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Plastic Optical Fiber Market & Technology Assessment Study - 2020 Edition

  • ID: 4912333
  • Report
  • January 2020
  • Region: Global
  • Information Gatekeepers Inc
1 of 3

FEATURED COMPANIES

  • Asahi Glass
  • ByteFlight
  • Fuji Film
  • Jiang Daisheng Co. Ltd.
  • Mechanical Splices
  • Nanoptics
  • MORE

Plastic Optical Fibers (POF) have been overshadowed in the last decade by the success of glass optical fibers. When people hear the term "optical fibers," they immediately think of glass. Few people, including professionals in the business, know about plastic optical fibers (POFs), which predate those made of glass. Because glass fibers have certain advantages, they have dominated the market, while POFs have remained largely in the background.

POF had been relegated to low-bit-rate and short-distance applications. However, recent technological advances and the emergence of new applications in the automotive, avionics, consumer electronics, and short-distance interconnect industries have propelled POF into the limelight as a lower-cost alternative to glass fiber or copper at medium distances and at bit rates of 40Gbps.

New technological developments in sources, connectors, and fibers are expanding the bandwidth-distance limits of POF into new applications. There has been a dramatic increase in the GI-POF technology and its availability in the market. This has resulted in increased interest by component suppliers and end-users. The market for short, high-speed optical links is experiencing sustained growth. These links are less than 100 meters, with speeds up to 40Gbps. After many years of playing second fiddle to the glass optical fiber business, POF is now starting to get the recognition it deserves. Some are even saying that POF could be a disruptive technology.

The market for POF could never be brighter with the trend to “all-optical networks”, need for higher bandwidth, EMI protection, lower cost, lighter weight, ease of use and other factors. POF’s main competitor copper is fast running out of steam. New applications are starting to appear in data centers, commercial aircraft, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), Internet of Things (IoT), machine vision, sensors for structural health monitoring, and home networking for Ultra High Definition TVs (UHD TV/4K and 8K), to only name a few.

This study reviews the history of POF, technological developments, emerging applications, commercial activities, market forecasts, and research and education centers around the world. It presents a comprehensive and historical review of the POF business and should form the basis of future internal market research.

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
2 of 3

FEATURED COMPANIES

  • Asahi Glass
  • ByteFlight
  • Fuji Film
  • Jiang Daisheng Co. Ltd.
  • Mechanical Splices
  • Nanoptics
  • MORE

1. Introduction

2. Why POF?
2.1 Ease of connectorization
2.2 Durability
2.3 Large diameter
2.4 Lower Costs
2.5 Fiber Costs
2.6 Transmitters (Transceivers, Receivers)
2.7 Space Division Multiplexing is Possible
2.8 Receivers
2.9 Connectors
2.10 Test Equipment
2.11 Installation
2.12 Maintenance
2.13 Ease of Handling
2.14 Safety
2.15 Bandwidth
2.16 Developments of other types of fibers
2.17 Many markets are open to POF
2.18 Standards Situation is Improved
2.19 Growth Potential
2.20 Size Matters
2.21 PF GI-POF Takes Advantage of Low-cost Components Developed for GOF

3. Comparison Between Copper, GOF, and POF
3.1 Advantages and Disadvantages of POF
3.2 An Installer’s View
3.2.1 Installation Issues
3.2.2 Testing
3.1.2.1 Do-it-yourself POF Kits
3.1.2.2 Connectorless Connections

4. POF Historical Development, Organizations, Research & Education Centers and Commercial Activities Worldwide
4.1 Historical Perspective
4.2 POF Organizations, Research & Education Centers, and Commercial Activities Worldwide
4.2.1 POF Developments in Japan
4.2.2 POF in the US
4.2.3 POF in Europe
4.2.3.1 POF France
4.2.3.2 POF Germany
4.2.3.3 POF in the European Union (EU) /European Commission (EC)
4.2.3.4 POF in the United Kingdom (UK)
4.2.3.5 POF in Spain
4.2.3.6 POF in Portugal
4.2.3.7 POF in the Netherlands
4.2.4 POF in Korea
4.2.5 POF in Australia
4.2.6 POF in Brazil
4.2.7 POF in Greater China
4.2.8 POF in Other Countries

