The Global Market for Conductive Inks to 2033 is an in-depth analysis of a key technology for markets including solar photovoltaics and printed electronics. The current global market for conductive inks is valued at >$2.5 billion annually and will grow to around $5 billion by 2033, driven by growth in printed, flexible, stretchable & wearable electronics markets, and sub-sectors thereof.
Conductive inks are infused with conductive materials which enable printing of electrically conductive surfaces. They are highly important for the fabrication of all forms of stretchable, flexible, and wearable electronic applications due to their role in connecting the various components of the devices.
Conductive inks facilitate the production of:
- Flexible, stretchable and self-healing electrical circuits.
- Wearable electrodes.
- TCFs in touch screen panels.
- In-mold electronics (IME).
- 3D electronics.
- Electronic skin patches.
- Printed heaters for textiles, automotive and buildings.
- Range of printed sensors (bio, pressure, capacitive, strain).
- RFID antennas and smart packaging.
- EMI shielding.
- Flexible hybrid electronics (FHE).
- Solar photovoltaics.
Report contents include:
- Analysis of conductive ink types including:
- Silver flake.
- Silver nanoparticles.
- Silver nanowires.
- Particle-free conductive ink.
- Copper ink.
- Gold ink.
- Carbon nanomaterial ink including carbon nanotubes and graphene.
- Stretchable/thermoformable inks.
- Conductive polymer inks.
- Liquid metals.
- Novel bio-based inks.
- Key markets and opportunities in conductive inks.
- Market trends and key challenges.
- Analysis of key players in conductive inks.
- Comparative analysis of conductive inks.
- Roadmaps and current commercial status for conductive inks, by type.
- End users market analysis including all applications and revenues.
- Pricing for conductive inks, by type.
- Global revenues by conductive ink types and end markets. Historical data and forecast to 2033.
- Profiles for companies, including company analysis, products and target markets. Companies profiled include C3Nano, Cambrios Advanced Materials, Copprint, Electroninks, Liquid X, SoFab Inks, LLC, UES, and Voltera.
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Table of Contents
1.2 Role of conductive inks
1.3 Markets and applications
1.4 Market drivers
1.5 The evolution of electronics
1.5.1 The wearables revolution
1.5.2 Development of electronic devices with flexible, thin, and large-area form factors
1.5.3 Advanced conductive materials
1.5.4 The evolution of conductive inks
1.6 Global market for conductive inks 2015-2033, revenues
1.6.1 By conductive ink type
1.6.2 By conductive ink market
1.7 Future outlook and market opportunities
1.8 Market challenges
3.2 Conductive materials
3.3.1 Aqueous-Based Ink
3.3.2 Solvent-Based Ink
3.3.3 Oil-Based Ink
3.3.4 Hot-Melt Ink
3.3.5 UV-Curable Ink
3.4 Metal-based conductive inks
3.5 Nanoparticle inks
3.6 Silver inks
3.6.1 Silver flake
18.104.22.168.1 Improving properties
3.6.2 Silver nanoparticle ink
3.6.3 Prices for silver-based inks
22.214.171.124 Cost for printed area
3.6.4 Silver-based conductive ink producers
3.7 Silver nanowires
3.7.1 Technology description
3.7.3 Silver nanowire Transparent Conductive Films (TCFs)
3.7.4 Transparent heaters
3.7.5 Silver nanowires producers
3.8 Particle-Free conductive ink
3.8.4 Particle-Free conductive ink producers
3.9 Copper inks
126.96.36.199 Copper flake
3.9.2 Silver-coated copper
3.9.4 Copper ink producers
3.10 Gold (Au) ink
3.11 Carbon-based conductive inks
3.12 Carbon nanotubes
3.12.2 Single-walled carbon nanotubes
3.14 Stretchable/thermoformable inks
3.14.1 Technology description
3.14.3 Stretchable/thermoformable ink producers
3.15 Conductive polymer inks
3.15.2 Polythiophene conductive films
3.15.3 Polyaniline (PANI)
3.15.4 Polypyrrole (PPy)
3.15.6 PEDOT: PSS
3.16 Liquid metals
3.17 Siloxane inks
3.18 Bio-based conductive inks
5.3 Analog printing processes for conductive inks
5.4 Digital printing processes for conductive inks
5.5 Post-printing techniques
5.6 Flexible electronics components
5.6.1 Flexible substrates
5.7 Stretchable electronics
5.8 Advantages and disadvantages of printing techniques for the fabrication of flexible electronics
5.9 Contact printing technology
5.9.1 Screen printing
5.9.4 Soft lithography
5.10 Non-contact printing technology
