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Progress in Optical Wireless Communications - Visible Light Communications and Free Space Fiber: Technologies, Applications and Markets

  • ID: 4807665
  • Report
  • 120 Pages
  • PracTel Inc
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FEATURED COMPANIES

  • CableFree
  • Firefly
  • Guilin
  • NEC
  • PureVLC-PureLi-Fi
  • Space Photonics
  • MORE

This report continues the publisher’s project on optical wireless communications (OWC).

Particular, the report concentrates on:

  • VLC - Visible Light Communication
  • FSF - Free Space Fiber.

In connection with VLC development, the report is addressing Light Emitting Diode (LED) technologies and markets. LED, in the near future, will be a dominant source of illumination; and used also as a transmitting device.  The VLC LED-based channels promise to deliver high-speed data in the office, home and other environments with high signal-to-noise ratio, and minimum infrastructure expenses.

The report is analyzing the emerging VLC industry, economics, technologies, standardization, and applications. It shows that the spectrum of VLC applications is increasing each year to support such developments as Intelligent Transportation Systems, Localization and other. The report also surveys VLC-related patents (2017-2019).

FSF devices are solving access issues in metro and LAN environments. They are relatively inexpensive, support Gb/s rates of transmission; they are also offering low maintenance cost, guarantee a short installation time and security of communications. The report presents the FSF technologies and market analysis as well as discusses their applications together with the survey of vendors and their portfolios.

This report is important to a wide population of researches, technical and sales staff involved in the developing of advanced Optical Wireless Communications methods.  It is recommended for both service providers and vendors that are working with related technologies.

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
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FEATURED COMPANIES

  • CableFree
  • Firefly
  • Guilin
  • NEC
  • PureVLC-PureLi-Fi
  • Space Photonics
  • MORE

1. Introduction
1.1 General
1.2 Structure
1.3 LED as Communications Transmitter
1.4 Free Space Fiber
1.5 Scope
1.6 Research Methodology
1.7 Target Audience

2. LED Specifics
2.1 General
2.2 Spectrum
2.3 Types
2.4 LED Modulation
2.4.1 Limitations
2.5 LED Evolution
2.5.1 General
2.5.2 Benefits
2.5.3 Market Characteristics
2.5.4 Factors

3. Visible Light Communications
3.1 General
3.1.1 Drivers
3.1.2 Industry Activity
3.1.2.1 UC-Light Center
3.1.2.2 Li-Fi Consortium
3.2 VLC Standards Development
3.2.1 IEEE 802.15.7
3.2.1.1 Considerations
3.2.1.2 Project
3.2.1.2.1 Coexistence
3.2.1.2.2 Essence
3.2.1.2.3 Base
3.2.1.2.4 Use Cases
3.2.1.2.5 Physical Layer
3.2.1.2.5.1 General
3.2.1.2.5.2 Responsibilities
3.2.1.2.5.3 Types
3.2.1.2.5.4 Error Protection
3.2.1.2.5.5 Rates
3.2.1.2.5.6 Frequency Plan
3.2.1.2.5.7 PHY Services
3.2.1.2.5.8. Regulations
3.2.1.2.6 MAC Layer
3.2.1.2.6.1 Topologies
3.2.1.2.6.2 Responsibilities
3.2.1.2.6.3 Functionalities
3.2.1.2.6.4 Channel Access
3.2.1.2.7 Security
3.2.2 Jeita (Japan Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association) Standards
3.2.2.1 JEITA CP-1221
3.2.2.2 JEITA CP-1222
3.2.2.3 JEITA CP-1223 (2013)
3.2.3 IEEE802.15.7r1
3.2.4 Visible Light Communications Association (VLCA)
3.2.4.1 General
3.2.4.2 Experimental Systems- VLCA Projects
3.2.5 ECMA 397-2010
3.3 Details
3.3.1 Communications Channel
3.3.2 Transmitter
3.3.3 Receiver
3.3.3.1 Image Sensors
3.3.4 Major Characteristics
3.3.4.1 General
3.3.4.2 Modulation
3.3.4.3 VLC Channel: Characteristics Summary
3.3.4.4 Limiting Factors
3.3.5 Applications: Summary
3.3.5.1 ITS
3.3.5.2 Optical Wireless LAN
3.3.5.3 Medical
3.3.5.4 Localization
3.3.5.5 City Wide Wireless Network
3.3.5.6 Summary
3.4 Companies and Organizations

  • Casio
  • Firefly
  • Fraunhofer IPMS
  • Lightbee
  • Nakagawa Laboratories
  • NEC
  • Oledcomm
  • Outstanding Technology
  • PureVLC-PureLi-Fi
  • Qualcomm
  • Renesas
  • SmartSignals
  • Supreme Architecture
  • TCL/Sunpartner
  • Tamura

3.5 Market
3.6 5G View
3.6.1 Attocell
3.6.2 Cell Structures
3.7 P802.11bb

4. Free Space Fiber
4.1 General
4.2 Major Characteristics
4.3 Protection
4.4 Applications
4.4.1 Major Use Cases
4.4.2 Requirements
4.4.3 Inter-satellite Links
4.4.4 Intra-building Communications
4.4.5 Inter-building Communications
4.5 FSF Communications Benefits and Limitations: Summary
4.5.1 Weather Factor
4.5.2 Building Swaying
4.6 Design Issues
4.7 Customers
4.8 FSF Market
4.8.1 General
4.8.2 Market Drivers
4.8.2.1 Market Segments
4.8.3 Competition
4.8.3.1 Fiber Optics Systems
4.8.3.2 Microwave
4.8.3.3 PONs
4.8.4 Forecast
4.8.4.1 General
4.8.4.2 Model Assumptions
4.8.4.3 Structure
4.8.4.4 Market Estimate
4.9 Vendors

  • CableFree
  • Canon USA
  • CBL
  • Dailianxu Engineering Company
  • fSONA
  • GeoDesy (Trimble)
  • Guilin
  • LightPointe
  • Plaintree
  • Space Photonics

4.10 Standards
4.10.1 ITU G.640
4.10.2 ITU-R P.1814-2007
4.10.3 ARIB STD-T50 (OPTICAL WIRELESS LAN SYSTEM) v4-2009

5. Comparison: VLC and FSF

6. Conclusions

Attachments
Attachment I: VLC - related Patents Survey (2017-2019)

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
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  • CableFree
  • Canon USA
  • Casio
  • CBL
  • Dailianxu Engineering Company
  • Firefly
  • Fraunhofer IPMS
  • fSONA
  • GeoDesy (Trimble)
  • Guilin
  • Lightbee
  • LightPointe
  • Nakagawa Laboratories
  • NEC
  • Oledcomm
  • Outstanding Technology
  • Plaintree
  • PureVLC-PureLi-Fi
  • Qualcomm
  • Renesas
  • SmartSignals
  • Space Photonics
  • Supreme Architecture
  • Tamura
  • TCL/Sunpartner
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
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