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Handbook of Functionalized Nanomaterials for Industrial Applications. Micro and Nano Technologies

  • ID: 4850212
  • Book
  • April 2020
  • 1098 Pages
  • Elsevier Science and Technology
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Functionalized nanomaterials have extremely useful properties, which can outperform their conventional counterparts because of their superior chemical, physical, and mechanical properties and exceptional formability. They are being used for the development and innovation in a range of industrial sectors. However, the use of functionalized nanomaterials is still in its infancy in many industrial settings. Functionalized nanomaterials have the potential to create cheaper and more effective consumer products and industrial processes. However, they also could have adverse effects on the environment, human health, and safety, and their sustainability is questionable, if used incorrectly. This book discusses the opportunities and challenges of using functionalized nanomaterials in a variety of major industrial sectors.

Handbook of Functionalized Nanomaterials for Industrial Applications provides a concise summary of the major applications of functionalized nanomaterials in industry today. It covers the enhancements in industrial techniques and processes, due to functionalized nanomaterials, showing how they substantially improve the performance of existing procedures, and how they can deliver exciting consumer products more cheaply. Emphasis is given to greener approaches, leading to more sustainable products and devices. The legal, economical, and toxicity aspects of functionalized nanomaterials are also discussed in detail.

- Highlights established industrial applications of functionalized nanomaterials and discusses their future potential for a range of industrial sectors- Discusses how functionalized nanomaterials are being used to create new types of commercial products and devices- Assesses the challenges of using functionalized nanomaterials in industry, setting out major safety and regulatory challenges

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List of contributors


Section 1

Different kinds of functionalized nanomaterial for

industrial use nanomaterials

1. Functionalization of nanomaterials for industrial

applications: recent and future perspectives

Sukanchan Palit and Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain

1.1 Introduction

1.2 The vision of the study

1.3 Nanotrends in industrial development

1.4 Potential of nanomaterials

1.5 What are functionalized nanomaterials?

1.6 The use of functionalized nanomaterials in industry

1.7 Current research on nanomaterials

1.8 Recent scientific research in the field of functionalized


1.9 The scientific vision of energy and environmental


1.10 Recent research in environmental protection and industrial


1.11 Integrated water resource management and human factor


1.12 Groundwater remediation and nanotechnology

1.13 Future research trends in nanotechnology and nanomaterials

1.14 Conclusion and future perspectives


Further reading

2. Mixed-matrix membranes incorporated with

functionalized nanomaterials for water applications

Woon-Chan Chong, Chai-Hoon Koo and Woei-Jye Lau

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Mixed-matrix membranes incorporated with carbon-based


2.3 Mixed-matrix membranes incorporated with titania-based


2.4 Mixed-matrix membranes incorporated with other


2.5 Adsorptive mixed-matrix membranes for heavy-metal removal

2.6 Conclusion and future remarks


Section 2

Functionalized nanomaterial for catalysis industry

3. Photocatalytic oxygen evolution reaction for energy

conversion and storage of functional nanomaterials

K. Kaviyarasu, C. Maria Magdalane, A. Raja, N. Matinise,

N. Mayedwa, N. Mongwaketsi, Douglas Letsholathebe, G.T. Mola,

Naif AbdullahAl-Dhabi, Mariadhas Valan Arasu, G. Ramalingam,

S.B. Mohamed, Abdulgalim B. Isaev, K. Kanimozhi, A.K.H. Bashir,

J. Kennedy and M. Maaza

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Conclusion


4. Functionalized metal-based nanoelectrocatalysts

for water splitting

R.M.P.I. Rajakaruna and I.R. Ariyarathna

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Functionalized nanoelectrocatalysts for HER

4.3 OER catalysts

4.4 Bifunctional electrocatalysts

4.5 Summary


5. Functionalized nanographene for catalysis

Santosh Bahadur Singh and Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain

