+353-1-416-8900REST OF WORLD
+44-20-3973-8888REST OF WORLD
1-917-300-0470EAST COAST U.S
1-800-526-8630U.S. (TOLL FREE)

PRINTER FRIENDLY

Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM) - Global Market Trajectory & Analytics

  • ID: 4845846
  • Report
  • February 2022
  • Region: Global
  • 246 Pages
  • Global Industry Analysts, Inc

FEATURED COMPANIES

  • NVE Corporation
  • Spin Memory, Inc.
  • Toshiba Corporation

Global Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM) Market to Reach US$5.4 Billion by the Year 2026


Magneto-Resistive Random Access Memory (MRAM), also termed Magnetic RAM, is a device used to store data bits with the use of magnetic charges instead of an electrical charge. MRAM involves storage of data bits that are stored using magnetic states instead of electrical charges, which are used in dynamic random access memory (DRAM). MRAM is anticipated to witness increased growth over the coming years driven by a variety of factors. Industries are becoming more and more digital owing to technological advancements of computing technologies. Rapid penetration of IoT, smart robots and smart drones and increasing number of electronic devices like smartphones, smart televisions, smart wearables etc. are creating a strong demand growth scenario for MRAM. MRAM is able to resist high levels of radiation efficiently and also operate in very high and low temperature conditions. The technology is also tamper resistant, which makes it suitable for rugged applications in the military and industrial sectors. Significant growth in penetration of smart consumer electronics, increased IoT penetration and 4G & 5G emergence would drive the need for increased power efficiency and memory capacity, which would in turn result in high demand for MRAM. While the MRAM market is at the development stage, the industry is witnessing increasing focus on research and development initiatives, innovations, and strategic partnerships.

Amid the COVID-19 crisis, the global market for Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM) estimated at US$989.1 Million in the year 2020, is projected to reach a revised size of US$5.4 Billion by 2026, growing at a CAGR of 32.7% over the analysis period. Enterprise Storage, one of the segments analyzed in the report, is projected to grow at a 36.8% CAGR to reach US$2.5 Billion by the end of the analysis period. After a thorough analysis of the business implications of the pandemic and its induced economic crisis, growth in the Consumer Electronics segment is readjusted to a revised 32.9% CAGR for the next 7-year period. This segment currently accounts for a 23.7% share of the global Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM) market. A key driver behind the steady growth in use of MRAM for enterprise storage applications is the increasing number of data centers, where enterprise storage functions as mass storage. Enterprise storage application is also poised to benefit from the use of less power by MRAM compared to flash, resulting in improved operational efficiency, which is critical in enterprise storage applications.



The U.S. Market is Estimated at $451.2 Million in 2021, While China is Forecast to Reach $1.6 Billion by 2026


The Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM) market in the U.S. is estimated at US$451.2 Million in the year 2021. The country currently accounts for a 36.2% share in the global market. China, the world`s second largest economy, is forecast to reach an estimated market size of US$1.6 Billion in the year 2026 trailing a CAGR of 42.4% through the analysis period. Among the other noteworthy geographic markets are Japan and Canada, each forecast to grow at 25.3% and 28% respectively over the analysis period. Within Europe, Germany is forecast to grow at approximately 32.1% CAGR while Rest of European market (as defined in the study) will reach US$2.2 Billion by the end of the analysis period. North America is expected to continue leading the global market led by increased focus on research and development activities, rising demand from several end-user industries for memory solutions with advanced technologies, and the presence of major players in the region. The segment of medical devices is also witnessing rapid IoT adoption. Strong automotive sales are anticipated in the US over the coming years, providing major growth opportunity for MRAMs which are used in engine control units, in-car data log, multimedia systems and advanced transmission control among others. RFID devices are being integrated with MRAM for withstanding gamma radiation. Asia-Pacific and China are poised to make strong gains in the coming years, driven by the increasing adoption of cloud computing applications, extended Internet penetration, expanding data center infrastructure, and rapid developments in the semiconductor industry, which is resulting in higher demand for advanced memory technology for the semiconductor industry.

Robotics Segment to Reach $625 Million by 2026


In the global Robotics segment, USA, Canada, Japan, China and Europe will drive the 24.5% CAGR estimated for this segment. These regional markets accounting for a combined market size of US$151.2 Million in the year 2020 will reach a projected size of US$702.6 Million by the close of the analysis period. China will remain among the fastest growing in this cluster of regional markets. Led by countries such as Australia, India, and South Korea, the market in Asia-Pacific is forecast to reach US$47.2 Million by the year 2026.