5. Technical Characteristics of POF Fibers Systems
5.1 Basic Technical Components of Optical Fiber Systems
5.2 Types of Optical Fibers
5.2.1 Step Index Fibers
5.2.2 Multimode Graded Index Fiber (MMF)
5.2.3 Single-mode Fibers (SMF)
5.3 Plastic Optical Fibers
5.3.1 Materials used for POF
5.3.2 Attenuation
5.3.3 Perfluorinated POF
5.3.4.1 How Numerical Aperture of Fiber Affects Bandwidth
5.3.4.2 Methods to Increase Bandwidth
5.3.4.3 Increased Bandwidth Using Low-NA Source
5.3.5 Graded Index PMMA POF (GI-POF)
5.3.6 Perfluorinated (PF) Graded Index POF (GI-POF)
5.3.7 Partially Chlorinated GI-POF
5.3.7.1 New GI PTCEMA
5.3.8 High-temperature Plastic Optical Fibers
5.3.8.1 Polystyrene
5.3.8.2 The Advantages of Polystyrene
5.3.9 Photonic Crystal Microstructured Polymer Optical Fibers
5.3.9.1 Microstructured Polymer Fibers
5.3.10 Summary Performance of PMMA and PF-GI POF (SI and GI)
5.3.11 Environmental Effects on POF
5.3.12 Manufacturing Methods of POF
5.3.12.1 Extrusion
5.3.12.2 Preform Drawing
5.3.12.3 Manufacturing Graded Index PMMA POF
5.3.12.4 Manufacturing PF GI-POF
5.3.12.5 Continuous Extrusion Process
5.3.12.5 Continuous Extrusion Process

6. Light Sources
6.1 LEDs
6.1.1 Low NA LED
6.1.2 Low NA LED Source Perspective for POF Data Link
6.1.3 Materials and Available LED Wavelengths
6.1.4 Gigabit Links Using LEDs
6.2 Resonant Cavity LEDs (RC-LEDs)
6.3 Laser Diodes
6.4 Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers (VCSELs)
6.4.1 Data Links Using Red VCSELS
6.4.2 Red VCSEL Transceivers for Gigabit Transmission over POF
6.5 Outlook for POF Green and Blue Sources
6.6 High-Speed POF Receivers

7. Optical Connectors and Splicing
7.1 Connectorization
7.1.1 POF Connector Requirements
7.1.2 ATM Forum
7.2 POF Connect Types
7.2.1 PN Connector
7.2.2 Small Multimedia Interface (SMI)
7.2.3 IDB-1394 POF Interface and Latch Connector for Automotive Use
7.2.4 Packard Hughes Interconnect
7.2.5 Optical Mini Jack
7.2.6 Panduit Poly-Jack - RJ-45 Type
7.2.7 MOST Automotive Connector and Header System
7.3 Splicing
7.3.1 Brookhaven Industrial Laboratory
7.3.2 Mechanical Splices
7.3.3 Ultrasonic Splicing
7.4 OptoLock – Connectorless Connection
7.5 Ballpoint Connector

8. Couplers
8.1 Optical Buses and Cross-connects
8.2 Switches using Couplers

9. POF Cables

10. Integrated Optics
10.1 Planar Waveguides and Other Passive Devices
10.2 Holograms

11. Lenses
11.1 Polymeric Lenses
11.1.1 Ball Point Pen Collimator Lens
11.2 High-efficiency Optical Concentrators for POF

12. Fiber Bragg Gratings

13. Optical Amplifiers
13.1 Keio University
13.2 Model for Analyzing the Factors in the Performance of Dye-Doped POF Lasers
13.3 Plastic Optical Fiber with Embedded Organic Semiconductors for Signal Amplification

14. Test Equipment
14.1 OTDRs

15. POF Systems - Ethernet Example

16. POF Hardware for Ethernet
16.1 Commercial Silicon for Gigabit Communication over SI-POF
16.2 Ethernet POF Media Converter for ITU Standard G.hn
16.3 G.hn Chip Sets
16.4 Gigabit Ethernet Standard
16.5 Gigabit Ethernet OptoLock