5.1 Nanographene: an introduction

5.2 Functionalization of nanographene

5.3 Catalytic properties and applications of functionalized


5.4 Industrial, environmental, and health issues of nanographene

5.5 Conclusions and future aspects


Section 3

Functionalized nanomaterials for biomedical,

pharmaceutical, agriculture, and agri-food industry

Section Functionalized nanomaterial and biology

6. Biocompatible nanodelivery systems for the

delivery of bioactive compounds

H. Turasan and J.L. Kokini

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Fabrication methods of biopolymer-based nanodelivery


6.3 Conclusions


7. Biopolymer-based nanomaterials for food, nutrition,

and healthcare sectors: an overview on their

properties, functions, and applications

Mohammad Reza Kasaai

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Sources, structure, and characteristics

7.3 Preparation of biopolymer-based nanomaterials

7.4 Applications of biopolymer-based nanomaterials

7.5 Conclusions

7.6 Future perspectives


Conflict of interests


Further reading

8. Surface functionalization of PLGA nanoparticles for

drug delivery

Joana A.D. Sequeira, Irina Pereira, Anto´ nio J. Ribeiro,

Francisco Veiga and Ana Cl´audia Santos

8.1 Introduction: background and driving forces

8.2 Active targeting by surface functionalization of PLGA


8.3 Noncovalent functionalization of PLGA nanoparticles

8.4 Nucleic acid-functionalized PLGA

8.5 Concluding remarks



9. Biomedical-related applications of functionalized


Mafalda R. Almeida, M´ arcia C. Neves, Sergio Morales-Torres,

Mara G. Freire, Joaquim L. Faria, Vale´ ria C. Santos-Ebinuma,

Cl´audia G. Silva and Ana P.M. Tavares

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Functionalized nanoparticles in the biopharmaceutical sector

9.3 Types and synthesis procedures of functionalized


9.4 Immobilization of functionalized nanomaterials in


9.5 Functionalized nanoparticles as drug delivery systems

9.6 Conclusions and future trends



10. Functionalized nanomaterials for biomedical and

agriculture industries

P. Chandra Kanth, Sandeep Kumar Verma and Nidhi Gour

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Strategies for functionalization of nanomaterials

