and statistical overview

17.2 Broadband statistics

17.3 Public Internet Access Venues (PAVs)

17.4 Shared access centres

17.5 Mobile Telecentre To-Go

17.6 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks

17.7 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP)

17.8 Other fixed broadband services

17.9 Domestic backbone network infrastructure**18 Guinea**

18.1 Introduction and statistical overview

18.2 Broadband subscribers

18.3 Fixed wireless (Wi-Fi and WiMAX)

18.4 Satellite broadband**19 Kenya**

19.1 Introduction and statistical overview

19.2 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks

19.3 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks

19.4 Other fixed broadband services**20 Lesotho**

20.1 Introduction and statistical overview

20.2 Broadband statistics

20.3 Fixed-line broadband technologies**21 Liberia**

21.1 Introduction and statistical overview**22 Libya**

22.1 Introduction and statistical overview

22.2 Fixed-line broadband technologies**23 Madagascar**

23.1 Market analysis

23.2 Broadband statistics

23.3 Public internet access locations

23.4 Data licensees

23.5 Broadband infrastructure**24 Malawi**

24.1 Introduction and statistical overview

24.2 Broadband statistics

24.3 Fixed-line broadband technologies**25 Mali**

25.1 Introduction and statistical overview

25.2 Broadband statistics

25.3 Fixed-line broadband technologies**26 Mauritania**

26.1 Introduction and statistical overview**27 Mauritius**

27.1 Introduction and statistical overview

27.2 Broadband statistics

27.3 Broadband infrastructure**28 Morocco**

28.1 Introduction and statistical overview

28.2 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks

28.3 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks

28.4 Other fixed broadband services**29 Mozambique**

29.1 Introduction and statistical overview

29.2 Broadband statistics

29.3 Public internet access locations

29.4 Mozambique Internet Exchange Point (MOZ-IX)

29.5 Fixed-line broadband technologies**30 Namibia**

30.1 Introduction and statistical overview

30.2 Broadband statistics

30.3 Fixed-line broadband technologies**31 Niger**

31.1 Introduction and Internet statistics**32 Nigeria**

32.1 Introduction and statistical overview

32.2 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks

32.3 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks

32.4 Other fixed broadband services**33 Rwanda**

33.1 Introduction and statistical overview

33.2 Rwanda Internet Exchange Point (RIXP)

33.3 Cybercafes and telecentres

33.4 One Laptop per Child (OLPC)

33.5 Other initiatives

33.6 Fixed-line broadband technologies**34 Senegal**

34.1 Introduction and statistical overview

34.2 Broadband statistics

34.3 Fixed-line broadband technologies**35 Sierra Leone**

35.1 Introduction and statistical overview**36 Somalia**

36.1 Market analysis

36.2 Broadband statistics**37 South Africa**

37.1 Market analysis

37.2 Community access projects

37.3 Internet Service Providers Association (ISPA)

37.4 Internet Exchange Points (IXP)

37.5 Broadband statistics

37.6 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks

37.7 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks

37.8 Other fixed broadband services**38 South Sudan**

38.1 Introduction and statistical overview

38.2 Broadband infrastructure**39 Sudan**

39.1 Introduction and statistical overview

39.2 Sudan Internet Society (SiS)

39.3 Broadband statistics

39.4 Fixed-line broadband technologies

39.5 Fixed wireless broadband services**40 Swaziland**

40.1 Introduction and statistical overview

40.2 Fixed-line broadband technologies**41 Tanzania**

41.1 Introduction and statistical overview

41.2 Broadband infrastructure**42 Tunisia**

42.1 Introduction and statistical overview

42.2 Broadband statistics

42.3 Public Internet access locations

42.4 Agence Tunisienne d'Internet (ATI)

42.5 Fixed-line broadband technologies**43 Uganda**

43.1 Market analysis

43.2 Broadband statistics

43.3 Public Internet access locations

43.4 Uganda Internet Exchange Point (UiXP)

43.5 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks

43.6 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks

43.7 Other fixed broadband services**44 Zambia**

44.1 Introduction and statistical overview

44.2 Fixed-line broadband technologies**45 Zimbabwe**

45.1 Introduction and statistical overview

45.2 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) Networks

45.3 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP)