17. Illustrative Examples of POF Data Communications Applications
17.1 Introduction
17.2 Range of Applications
17.3 Optocoupler Applications
17.4 Printed Circuit Board (PCB) Interconnects
17.5 Digital Audio Interface
17.6 Avionic Data Links
17.6.1 Practical Experience in Military and Civilian Avionic Systems
17.6.2 McDonald Douglas
17.6.3 Boeing
17.6.4 Requirements for POF in Commercial Aircraft - Boeing
17.7 Automotive Applications of POF
17.7.1 Automotive Harness Trends
17.7.2 Increase in Electronic Content
17.7.2.1 Different Data Busses in Automobiles
17.7.3 Automobile Standards
17.7.3.1 MOST Standard
17.7.3.2 1394 Automotive Working Group and IDB
17.8 Local Area Networks
17.8.1.1 POF vs. Glass Comparison
17.8.1.2 Operating Experience
17.8.2 Codenoll
17.8.3 Mitsubishi Rayon
17.8.4 NEC Corp. Ethernet
17.9 IEEE 1394 FireWire
17.9.1 Markets for 1394
17.9.2 Transmission Media
17.9.3 1394 as a Home Network
17.9.3.1 IEEE 1394 Proposed Costs
17.9.3.2 IEEE Future of 1394
17.10 Tollbooth Applications
17.11 Factory Automation
17.12 Medical Applications
17.13 High Voltage Isolation
17.14 Home Networks
17.14.1 CEBus
17.14.2 Over the Top (OTT)
17.14.3 “Capillary of Light” Home Network
17.15 Test Equipment
17.16 POF Sensors
17.17 Security (Tempest)
17.18 EMI/RFI
17.19 Hydraulic Lifts
17.20 Trains
17.21 Controller Area Network (CAN)
17.22 Point-of-sale Terminals
17.23 Robotics
17.24 Programmable Controllers (PLC)
17.25 Video Surveillance
17.26 High-speed Video
17.27 Home Video
17.28 Digital Signage

18. POF Cost Comparisons
18.1 Avago Cost Trade-off White Paper

19. POF and Related Standards
19.1 What drives standards?
19.2 Trends in POF Standards
19.3 History of the Development of POF Standards
19.3.1 IEC
19.4 Present Standards that Include POF
19.4.1 Process Control
19.4.1.1 Profibus
19.4.1.2 SERCOS (Serial Real-time Communication System)
19.4.1.3 Interbus
19.4.2 Automotive Standards
19.4.2.1 MOST
19.4.2.2 IDB-1394
19.4.2.3 ByteFlight
19.4.2.4 CEA Aftermarket
19.4.3 Computer Standards
19.4.3.1 ATM
19.4.3.2 IEEE-1394
19.4.3.3 Storage Area Networks
19.4.3.4 Supercomputers/Servers
19.4.3.5 Datacenters
19.4.4 Home Standards
19.4.4.1 CEBUS
19.4.4.2 ATM Forum Residential Broadband
19.4.4.3 IEEE-1394 Home Networking
19.4.4.4 ITU G.h
19.4.5 Consumer Electronics and “Over the Top”
19.4.5.1 Active Optical Cables
19.4.5.2 Over-the-Top-Enabled Devices

20. Components and Testing
20.1 Introduction
20.2 IEC
20.3 VDI/VDE
20.4 Standards Summary

21. POF Components - Present Status
21.1 POF Fibers
21.1.1 Mitsubishi Rayon
21.1.2 Asahi Kasei
21.1.3 Toray Industries Inc.
21.1.4 Shenzhen Dasheng Optoelectronic Technology Co. Ltd.
21.1.5 Asahi Glass
21.1.6 Nanoptics
21.1.7 OFS-Fitel (now Chromis Fiber Optics)
21.1.8 Redfern Polymer (Cactus Fiber) (Kiriama)
21.1.9 Nexans
21.1.10 Fuji Film
21.1.11 Luvantix
21.1.12 Optimedia
21.1.13 Jiang Daisheng Co. Ltd.
21.1.14 Sekisui Chemical Company

22. POF Suppliers
22.1 POF Cables
22.2 Semiconductors (Transceivers) for POF
22.2.1 KDPOF
22.2.2 CoolSilicon/CoolPOF
22.3 Light Sources (Transceivers)
22.3.1 Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs)
22.3.2 Resonant Cavity LEDs (RC-LEDs)
22.3.3 Laser Diodes
22.3.4 VCSELs
22.4 Photodiodes
22.5 Connectors
22.5.1 Connectorless Technologies
22.6 Couplers
22.7 Test Equipment
22.8 Splicing
22.9 Media Converters
22.10 Data Links
22.11 POF Networks
22.12 IPTV Equipment Providers
22.13 Other POF Passive Components
22.14 Other Active Components

