Plastic Waste and Recycling: Environmental Impact, Societal Issues, Prevention, and Solutions begins with an introduction to the different types of plastic materials, their uses, and the concepts of reduce, reuse and recycle before examining plastic types, chemistry and degradation patterns that are organized by non-degradable plastic, degradable and biodegradable plastics, biopolymers and bioplastics. Other sections cover current challenges relating to plastic waste, explain the sources of waste and their routes into the environment, and provide systematic coverage of plastic waste treatment methods, including mechanical processing, monomerization, blast furnace feedstocks, gasification, thermal recycling, and conversion to fuel.
This is an essential guide for anyone involved in plastic waste or recycling, including researchers and advanced students across plastics engineering, polymer science, polymer chemistry, environmental science, and sustainable materials.
- Presents actionable solutions for reducing plastic waste, with a focus on the concepts of collection, re-use, recycling and replacement
- Considers major societal and environmental issues, providing the reader with a broader understanding and supporting effective implementation
- Includes detailed case studies from across the globe, offering unique insights into different solutions and approaches
A. INTRODUCTION 1. Introduction 2. Production, Use and Fate of all Synthetic Plastic
B. INNOVATION IN PLASTIC MATERIALS 3. The Geography and Geology of Plastics: the environmental distribution and fate 4. Bio-based Plastics 5. Biodegradable plastics
C. END OF LIFE PROBLEMS FOR PLASTIC WASTE 6. Current Industrial position on plastic production and recycling 7. Plastic Waste in the Terrestrial Environment 8. The Environmental impacts of plastic pollution 9. Microplastics: from origins to impacts 10. Textile Production and End of Life Management Options
D. SOLUTIONS FOR PLASTIC WASTE 11. Mechanical Recycling of Packaging Waste 12. Blast furnace feedstock and coke oven chemical feedstock 13. Chemical Routes for Recycling
dissolving, catalytic and thermochemical technologies 14. Conversion of Plastic Waste to fuel 15. The treatment of plastic in ASR (automobile shredder residue) 16. Solutions to the plastic waste problem: on land and in the ocean
E. PLASTICS: SOCIETY AND THE ENVIRONMENT 17. Plastics we can't live without 18. Secondary Plastic Products
examples and market trends 19. Plastic Waste in a Circular Economy 20. Ecological and Health issues of Plastic Waste
F. PLASTIC WASTE AROUND THE WORLD 21. Plastic Waste in Asia 22. The Challenge of Plastic Pollution in Nigeria 23. Plastic waste in the United Kingdom 24. EU's plastic strategy and an impact assessment of the proposed directive on tackling single use plastics items
Trevor M. Letcher is Emeritus Professor of Chemistry at the University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban and a Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry. He is a past Director of the International Association of Chemical Thermodynamics and his research involves the thermodynamics of liquid mixtures and energy from landfill. He was awarded the South African Chemical Institute's Gold medal in 1999 and in 2000 he was awarded the South African Gold medal by the South African Association for the Advancement of Science. He has published over 250 papers in peer review journals and has edited, co-edited and written eleven books in his research and related fields. His latest books include Unraveling Environmental Disasters (2012), Materials for a Sustainable Future (2012), Waste (2011), Heat Capacities (2010), Climate Change (2009) and Future Energy (2008).