5.10.1 Laser direct-writing
5.10.2 Aerosol printing
5.11 Drawn-on-skin electronics
5.12 Sintering methods
5.12.1 Thermal sintering
5.12.2 Photonic sintering
5.12.3 Electrical sintering
5.12.4 Plasma sintering
6.1.1 Market drivers and trends
6.1.2 Recent developments
188.8.131.52 Conductive Ink for Wearable Applications
6.1.4 Wearable electrodes
184.108.40.206 Recent innovations
220.127.116.11 Health monitoring
18.104.22.168 Main smart watch producers and products
6.1.6 Sports and fitness trackers
22.214.171.124 Wearable devices
126.96.36.199 Skin patches
6.1.7 Sleep trackers and wearable monitors
188.8.131.52 Built in function in smart watches and fitness trackers
184.108.40.206 Smart rings
6.1.8 Smart glasses and head-mounted displays (VR, AR, MR, vision loss and eye trackers)
220.127.116.11 Virtual Reality (VR) devices
18.104.22.168 Augmented (AR) headsets and smart glasses
22.214.171.124 Mixed Reality (MR) smart glasses
6.1.9 Military wearable electronics
6.1.10 Industrial and workplace monitoring
6.1.11 Touch screen panels
6.1.12 Flexible hybrid electronics (FHE)
6.1.13 In-mold electronics (IME)
6.1.14 3D electronics
6.1.15 Circuit prototyping
6.1.16 Global market revenues
6.1.17 Market challenges
6.2 MEDICAL AND HEALTHCARE SENSORS & WEARABLES
6.2.1 Market drivers
6.2.2 Current state of the art
6.2.3 Wearable medical device products
6.2.4 Printed and flexible sensors
6.2.5 Medical biosensors
6.2.6 Wearable health monitoring and rehabilitation
126.96.36.199 Companies and products
6.2.7 Electronic skin (E-skin) patches
188.8.131.52 Nanomaterials-based devices
6.2.8 Wearable health alert and monitoring
184.108.40.206 Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM)
220.127.116.11.1 Minimally-invasive CGM sensors
18.104.22.168.2 Non-invasive CGM sensors
22.214.171.124.3 Minimally-invasive and non-invasive glucose monitoring companies and products
126.96.36.199.1 ECG sensors
188.8.131.52.2 Companies and products
184.108.40.206 PPG sensors
220.127.116.11.1 Companies and products
18.104.22.168 Pregnancy and newborn monitoring
22.214.171.124.1 Companies and products
126.96.36.199 Wearable temperature monitoring
188.8.131.52.1 Companies and products
184.108.40.206 Hydration sensors
220.127.116.11.1 Companies and products
18.104.22.168 Wearable sweat sensors (medical and sports)
22.214.171.124.1 Companies and products
6.2.9 Smart footwear
126.96.36.199 Companies and products
6.2.10 Smart wound care
188.8.131.52 Companies and products
6.2.11 Global market revenues
6.2.12 Market challenges
6.3.1 Materials and components
184.108.40.206 Conductive and stretchable yarns
220.127.116.11 Conductive polymers
18.104.22.168.2 PEDOT: PSS
22.214.171.124 Conductive coatings
126.96.36.199 Stretchable conductive inks in e-textiles
188.8.131.52.2 Carbon nanotubes
6.3.2 Applications, markets and products
184.108.40.206 Smart clothing products
220.127.116.11 Temperature monitoring and regulation
18.104.22.168.1 Heated clothing
22.214.171.124 Stretchable E-fabrics
126.96.36.199 Therapeutic products
188.8.131.52 Sport & fitness
184.108.40.206 Flexible and wearable display advertising
220.127.116.11 Smart diapers
18.104.22.168 Automotive interiors
6.3.3 Global market revenues
6.3.4 Market challenges
6.4.1 Printed sensors
6.4.2 Capacitive sensors
6.4.3 Pressure sensors
6.4.5 Strain sensors
6.4.6 Global market revenues
6.5.1 Printed RFID antennas
6.5.2 Smart packaging
6.5.3 Global market revenues
6.6 OTHER MARKETS
6.6.2 Printed heaters
6.6.3 EMI shielding
6.6.4 Conductive pens
6.6.5 Other Printed antennas
6.6.6 Global market revenues
Table 2. Types of wearable devices and applications
Table 3. Advanced materials for Electronic textiles-Advantages and disadvantages
Table 4. Sheet resistance (RS) and transparency (T) values for transparent conductive oxides and alternative materials for transparent conductive electrodes (TCE)
Table 5: Applications in conductive inks by type and benefits thereof
Table 6. Global market for conductive inks 2017-2033, revenues (million $), by ink types
Table 7. Global market for conductive inks 2017-2033, revenues (million $), by market
Table 8. Market challenges in conductive ink
Table 9. Typical conductive ink formulation
Table 10. Comparative properties of conductive inks
Table 11. Comparison of pros and cons of various types of conductive ink compositions