10.3 Functionalized nanomaterials for biomedical and

pharmaceutical applications

10.4 Application of functionalized nanomaterials in

agriculture and agroindustry

10.5 Conclusion


Further reading

Section 4

Functionalized Nanomaterials for Electronics,

Electrical and Energy Industry

11. Functionalized nanomaterials for electronics and

electrical and energy industries

Shrabani De and Rashmi Madhuri

11.1 Introduction

11.2 Industrial applications

11.3 Conclusion

Author declaration


Section 5

Functionalized nanomaterial in

environmental industry

12. Functionalization of graphene oxide with metal oxide

nanomaterials: synthesis and applications for the

removal of inorganic, toxic, environmental pollutants

from water

Shraban Ku Sahoo and G. Hota

12.1 Introduction

12.2 Preparation of metal oxides functionalized GO


12.3 Removal of inorganic pollutants from water using metal

oxide-functionalized GO_nanosubstrates

12.4 Conclusions


13. Remediation of organic pollutants by potential

functionalized nanomaterials

Manviri Rani and Uma Shanker

13.1 Introduction

13.2 Environmental concern of organic pollutants

13.3 Green synthesis in FNMs

13.4 Necessity of functionalization of NMs for remediation of

organic contaminants

13.5 Working mechanism of FNPs

13.6 Importance of green synthesis in FNMs

13.7 Organic dyes

13.8 Degradation of OP pesticides by FNMs

13.9 Toxicity and functionalized nanoparticles

13.10 Conclusions and future perspectives


Further Reading

14. Implications of surface coatings on engineered

nanomaterials for environmental systems: status quo,

challenges, and perspectives

Ndeke Musee, Samuel Leareng, Lemme Kebaabetswe, Gosaitse

Tubatsi, Ntombikayise Mahaye and Melusi Thwala

14.1 Introduction

14.2 Implications of coatings for engineered nanomaterial

transformation in environmental systems

14.3 Influence of engineered nanomaterial coatings on cellular

organisms toxicity

14.4 Molecular approaches to toxicity of engineered

nanomaterials: effects of coatings

14.5 Concluding remarks and perspectives


15. Functionalized halloysite nanotubes: an "ecofriendly"

nanomaterial in environmental industry

Gaurav Pandey, Maithri Tharmavaram and Deepak Rawtani

15.1 Introduction

15.2 Functionalization techniques for halloysite nanotubes

15.3 Applications of functionalized halloysite nanotubes in

environmental industry

15.4 Conclusion and future prospects


16. Functionalized nanomaterials for chemical sensor


Sing Muk Ng

16.1 Introduction

16.2 General characteristics of NMs for chemical-sensing


16.3 The engineering aspects for functionalization of NMs

16.4 Sensing applications

16.5 Summary and future perspectives


17. Porous nanocomposites for water treatment: past,

present, and future

Xiaolin Zhang, Zhixian Li, Ziniu Deng and Bingcai Pan

17.1 Introduction

17.2 Nanocomposite adsorbents

17.3 Nanocomposite membranes for water purification

17.4 Nanocomposite catalysts

17.5 Summary and perspectives


18. Impact of functionalized nanomaterials toward the

environmental remediation: challenges and future


Aashima and S.K. Mehta

18.1 Introduction

18.2 Implementation of functionalized nanomaterial:

water pollution remediation

18.3 Implementation of functionalized nanomaterial: air

pollution remediation

18.4 Implementation of functionalized nanomaterial: soil

pollution remediation

18.5 Conclusion

18.6 Future scope and challenges

18.7 Acknowledgment


Section 6

Functionalized nanomaterial in surfaces and

coatings (consumer products)