Select Competitors (Total 42 Featured) -

  • Avalanche Technology, Inc.
  • Crocus Nano Electronics, LLC
  • Everspin Technologies, Inc.
  • Honeywell International, Inc.
  • NVE Corporation
  • Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
  • Spin Memory, Inc.
  • Toshiba Corporation
The global analysis and forecast periods covered within the report are 2020-2027 (Current & Future Analysis) and 2012-2019 (Historic Review). Research estimates are provided for 2020, while research projections cover the period 2021-2027.
Frequently Asked Questions about the Global Market for Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM)

What is the estimated value of the Global Market for Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM)?

The Global Market for Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM) was estimated to be valued at $989.1 Million in 2020.

What is the growth rate of the Global Market for Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM)?

The growth rate of the Global Market for Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM) is 32.7%, with an estimated value of $5400.0 Million by 2026.

What is the forecasted size of the Global Market for Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM)?

The Global Market for Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM) is estimated to be worth $5400.0 Million by 2026.

Who are the key companies in the Global Market for Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM)?

Key companies in the Global Market for Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM) include Avalanche Technology, Inc., Crocus Nano Electronics, LLC, Everspin Technologies, Inc., Honeywell International, Inc., NVE Corporation, Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. and Toshiba Corporation.
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown

FEATURED COMPANIES

  • NVE Corporation
  • Spin Memory, Inc.
  • Toshiba Corporation

I. METHODOLOGY


II. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

1. MARKET OVERVIEW

  • Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM) – Global Key Competitors Percentage Market Share in 2022 (E)
  • Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic and a Looming Global Recession
  • 2020 Marked as a Year of Disruption & Transformation
  • World Economic Growth Projections (Real GDP, Annual % Change) for 2020 through 2022
  • How the IT Industry Has Been Impacted by the Pandemic & What’s the New Normal?
  • Global Information Technology Market Growth Outlook (In %) For Years 2019 Through 2025
  • Semiconductor Industry Experiences Disruptions
  • An Introduction to Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM)
  • Operation of MRAM
  • Structure and Fabrication of MRAM
  • Critical Characteristics of MRAM
  • Types of MRAM
  • Evolving Capabilities Present MRAM as a Promising Memory Technology of the Future
  • Enterprise Storage: The Leading Application Market
  • Developed Economies Lead, Developing Economies Poised for High Growth
  • Competition
  • Recent Market Activity
  • Competitive Market Presence - Strong/Active/Niche/Trivial for Players Worldwide in 2022 (E)

