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Control Theory in Biomedical Engineering

  • ID: 4991136
  • Book
  • July 2020
  • Region: Global
  • 420 Pages
  • Elsevier Science and Technology
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Control theory is not only a fundamental notion for understanding feedback paths in physiological systems (endocrine system, immune system, neurological system) but also a particular concept for building artificial organs (legs, hands, knees), and in controlling artificial devices (pacemakers, insulin injection devices). On the other side, control theory profoundly impacts the everyday lives of a large part of the human population including the disabled and the elderly who use assistive and rehabilitation robots for improving the quality of their lives and increasing their independence.

Control Theory in Biomedical Engineering: Applications in Physiology and Medical Robotics highlights the importance of control theory and feedback control in our lives and explains how this theory is at the centre of future medical developments. The book is suitable for graduate students and researchers in both the control engineering and biomedical engineering fields. The book can also interest medical students and practitioners who want to enhance their understanding of physiological processes and medical robotics.

- Gives an overview of state-of-the-art control theory in physiology and stresses the importance of this theory in the medical field through concrete examples (endocrine system, immune system, neurological system)- Takes a comprehensive look at advances in medical robotics and rehabilitation devices and presents case studies focusing on their feedback control- Presents the significance of control theory in the pervasiveness of medical robots in surgery, exploration, diagnosis, therapy, rehabilitation
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Part I. Applications in physiology 1. Modeling and Control in Physiology 2. Mathematical Modeling of Cholesterol Homeostasis 3. Adaptive Control of Artificial Pancreas Systems for Treatment of Type 1 Diabetes 4. Modeling and Optimal Control of Cancer-immune System 5. Genetic Fuzzy Logic based System for Arrhythmia Classification 6. Modelling simple and complex handwriting based on EMG signals

Part II. Applications in Medical robotics 7. Medical Robotics 8. Wearable Mechatronic Devices for Upper Limb Amputees 9. Exoskeletons in Upper limb Rehabilitation: a review to find key challenges to improve functionality 10. A double pendulum model for human walking control on the treadmill and stride-to-stride fluctuations: Control of step length, time, velocity and position on the treadmill 11. Continuum NasoXplorer Manipulator with Shape Memory Actuators for Transnasal Exploration 12. Tunable Stiffness using Negative Poisson's Ratio Towards Load-bearing Continuum Tubular Mechanisms in Medical Robotics
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Boubaker, Olfa
Olfa Boubaker received the Ph.D. degree (2000) in Electrical Engineering from the National Engineering School of Tunis (ENIT) and the Habilitation Universitaire degree (2007) in Control Engineering from the National Engineering School of Sfax (ENIS), Tunisia. Since 1997, Professor Boubaker is a Permanent Visitor of the Laboratory of Analysis and Architecture of Systems (LAAS) of CNRS, Toulouse (France). She is currently Full Professor at National Institute of Applied Science and Technology (INSAT) of University of Carthage where she was actively engaged, since 2000, in teaching and research in Control theory, Nonlinear Systems and Robotics. Since 2017, she is the Head of the Research Laboratory 'Energy, Robotics, control and Optimization'. Professor Boubaker is closely associated with several reputable international journals as a reviewer. She is Member of the scientific editorial board of the International Journal of Advanced Robotic Systems (SAGE publishing), Guest Editor for the journals Complexity and Mathematical Problems in Engineering (Hindawi Publishing) and Regional Editor of the Book series Emerging Methodologies and Applications in Modelling, Identification and Control (Elsevier Publishing). She also serves as scientific committee member in several international and peer-reviewed conferences. Professor Boubaker is the principal author of (03) books, (12) book's chapters and the author/coauthor of more than 100 peer-reviewed papers.
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