23. POF Component Price Trends
23.1 Impact of the MOST Standard
23.2 POF Fiber Pricing
23.2.1 Step Index Fibers
23.2.2 Graded Index POF
23.3 Cables
23.4 Cable Assemblies
23.5 POF Transmitters and Receivers
23.5.1 MOST Pricing
23.6 Conclusions for POF Data Components
23.7 Graded Index PMMA POF
23.8 Perfluorinated GI-POF
23.9 Partially Chlorinated Polymer
23.10 Price targets for POF Components

24. Market Drivers
24.1 Technology
24.2 Standards
24.3 Market Needs
24.4 Government Funding
24.5 Education of End Users
24.6 Marketing Push
24.7 Lack of Major Player
24.8 Resistance to Change and Embedded Infrastructure

25. POF Markets and Forecasts
25.1 Automotive Market
25.1.1 How Big is the Market?
25.2 Consumer Electronics Market
25.2.1 Connected TV Device Ownership
25.3 POF Industrial Controls Market and IoT Market
25.4 Home Market and IPTV / Ultra HD TV (4K&8K)
25.4.1 Market Forecast
25.4.2 UHD TV 4K/8K
25.5 Interconnect Market
25.6 Medical Market
25.7 Avionics Market
25.8 Total POF Market Potential

26. Opportunities in the Emerging POF Business
26.1 Cables and Fiber
26.2 Connectors
26.3 Sources
26.4 Couplers
26.5 Test Equipment
26.6 Splicing
26.7 Hardware
26.8 Data Links
26.9 Distribution
26.10 Design and Engineering
26.11 Converters
26.12 Systems Suppliers

