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Geological Records of Tsunamis and Other Extreme Waves

  • ID: 4806608
  • Book
  • 800 Pages
  • Elsevier Science and Technology
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Geological Records of Tsunamis and Other Extreme Waves provides a systematic compendium with concise chapters on the concept and history of palaeotsunami research, sediment types and sources, field methods, sedimentary and geomorphic characteristics, and dating and modeling approaches. By contrasting tsunami deposits with those of competing mechanisms in the coastal zone, such as storm waves and surges, the book is relevant to readers interested in palaeo-tempestology and coastal sediment dynamics. The book also guides researchers through establishing an appropriate research design and how to develop reliable records of prehistoric events using field-based and laboratory methods, and modeling and statistical techniques.

The effectiveness of palaeotsunami records in coastal hazard mitigation strategies strongly depends on the appropriate selection of research approaches and methods that are tailored to the site-specific environment and age of the deposits.

  • Features a comprehensive overview of tsunami sedimentology and palaeotsunami research
  • Includes a guide to choosing proxies and analytical approaches for investigating tsunami deposits
  • Offers advice on the most appropriate mapping, sampling, and analytical approaches for a wide variety of coastal settings and sedimentary environments
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Section 1: Introduction Geological records of tsunamis and other extreme-wave events
concepts, applications and a history of research Historical records of tsunamis Instrumental records of tsunamis Tsunami magnitude scales Trigger mechanisms and hydrodynamics of tsunamis (and extreme storms?) Palaeotsunami databases Overview of sediment types and archives

Section 2: Field Methods Stratigraphic sampling Subaquatic geophysics Ground penetrating radar Mapping of subaerial coarse clasts Post-tsunami surveys

Section 3: Fine-Grained Deposits/Proxies Sedimentology Geometry Foraminifera Ostracoda Diatoms Mollusc shells Anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility MicroCT Geochemistry Microtexture on quartz DNA Aromatic hydrocarbons Postdepositional changes of tsunami deposits and preservation potential Experimental models of fine sediment transport by tsunamis Numerical models of fine sediment transport by tsunamis

Section 4: Coarse-Clast Deposits Spatial patterns of subaerial coarse-clasts Reconstruction of transport modes & flow parameters Megatsunami conglomerates Post-depositional weathering of coarse clasts (very short) Experimental models of coarse-clast transport by tsunamis Numerical models of coarse-clast transport by tsunamis

Section 5: Erosional Impact Erosional signatures in ridge-and-swale sequences Erosion and re-organisation of beach and barrier coasts after tsunami impact Impact on dunes Impact on rocky coasts

Section 6: Dating Radiocarbon: fine deposits Radiocarbon: boulders OSL (both exposure and burial) 210Pb, 137Cs Archaeological dating ESR dating of coarse clasts Palaeomagnetic, Th-U, and surface exposure dating (cosmogenic nuclides) of coarse clasts

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Engel, Max
Dr. Engel has expertise in coastal geomorphology and sedimentology, palaeotsunami research, natural hazards, geoarchaeology, arid landscapes, and palaeoclimatology. Since 2012 he has held a position as postdoctoral researcher and lecturer at the University of Cologne. Prior to that, Dr. Engel was a research assistant and lecturer University of Cologne and at the University of Marburg. He received his PhD in Physical Geography from the University of Cologne.
Pilarczyk, Jessica
Dr. Pilarczyk has expertise in coastal geology, micropalaeontology, tsunamis, tropical cyclones, sea level change, palaeoseismology, natural hazards, and temperate, tropical, and arid coastlines. She is currently an Assistant Professor at the University of Southern Mississippi. Previously she held positions as a Postdoctoral Associate at Rutgers University, a Visiting Research Fellow at the Earth Observatory of Singapore, and a Visiting Research Fellow at the University of New South Wales. Dr. Pilarczyk received her PhD in Geology from McMaster University.
May, Simon Matthias
Dr. May has expertise in coastal geomorphology, palaeotsunami and palaeotempestological research, geoarchaeology, and geochronology. He currently is a Postdoctoral researcher at the University of Cologne. Previously he served as a Postdoctoral researcher at the German Archaeological Institute, a research assistant and lecturer at the University of Cologne, and a Research assistant and lecturer at the University of Marburg. Dr. May received his PhD in Physical Geography from the University of Cologne.
Brill, Dominik
Dr. Brill has expertise in coastal geomorphology and sedimentology, natural hazard research, geochronology, and luminescence dating. He is currently the Head of Cologne Luminescence Laboratory at the University of Cologne. Dr. Brill's previous experience includes serving as a Postdoc and Lecturer at the University of Cologne, a research assistant at the University of Cologne, and a research assistant and lecturer at the University of Marburg. He received his PhD in Physical Geography from the University of Cologne.
Garrett, Ed
Dr. Garrett has expertise in palaeoseismology, palaeogeodesy, natural hazards, Quaternary environmental change, quantitative biostratigraphy, and geochronology. He is currently a Teaching and Honorary Fellow at Durham University. Dr. Garrett previously served as a Research Fellow at the Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences and a Postdoctoral Research Associate at Durham University. He received his PhD in Physical Geography from Durham University.
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