Past Antarctica: Paleoclimatology and Climate Change presents research on the past and present of Antarctica in reference to its current condition, including considerations for effects due to climate change. Experts in the field explore key topics, including environmental changes, human colonization and present environmental trends. Addressing a wide range of fields, including the biosphere, geology and biochemistry, the book offers geographers, climatologists and other Earth scientists a vital resource that is beneficial to an understanding of Antarctica, its history and conservation efforts.
- Synthesizes research on the past and present of Antarctica, bringing together top Earth scientists who work in this discipline
- Presents the most complete reconstruction of the paleoclimate and environment of Antarctica, tying in long-term climatic changes to the current environment
- Offers perspectives from different branches of the Earth Sciences using a spatial-temporal lens
1. Reconstructing Past Climate Variability 1. Long-Term Climate Evolution Based on Ice Core Records 2. Inferring the Past Atmospheric Composition from Ice Cores 3. Past Climates in the Antarctic Ocean 4. Holocene Environmental Changes Deduced from Lake Sediments 5. Connections with Middle and Low Latitudes
2. Geological and Geomorphological Dynamics 6. Why Antarctica is the Coldest and Most Isolated Continent: A Geological Perspective 7. Deglacial Antarctic Ice Sheet and Climate Dynamics 8. Tracing Deglaciation Since the Last Glacial Maximum 9. Past Geomorphic Processes: The role of Periglacial Processes in Ice-Free Environments 10. The role of volcanism in the making of Antarctica 11. Glacio-isostatic Uplift and Relative Sea Level Changes
3. Biological Processes and Human Colonization 12. Soils of Antarctica: A Key to Past Environments 13. Refuge of Antarctic Biodiversity 14. Past Changes on Fauna and Flora Distribution 15. Exploring and Exploiting Antarctica: The First Human Interactions
4. Recent Climate and Environmental Trends 16. Recent Climate Trends 17. Geoecological Response 18. Humans in Antarctica: Science and Policy
Marc Oliva is an early career researcher who has coordinated 11 research projects focused on polar terrestrial ecosystems. After almost 8 years as a postdoctoral researcher and research scientist at the Antarctic Environments and Climate Change research group of the Centro de Estudos Geográficos of the University of Lisbon (Portugal), Dr. Oliva has recently started as a Ramón y Cajal researcher at the Department of Geography, University of Barcelona. Recently, his proposal for creating and leading a new emerging research group on Antarctic, Arctic and Alpine Environments (ANTALP) was approved and financially supported. His research interests include the study of present and past environments in polar regions and high mountains using a wide range of natural records (glacial, periglacial, lacustrine). He has published 2 books, numerous articles/book chapters/abstracts in conferences, and has coordinated 8 special issues in SCI journals.
Ruiz Fernandez, Jesus
Jesus Ruiz Fernández is Assistant Professor at the University of Oviedo, Spain. His research experience includes over a decade of participation in various projects of national and international research; his current research activity is mainly focused on the quaternary and present-day environmental evolution of polar regions (Antarctica) and mountain areas, as well as the study of natural hazards (mainly large snowfalls and snow avalanches). He has participated in the organization of congresses and scientific conferences, coordinated conference cycles, and conducted several research residencies in universities and national and foreign centers. Dr. Fernández is a member of the Spanish Society of Geomorphology, the Spanish Association of Geographers, the Permafrost Young Researchers Network (PYRN), and a corresponding member of the Royal Institute of Asturian Studies (RIDEA).