The Atlantic Walrus: Multidisciplinary insights into human-animal interactions addresses the key dimensions of long-term human walrus interactions across the Atlantic Arctic and subarctic regions, over the past millennia. This book brings together research from across the social and natural sciences to explore walrus biology, human culture, environmental conditions and their reciprocal effects. Together, 13 chapters of this book reconstruct the early evolution of walruses, walrus biology, the cultural significance and ecological impact of prehistoric and indigenous hunting practices, as well as the effects of commercial hunting and international trade. This book also examines historic and ongoing management strategies and, the importance of new research methodologies in revealing hitherto unknown details of the past, and concludes by discussing the future for Atlantic walruses in the face of climate change and increased human activities in the Arctic.
This volume is an ideal resource for those who are seeking to understand an iconic Arctic species and its long and complex relationship with humans. This includes individuals and researchers with a personal or professional connection to walruses or the Arctic, as well as marine biologists, zoologists, conservationists, paleontologists, archaeologists, anthropologists, historians, indigenous communities, natural resource managers and government agencies.
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Table of Contents
1 Introduction Section I Atlantic walrus evolution, ecology, and behavior 2 The surprising evolutionary heritage of the Atlantic walrus as chronicled by the fossil record 3 Ecology and behavior of Atlantic walruses 4 Stocks, distribution and abundance Section II Walruses and Indigenous peoples 5 Pre-Inuit walrus use in Arctic Canada and Greenland, c.2500 BCE to 1250 CE 6 Subsistence walrus hunting in Inuit Nunangat (Arctic Canada) and Kalaallit Nunaat (Greenland) from the 13th century CE to present Section III European walrus use from the Norse to present 7 Early European and Greenlandic walrus hunting: Motivations, techniques and practices 8 The exploitation of walrus ivory in medieval Europe 9 Modern European commercial walrus exploitation, 1700 to 1960 CE Section IV Future directions and innovations in Atlantic walrus research 10 Molecular advances in archaeological and biological research on Atlantic walrus 11 Atlantic walrus management, regulation and conservation 12 Anthropogenic impacts on the Atlantic walrus 13 The future of Atlantic walrus in a rapidly warming Arctic