Table 12. Advantages and disadvantages of nanomaterials for conductive inks
Table 13. Silver-based conductive ink producers
Table 14. Silver nanowires producers
Table 15. Comparison of properties of particle-free silver inks
Table 16. Particle-Free conductive ink producers
Table 17. Copper ink producers
Table 18: Properties of CNTs and comparable materials
Table 19. Applications of carbon nanotubes in conductive ink
Table 20. Carbon nanotubes pricing (MWCNTS, SWCNT etc.) by producer
Table 21: Carbon nanotube conductive ink producers
Table 22. Properties of graphene
Table 23. Chemical properties, advantages and issues of common solvents for graphene conductive inks
Table 24. Market and applications for graphene in conductive inks
Table 25. Graphene ink pricing by producer
Table 26. Graphene conductive ink producers
Table 27. Stretchable/thermoformable ink producers
Table 28. Types of flexible conductive polymers, properties and applications
Table 29. Comparison of the electrical conductivities of liquid metal with typical conductive inks
Table 30. Specifications of various substrates employed in printed electronics (PE)
Table 31. Characteristics of analog printing processes for conductive inks
Table 32. Characteristics of digital printing processes for conductive inks
Table 33. Post printing techniques-advantages and limitations
Table 34. Advantages and disadvantages of printing techniques for the fabrication of flexible electronics
Table 35. Comparison of pros and cons of various types of conductive ink compositions
Table 36. Types of photonic sintering
Table 37. Market drivers and trends in wearable electronics
Table 38. Wearable health monitors
Table 39. Main smart watch producers and products
Table 40. Wearable sensors for sports performance
Table 41. Wearable sensor products for monitoring sport performance
Table 42. Example wearable sleep tracker products and prices
Table 43. Smart ring products
Table 44. Sleep headband products
Table 45. Smart sleep mask products
Table 46. Smart glasses companies and products
Table 47. VR headset products
Table 48. Augmented reality (AR) smart glass products
Table 49. Mixed Reality (MR) smart glass products
Table 50. Wearable electronics applications in the military
Table 51. Wearable workplace products
Table 52. Market challenges for conductive inks in electronics
Table 53. Market drivers for printed, flexible and stretchable medical and healthcare sensors and wearables
Table 54. Examples of wearable medical device products
Table 55. Medical wearable companies applying products to body temperature monitoring and analysis
Table 56. Applications in flexible and stretchable health monitors, by advanced materials type and benefits thereof
Table 57. Wearable bio-signal monitoring devices
Table 58. Technologies for minimally-invasive and non-invasive glucose detection-advantages and disadvantages
Table 59. Commercial devices for non-invasive glucose monitoring not released or withdrawn from market
Table 60. Minimally-invasive and non-invasive glucose monitoring products
Table 61. Companies developing wearable swear sensors
Table 62. Companies and products in smart footwear
Table 63. Companies and products in smart wound care
Table 64. Market challenges in conductive inks in medical and healthcare sensors and wearables
Table 65. Types of smart textiles
Table 66. Types of flexible conductive polymers, properties and applications
Table 67. Applications in textiles, by advanced materials type and benefits thereof
Table 68. Applications and benefits of graphene in textiles and apparel
Table 69. Properties of CNTs and comparable materials
Table 70. Applications and markets for e-textiles
Table 71. Commercially available smart clothing products
Table 72. Electronic textiles products
Table 73. Heated jacket and clothing products
Table 74. Examples of materials used in flexible heaters and applications
Table 75. Companies developing smart diaper products
Table 76. Market and technical challenges in E-textiles and smart clothing
Figure 2. Wove Band
Figure 3. Wearable graphene medical sensor
Figure 4. Conductive yarns
Figure 5. Global market for conductive inks 2017-2023, revenues (million $), by ink types, conservative estimate
Figure 6. Global market for conductive inks 2017-2033, revenues (million $), by market
Figure 7. Types of conductive inks and applications
Figure 8. Schematic of inkjet-printed processes
