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LEDs Used in Night Vision Imaging Systems Compatible Lighting: U.S.A. Military - Market Forecast 2020-2030

  • Report

  • 115 Pages
  • October 2021
  • Region: United States
  • ElectroniCast
  • ID: 5004017

This is the forecast of global market consumption of packaged light emitting diodes (LEDs), used in Night Vision Imaging System (NVIS) compatible lighting, by the US Military - worldwide. 

A night vision device (NVD) comprises of an Infrared (IR) image intensifier tube in a rigid casing, commonly used by US military forces. Infrared light is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength between 0.7 and 300 micrometers, which equates to a frequency range between approximately 1 and 430 terahertz (THz).

Night vision goggles (NVG) combined with magnification lenses constitutes night vision binoculars. Other types include monocular night vision devices with only one eyepiece, which may be mounted to firearms as night sights. NVG and enhanced vision systems (EVS) technologies are becoming standard operating products for US military operations to improve safety. Light emitting diodes used in Night Vision Imaging Systems must provide an environment that will not have near infrared (NIR) noise, which would interfere with the nighttime sensitivity of the NVGs. It is important to note that night vision compatibility (NVC) is only achieved when the design of the lighting equipment allows for proper use with and without the NVIS, at night or during the day.

In this study report, the author provides detailed 2020-2030 estimates and market forecasts for packaged LEDs that have night vision compatibility in relationship to night vision imaging systems (NVIS) - used by the US Military

NVIS are passive systems, which have a very high sensitivity to radiation in the approximate region of 600nm to 930nm (orange to near infrared). The NVIS work by converting photons from the outside night scene onto a micro-displayed visible image. The NVIS will amplify the nighttime scene approximately 2000 times. To protect the image intensifier assembly, the systems are equipped with an automatic gain control (AGC), which will aperture down the NVIS when exposed to bright lights in the region of approximately 600nm to 930nm. If displays or light sources are not NVIS compatible, the automatic gain control will activate and the NVIS will become proportionally less sensitive to nighttime objects outside of the cockpit. 

The Department of Defense (United States) published the MIL-STD-3009 Standard for lighting, aircraft, night vision imaging system compatibility, which specifies the interface and performance requirements for aircraft lighting and display equipment that is intended to be used along with NVIS. This specification defines aircraft interior lighting standards for sources such as cockpit displays and caution / warning lights, for both day and nighttime operating conditions. NVIS filters designed for avionic applications must incorporate NIR attenuation properties, chromaticity, contrast for daylight readability and often EMI/RFI shielding. The MIL-STD-3009 superseded MIL-L-85762A standard. This standard also includes provisions for white light sources and for “leaky green” requirements. 

The light emitting diodes in a display heavily influence its color, contrast, and NVIS radiance (NR) properties. White, green, and red-light emitting diodes with certain spectral emission can be adjusted with filters to produce displays that comply with various NVIS color coordinates and NVIS Radiance (NR) specifications described in MIL-STD-3009. Meeting both color and Night Vision Imaging System (NVIS) Radiance limits can be challenging. Each application is unique and always involves certain constraints, such as space limitations or production methods, that may require a specific approach in order meet compliance. 

Market Forecast and Analysis by Application - The LEDs used in Night Vision Imaging Systems (NVIS) Compatible Lighting market is segmented into the following application and sub-application categories:

  • United States of America - Military 
  • Aircraft 
  • Cockpit / Display Panel / Instrument Lighting
  • Other Interior Night Vision Compatible (NVC) Lighting
  • Exterior Aircraft NVC Lighting
  • Ships/Watercraft
  • Bridge Display Panel / Instrument Lighting
  • Other Interior Night Vision Compatible (NVC) Lighting
  • Exterior NVC Lighting
  • Ground Vehicle
  • Display Panel / Instrument Lighting
  • Other Interior Night Vision Compatible (NVC) Lighting
  • Exterior NVC Lighting 
  • Ground Field Command / Man-Portable Devices / Other
  • Display Panel / Instrument Lighting
  • Other Interior Night Vision Compatible (NVC) Lighting
  • Exterior NVC Lighting

LED Level Quantified in the Study - 

Below, are four levels (or “food chain”) of LEDs. For the purposes of this study, we quantify and provide a market forecast for “Level 2” 

  • Level 1 - The chip or die
  • Level 2 - Packaged LED - single or multiple-die packaged LED 
  • Level 3 - LED Lamp; 1 or more LEDs, heat sink, electronic drive, etc.
  • Level 4 - LED Luminaire/Fixture 

NOTE: Level 2 - Packaged LED - single or multiple-die packaged LEDs, include individual NVIS Filters, if used. 

Quantitative Analysis - LEDs continue to assume a strong position in the NVIS illumination market, as competing lighting solutions (technologies) have been readily available and accepted. While this does not limit the potential success of LEDs, it does create some challenges. This report provides an independent examination and analysis of the changing market dynamics for LEDs used in selected end-use applications. The LED market forecast data are segmented by the following functions:

  • Consumption Value (US$, million)
  • Quantity (number/units)
  • Average Selling Prices (ASP $, each)

The market forecast provides second-level (or sub-level) applications under the US Military application sectors. The next-level of detailed is provided in the report text, as well as in the market forecast database spreadsheet in the PDF File. 

