Human Factors in the Nuclear Industry: A Systemic Approach to Safety presents the latest research and studies of human factors in the nuclear industry. It models and highlights scientific and technological foundations before providing practical examples of applications within the nuclear facility of human performance at an individual, group, organization, and system level. Editors Dr. Teperi and Dr. Gotcheva supply concrete models, tools and techniques based on research to provide the reader with knowledge of how to facilitate and support human performance in this dynamic and fast moving safety critical field.
Models and case studies are provided to add practical benefits for the reader to apply to their own projects, including user friendly state-of-the-art equipment, fluent work processes for information flow, functional control room resource management, and scope for competence and learning in the work place. This book will benefit nuclear researchers, safety experts, human factors professionals and power plant operators, as well as those with an interest in human factors outside of the nuclear field.
- Provides a comprehensive framework for human factors, considering not only the individual, but also the team, organizational and industrial levels
- Presents tried and tested tools and techniques based on research from the nuclear industry
- Includes models, examples and case studies of user-friendly equipment, fluent work processes and functional control room resource management
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Part I: Historical accounts and current perspectives 1. Human factors in nuclear power: Reflections from 50 years in Finland 2. Applying Human Factors in nuclear industry
people as a presence of positive capacity 3. From classical Human Factors towards a system view
experiences from the Human Factors nuclear field in Sweden 4. Systems thinking applied to safety culture approach in Finland
Part II: Practices and tools to support team performance 5. Reflective simulator debriefings for resilient power plant operations 6. Human performance tools as a part of programmatic human performance improvement 7. Multitasking and interruption management in control room operator work 8. Team performance, communication and shared situational awareness
control room resource management (CCRM) in the nuclear industry
Part III: Means and methods to facilitate organizational learning 9. Learning from operational events on organisational level
findings from Finnish nuclear power industry 10. Improving organizational practices 11. Learning from emergency exercises through systematic debriefing 12. Towards learning organization
practices in nuclear power plants
Part IV: Insights and visions for inter-organizational cooperation 13. The urgent need to learn from Fukushima nuclear power accident
from reactive to proactive through a systemic approach to safety 14. An institutional perspective on systemic approach to safety in a project context 15. Assessing the goodness of the concept of institutional strength-in-depth 16. Utilizing design thinking for renewal of safety management practices in the nuclear industry
Dr. Anna-Maria Teperi is a Chief Researcher at the unit of Occupational Safety in Finnish Institute of Occupational Health (FIOH) in Finland. She is a docent at Tampere University, with the field of Human Factors (HF) in Safety Management. She has 20 years of experience in research and implementation of HF to safety management systems at safety critical fields such as air navigation services, nuclear industry and railway. She holds a PhD from Helsinki University Behavioral Sciences and is licentiate in work and organization psychology from University of Helsinki, Master's degree in psychology from University of Tampere and pedagogical qualifications from the Helsinki Business Polytechnic. Previously, she worked as a head psychologist and development manager in Occupational Health Centre in City of Helsinki, acted as a chair of Nuclear Safety Committee at License Applicant and a reference group member at the Finnish Research Programme on Nuclear Power Plant Safety. She has also acted as a HF expert for Finnish Accident Investigation Board.
Dr. Nadezhda Gotcheva is a Research Team Leader of 'Safety in complex sociotechnical systems' team in VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd. She holds a PhD from Tampere University of Technology (currently: Tampere University), Finland, an MBA from joint master's program of Erasmus University Rotterdam and Sofia University, and a Master's degree in organizational and clinical psychology from Sofia University, Bulgaria. Her expertise is in organizational and institutional factors in safety-critical organizations, currently focusing on safety culture evaluation and development in the nuclear power industry and management, leadership and governance for safety in complex inter-organizational project networks. Dr. Gotcheva has contributed to development of International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) documents on Continuous Improvement of Safety Culture and revisions of IAEA's Safety Culture Continuous Improvement Plan (SCCIP). She is a certified Foresight Practitioner (Institute for the Future, USA) and Human Systems Dynamics Professional (HSD Institute, USA).