Figure 9. Demand for silver in the printed & flexible electronics market
Figure 10: Silver nanocomposite ink after sintering and resin bonding of discrete electronic components
Figure 11. Schematic summary of the formulation of silver conductive inks
Figure 12. Copper based inks on flexible substrate
Figure 13: Schematic of single-walled carbon nanotube
Figure 14. Stretchable SWNT memory and logic devices for wearable electronics
Figure 15. Nanotube inks
Figure 16. Graphene layer structure schematic
Figure 17. BGT Materials graphene ink product
Figure 18. Applications of graphene in conductive inks
Figure 19. BGT Materials graphene ink product
Figure 20. Printed graphene conductive ink
Figure 21. Textiles covered in conductive graphene ink
Figure 22. Technology readiness level (TRL) for conductive ink applications
Figure 23. Printed electronic devices for flexible, stretchable and wearable electronic applications
Figure 24. Printing technologies for flexible electronic devices
Figure 25. Flexible electronics R2R system
Figure 26. Schematic of screen-printing process
Figure 27. Schematic of gravure printing process
Figure 28. Components of flexography printing techniques
Figure 29. Major steps in soft lithography technologies
Figure 30. Non-contact printing schematics
Figure 31. Schematic of inkjet printing: (a) continuous inkjet system and (b) on-demand inkjet system
Figure 32. Electrical sintering schematic
Figure 33. Applications of wearable flexible sensors worn on various body parts
Figure 34. Wearable bio-fluid monitoring system for monitoring of hydration
Figure 35. Beddr SleepTuner
Figure 36. Vuzix Blade
Figure 37. NReal Light MR smart glasses
Figure 38. Market for conductive inks in electronics, by applications
Figure 39. Companies and products in wearable health monitoring and rehabilitation devices and products
Figure 40. Smart e-skin system comprising health-monitoring sensors, displays, and ultra flexible PLEDs
Figure 41. Examples of E-skin
Figure 42. Graphene medical patch
Figure 43. Graphene-based E-skin patch
Figure 44. Technologies for minimally-invasive and non-invasive glucose detection
Figure 45. Schematic of non-invasive CGM sensor
Figure 46. Adhesive wearable CGM sensor
Figure 47. VitalPatch
Figure 48. Wearable ECG-textile
Figure 49. Wearable ECG recorder
Figure 50. Nexkin™
Figure 51. Bloomlife
Figure 52. Enfucell wearable temperature tag
Figure 53. TempTraQ wearable wireless thermometer
Figure 54. Nanowire skin hydration patch
Figure 55. NIX sensors
Figure 56. Wearable sweat sensor
Figure 57. Wearable sweat sensor
Figure 58. Gatorade's GX Sweat Patch
Figure 59. Sweat sensor incorporated into face mask
Figure 60. Lab-on-Skin™
Figure 61. Digitsole Smartshoe
Figure 62. Schematic of smart wound dressing
Figure 63. REPAIR electronic patch concept. Image courtesy of the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine
Figure 64. Market for conductive inks in medical and healthcare sensors & wearables
Figure 65. Conductive yarns
Figure 66. SEM image of cotton fibers with PEDOT:PSS coating
Figure 67. EXO2 Stormwalker 2 Heated Jacket
Figure 68. Flexible polymer-based heated glove, sock and slipper
Figure 69. ThermaCell Rechargeable Heated Insoles
Figure 70. Myant sleeve tracks biochemical indicators in sweat
Figure 71. Flexible polymer-based therapeutic products
Figure 72. iStimUweaR
Figure 73. Basketball referee Royole fully flexible display
Figure 74. ABENA Nova smart diaper
Figure 75. Textile-based car seat heaters
Figure 76. Market for conductive inks in E-textiles, by applications
Figure 77. Market for conductive inks in sensors, by applications
Figure 78. Smart packaging for detecting bacteria growth in milk containers
Figure 79. RFID functions and applications of silver nanoparticle inks
Figure 80. OHMEGA Conductive Ink Touchcode box
Figure 81. Market for conductive inks in RFID, by applications
Figure 82. Textile-based car seat heaters
Figure 83. Market for conductive inks in other markets, by applications
Figure 84. Printed graphene biosensors
Figure 85. Fuji carbon nanotube products
Figure 86. CNT film
Figure 87. Touchcode technology
Figure 88. Talcoat graphene mixed with paint
A selection of companies mentioned in this report includes:
- Abalonyx AS
- ACI Materials
- Advanced Material Development (AMD)
- Advanced Nano Products Co., Ltd.