27. Strategies for Success in the POF Market

28. References

List of Figures
Exhibit E-1: Potential World POF Market ($ millions)
Exhibit E-2: Potential World POF Market by Application ($ millions)
Exhibit E-3: Global Shipment Forecast of OTT-capable Equipment (in Billions of Units)
Exhibit E-4: Attenuation of Different POF Materials
Exhibit E-5: Index Profiles of POF and Bandwidth
Exhibit E-6: Data of POF Systems Using Standard Step Index (SI) and Graded Index (GI) PMMA Fibers
Exhibit E-7: PF GI-POF Transmission Records
Exhibit E-8: Potential POF Applications
Exhibit E-9: Evolving Needs for High-Speed Interconnect Cabling
Exhibit E-10: Plenum Opportunity for POF AOC
Exhibit 2.1: Advantages of POF
Exhibit 2.2: Summary Table of 1 MM SI PMMA POF
Exhibit 3.1: Advantages of POF vs. GOF vs. Copper
Exhibit 3.2: Desktop Connections
Exhibit 3.3: Desktop Cabling Media
Exhibit 3.4: Desktop Media Cabling
Exhibit 3.5: Test Issues
Exhibit 4.1: History of Plastic Optical Fiber Developments for Data Communications
Exhibit 4.2: Progress in Reducing Transmission Loss of PMMA Core POF
Exhibit 4.3: Japanese POF Consortium Members
Exhibit 4.4: HSPN Team Organization
Exhibit 5.1: Basic Components of a Fiber-optic Communications System
Exhibit 5.1.1: Advantages of POF
Exhibit 5.2: Basic Optical Fiber Structure
Exhibit 5.3: Different Types of Optical Fibers
Exhibit 5.4: Typical Technical Characteristics of Different Types of Glass Fibers
Exhibit 5.5: Different Fiber Types
Exhibit 5.5.1: Large Diameter Fiber Overview
Exhibit 5.6: Basic Materials Used for Plastic Optical Fiber
Exhibit 5.7: PMMA Polymer Optical Fibers, Properties and Suppliers
Exhibit 5.8: Typical Spectrum of PMMA Fiber
Exhibit 5.9: Optical Properties of Different Fibers
Exhibit 5.10: Spectral Attenuation for Perfluorinated GI-POF
Exhibit 5.11: Bandwidth vs. Numerical Aperture
Exhibit 5.12: Attenuation and Dispersion Limits for POF
Exhibit 5.13: Data Rate vs. Distance for Various Media
Exhibit 5.14: Loss of Optical Fibers
Exhibit 5.15: Summary of Recent up-to-date PF GI-POF Laboratory Tests Results
Exhibit 5.16: Characteristics of Partially Chlorinated GI-POF
Exhibit 5.16.1: Characteristics of the New GI PTCEMA Fiber
Exhibit 5.17: Materials Used for High-temperature POF
Exhibit 5.18: Attenuation Trends of Different POF Materials
Exhibit 5.19: Index Profiles of POF and Bandwidth
Exhibit 5.20: Bandwidth of Systems Using Different Types of POF
Exhibit 5-21: POF Compliance with Fire and Low Smoke Zero Halogen (LSZH) Standards
Exhibit 5.22: Batch Extrusion for POF Manufacturing
Exhibit 5.23: Continuous PF-GI-POF Fabrication
Exhibit 5.24: Continuous Polymerization Process
Exhibit 5.25: Mixture of Monomer and M2 Dopant
Exhibit 5.26: How the GIO preform was obtained
Exhibit 5.27: Attenuation Spectrum of Various POF made from PMMA or PC
Exhibit 5.28: PF GI-POF Extrusion Process
Exhibit 6.1: Light Sources and Current Development
Exhibit 6.2: Emission Property of a Conventional LED
Exhibit 6.3: Schematic of Ring Light Emitting Diode
Exhibit 6.4: LEDs with molded plastic lens: (a) Ring LED and (b) Conventional LED
Exhibit 6.5: Typical Far Field Radiation Pattern of a Ring LED
Exhibit 6.6: Available LEDs
Exhibit 6.7: Typical RC-LEDs Operating Parameter
Exhibit 6.8: Perspective of 650nm AlGaInP MQW LD structure and cross-section of GaAs/AlGalnP PIN PD
Exhibit 6.9: Small signal frequency response of the 650nm AlGalnP MQW LD measured with the GaAs/AlGalnP PIN PD
Exhibit 6.10: Cross Section of GaAs/AlGaInP Pin PD
Exhibit 6.11: Outlook for POF Sources
Exhibit 8.1: Diagram of POF Fiber with Embedded Mirrors
Exhibit 8.2: Polymeric Optical Switch with GRIN Lenses
Exhibit 9.1: Types of POF Cables
Exhibit 9.2: POF Ribbon Systems
Exhibit 11.1: Structure of Acceptance Component in the Transceiver
Exhibit 13.1: Signal gain vs. launched pump power for RB-doped GI POFA Fig. 1
Exhibit 13.2: Signal gain vs. launched pump power for RB-doped GI POFA Fig. 2
Exhibit 13.3: Signal gain vs. gain wavelength for RB-doped GI POFA