45.4 Other fixed broadband services**46 Glossary of abbreviations****47 Related reports**

**List of Tables**

Table 1 Select African countries Fixed broadband subscribers 2017 - 2019

Table 2 Algeria Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2010 - 2025

Table 3 Algeria Fixed-line broadband connections by data rate 2017 - 2018

Table 4 Algeria Fixed-line broadband connections by data rate (new format) 2019

Table 5 Algeria Growth in the number of DSL broadband subscribers and penetration 2009 - 2019

Table 6 Algeria WiMAX broadband subscribers 2013 - 2018

Table 7 Algeria Fixed-wireless (LTE) broadband subscribers 2014 - 2018

Table 8 Angola Growth in the number of internet users and penetration 2014 - 2017

Table 9 Benin Growth in the number of internet users and penetration 2010 - 2018

Table 10 Benin Change in the number of internet subscribers by technology 2010 - 2020

Table 11 Benin Change in the market share of fixed internet subscribers by operator 2014 - 2020

Table 12 Benin DSL subscribers 2010 - 2018

Table 13 Benin Change in the number of Isocel's broadband subscribers 2014 - 2020

Table 14 Botswana Growth in the number of internet subscribers and penetration rate 2010 - 2020

Table 15 Botswana Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers 2010 - 2025

Table 16 Botswana DSL broadband subscribers 2008 - 2020

Table 17 Botswana Fixed wireless broadband subscribers 2012 - 2019

Table 18 Burkina Faso Change in the number of fixed internet subscribers 2010 - 2019

Table 19 Burkina Faso Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers 2016 - 2019

Table 20 Burkina Faso Change in the number of public telecentres 2009 - 2019

Table 21 Burkina Faso Change in the number of DSL's subscribers 2010 - 2019

Table 22 Burkina Faso Change in the number of Onatel's fixed broadband subscribers 2016 - 2020

Table 23 Cameroon Fixed internet market revenue 2013 - 2017

Table 24 Cameroon Total fixed and mobile internet subscribers 2014 - 2017

Table 25 Cameroon Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers 2010 - 2025

Table 26 Cameroon CamNet's fixed broadband subscribers (DSL, EVDO and CDMA 2012 - 2018

Table 27 Cameroon Fibre broadband subscribers 2014 - 2018

Table 28 Cameroon WiMAX subscribers 2012 - 2017

Table 29 Chad Growth in the number of fixed line internet subscribers 2011 - 2025

Table 30 Chad Change in average annual internet ARPU 2011 - 2018

Table 31 Chad Growth in the number of total internet subscribers 2009 - 2018

Table 32 Chad Development of average annual internet ARPU 2013 - 2018

Table 33 Chad Growth in total internet sector revenue 2011 - 2018

Table 34 Cote d'Ivoire Increase in fixed internet revenue 2010 - 2020

Table 35 Internet access market investment in Côte d'Ivoire 2008 - 2020

Table 36 Cote d'Ivoire Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration 2012 - 2025

Table 37 Cote d'Ivoire ISP market share of subscribers 2012 - 2020

Table 38 Cote d'Ivoire Change in the number of broadband subscribers by ISP 2013 - 2020

Table 39 Cote d'Ivoire Change in the proportion of fixed/fixed-wireless broadband connections by platform 2017 - 2020

Table 40 Cote d'Ivoire Change in the number of DSL subscribers 2015 - 2020

Table 41 Cote d'Ivoire Growth in the number of Orange CI's DSL broadband subscribers 2012-2020

Table 42 Cote d'Ivoire Growth in the number of fibre broadband subscribers 2015 - 2020

Table 43 Cote d'Ivoire Fixed-wireless (LTE/WiMAX) broadband subscribers 2015 - 2020

Table 44 DRC Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers 2013 - 2025

Table 45 Djibouti Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers 2010 - 2025

Table 46 Egypt Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2010 - 2025

Table 47 Egypt Growth in the number of internet users and penetration rate 2010 - 2020