2. FOCUS ON SELECT PLAYERS

3. MARKET TRENDS & DRIVERS

  • Emergence of Next Generation Memory Technologies to Support Growth of MRAM Market
  • Global Non-Volatile Memory Market Size (in US$ Billion) for the Years 2020, 2022, 2024 and 2026
  • MRAM Set to Emerge as Persistent Memory for Numerous Applications
  • Low-power Consumption Benefit of MRAM
  • MRAM Moves into Embedded Space
  • Increasing Competitiveness of Embedded MRAM (eMRAM) with Other Memory Technologies: Price in $/Gb by Memory Type for the Years 2018, 2020, 2022, 2024 and 2026
  • eMRAM Holds an Edge Over Other Memory Technologies: Comparing Power, Performance, Area, and Availability of SRAM, eMRAM, eFLASH, PCM, RRAM, and FeFET
  • Second Generation STT-MRAM to Grab Growing Share of MRAM Market
  • STT-MRAM Finally Comes to Market Replacing Embedded NOR Flash
  • STT-RAM to Emerge as a Potential Leading Memory Type in the Embedded Emerging NVM Market
  • Emerging Non-Volatile Memory (NVM) Market: Percentage Breakdown of Revenues in Standalone and Embedded Memory Segments by RRAM, STT-MRAM and PCM
  • Challenges Confronting Fabrication and Testing of STT-RAM
  • Potential for MRAM to Replace SRAM and DRAM
  • Growing Memory Requirements of Data Centers to Propel MRAM Market
  • Data Centers Continue to Gain Importance: Presenting Opportunities for MRAM Market
  • Global Data centers Market Growth Outlook (In %) For Years 2019 Through 2025
  • Data Center IP Traffic Growth Worldwide: Global Data Center IP Traffic in Zettabytes for the Years 2016, 2018, 2020 & 2022
  • Global Data Center IP Traffic Breakdown (in %) by Cloud and Traditional Data Centers for the Years 2017, 2019 and 2021
  • Power, Cost, and Time Saving Advantages of STT-MRAM to Drive Adoption in Hyperscale Data Centers
  • Number of Hyperscale Data Centers Worldwide (in Units) for the Period 2015-2021
  • Rising Computing Needs of Consumer Electronic Devices: Opportunity for MRAM Market
  • Global Electrical & Electronics Equipment Market Growth Outlook (In %) For Years 2019 Through 2025
  • Embedded MRAM Emerges as a Promising Technology for IoT Devices, Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning
  • MRAM Opportunity in IoT Space: Global M2M/IoT Connections (In Billion) for Years 2019, 2021 and 2023
  • Rapidly Growing AI/ML Market Presents Growth Opportunities for MRAM Adoption: Global Deep Learning Chipset Market Revenues in US$ Billion for the Years 2019, 2021, 2023 and 2025
  • Growing Need for Energy-Efficient Storage Solutions Gives Impetus to MRAM Market
  • Installed Base of Data Storage Capacity (in Zettabytes) for 2019, 2020, and 2024
  • MRAM Emerges as a Possible Option for Post-Flash Solid-State Storage
  • MRAM Emerges as the Next Stage for Solid State Storage
  • MRAM Emerges as a Memory Solution for Intelligent and Connected Automobiles
  • Toggle MRAM Preps for 5G Revolution
  • Edge Computing to Drive Demand for MRAM
  • Quad MTJ with STT-MRAM Technology to Enable Advanced Edge Devices for Emerging Applications
  • Rising Use of MRAM in Automotive Industry
  • Need for Radiation-Hardened ICs Hold Potential for MRAM in Satellites and Spacecrafts
  • High Resistance to Radiation Makes STT-MRAM Perfect for Space Applications
  • Advancements in MRAM Augurs Well for the Market
  • Energy Efficient MRAM Developed by a South Korean Research Team
  • Tohoku University Research Team Develops High Speed SOT Magneto Resistive RAM
  • Researchers at NTHU Manipulates MRAM by Working with the Electron Spin
  • IBM Developing STT-MRAM Technology
  • Research Focus on Using Antiferromagnets for MRAM Catches Pace
  • Select Startups Set to Scale up Computer Memory with Promising MRAM Solutions
  • Testing Becomes Important for a Good MRAM Memory
  • Challenges Confronting Making and Testing of STT-MRAM

4. GLOBAL MARKET PERSPECTIVE

TABLE 1: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM) by Geographic Region - USA, Canada, Japan, China, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World Markets - Independent Analysis of Annual Revenues in US$ Thousand for Years 2020 through 2027 and % CAGR
TABLE 2: World 7-Year Perspective for Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM) by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Value Revenues for USA, Canada, Japan, China, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World Markets for Years 2021 & 2027
TABLE 3: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Enterprise Storage by Geographic Region - USA, Canada, Japan, China, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World Markets - Independent Analysis of Annual Revenues in US$ Thousand for Years 2020 through 2027 and % CAGR
TABLE 4: World 7-Year Perspective for Enterprise Storage by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Value Revenues for USA, Canada, Japan, China, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World for Years 2021 & 2027
TABLE 5: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Consumer Electronics by Geographic Region - USA, Canada, Japan, China, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World Markets - Independent Analysis of Annual Revenues in US$ Thousand for Years 2020 through 2027 and % CAGR
TABLE 6: World 7-Year Perspective for Consumer Electronics by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Value Revenues for USA, Canada, Japan, China, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World for Years 2021 & 2027
TABLE 7: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Robotics by Geographic Region - USA, Canada, Japan, China, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World Markets - Independent Analysis of Annual Revenues in US$ Thousand for Years 2020 through 2027 and % CAGR
TABLE 8: World 7-Year Perspective for Robotics by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Value Revenues for USA, Canada, Japan, China, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World for Years 2021 & 2027
TABLE 9: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Automotive by Geographic Region - USA, Canada, Japan, China, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World Markets - Independent Analysis of Annual Revenues in US$ Thousand for Years 2020 through 2027 and % CAGR
TABLE 10: World 7-Year Perspective for Automotive by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Value Revenues for USA, Canada, Japan, China, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World for Years 2021 & 2027
TABLE 11: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Aerospace & Defense by Geographic Region - USA, Canada, Japan, China, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World Markets - Independent Analysis of Annual Revenues in US$ Thousand for Years 2020 through 2027 and % CAGR
TABLE 12: World 7-Year Perspective for Aerospace & Defense by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Value Revenues for USA, Canada, Japan, China, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World for Years 2021 & 2027
TABLE 13: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Other Applications by Geographic Region - USA, Canada, Japan, China, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World Markets - Independent Analysis of Annual Revenues in US$ Thousand for Years 2020 through 2027 and % CAGR
TABLE 14: World 7-Year Perspective for Other Applications by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Value Revenues for USA, Canada, Japan, China, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World for Years 2021 & 2027

