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Critical Issues in Plant Health: 50 Years of Research in African Agriculture

  • ID: 4832902
  • Book
  • Region: Africa
  • 492 pages
  • Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing
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Plant health covers topics such as the safe handling and movement of germplasm and seed, as well as the range of biotic threats faced by crops and the ways they can be managed to optimise yields and ensure safety and quality in crop production. These threats include viral, bacterial and fungal diseases as well as the impact of insect pests and weeds. This collection summarises 50 years of research on plant health by the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) to improve the health of crops in Africa. The first part of the book reviews general issues such as pest and disease surveillance and the range of viruses affecting key African crops. Part 2 summarises key research on improving the health of major crops such as cassava, maize, yams and cocoyams, bananas and plantains, legumes, vegetables and tree fruits. The final part of the book discusses ways of improving integrated pest management of insect pests, diseases and weeds in sub-Saharan Africa. This unique book brings together some of the world’s leading experts on plant health in sub-Saharan Africa to review progress in dealing with the range of biotic threats faced by African farmers, and will be a standard reference on improving the management of pests and diseases in developing countries.
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Part 1 Managing threats to plant health
1. Key challenges in plant health in sub-Saharan Africa: stakeholder priorities: Kenton Dashiell, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Nigeria;
2. Introduction: meeting challenges in plant health in sub-Saharan Africa: Peter Neuenschwander and Manuele Tamò, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Benin;
3. Disease surveillance, diagnostics and germplasm health in crop protection: P. Lava Kumar, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Nigeria; James P. Legg, IITA, Tanzania; Maria Ayodele, IITA, Nigeria; George Mahuku, IITA, Tanzania; and Alejandro Ortega-Beltran and Ranajit Bandyopadhyay, IITA, Nigeria;
4. Conserving and exploiting biodiversity in crop cultivation in sub-Saharan Africa: Georg Goergen and Peter Neuenschwander, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Benin; and Danny Coyne, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Kenya;
5. Viruses affecting African crops and their vectors: James P. Legg, IITA, Tanzania, P. Lava Kumar, IITA, Nigeria; George Mahuku, IITA, Tanzania, Everlyne Wosula, IITA, Tanzania; Livia Stavolone, IITA, Nigeria; Eugene Terry, New Markets Lab, USA; and Nilsa Bosque-Pérez, University of Idaho, USA;

Part 2 Plant health in practice: managing threats to key African crops
6. Identifying and managing plant health risks for key African crops: cassava: Muaka Toko and Peter Neuenschwander, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Benin; J. Steve Yaninek, Purdue University, USA; Alejandro Ortega-Beltran, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Nigeria; André Fanou and Victor Zinsou, Université de Parakou, Benin; Kerstin D. Wydra, Erfurt University of Applied Sciences, Germany; Rachid Hanna and Appolin Fotso, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Cameroon; and Ouorou Douro-Kpindou, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Benin;
7. Identifying and managing plant health risks for key African crops: maize: Ranajit Bandyopadhyay, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Nigeria; Kitty F. Cardwell, Oklahoma State University, USA; Alejandro Ortega-Beltran, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Nigeria; Fritz Schulthess, Rheinstrasse 160, Switzerland; William Meikle, USDA-ARS, USA; Mamoudou Sétamou, Texas A&M University, USA; and Peter J. Cotty, USDA-ARS, USA;
8. Identifying and managing plant health risks for key African crops: yam, taro and cocoyam: Babatima Djana Mignouna, IITA, Benin; P. Lava Kumar, IITA, Nigeria; Danny Coyne, IITA, Kenya; and Ranajit Bandyopadhyay, Alejandro Ortega-Beltran, Ranjana Bhattacharjee and David De Koeyer, IITA, Nigeria;
9. Identifying and managing plant health risks for key African crops: banana and plantain: Stefan Hauser, IITA, Nigeria; Clifford Gold, Nevada City, USA; Cornelia Pasberg-Gauhl and Friedhelm Gauhl, FG-Inter-Agro-Consult KG, Austria; Juliet Akello, IITA, Zambia; Kim Jacobsen, Royal Museum for Central Africa, Belgium; Lindsey Norgrove, Bern University of Applied Sciences, Switzerland; Daniel Coyne, IITA, Kenya; P. Lava Kumar, IITA Tanzania; George Mahuku, Manoj Kaushal, IITA, Tanzania; Valentine Nakato, IITA, Uganda; and Leena Tripathi and Jaindra Tripathi, IITA, Kenya;
10. Identifying and managing plant health risks for key African crops: legumes: Manuele Tamò, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Benin; Léonard Afouda, Université de Parakou, Bénin; Ranajit Bandyopadhyay, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Nigeria; Harry Bottenberg, United States Agency for International Development, USA; Laura Cortada-Gonzales, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Kenya; Harun Murithi, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Tanzania; Alejandro Ortega-Beltran, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Nigeria; Barry Pittendrigh, Michigan State University, USA; Rachidatou Sikirou, Institut National des Recherches Agricoles au Bénin, Benin; Abou Togola, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Nigeria; and Kerstin D. Wydra, Erfurt University of Applied Sciences, Germany;
11. Identifying and managing plant health risks for key African crops: vegetables: Ignace Godonou, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) and Catholic University of West Africa, Benin; May-Guri Saethre, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Nigeria; Ghislain Tepa-Yotto, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) and Université Nationale d’Agriculture, Benin; Désiré Gnanvossou and Ouorou Douro-Kpindou, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Benin; and Danny Coyne, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Kenya;
12. Identifying and managing plant health risks for key African crops: fruit and other tree crops: Peter Neuenschwander and Désiré Gnanvossou, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Benin; Stefan Hauser, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Nigeria; Georg Goergen, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Benin; Rachid Hanna, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Cameroon; Lindsey Norgrove, Bern University of Applied Sciences, Switzerland; and Koffi Negloh and Cyriaque Agboton, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Benin;