Table 48 Egypt Growth in the number of DSL subscribers 2009 - 2020

Table 49 Growth in the number of Vodafone Egypt's fixed broadband subscribers 2013 - 2020

Table 50 Decline in the number of Orange Egypt's fixed broadband subscribers 2013 - 2020

Table 51 Growth in the number of Telecom Egypt's DSL subscribers 2010 - 2020

Table 52 Eritrea Fixed-line broadband subscribers 2010 - 2020

Table 53 Eritrea International Internet bandwidth 2010 - 2017

Table 54 Ethiopia Growth in the proportion of households with internet access 2010 - 2021

Table 55 Ethiopia Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration 2010 - 2025

Table 56 Growth in the number of Ethio Telecom's DSL subscribers 2011 - 2021

Table 57 Gabon Change in the market share of internet subscribers by operator 2013 - 2020

Table 58 Gabon Growth in the number of fixed-line and mobile internet subscribers and penetration 2010 - 2020

Table 59 Gabon Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2010 - 2020

Table 60 Gabon Growth in the number of Gabon Telecom's internet subscribers 2010 - 2020

Table 61 Gambia Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers 2010 - 2020

Table 62 Ghana Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers 2010 - 2025

Table 63 Vodafone Ghana broadband subscribers 2012 - 2019

Table 64 Ghana DSL subscribers 2005 - 2017

Table 65 Ghana Broadband wireless access subscribers by operator 2016 - 2019

Table 66 Ghana Broadband wireless access market share by operator 2016 - 2019

Table 67 Guinea Fixed-line broadband subscribers 2010 - 2021

Table 68 Kenya Growth in the number of internet subscriptions 2010 - 2019

Table 69 Kenya Growth in the number of wireless internet subscriptions by access technology 2010 - 2019

Table 70 Kenya Change in the number of fixed-line broadband subscriptions by access technology 2010 - 2019

Table 71 Kenya Change in the number of fixed-line broadband subscriptions by access technology 2010 - 2019

Table 72 Kenya Change in the number of fixed-line broadband subscriptions and penetration 2010 - 2025

Table 73 Kenya Growth in the number of broadband subscriptions 2014 - 2019

Table 74 Kenya Decline in the number of DSL subscribers 2009 - 2019

Table 75 Kenya Market share of fixed broadband subscribers by operator 2018 - 2019

Table 76 Kenya Safaricom fixed broadband subscribers 2015 - 2020

Table 77 Kenya Growth in the number of Safaricom's fibre broadband premises covered 2016 - 2020

Table 78 Kenya Growth in the number of fibre broadband subscribers 2011 - 2019

Table 79 Kenya Change in the number of cable broadband subscribers 2016 - 2019

Table 80 Lesotho Proportion of households with internet access in Lesotho 2007 - 2020

Table 81 Lesotho Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2010 - 2025

Table 82 Lesotho Growth in the number of DSL broadband subscribers 2011- 2020

Table 83 Liberia Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers in Liberia 2010 - 2025

Table 84 Libya Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration 2010 - 2025

Table 85 Madagascar Change in the number of fixed-line internet users and penetration rate 2010 - 2019

Table 86 Madagascar Fixed-line broadband subscribers 2010 - 2021

Table 87 Madagascar Increase in fixed-line internet traffic 2010 - 2019

Table 88 Madagascar Decline in the number of DSL subscribers 2010 - 2019

Table 89 I Madagascar ncrease in the number of fibre broadband subscribers 2013 - 2019

Table 90 Madagascar Change in the number of sixed wireless broadband subscribers 2016 - 2019

Table 91 Madagascar Decline in the number of satellite broadband subscribers 2016 - 2019

Table 92 Malawi Fixed broadband subscribers 2010 - 2020

Table 93 Mali Increase in internet bandwidth by operator 2009 - 2017

Table 94 Mali Growth in the number of Sotelma's internet subscribers 2010 - 2020

Table 95 Mali Change in the number of fixed-line internet and broadband subscribers 2011 - 2017

Table 96 Mali Change in the number of DSL subscribers 2010 - 2018

Table 97 Mauritania Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2010 - 2025

Table 98 Mauritania Change in the number of Mauritel's fixed broadband subscribers 2009 - 2020