- AGFA-Gevaert N.V.
- AkKo Lab LLC
- Archer Materials Ltd.
- Asahi Kasei Corporation
- Aztrong, Inc.
- Bando Chemical Industries, Ltd.
- Bedimensional S.p.A
- BGT Materials Ltd.
- BotFactory Inc.
- Brewer Science
- Cambridge Graphene Ltd.
- Carbon Waters
- Chang Sung Corporation
- Charm Graphene Co., Ltd.
- Chasm Advanced Materials, Inc.
- Chem3, LLC (ChemCubed)
- Colloidal Ink Co., Ltd
- Conductive Transfers Limited
- Copprint Technologies Ltd.
- Creative Materials, Inc.
- Dae Joo Electronic Materials co., Ltd
- Daicel Corporation
- DataLase Ltd.
- Dowa Electronics Materials Co., Ltd.
- DuPont Advanced Materials
- Dycotec Materials
- DZP Technologies
- Elephantech Inc.
- Eptanova S.R.L.
- Evercloak, Inc.
- Evonik Industries AG
- EXAKT Advanced Technologies GmbH
- Ferro Corporation
- Flexbright Oy
- Fuji Pigment Co., Ltd.
- Fujikura Kasei Co Ltd
- G6 Materials Corp.
- Garmor, Inc.
- Grafoid, Inc.
- Graphene Enabled Systems Ltd
- Graphene NanoChem Plc
- Graphene Platform Corp
- Graphene Square
- Graphenetech S.L.
- Graphene-XT S.r.l.
- Gratomic, Inc.
- Harima Chemical
- Hashen Smart Materials Technology (HST)
- Haydale Graphene Industries PLC
- Henkel Electronics
- Hitachi Chemical
- Inkron Oy
- InkTec Co Ltd
- JNC Corporation
- Jujo Chemical Co., Ltd.
- KH Chemicals Co., Ltd.
- Kishu Giken Kogyo Co., Ltd.
- Komura Tech
- Kunshan Hisense Electronics Co., Ltd.
- Liquid Wire
- Liquid X Printed Metals
- MacDermid Alpha
- Metalysis Limited
- Methode Development
- MExplorer Co., Ltd
- Mitsubishi Imaging, Inc.
- Mitsui Mining & Smelting Co., Ltd.
- Molex, LLC
- N&B Co., Ltd.
- Nagase Chemtex
- Nagase ChemteX America Corporation (NCU)
- Namics Technologies, Inc.
- Nanesa S.r.l.
- Nano Cintech
- Nano Dimension, Inc.
- Nano-C, Inc.
- NanoCNet Ltd.
- Nanomagic LLC
- Nanopaint l.d.a.
- Nanotech Energy Inc.
- NBE Tech LLC
- Nihon Superior CoLtd.
- Nippon Shizai Co., Ltd.
- Noritake Co., Ltd.
- OCSiAl Group
- Oy Morphona Ltd.
- Perpetuus Advanced Materials Plc
- Promethean Particles Ltd.
- PV Nano Cell Ltd.
- Quad Belgium
- Radiant Panel Technologies
- Raynergy Tek
- SAFI-Tech, INc.
- Saule Technologies
- Scrona AG
- Sekisui Polymatech Japan Co., Ltd.
- SensFit Technologies
- Sensing Tex
- Shin-Etsu Polymer Co., Ltd
- Showa Denko K.K.
- Sixonia Tech GmbH
- SK Siltron
- SoFab Inks LLC
- Sun Chemical Corporation
- Taiyo Nippon Sanso Corporation
- Talga Resources
- Tanaka Metal
- Textile Two Dimensional
- Thin Film Electronics ASA
- Thomas Swan & CoLtd.
- Toyo Chem Co., Ltd.
- Toyoba Co., Ltd.
- Toyocolor Co., Ltd.
- UES Inc.
- UT Dots, Inc.
- Versarien plc
- VFP Ink Technologies
- William Blythe Limited
- WuXi YuanWen Graphene Technology Co., Ltd.
- Xerox Research Centre of Canada (XRCC)
- XG Sciences
- Xiyu New Material Technology
- XTPL SA
- Xymox Technologies, Inc.
- Zero Valent Nano Metals