The electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) market is poised for significant growth over the next ten years. This growth will be concentrated in - but not limited to - the handful of countries that currently dominate the electric vehicle (EV) markets: China, the United States, Japan, Germany, France, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, and Canada. Several other countries in Europe and East Asia will keep pace with global leaders, while several emerging market countries will experience growth in their now nascent markets.
In every region, the charging infrastructure market is inextricably tied to the EV market. There is some consternation within the industry about whether EVSE should be developed in response to or anticipation of growing EV sales (the classic “chicken or egg” question). Fortunately, 2018 was the strongest year yet for EV sales and continued a clear upward trend that has been ongoing for the past decade. Globally, annual EV sales have nearly quadrupled since 2015, and the number of EVs on road during that period has increased by a factor of five. With over 200 new EV models expected in the next six years, the answer to the question of “When will EV sales truly take off?” is in sight, and the period of massive EV sales is now beginning.
But the EVSE market is not the same as the EV market. So far, a large percentage of EVSE deployments have been public installations, both as part of demonstration projects and because EVs have taken off in many cities (such as in Europe and China) where single-family homeownership rates are low, necessitating public charging. This will begin to shift as countries such as the US increase EV ownership rates, leading to growth in the residential charging segment. This trend will be reinforced by utilities offering attractive TOU rates to encourage off-peak home charging. At the same time, there will still be significant drivers for public charging points as cities look to expand “smart city” efforts. Public EVSE can share communications and analytics platforms with other smart city applications and even integrate with smart street lighting. These factors will lead the EVSE market to deviate in growth rates from the EV market in some countries. Understanding utility and smart city dynamics will be critical to determining the growth of EVSE markets.
The EVSE vendor landscape is also more expansive than the overall EV market. In addition to vendors that manufacture EV charging points, key stakeholders in the EVSE industry include automakers, electric utilities and their regulators, government bodies, and multinational organizations. Automakers are devoting more resources to electrification, and in many cases are also directly contributing to the buildout of EV charging infrastructure. Electric utilities see an obvious new segment to make up for declining revenue hit by energy efficiency and customer-produced power. Governments are playing a key role in driving expansion through various mandates, partnerships, and incentive programs.
Oil majors - who stand to lose billions in lost revenues with the rise of electrified transport - have also recently entered the fray. Over the past few years, oil majors have begun to acquire and invest in the EVSE segment, battery manufacturers, and electric utilities. With most EVSE vendors (or EVSE divisions within larger companies) founded within the past two decades, the state of the vendor landscape in ten years could look vastly different than today, particularly with technologies such as ultra-fast DC charging just emerging. Overall, the EVSE market is pointed upward. The only question is how fast it will climb, and which stakeholders will emerge as winners.
Key questions answered in this study:
- How large will the EV charging infrastructure market be over the next decade?
- Which segments (public vs. residential, fast charging vs. level 2) will dominate the market?
- How are oil majors, electric utilities, and automakers preparing for the rise of EVs?
- What factors will influence the growth of EV charging infrastructure on a country-by-country basis?
- Who are the dominant global vendors and where are they focusing their efforts over the forecast period?
i. Executive summary
1.What’s new in 2019
1.1 Electric vehicle sales growth
1.2 Three industries vying for stakes in EVSE
1.3 Development of ultra-fast chargers
1.4 China’s role
2. EVSE overview
2.1 EV and EVSE taxonomy
2.4 Fitting into the smart city
3. Market forecast
3.2 Cost assumptions
3.3 10-year forecast
4. Vendor landscape
4.1 Vendor profiles
5.1 List of companies
5.2 List of abbreviations and acronyms
List of Figures, Boxes, and Tables
EV Charging Infrastructure: Key takeaways
Cumulative EVSE unit market forecast (by region)
Cumulative EVSE value market forecast (by region)
EV charging infrastructure markets 2019–2028
Global EVSE overview
Deployed Public EVSE* by country 2018 (top 30)
Figure 1.1: US EV/EVSE growth
Table 1.1: EVSE market activity
Figure 1.2: Market activity by oil majors
Figure 1.3: Stakeholders in EVSE landscape
Figure 1.4: EVSE-related programs at US utilities
Table 1.2: EV models battery capacity
Figure 1.5: Charging speed timeline
Table 1.3: Ultra-fast DCFC developments
Figure 1.6: Global EV sales growth – China versus global
Table 2.1: Types of EVs
Table 2.2: Types of EVSE
Table 2.3: DC fast charging standards
Figure 2.1: Global EV growth
Figure 2.2: Government policy drivers of EVSE expansion
Figure 2.3: Smart city infrastructure potential by segment
Table 2.4: Smart streetlight vendor offerings
Figure 2.4: Global installed base of connected streetlights
Figure 3.1: GDP growth vs. cars per person
Figure 3.2: EVs per public charging point – Europe
Figure 3.3: EVs per public charging point – eight countries
Figure 3.4: Gas to electricity prices
Figure 3.5: Single/multi-family home breakdown
Figure 3.6: Advanced capabilities of smart charge stations
Figure 3.7: EV charging infrastructure markets 2019–2028
Figure 3.8: Cumulative EVSE unit market forecast (by category)
Table 3.1: Cumulative EVSE unit market forecast data (by category)
Figure 3.9: Cumulative EVSE unit market forecast (by region)
Table 3.2: Cumulative EVSE unit market forecast data (by region)
Figure 3.10: Cumulative EVSE value market forecast (by category)
Table 3.3: Cumulative EVSE value market forecast data (by category)
Figure 3.11: Cumulative EVSE value market forecast (by region)
Table 3.4: Cumulative EVSE value market forecast data (by region)
Figure 3.12: Annual EVSE unit market forecast (by category)
Table 3.5: Annual EVSE unit market forecast data (by category)
Figure 3.13: Annual EVSE unit market forecast (by region)
Table 3.6: Annual EVSE unit market forecast data (by region)
Figure 3.14: Annual EVSE value market forecast (by category)
Table 3.7: Annual EVSE value market forecast data (by category)
Figure 3.15: Annual EVSE value market forecast (by region)
Table 3.8: Annual EVSE value market forecast data (by region)
Figure 3.16: Cumulative L2 public unit market forecast
Figure 4.1: Vendor matrix
Table 4.1: Key vendors
Figure 4.2: Top ten EVSE providers – US
Table 4.2: Additional vendors