Exhibit 14.1: Special Requirements for an OTDR Working on POF
Exhibit 14.2: Hand Held Devices
Exhibit 14.3: Available OTDRs
Exhibit 15.1: Volition Ethernet Networks
Exhibit 17.1: POF Applications by Distance
Exhibit 17.2: Actual and Potential Applications of POF
Exhibit 17.3: Universal Premises Network Applications
Exhibit 17.4: Technical Specifications of Consumer Data Links
Exhibit 17.5: DAI (Digital Audio Interface) Optical Fiber Datalinks
Exhibit 17.6: Expansion of Optical Fiber Links for Digital Audio Applications
Exhibit 17.7: Fly-By-Light Subsystems and Associated Optical Hardware Under Development (McDonald Douglas, now Boeing)
Exhibit 17.8: Fiber-optic LANs on the Boeing 777
Exhibit 17.9: POF for In-flight Entertainment Systems
Exhibit 17.10: Growth of Circuits in Wire Harness in Japan
Exhibit 17.11: Trends in Conventional Wiring Harness and Cable Spending per Automobile
Exhibit 17.12: Automobile Networks
Exhibit 17.13: MOST Partners and Associate Partners
Exhibit 17.14: MOST Nodes on the Road
Exhibit 17.15: 1394 Automotive Architecture Model
Exhibit 17.16: The Status of the IDB-1394 Specification
Exhibit 17.17: 1394 AUG Bus Stayed Closely Tied to AMI-C
Exhibit 17.18: IDB-1394 Market Projection
Exhibit 17.19: FIBERSTAR Network Fig. 1
Exhibit 17.20: FIBERSTAR Network Fig. 2
Exhibit 17.21: FIBERSTAR Network Fig. 3
Exhibit 17.22: POF vs. Glass
Exhibit 17.23: Pricing of Announced Products
Exhibit 17.24: Optical MiniMAP Specifications
Exhibit 17.25: Optical Ethernet Specifications
Exhibit 17.26: The Interconnection of Consumer and Office Equipment
Exhibit 17.27: Example Features of 1394
Exhibit 17.28: The 1394b Long-Distance Specifications for a Range of Transmission Media
Exhibit 17.29: Networking in a Cluster & Room-to-room
Exhibit 17.30: Comparison of Existing Proposed Home Networks
Exhibit 17.31: Comparison of Different Protocols with 1394b
Exhibit 17.32: Cost Estimates for 1394 Connectors and Cables
Exhibit 17.33: Tollbooth Application
Exhibit 17.34: New York Thruway’s Costs for Electronic Toll Collection
Exhibit 17.35: Factory Automation
Exhibit 17.36: NMR Diagnostic Devices
Exhibit 17.37: Medical Diagnostics
Exhibit 17.38: CEBus Topology
Exhibit 17.38.1: Global Shipment Forecast of OTT-capable Equipment (in Billions of Units)
Exhibit 17.38.2: Capillary of Light Home Network
Exhibit 17.39: Fiber Optics Connecting Two HPIB (IEEE-488) Data Buses
Exhibit 17.40: POF as Sensors In Power Networks Fig. 1
Exhibit 17.41: POF as Sensors In Power Networks Fig. 2
Exhibit 17.42: Fiber Used In Tempest Applications
Exhibit 17.43: Bohlinger Inc. Fibri-Lite System
Exhibit 17.44: Monitor System for 100 Series Train
Exhibit 17.45: Connecting Point-Of-Sale Terminals
Exhibit 17.46: Fiber Connects A Robot Controller With A Cell Controller And The Robot
Exhibit 17.47: Programmable Controllers (PLC)
Exhibit 17.48: Security System For Local And Wide Areas
Exhibit 17.48.1: Evolving Needs for High-Speed Interconnect Cabling
Exhibit 18.1: Myths of Fiber vs. Copper
Exhibit 18.2: Today’s Reality of Fiber vs. Copper
Exhibit 18.3: Cost Comparisons of Fiber and Copper for Premises Network Point-to-point Link
Exhibit 18.4: ATM Cost Comparison
Exhibit 18.5: Connector Cost Trade-offs
Exhibit 19.1: Existing or Proposed Standards or Organizations That Are Either Developing POF Standards or Are Candidates
Exhibit 19.2: Standards by Industry
Exhibit 19.3: National and International Standards Organizations
Exhibit 19.4: Profibus Network
Exhibit 19.5: SERCOS Network
Exhibit 19.6: Interbus Network
Exhibit 19.7: Active Optical Cable Assembly
Exhibit 19.8: POF AOC and Backplane Solutions
Exhibit 19.9: Plenum Opportunity for POF AOC
Exhibit 20.1: JIS & IEC Generic Specification of Optical Fibers
Exhibit 20.2: JIS & IEC Test Methods for Mechanical Properties of POF (Fibers)
Exhibit 20.2.1: Fiber Standard 60793-2-40
Exhibit 20.3: Public Available Specifications for T&M Methods of Manufacturers and Test Labs
Exhibit 21.1: POF Data-grade Fiber Manufacturers
Exhibit 21.2: Comparison of ESKAMEGA and ESKAMIU
Exhibit 21.3: Various Types Of Fibers Available From Mitsubishi
Exhibit 21.4: Typical Transmission Loss Spectra of POF ESKA
Exhibit 21.5: Mitsubishi Rayon POF Concept
Exhibit 21.6: Transmission Distance Vs. Data Rate for ESKA Fibers
Exhibit 21.7: Structure of Single-core and Multicore POF
Exhibit 21.8: Comparison of Different Kinds of POFs and Structure Parameters and Transmission Loss
Exhibit 21.9: Transmission Loss Spectrum of NC-1000
Exhibit 21.10: Relationship Between Fiber Length And Optical Power At Incidence From LD
Exhibit 21.11: Structure of Toray Optical Fiber
Exhibit 21.12: Diagram of Light Transmission
Exhibit 21.13: Lucina Fiber Loss Spectrum Compared To PMMA SI POF and Glass
Exhibit 21.14: Typical Wiring of Buildings Using Lucina Fiber
Exhibit 21.15: Chromis Platform Fiber Technologies
Exhibit 21.16: Chromis PMMA Cables
Exhibit 21.17: Main Characteristics of PCP GI POF and PFP GI POF
Exhibit 22.1: Basic Gigabit/Fast Ethernet Transceiver
Exhibit 22.2: Gigabit/Fast Ethernet Bridge with Two POF Ports and One System Port
Exhibit 22.3: Gigabit/Fast Ethernet Bridge with Three POF Ports
Exhibit 22.4: Bridged Home Network Based On POF
Exhibit 22.5: New Physical Layer For Speed And Coverage Improvements On MOST Systems
Exhibit 22.6: Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) Manufacturers
Exhibit 22.6.1: SMI POF Connector
Exhibit 22.6.2: ST and SC Connectors
Exhibit 22.6.3: F05 and F07 Connectors (PN)
Exhibit 22.6.4: The DNP Connector System
Exhibit 22.6.5: FSMA Connector System
Exhibit 22.6.6: V-pin-crimp Connectors
Exhibit 22.6.7: The SC-RJ System (RDM)
Exhibit 22.6.8: MOST POF Connector
Exhibit 22.6.9: The D2B Connector
Exhibit 22.6.10: LC Connector and Cutter from FiberFin
Exhibit 22.6.11: Light-Seal Connector from FiberFin
Exhibit 22.6.12: FiberFin’s New LC Connector Line of Products for POF
Exhibit 22.6.13: Kingfisher’s KI TK054 Series of POF Tester
Exhibit 22.7: Companies with POF Equipment ForIPTV
Exhibit 23.1: Volume Trend Curve
Exhibit 23.2: Step-Index POF Fiber Pricing Trend (Cents/Meter)
Exhibit 23.3: Single 1000μm Jacketed Fiber for Data Communication Applications (GK Type)
Exhibit 23.4: POF Cable Pricing Trends ($ per meter)
Exhibit 23.5: Hewlett Packard 125MBaud Transmitters and Receivers Volume Pricing
Exhibit 25.1: Potential Worldwide Forecast of POF Nodes in Automobiles (millions)
Exhibit 25.2: Potential Estimated Automotive POF Market ($ millions)
Exhibit 25.3: Potential Consumer POF Market ($ millions)
Exhibit 25.4: Potential Industrial Controls and IoT POF Market ($ millions)
Exhibit 25.5: Potential Worldwide Networked Homes (millions)
Exhibit 25.6: Potential Home Networking POF Markets ($millions)
Exhibit 25.7: POF for Optical MDU and Home Network
Exhibit 25.8: The Interconnect Market
Exhibit 25.9: Potential Interconnect POF Market ($ Millions)
Exhibit 25.10: Potential Medical POF Market ($ Millions)
Exhibit 25.11: Potential Avionics POF Market ($ Millions)
Exhibit 25.12: Potential Worldwide POF Market ($ millions)
Exhibit 25.13: Potential World POF Market by Application ($ millions)

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
3 of 3
  • Asahi Glass
  • Asahi Kasei
  • Boeing
  • Brookhaven Industrial Laboratory
  • ByteFlight
  • CEA Aftermarket
  • Codenoll
  • Fuji Film
  • IDB-1394
  • Interbus
  • Jiang Daisheng Co. Ltd.
  • Luvantix
  • McDonald Douglas
  • Mechanical Splices
  • Mitsubishi Rayon
  • MOST
  • Nanoptics
  • NEC Corp. Ethernet
  • Nexans
  • OFS-Fitel (now Chromis Fiber Optics)
  • Optimedia
  • Profibus
  • Redfern Polymer (Cactus Fiber) (Kiriama)
  • Sekisui Chemical Company
  • SERCOS (Serial Realtime Communication System)
  • Shenzhen Dasheng Optoelectronic Technology Co. Ltd.
  • Toray Industries Inc.
  • Ultrasonic Splicing
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
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