This research delves into the macroeconomic outlook for Latin American and Caribbean countries with respect to the political environment, GDP growth, inflation and interest rates, income levels, labor market, and population. The countries analyzed as a part of this research include Puerto Rico, Panama, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic, and Guatemala. The study period for this research is 2015 to 2026, with estimates for 2019, and forecasts from 2020 to 2026.
With regard to the political situation, the new president was sworn in in Panama in July 2019, with policy priorities being fighting corruption and stronger ties with the US. Several locations in Jamaica have been subject to a state of emergency in the last few months due to high crime rates. Costa Rica recently, finally, saw the passage of a fiscal reform package, following nearly a 2-decade gridlock. The fiscal reform includes tax hikes and public spending cuts, which stand to restrain short-term GDP growth, but put Costa Rica on a more sustainable growth path.
In terms of GDP growth levels, Puerto has been in recession since 2005, with the country expected to emerge from recession only by around 2024. The damaged caused by Hurricane Maria from 2017 has been a key factor weighing the economy down, and the country has been struggling with a debt crisis even before the hurricane hit it. Panama and the Dominican Republic are the bright spots in the region, with expected GDP growth levels of nearly 5%. Panama has, in fact, displayed robust growth levels for years together now, supported by factors such as high investments and the expansion of the Panama Canal. The Dominican Republic appears to have recovered from the growth slump in 2017 on account of weather-related factors, with a strong growth of 7% registered in 2018. Trinidad and Tobago has emerged from its recessionary conditions, with energy-led recovery and economic diversification efforts to help support growth acceleration between 2019 and 2026.
With interest rates in Panama and Puerto Rico being closely linked to the US, these countries are expected to see interest rate cuts going forward, given the rate cuts in the US. Jamaica and Costa Rica are also expected see rate cuts, thereby, leading to lesser borrowing costs in these countries. In terms of the population growth outlook, all countries are experiencing a decline in the rate of their population growth. Puerto Rico is, in fact, experiencing a decline in its population size, with recessionary conditions and US citizenship of Puerto Ricans continuing to contribute to migration and population decline in the next few years.
Key Issues Addressed
- What is the political outlook for these countries?
- What are the major political developments that companies should be cognizant of?
- What are the key drivers and restraints shaping the GDP growth outlook?
- What is the 7-year GDP growth forecast for these countries?
- What is the income outlook for the countries in focus?
- What is the outlook for the labor force and unemployment rate?
- What is the outlook for population and population growth?
- How are the population shares of the working-age, elderly, and children expected to evolve?
- Puerto Rico-Macroeconomic Key Takeaways
- Panama-Macroeconomic Key Takeaways
- Jamaica-Macroeconomic Key Takeaways
- Trinidad and Tobago-Macroeconomic Key Takeaways
- Costa Rica-Macroeconomic Key Takeaways
- Dominican Republic-Macroeconomic Key Takeaways
- Guatemala-Macroeconomic Key Takeaways
- Puerto Rico-Political Analysis
- Puerto Rico-GDP Growth Outlook
- Puerto Rico-Inflation and Interest Rate Outlook
- Puerto Rico-Income Outlook
- Puerto Rico-Labor Market Outlook
- Puerto Rico-Population Outlook
- Panama-Political Analysis
- Panama-GDP Growth Outlook
- Panama-Inflation and Interest Rate Outlook
- Panama-Income Outlook
- Panama-Labor Market Outlook
- Panama-Population Outlook
- Jamaica-Political Analysis
- Jamaica-GDP Growth Outlook
- Jamaica-Inflation and Interest Rate Outlook
- Jamaica-Income Outlook
- Jamaica-Labor Market Outlook
- Jamaica-Population Outlook
Trinidad and Tobago
- Trinidad and Tobago-Political Analysis
- Trinidad and Tobago-GDP Growth Outlook
- Trinidad and Tobago-Inflation and Interest Rate Outlook
- Trinidad and Tobago-Income Outlook
- Trinidad and Tobago-Labor Market Outlook
- Trinidad and Tobago-Population Outlook
- Costa Rica-Political Analysis
- Costa Rica-GDP Growth Outlook
- Costa Rica-Inflation and Interest Rate Outlook
- Costa Rica-Income Outlook
- Costa Rica-Labor Market Outlook
- Costa Rica-Population Outlook
- Dominican Republic-Political Analysis
- Dominican Republic-GDP Growth Outlook
- Dominican Republic-Inflation and Interest Rate Outlook
- Dominican Republic-Income Outlook
- Dominican Republic-Labor Market Outlook
- Dominican Republic-Population Outlook
- Guatemala-Political Analysis
- Guatemala-GDP Growth Outlook
- Guatemala-Inflation and Interest Rate Outlook
- Guatemala-Income Outlook
- Guatemala-Labor Market Outlook
- Guatemala-Population Outlook
Growth Opportunities and Companies to Action
- Growth Opportunities
- Legal Disclaimer
- List of Exhibits