Table 99 Mauritius Internet subscribers and penetration rate 2010 - 2020

Table 100 Mauritius Change in the number of internet subscribers by type 2010 - 2020

Table 101 Mauritius Change in the number of broadband subscribers by type 2010 - 2020

Table 102 Mauritius Change in the number of dial-up internet subscribers and penetration 2010 - 2020

Table 103 Mauritius Change in the number of total broadband subscribers and penetration 2010 - 2020

Table 104 Mauritius Change in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2010 - 2020

Table 105 Mauritius Change in the number of wireless broadband subscribers 2009 - 2020

Table 106 Morocco Increase in the total number of internet subscribers, and penetration 2009 - 2019

Table 107 Morocco Increase in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration 2010 - 2025

Table 108 Morocco Change in the market share of overall internet subscribers by ISP 2012 - 2019

Table 109 Morocco Change in the average revenue per internet subscriber 2012 - 2019

Table 110 Morocco Increase in the number of DSL subscribers 2009 - 2019

Table 111 Morocco Distribution of DSL access by speed (old style) 2012 - 2017

Table 112 Morocco Distribution of DSL access by speed (new style) 2018 - 2019

Table 113 Morocco Change in internet subscriber market share: DSL and mobile 2009 - 2019

Table 114 Morocco Increase in the number of Maroc Telecom's internet subscribers by access technology 2009 - 2020

Table 115 Morocco FttP broadband subscribers 2017 - 2019

Table 116 Mozambique Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers 2010 - 2025

Table 117 Mozambique Growth in the number of cable broadband subscribers 2011 -2017

Table 118 Mozambique Change in the number of DSL broadband subscribers 2010 - 2017

Table 119 Mozambique Growth in the number of DSL broadband subscribers 2014 - 2017

Table 120 Namibia Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2010 - 2021

Table 121 Namibia Growth in the number of DSL broadband subscribers 2012 - 2018

Table 122 Namibia Change in the number of DSL connections by data rate 2013 - 2018

Table 123 Telecom Namibia fixed broadband subscribers 2013 - 2018

Table 124 Niger Growth in the number of internet users and penetration 2010 - 2019

Table 125 Niger Growth in the number of internet users and penetration 2009 - 2019

Table 126 Niger Change in the number of fixed broadband connections by type 2012 - 2019

Table 127 Niger Change in the number of fixed broadband connections by type 2012 - 2019

Table 128 Nigeria Fixed-line (wired) broadband subscribers 2014 - 2025

Table 129 Nigeria Fixed-line (wired) broadband subscribers by operator 2014 - 2020

Table 130 Nigeria Change in the number of fixed-wired broadband subscribers by operator 2017 - 2020

Table 131 Rwanda Growth in the number of internet users and penetration 2010- 2020

Table 132 Rwanda Internet subscribers by platform 2011 - 2020

Table 133 Rwanda Dial-up internet subscribers by operator 2013 - 2020

Table 134 Rwanda Change in the number of fixed broadband (>256kb/s) subscribers by operator 2013 - 2020

Table 135 Rwanda Internet subscribers by major ISP 2011 - 2020

Table 136 Senegal Fixed broadband subscribers by alterative ISPs 2018 - 2020

Table 137 Senegal Growth in the number of internet users in Senegal 2010 - 2020

Table 138 Senegal Market share of internet connections by platform 2011 - 2020

Table 139 Senegal Change in internet penetration by platform 2015 - 2020

Table 140 Senegal Change in the number of internet subscribers by platform 2011 - 2020

Table 141 Senegal Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration 2010 - 2025

Table 142 Senegal Market share of internet subscribers by operator 2011 - 2020

Table 143 Senegal Change in the number of fixed wireless internet subscribers 2012 - 2020

Table 144 Senegal Change in the share of fixed wireless broadband market by operator (keys and data cards) 2013 - 2020

Table 145 Somalia Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers 2012 - 2024

Table 146 South Africa National Broadband Policy penetration targets to 2030

Table 147 South Africa Change in fixed internet revenue by type 2015 - 2019

Table 148 South Africa Development of the Schools Connected program 2016 - 2019

Table 149 South Africa Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2010 - 2025