III. MARKET ANALYSIS

UNITED STATES

  • Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM) Market Presence - Strong/Active/Niche/Trivial - Key Competitors in the United States for 2022 (E)
TABLE 15: USA Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM) by Application - Enterprise Storage, Consumer Electronics, Robotics, Automotive, Aerospace & Defense and Other Applications - Independent Analysis of Annual Revenues in US$ Thousand for the Years 2020 through 2027 and % CAGR
TABLE 16: USA 7-Year Perspective for Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM) by Application - Percentage Breakdown of Value Revenues for Enterprise Storage, Consumer Electronics, Robotics, Automotive, Aerospace & Defense and Other Applications for the Years 2021 & 2027

CANADA

TABLE 17: Canada Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM) by Application - Enterprise Storage, Consumer Electronics, Robotics, Automotive, Aerospace & Defense and Other Applications - Independent Analysis of Annual Revenues in US$ Thousand for the Years 2020 through 2027 and % CAGR
TABLE 18: Canada 7-Year Perspective for Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM) by Application - Percentage Breakdown of Value Revenues for Enterprise Storage, Consumer Electronics, Robotics, Automotive, Aerospace & Defense and Other Applications for the Years 2021 & 2027

JAPAN

  • Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM) Market Presence - Strong/Active/Niche/Trivial - Key Competitors in Japan for 2022 (E)
TABLE 19: Japan Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM) by Application - Enterprise Storage, Consumer Electronics, Robotics, Automotive, Aerospace & Defense and Other Applications - Independent Analysis of Annual Revenues in US$ Thousand for the Years 2020 through 2027 and % CAGR
TABLE 20: Japan 7-Year Perspective for Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM) by Application - Percentage Breakdown of Value Revenues for Enterprise Storage, Consumer Electronics, Robotics, Automotive, Aerospace & Defense and Other Applications for the Years 2021 & 2027

CHINA

  • Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM) Market Presence - Strong/Active/Niche/Trivial - Key Competitors in China for 2022 (E)
TABLE 21: China Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM) by Application - Enterprise Storage, Consumer Electronics, Robotics, Automotive, Aerospace & Defense and Other Applications - Independent Analysis of Annual Revenues in US$ Thousand for the Years 2020 through 2027 and % CAGR
TABLE 22: China 7-Year Perspective for Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM) by Application - Percentage Breakdown of Value Revenues for Enterprise Storage, Consumer Electronics, Robotics, Automotive, Aerospace & Defense and Other Applications for the Years 2021 & 2027

EUROPE

  • Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM) Market Presence - Strong/Active/Niche/Trivial - Key Competitors in Europe for 2022 (E)
TABLE 23: Europe Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM) by Geographic Region - France, Germany, Italy, UK and Rest of Europe Markets - Independent Analysis of Annual Revenues in US$ Thousand for Years 2020 through 2027 and % CAGR
TABLE 24: Europe 7-Year Perspective for Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM) by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Value Revenues for France, Germany, Italy, UK and Rest of Europe Markets for Years 2021 & 2027
TABLE 25: Europe Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM) by Application - Enterprise Storage, Consumer Electronics, Robotics, Automotive, Aerospace & Defense and Other Applications - Independent Analysis of Annual Revenues in US$ Thousand for the Years 2020 through 2027 and % CAGR
TABLE 26: Europe 7-Year Perspective for Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM) by Application - Percentage Breakdown of Value Revenues for Enterprise Storage, Consumer Electronics, Robotics, Automotive, Aerospace & Defense and Other Applications for the Years 2021 & 2027

