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Autonomous Train - Market Share Analysis, Industry Trends & Statistics, Growth Forecasts 2019 - 2029

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  • 90 Pages
  • February 2024
  • Region: Global
  • Mordor Intelligence
  • ID: 4987221
The Autonomous Train Market size is estimated at USD 9.25 billion in 2024, and is expected to reach USD 12.24 billion by 2029, growing at a CAGR of 5.78% during the forecast period (2024-2029).

Key Highlights

  • The COVID-19 pandemic adversely affected the railway industry. Major construction of railway projects was stopped due to the pandemic, which was likely to be a challenge for the autonomous train market. Due to the pandemic, personal transportation witnessed significant growth. However, with the rising concerns over emissions, the need for using public transportation and pooling was expected to help the train market grow.
  • Growing electrification in the transportation sector is likely to provide major growth for the autonomous train market. Introduction to the Internet of Things (IoT) in transportation is a major driver for the autonomous train market. For instance, in October 2021, German Rail Corporation and Siemens Mobility developed the world's first train that operates by itself in rail traffic. The train is controlled by digital technology and is fully automated. The driver remains on the train to supervise the journey with passengers on board.
  • Major governments across developed countries, including China, the United States, and Japan, are investing in connected mobility, which is likely to provide significant growth opportunities for the autonomous train market. Asia-Pacific and North America are likely to dominate the autonomous train market during the forecast period. Asia-Pacific has one of the largest rail networks in the world and is expected to show major growth in the autonomous train market.

Autonomous Train Market Trends

Metro/Monorail Dominating the Global Autonomous Train Market

  • Metro/Monorail is dominating the global autonomous train market owing to the increase in an efficient, safe, and affordable mode of transport. The rise in penetration of GoA 4 technology in metro rail is likely to witness major growth for the market. GoA 4 is an unattended train operation (UTO) where starting and stopping, operation of doors, and handling of emergencies are fully automated without any on-train staff.
  • Rail is considered one of the safest modes of land transport and more attractive to the customer as this offers a much better service to potential passengers and drives an increase in passenger numbers. The demand for safer and more efficient transport is increasing from consumers across the world, highlighting the importance of the adoption of advanced technology-based transport, i.e., autonomous trains for commuting purposes.
  • Growing electrification of metro/monorail due to the enactment of stringent emission norms across the globe is also witnessing major growth for the market. The introduction of connected metro rail is also creating a challenge for the autonomous train market across the globe. Currently, rail has been identified as one of the most energy-efficient transport modes, accounting for 8% of global motorized passenger movements and 7% of freight but consuming only 2% of transport energy.
  • Major industries are jointly working on rail projects to develop advanced technology for autonomous metro rail. Latest developments like testing driverless passenger cars are expected to further propel the growth of the market. For instance,
  • In May 2023, Mumbai's first underground metro line in India sought safety approval to begin driverless operations after completing Phase 1 (Bandra Kurla Complex to Aarey) by December 2023. In September 2021, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Engineering formed a joint venture with Keolis and Mitsubishi Corp for a new concession of Dubai Metro and Dubai Tram.
  • In March 2021, SNCF and its partners tested a prototype in the northern region of Hauts-de-France. The company aims to provide fully automated prototypes running by 2023 and complete the train operation expansion by 2025.

Asia-Pacific Region Expected to Witness Significant Growth During the Forecast Period

  • Asia-Pacific has one of the largest rail networks globally, which is likely to dominate the autonomous train market across the globe. The growing investment by governments across the region, including China, India, and Japan, for rail infrastructure development is likely to witness major growth in the autonomous train market.
  • The growing popularity of metro travel as public transportation in India is also witnessing major growth in the market. Due to this, the railway network plays a very significant role in the economic development of countries in Asia-Pacific.
  • For instance, in February 2022, the Hangzhou metro expanded significantly by opening two new lines and an extension, adding over 59 route km to the network. In India, the installed base of metro-rail rolling stock is projected to reach 5,458 railcars by 2023, driven by the high demand for commuter transportation in metropolitan cities. Over the period from 2018 to 2023, a total of 3,343 railcars are planned to be added to the metro-rail network.
  • Asia-Pacific is also characterized by the presence of both developed and developing economies, such as Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia, and Bangladesh. For instance, The Malaysian Industry-Government Group for High Technology (MIGHT) signed a memorandum of understanding with Bombardier Transportation, outlining their collaboration on developing home-grown rail industry expertise over the coming years.
  • The Malaysian government ordered 252 driverless vehicles for the Kuala Lumpur metro Line LRT3 from a consortium of Siemens China, CRRC Zhuzhou, and a Malaysian partner, Tegap Dinamik. The government also ordered 108 Innovia Metro 300 vehicles from a consortium of Hartasuma and Bombardier that are likely to be used for Kuala Lumpur's Kelana Jaya Line.
  • Major industries are planning to establish rail projects in Asia-Pacific, which is witnessing significant growth in the market. For instance, CRCC also entered into a memorandum of undertsanding (MoU) with the government of Maharashtra, India, for setting up a manufacturing facility in the Multimodal International Cargo Hub and Airport at Nagpur (MIHAN). With these players, expansion into the country is likely to boost the development of autonomous trains at a fast pace over the coming years.

Autonomous Train Industry Overview

The autonomous train market is a highly consolidated market owing to the presence of a few major players such as Bombardier, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Alstom, Thales, and Siemens AG. Major players are investing in R&D of the equipment to meet international standards, which is likely to witness significant growth for the market.

Some of the major players in the market are adopting various growth strategies such as mergers, acquisitions, collaborations, and agreements to strengthen their position in the market. For instance,

In August 2021, Hitachi Rail STS (Ansaldo) entered into an agreement with the Thales Group to acquire its Ground Transportation System business. This move is expected to fuel growth for Hitachi Rail, expanding its rail signaling systems business and advancing rail automation systems globally.

In March 2021, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Engineering Ltd (MHI-ENG) and KEOLIS SA formed a consortium and secured a 15-year contract to operate and maintain Dubai's driverless metro and tram networks with the Roads & Transport Authority of Dubai (RTA).

In January 2021, Alstom successfully completed the acquisition of Bombardier Transportation, creating a competitive global manufacturer in mobility and rail transport. This acquisition reflects the company's commitment to promoting greener transportation worldwide.

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Table of Contents

1.1 Study Assumptions
1.2 Scope of the Study
4.1 Market Drivers
4.1.1 Increased Focus On Safety
4.2 Market Restraints
4.2.1 High Initial Investment
4.3 Industry Attractiveness - Porter's Five Forces Analysis
4.3.1 Threat of New Entrants
4.3.2 Bargaining Power of Consumers
4.3.3 Bargaining Power of Suppliers
4.3.4 Threat of Substitute Products
4.3.5 Intensity of Competitive Rivalry
5.1 By Automation Grade
5.1.1 GoA 1
5.1.2 GoA 2
5.1.3 GoA 3
5.1.4 GoA 4
5.2 By Application
5.2.1 Passenger
5.2.2 Freight
5.3 By Technology
5.3.1 CBTC
5.3.2 ERTMS
5.3.3 ATC
5.3.4 PTC
5.4 By Train Type
5.4.1 Metro/Monorail
5.4.2 Light Rail
5.4.3 High-speed Rail
5.5 Geography
5.5.1 North America
5.5.2 Europe
5.5.3 Asia-Pacific
5.5.4 Rest of the World
6.1 Vendor Market Share**
6.2 Company Profiles*
6.2.1 Siemens AG
6.2.2 Alstom SA
6.2.3 Thales Group
6.2.4 Hitachi Rail STS (Ansaldo STS)
6.2.5 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd
6.2.6 Kawasaki Heavy Industries
6.2.7 Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles (CAF)
6.2.8 CRRC Corporation Limited
6.2.9 Wabtec Corporation
6.2.10 Ingeteam Corporation SA
7.1 Expansion of Autonomous Train Networks
7.2 Integration of Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS)
7.3 Development of Hyperloop and Maglev Technologies
7.4 Adoption of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML)

Companies Mentioned (Partial List)

A selection of companies mentioned in this report includes, but is not limited to:

  • Siemens AG
  • Alstom SA
  • Thales Group
  • Hitachi Rail STS (Ansaldo STS)
  • Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd
  • Kawasaki Heavy Industries
  • Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles (CAF)
  • CRRC Corporation Limited
  • Wabtec Corporation
  • Ingeteam Corporation SA