Table 150 South Africa Change in the number of fixed broadband subscribers by type 2015 - 2019

Table 151 South Africa Growth in the number of Telkom's broadband subscribers 2010 - 2019

Table 152 South Africa Growth in Telkom's fixed data traffic 2014 - 2020

Table 153 South Africa Change in the number of Telkom's DSL subscribers by type 2016 - 2019

Table 154 South Africa Change in Telkom's fixed copper and fibre broadband subscribers 2017 - 2019

Table 155 Increase in the number of Telkom South Africa's fibre ports 2017 - 2019

Table 156 Telkom South Africa fibre premises passed 2016 - 2019

Table 157 South Africa Growth in the number of fibre broadband subscribers 2013 - 2019

Table 158 South Africa Change in the number of fixed wireless broadband subscribers 2017 - 2019

Table 159 South Sudan Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscriptions 2010 - 2025

Table 160 Sudan Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2010 - 2025

Table 161 Sudan Change in the number of DSL subscribers 2012 - 2020

Table 162 Eswatini Change in the proportion of households with internet access 2010 - 2021

Table 163 Eswatini Growth in the number of broadband subscribers in Eswatini 2008 - 2021

Table 164 Tanzania Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers 2010 - 2025

Table 165 Tanzania Fixed wireless internet subscribers 2013 - 2019

Table 166 Tunisia Proportion of fixed-line broadband connections: lower data speed 2014 - 2020

Table 167 Tunisia Proportion of fixed-line broadband connections: higher data speed 2014 - 2020

Table 168 Tunisia Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2010 - 2025

Table 169 Tunisia Increase in computer penetration in households 2010 - 2019

Table 170 Tunisia Decline in the number of public internet kiosks 2015 - 2020

Table 171 Tunisia Growth in the number of DSL subscribers 2010 - 2020

Table 172 Tunisia Change in the number of DSL subscribers by operator 2013 - 2020

Table 173 Tunisia Change in the market share of DSL subscribers by operator 2013 - 2020

Table 174 Tunisia Increase in the number of FttP/B subscribers 2008 - 2020

Table 175 Tunisia Change in the number of fixed-wireless broadband subscribers 2017 - 2019

Table 176 Tunisia Satellite internet subscribers 2015 - 2020

Table 177 Uganda Growth in the number of internet users and penetration rate 2010 - 2019

Table 178 Uganda Growth in of fixed broadband subscriptions 2010 - 2025

Table 179 Zambia Growth in the number of fixed-line internet subscribers and penetration 2010 - 2025

Table 180 Zambia Change in the number of DSL subscribers 2010 - 2020

Table 181 Zambia Growth in the number of FttB subscribers 2011 - 2020

Table 182 Zimbabwe Increase in internet access revenue and investment 2010 - 2020

Table 183 Zimbabwe Growth in the number of internet subscribers and penetration 2010 - 2020

Table 184 Zimbabwe Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2010 - 2025

Table 185 Zimbabwe Growth in the number of DSL subscribers 2012 - 2020

Table 186 Zimbabwe Growth in the number of Ecoweb's data subscribers 2012 - 2019

Table 187 Zimbabwe Ecoweb broadband revenue 2013 - 2019

Table 188 Zimbabwe Growth in the number of fibre broadband subscribers 2013 - 2020

Table 189 Zimbabwe Decline in the number of WiMAX internet subscribers 2013 - 2020

Table 190 Zimbabwe Satellite internet subscribers 2013 - 2020

**List of Charts**

Chart 1 Algeria Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2010 - 2025

Chart 2 Algeria Growth in the number of DSL broadband subscribers and penetration 2009 - 2019

Chart 3 Algeria WiMAX broadband subscribers 2013 - 2018

Chart 4 Algeria Fixed-wireless (LTE) broadband subscribers 2014 - 2018

Chart 5 Benin Growth in the number of internet users (thousand) and penetration 2005 - 2018

Chart 6 Benin Change in the number of internet subscribers by technology 2010 - 2020

Chart 7 Benin Change in the market share of fixed internet subscribers by operator 2014 - 2020