FRANCE

  • Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM) Market Presence - Strong/Active/Niche/Trivial - Key Competitors in France for 2022 (E)
TABLE 27: France Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM) by Application - Enterprise Storage, Consumer Electronics, Robotics, Automotive, Aerospace & Defense and Other Applications - Independent Analysis of Annual Revenues in US$ Thousand for the Years 2020 through 2027 and % CAGR
TABLE 28: France 7-Year Perspective for Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM) by Application - Percentage Breakdown of Value Revenues for Enterprise Storage, Consumer Electronics, Robotics, Automotive, Aerospace & Defense and Other Applications for the Years 2021 & 2027

GERMANY

  • Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM) Market Presence - Strong/Active/Niche/Trivial - Key Competitors in Germany for 2022 (E)
TABLE 29: Germany Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM) by Application - Enterprise Storage, Consumer Electronics, Robotics, Automotive, Aerospace & Defense and Other Applications - Independent Analysis of Annual Revenues in US$ Thousand for the Years 2020 through 2027 and % CAGR
TABLE 30: Germany 7-Year Perspective for Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM) by Application - Percentage Breakdown of Value Revenues for Enterprise Storage, Consumer Electronics, Robotics, Automotive, Aerospace & Defense and Other Applications for the Years 2021 & 2027

ITALY

TABLE 31: Italy Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM) by Application - Enterprise Storage, Consumer Electronics, Robotics, Automotive, Aerospace & Defense and Other Applications - Independent Analysis of Annual Revenues in US$ Thousand for the Years 2020 through 2027 and % CAGR
TABLE 32: Italy 7-Year Perspective for Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM) by Application - Percentage Breakdown of Value Revenues for Enterprise Storage, Consumer Electronics, Robotics, Automotive, Aerospace & Defense and Other Applications for the Years 2021 & 2027

UNITED KINGDOM

  • Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM) Market Presence - Strong/Active/Niche/Trivial - Key Competitors in the United Kingdom for 2022 (E)
TABLE 33: UK Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM) by Application - Enterprise Storage, Consumer Electronics, Robotics, Automotive, Aerospace & Defense and Other Applications - Independent Analysis of Annual Revenues in US$ Thousand for the Years 2020 through 2027 and % CAGR
TABLE 34: UK 7-Year Perspective for Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM) by Application - Percentage Breakdown of Value Revenues for Enterprise Storage, Consumer Electronics, Robotics, Automotive, Aerospace & Defense and Other Applications for the Years 2021 & 2027

REST OF EUROPE

TABLE 35: Rest of Europe Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM) by Application - Enterprise Storage, Consumer Electronics, Robotics, Automotive, Aerospace & Defense and Other Applications - Independent Analysis of Annual Revenues in US$ Thousand for the Years 2020 through 2027 and % CAGR
TABLE 36: Rest of Europe 7-Year Perspective for Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM) by Application - Percentage Breakdown of Value Revenues for Enterprise Storage, Consumer Electronics, Robotics, Automotive, Aerospace & Defense and Other Applications for the Years 2021 & 2027

ASIA-PACIFIC

  • Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM) Market Presence - Strong/Active/Niche/Trivial - Key Competitors in Asia-Pacific for 2022 (E)
TABLE 37: Asia-Pacific Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM) by Application - Enterprise Storage, Consumer Electronics, Robotics, Automotive, Aerospace & Defense and Other Applications - Independent Analysis of Annual Revenues in US$ Thousand for the Years 2020 through 2027 and % CAGR
TABLE 38: Asia-Pacific 7-Year Perspective for Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM) by Application - Percentage Breakdown of Value Revenues for Enterprise Storage, Consumer Electronics, Robotics, Automotive, Aerospace & Defense and Other Applications for the Years 2021 & 2027

REST OF WORLD

TABLE 39: Rest of World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM) by Application - Enterprise Storage, Consumer Electronics, Robotics, Automotive, Aerospace & Defense and Other Applications - Independent Analysis of Annual Revenues in US$ Thousand for the Years 2020 through 2027 and % CAGR
TABLE 40: Rest of World 7-Year Perspective for Magneto Resistive RAM (MRAM) by Application - Percentage Breakdown of Value Revenues for Enterprise Storage, Consumer Electronics, Robotics, Automotive, Aerospace & Defense and Other Applications for the Years 2021 & 2027

IV. COMPETITION

  • Total Companies Profiled: 42
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown

A selection of companies mentioned in this report includes:

  • Avalanche Technology, Inc.
  • Crocus Nano Electronics, LLC
  • Everspin Technologies, Inc.
  • Honeywell International, Inc.
  • NVE Corporation
  • Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
  • Spin Memory, Inc.
  • Toshiba Corporation
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown