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Anatomy of the Lumbar Spine. An atlas of normal anatomy and the morbid anatomy of ageing and injury

  • ID: 4829419
  • Book
  • 232 Pages
  • Elsevier Health Science
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Introduction
Methods of sectioning 266 autopsy spines
Section 1: Normal Anatomy
1 Structure and function
2 Disc: its part and their functions
3 Facets: structure and function
4 Nerves: In spinal canal and intervertebral foramen
5 Muscles and Movement
Section 2:   Age changes
1 Osteoporosis: effects on vertebrae and on disc shape
2 Degenerative changes in discs
3 Disc fissuring and disc protrusion
4 Decline in ranges of movement with increase in age
5 Increase creep with age
6 Facet changes: arthritic changes; remodeling
7 Spinal stenosis and nerve impingement
8 Severe disc changes and segmental instability
9 Spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis
10 Facet joint fat pads: their increase in early instability
Section 3:    Injuries
1 Thoracic and lumbar injuries contrast with cervical injuries
2 Vertebral end-plate fracture and collapse
3 Facet joint injuries: which are often occult.
Section 4:   Lower Back Pain and Radicular Pain
1 The lumbar spine and cancer metastases.
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Taylor, James
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