Chart 8 Botswana Growth in the number of internet subscribers and penetration rate 2010 - 2020

Chart 9 Botswana Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers 2010 - 2025

Chart 10 Burkina Faso Change in the number of fixed internet subscribers 2010 - 2019

Chart 11 Burkina Faso Change in the number of DSL's subscribers 2010 - 2019

Chart 12 Burkina Faso Change in the number of Onatel's fixed broadband subscribers 2016 - 2020

Chart 13 Cameroon CamNet's fixed broadband subscribers (DSL, EVDO and CDMA 2012 - 2018

Chart 14 Chad Growth in the number of fixed-line internet subscribers 2011 - 2025

Chart 15 Chad Change in average annual internet ARPU 2011 - 2018

Chart 16 Chad Total internet subscribers 2009 - 2018

Chart 17 Chad Development of average annual internet ARPU 2013 - 2018

Chart 18 Chad Growth in total internet sector revenue 2011 - 2018

Chart 19 Cote d'Ivoire Increase in fixed internet revenue 2010 - 2020

Chart 20 Internet access market investment in Côte d'Ivoire 2008 - 2020

Chart 21 Cote d'Ivoire Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration 2012 - 2025

Chart 22 Cote d'Ivoire Change in the proportion of fixed/fixed-wireless broadband connections by platform 2017 - 2020

Chart 23 Cote d'Ivoire Change in the number of DSL subscribers 2015 - 2020

Chart 24 Cote d'Ivoire Growth in the number of fibre broadband subscribers 2015 - 2020

Chart 25 Djibouti Growth in the number of mobile subscribers and penetration 2010 - 2025

Chart 26 Egypt Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2010 - 2025

Chart 27 Egypt Growth in the number of internet users and penetration rate 2010 - 2020

Chart 28 Egypt Growth in the number of DSL subscribers 2009 - 2020

Chart 29 Growth in the number of Vodafone Egypt's fixed broadband subscribers 2013 - 2020

Chart 30 Decline in the number of Orange Egypt's fixed broadband subscribers 2013 - 2020

Chart 31 Growth in the number of Telecom Egypt's DSL subscribers 20010 - 2020

Chart 32 Ethiopia Growth in the proportion of households with internet access 2010 - 2021

Chart 33 Ethiopia Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration 2010 - 2025

Chart 34 Growth in the number of Ethio Telecom's DSL subscribers 2011 - 2021

Chart 35 Gabon Change in the market share of internet subscribers by operator 2013 - 2020

Chart 36 Gabon Growth in the number of fixed-line and mobile internet subscribers and penetration 2010 - 2020

Chart 37 Gabon Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2010 - 2020

Chart 38 Guinea Fixed-line broadband subscribers 2010 - 2021

Chart 39 Kenya Growth in the number of internet subscriptions 2010 - 2019

Chart 40 Kenya Change in the number of fixed-line broadband subscriptions by access technology 2010 - 2019

Chart 41 Kenya Change in the number of fixed-line broadband subscriptions and penetration 2010 - 2025

Chart 42 Kenya Decline in the number of DSL subscribers 2009 - 2019

Chart 43 Kenya Growth in the number of Safaricom's fibre broadband premises covered 2016 - 2020

Chart 44 Kenya Growth in the number of fibre broadband subscribers 2011 - 2019

Chart 45 Lesotho Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2010 - 2025

Chart 46 Libya Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration 2010 - 2025

Chart 47 Madagascar Decline in the number of DSL subscribers 2010 - 2019

Chart 48 Madagascar Increase in the number of fibre broadband subscribers 2013 - 2019

Chart 49 Mali Increase in internet bandwidth by operator 2009 - 2017

Chart 50 Mali Growth in the number of Sotelma's internet subscribers 2010 - 2020

Chart 51 Mali Change in the number of DSL subscribers 2010 - 2018

Chart 52 Mauritania Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2010 - 2025

Chart 53 Mauritania Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2009 - 2020

Chart 54 Mauritius Internet subscribers and penetration rate 2010 - 2020

Chart 55 Mauritius Change in the number of internet subscribers by type 2010 - 2020

Chart 56 Mauritius Change in the number of broadband subscribers by type 2010 - 2020