Part 3 Integrated pest management: putting it all together and exchange of knowledge with farmers
13. Commercial products promoting plant health in African agriculture: Frederick Schreurs and Ranajit Bandyopadhyay, IITA, Nigeria; Christiaan Kooyman, IITA, Kenya; Alejandro Ortega-Beltran and Adebowale Akande, IITA, Nigeria; Matieyedou Konlambigue, IITA, Ghana; and Niels Van den Bosch, IITA, Nigeria;
14. Weeds affecting field crops and water bodies in Africa: David Chikoye, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Zambia; Friday Ekeleme, Stefan Hauser, Abebe Menkir and Alpha Y. Kamara, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Nigeria; Peter Neuenschwander and Obinna Ajuonu, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Bénin; and Hakeem A. Ajeigbe, International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Nigeria;
15. Making integrated pest management (IPM) work in sub-Saharan Africa: Danny Coyne, IITA, Kenya; Michael Abberton, IITA, Nigeria; Sounkoura Adetonah, IITA, Bénin; Maria Ayodele, IITA, Nigeria; Laura Cortada-Gonzales, IITA, Kenya; Brice Gbaguidi, IITA, Bénin; Stefan Hauser and P. Lava Kumar, IITA, Nigeria; Peter Neuenschwander, IITA, Bénin; Marc Schut, Wageningen University, The Netherlands; Manuele Tamò, IITA, Benin; and Abou Togola, IITA, Nigeria;

Part 4 Conclusions and future challenges
16. Improving plant health in sub-Saharan Africa: conclusions and future challenges Peter Neuenschwander and Manuele Tamò, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Benin; and May-Guri Sæthre, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Nigeria;"
1. Setting the scene: the continued drive to improve organic animal farming: Mette Vaarst, Aarhus University, Denmark; and Stephen Roderick, Duchy College, UK;

Part 1 Concepts in organic animal farming
2. The principles of organic livestock farming: Susanne Padel, The Organic Research Centre, UK;
3. The effects of organic management on greenhouse gas emissions and energy efficiency in livestock production: L. G. Smith, The Organic Research Centre and Cranfield University, UK; and A. G. Williams, Cranfield University, UK;
4. Rethinking and engaging with animal health in organic farming: Mette Vaarst, Aarhus University, Denmark;
5. Enhancing naturalness and human care in organic animal farming: Lindsay K. Whistance, The Organic Research Centre, UK;
6. Biosecurity and safety for humans and animals in organic animal farming: K. Ellis, Scottish Centre for Production Animal Health and Food Safety, University of Glasgow, UK;
7. Integrated crop–livestock systems with agroforestry to improve organic animal farming: A. J. Escribano, Nutrion Internacional, Spain; J. Ryschawy, University of Toulouse, France; and L. K. Whistance, The Organic Research Centre, UK;
8. Smallholder integrated organic farming: how can it work in the tropics?: Raphael Wahome and Caroline Chepkoech, University of Nairobi, Kenya;
9. Pastoralism and organic animal farming: are they complementary?: Stephen Roderick, Duchy College, UK;

Part 2 Farming of particular species
10. Organic dairy farming: key characteristics, opportunities, advantages and challenges: S. Ivemeyer, University of Kassel, Germany; and A. Bieber and A. Spengler Neff, Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL), Switzerland;
11. Organic dairy farming: towards sustainability: Florian Leiber, Adrian Muller, Veronika Maurer, Christian Schader and Anna Bieber, Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL), Switzerland;
12. Organic beef farming: key characteristics, opportunities, advantages and challenges: Isabel Blanco Penedo, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Sweden; and José Perea-Muñoz, University of Córdoba, Spain;
13. Organic sheep and goat farming: opportunities and challenges: Georgios Arsenos, Angeliki Argyriadou, Sotiria Vouraki and Athanasios Gelasakis, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece;
14. Organic pig farming: key characteristics, opportunities, advantages and challenges; Barbara Früh, Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL), Switzerland; and Mirjam Holinger, ETH Zürich, Switzerland;
15. Organic poultry farming: opportunities and challenges: Mette Vaarst, Aarhus University, Denmark; Klaus Horsted, Danish Centre for Food and Agriculture DCA, Aarhus University, Denmark; and Veronika Maurer, Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL), Switzerland
16. The development of organic aquaculture: Timo Stadtlander, Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL), Switzerland;
17. Organic and natural beekeeping, and caring for insect pollinators: Nicola Bradbear, Bees for Development, UK;

Part 3 The future
18. Improving organic animal farming for the future: Stephen Roderick, Duchy College, UK; and Mette Vaarst, Aarhus University, Denmark;
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