19. Natural-based consumer health nanoproducts:

medicines, cosmetics, and food supplements

Ana Henriques Mota, Alexandra Sousa, Mariana Figueira, Mariana

Amaral, Bruno Sousa, Joa~o Rocha, Elias Fattal, Anto´ nio Jose´ Almeida

and Catarina Pinto Reis

19.1 Natural sources

19.2 Nanotechnology in medicines

19.3 Nanoproducts in food supplements

19.4 Natural products, nanotechnology, and skin

19.5 Conclusions


Section 7

Functionalized nanomaterial in textiles industry

20. Functional nanofibers: fabrication, functionalization,

and potential applications

Nabil A. Ibrahim, Moustafa M.G. Fouda and Basma M. Eid

20.1 Introduction

20.2 Electrospinning

20.3 Fabrication steps

20.4 Polymers used in electrospun NFs

20.5 Functional NFs

20.6 Potential applications

20.7 Future trends



21. Nanoengineered textiles: from advanced functional

nanomaterials to groundbreaking high-performance


Clara Pereira, Andre´ M. Pereira, Cristina Freire, Ta^nia V. Pinto,

Rui S. Costa and Joana S. Teixeira

21.1 Nanotechnology on textiles

21.2 Nanoengineered textiles: functionalization processes

21.3 Functional nanomaterials from production to

textile applications

21.4 Future trends and prospects



Section 8

Functionalized nanomaterial in cosmetics industry

22. Functional nanomaterials for the cosmetics industry

Suman Singh_, Satish Kumar Pandey_ and Neelam Vishwakarma

22.1 Introduction

22.2 Cosmetics: performance enhancement using


22.3 Nanocosmetics: types and applications

22.4 Classification of nanocosmetics on the basis of formulation


22.5 Nanocosmetics: some popular categories

22.6 Nanotechnology for UV protection

22.7 Formulation and manufacturing aspects

22.8 Guidance documents on nanomaterials in cosmetics

22.9 Safety assurance

22.10 Impurity profiling

22.11 Evaluation of nanomaterial toxicology

22.12 Toxicity testing

22.13 Conclusions



23. Naturally derived pyroxene nanomaterials: an ore

for wide applications

Gerardo Vitale, Ghada Nafie, Afif Hethnawi and Nashaat N. Nassar

23.1 Introduction

23.2 Synthesis of iron_silicate-based nanomaterials by the

hydrothermal method

23.3 Conclusions


24. Nanomaterial-based cosmeceuticals

Pravin Shende, Drashti Patel and Anjali Takke

24.1 Introduction

24.2 Nanomaterials in cosmeceuticals

24.3 Classification of nanocosmeceuticals

24.4 Penetration of nanoparticles

24.5 Toxicity of nanocosmeceuticals

24.6 Safety of nanocosmeceuticals

24.7 Regulations of nanocosmeceuticals

24.8 Conclusions and future perspectives


Further reading

Section 9

Functionalized nanomaterials for aerospace,

vehicle and sports industry

25. Functionalized nanomaterials for the aerospace, vehicle,

and sports industries

Sadaf Abbasi, M.H. Peerzada, Sabzoi Nizamuddin and Nabisab

Mujawar Mubarak

25.1 Introduction

25.2 Types of nanomaterials

25.3 Properties of functional nanomaterials

25.4 Applications of functional nanomaterials

25.5 Benefits and challenges

25.6 Conclusion


Section 10

Functionalized nanomaterial in construction industry

26. Nanomaterials for enhancement of thermal energy

storage in building and industrial applications

Teng Xiong and Kwok Wei Shah

26.1 Introduction

26.2 Nanometal enhancer

26.3 Nanometal oxide enhancer

26.4 Nanocarbon enhancer

26.5 Conclusions


27. Application of functionalized nanomaterials in asphalt

road construction materials

Henglong Zhang, Chongzheng Zhu, Chuanwen Wei,

Haihui Duan and Jianying Yu

27.1 Introduction

27.2 Application of organic layered silicate in asphalt

27.3 Application of surface modification inorganic nanoparticles in


27.4 Applications of multidimensional nanomaterials in asphalt

27.5 Future trends in research of functionalized nanomaterialmodified



Section 11

Functionalized Nanomaterial in Wood &

Paper-Related Applications

28. Functional Rubber_Clay Nanotube Composites With

Sustained Release of Protective Agents

Ye Fu, Liqun Zhang and Yuri Lvov

28.1 Introduction

28.2 Encapsulation and sustained release of chemical agents

28.3 Functional halloysite_rubber nanocomposites

28.4 Conclusions


Section 12

Environmental, Legal, Health and Safety Issues of

Functionalized Nanomaterials

29. Handbook of surface-functionalized nanomaterials:

safety and legal aspects

Neil John Hunt

29.1 Introduction

29.2 Different types of surface modification

29.3 Effect of surface on biological mechanisms

29.4 Substance-specific examples

29.5 Allotropes of carbon

29.6 Polymeric nanomaterials

29.7 Quantum dots

29.8 Inorganic elements and oxides

29.9 Regulatory and legal issues that impact surface-functionalized


29.10 Current REACH situation with nanomaterials

29.11 Board of appeal review

29.12 Amendments to the annexes of REACH (2019)

29.13 Other EU regulations

29.14 Other national regulations that impact nanomaterials

29.15 Conclusion


Further reading

30. Functional nanomaterials: selected legal and

regulatory issues

Md. Ershadul Karim

30.1 Introduction

30.2 Functional nanomaterials: an overview

30.3 Functionalized nanomaterials: applications, human health,

and environmental concerns

30.4 Functionalized nanomaterials: legal and regulatory aspects

30.5 Functionalized nanomaterials: highlights of legal and

regulatory initiatives

30.6 Discussion

30.7 Conclusion


31. Functional nanomaterials: selected occupational

health and safety concerns

Md. Ershadul Karim

31.1 Introduction

31.2 ENMs and OHS concerns

31.3 ENMs and OHS laws: an overview

31.4 Initiatives taken by the stakeholders

31.5 Evaluation

31.6 Conclusion



Contents xv

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Mustansar Hussain, Chaudhery
Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain is an Adjunct Professor and Lab Director in the Department of Chemistry & Environmental Sciences at the New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT), Newark, New Jersey, United States. His research is focused on Environmental Management, Nanotechnology & Advanced Materials, and Analytical Chemistry and Various Industries. Dr. Hussain is the author of numerous papers in peerreviewed journals as well as prolific author and editor of several scientific monographs and handbooks in his research areas published with Elsevier.
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