Chart 57 Mauritius Change in the number of broadband subscribers by type 2010 - 2020

Chart 58 Mauritius Change in the number of wireless broadband subscribers 2009 - 2020

Chart 59 Morocco Increase in the total number of internet subscribers, and penetration 2009 - 2019

Chart 60 Morocco Increase in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration 2010 - 2025

Chart 61 Morocco Change in the market share of overall internet subscribers by ISP 2012 - 2019

Chart 62 Morocco Change in the average revenue per internet subscriber (MAD/month/subscriber) 2012 - 2019

Chart 63 Morocco Increase in the number of DSL subscribers 2009 - 2019

Chart 64 Morocco Change in internet subscriber market share: DSL and mobile 2009 - 2019

Chart 65 Morocco Increase in the number of Maroc Telecom's internet subscribers by access technology (thousand) 2009 - 2020

Chart 66 Mozambique Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers 2010 - 2025

Chart 67 Mozambique Growth in the number of cable broadband subscribers 2011 -2017

Chart 68 Mozambique Change in the number of DSL broadband subscribers 2010 - 2017

Chart 69 Namibia Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2010 - 2021

Chart 70 Namibia Change in the number of DSL connections by data rate 2013 - 2018

Chart 71 Nigeria Total fixed-line (wired) broadband subscribers 2014 - 2025

Chart 72 Nigeria Fixed-line (wired) broadband subscribers by operator (thousand) 2014 - 2020

Chart 73 Nigeria Change in the number of fixed-wired broadband subscribers by operator 2017 - 2020

Chart 74 Rwanda Growth in the number of internet users (thousand) and penetration 2010- 2020

Chart 75 Senegal Growth in the number of internet users in Senegal 2010 - 2020

Chart 76 Senegal Change in the number of internet subscribers by platform 2011 - 2020

Chart 77 Senegal Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration 2010 - 2025

Chart 78 Senegal Change in the share of fixed wireless broadband market by operator (keys and data cards) 2013 - 2020

Chart 79 Somalia Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration rate 2009 - 2024

Chart 80 South Africa Change in fixed internet revenue by type 2015 - 2019

Chart 81 South Africa Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2010 - 2025

Chart 82 South Africa Change in the number of fixed broadband subscribers by type 2015 - 2019

Chart 83 South Africa Growth in the number of Telkom's broadband subscribers 2010 - 2019

Chart 84 South Africa Growth in Telkom's fixed data traffic 2014 - 2020

Chart 85 South Africa Change in the number of Telkom's DSL subscribers by type 2016 - 2019

Chart 86 South Africa Change in Telkom's fixed copper and fibre broadband subscribers 2017 - 2019

Chart 87 South Africa Growth in the number of fibre broadband subscribers 2013 - 2019

Chart 88 South Sudan Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscriptions 2013 - 2025

Chart 89 Sudan Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2010 - 2025

Chart 90 Eswatini Growth in the number of broadband subscribers in Eswatini 2008 - 2021

Chart 91 Tanzania Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers 2010 - 2025

Chart 92 Tunisia Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2010 - 2025

Chart 93 Tunisia Growth in the number of DSL subscribers 2010 - 2020

Chart 94 Tunisia Change in the number of DSL subscribers by operator 2013 - 2020

Chart 95 Tunisia Change in the market share of DSL subscribers by operator 2013 - 2020

Chart 96 Uganda Growth in the number of internet users and penetration rate 2010 - 2019

Chart 97 Zambia Growth in the number of fixed-line internet subscribers and penetration 2010 - 2025

Chart 98 Zambia Change in the number of DSL subscribers 2010 - 2020

Chart 99 Zambia Growth in the number of FttB subscribers 2011 - 2020

Chart 100 Zimbabwe Increase in internet access revenue and investment 2010 - 2020

Chart 101 Zimbabwe Growth in the number of internet subscribers and penetration 2009 - 2020

Chart 102 Zimbabwe Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2010 - 2025

Chart 103 Zimbabwe Growth in the number of DSL subscribers 2012 - 2020

Chart 104 Zimbabwe Growth in the number of fibre broadband subscribers 2013 - 2020