During the forecast period, as the luminous efficacy techniques improve (Lumens per Watt: lm/W), the LED is being considered for more than (just) indicator lighting. 
The conversion of interior lights in aircraft cockpits and cabins to meet MIL-Spec (specifications) and standards can involve the following conversion techniques, based on cost effectiveness and operational requirement:

  • Replacement of instrument panel glass with filter material
  • Installation of filter material to warning, caution and annunciator indicators
  • Replacement of existing lamps with LED based modular lamps 
  • Installation of NVIS compatible bridge and bezel lighting
  • NVG compatible floodlights

These same techniques are also used for the conversion of vehicle driving instruments, ships’ bridge, navigational and control lighting and communication equipment. 

Exterior lighting for ships, aircraft and vehicles can be made Night Vision Goggles (NVG) friendly or dual mode Convert/NVG friendly through:

  • Replacement of bulbs with form and fit compatible LEDs
  • Installation of solid-state LED based navigation and anti-collision lights
  • Fitting filters to existing light fittings
  • Addition of Infra Red LEDs for covert navigation and formation lights only visible through NVIS

This study is based on analysis of information obtained continually over the past ten years, but updated through mid-October 2020. During this period, analysts performed interviews with authoritative and representative individuals in the LED manufacturing (materials, chips, packaging, devices, associated parts/pieces, fittings/fixtures, NVIS filters) and military/aerospace, communication, vehicles, R&D, and government regulating authorities. The interviews were conducted principally with:

  • Engineers, marketing personnel and management at manufacturers of LEDs as well as other technologies.
  • Design group leaders, engineers, marketing personnel and market planners at major users and potential users of LEDs used in Night Vision Compatible Lighting applications.
  • Other industry/sector experts, including those focused on standards activities, trade associations, and investments. 

The interviews covered issues of technology, R&D support, pricing, contract size, reliability, documentation, installation/maintenance crafts, standards, supplier competition and other topics.

In analyzing and forecasting the complexities of the US Military use of light emitting diode products, it is essential that the market research team have a good and a deep understanding of the technology and of the industry. Members who participated in this report were qualified.

Bottom-up Methodology: Publisher forecasts, as illustrated in the forecast data structure, are developed initially at the lowest detail level, then summed to successively higher levels. The background market research focuses on the amount of each type of product used in each application in the base year (2019), and the prices paid at the first transaction from the manufacturer. This forms the base year data. 

Analysts then forecast the growth rates in component quantity use in each application, along with price trends, based on competitive, economic and technology forecast trends, and apply these to derive long term forecasts at the lowest application levels. The usage growth rate forecasts depend heavily on analysis of overall end user trends toward equipment usage and economic payback.


Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary - US Military Use of LEDs in NVIS Compatible Lighting

2. US Military Use of LEDs in NVIS Compatible Lighting Applications Market Forecast
2.1 Overview
2.2 Market Forecast: Military Aircraft 
2.3 Market Forecast: Military Ships/Watercraft 
2.4 Market Forecast: Military Ground Vehicles (M-ATV and Others) 
2.5 Market Forecast: Military Ground Field Command, Man-Portable 

3. Market Research Methodology 

4. Market Forecast Database Spreadsheet 

List of Tables 
1.1.1 US Military-LEDs Used in NVIS Compatible Lighting Market Forecast, By Application ($Million) 
1.1.2 US Military-LEDs Used in NVIS Compatible Lighting Market Forecast, By Application (Quantity) 
2.1.1 US Military-LEDs Used in NVIS Compatible Lighting Market Forecast, By Application ($Million) 
2.2.1 US Military-LEDs Used in NVIS Compatible Lighting Market Forecast, Aircraft ($Million)
2.3.1 US Military-LEDs Used in NVIS Compatible Lighting Market Forecast, Ship/Watercraft ($Million) 
2.4.1 US Military-LEDs Used in NVIS Compatible Lighting Market Forecast, Ground Vehicle ($Million) 
2.5.1 US Military-LEDs Used in NVIS Compatible Lighting Forecast, Ground Command/Portable ($M) 
4.1 Market Forecast and Analysis by Application 
4.2 LEDs Used in NVIS Compatible Lighting (U.S.A. Military) Market Forecast Spreadsheet

List of Figures 
1.1.1 Unites States Military-LEDs Used in NVIS Compatible Lighting Market Forecast ($Million)
1.1.2 Unites States Military-LEDs Used in NVIS Compatible Lighting Market Forecast (Quantity/Units) 
1.1.3 Chromaticity Limits for NVIS Colors, NVIS White and NVIS Blue
1.1.4 NVIS Response Curves 
1.1.5 NVIS Colors Allowed in a “Class A” Cockpit 
1.1.6 NVIS Colors: Type I Class B
1.1.7 Color Filters Types –Designed specifically for MIL-SPEC and NVIS Compliant LEDs 
1.1.8 NVIS Filters for SMD Type LEDs - NVG Compatible & NVIS Compliant Optical Filters 
1.1.9 NVIS Filters for Thru-Hole Type LEDs 
1.1.10 Aircraft Cockpit Display as seen with Night Vision Goggles 
1.1.11 Night Vision Display Test and Measurement System 
2.1.1 Ruggedized LCD Monitor Utilizing NVIS LED Backlights 
2.1.2 Portable NVIS Lights 
2.1.3 NVIS Flashlight 
2.1.4 TADS and PNVS Mounted on an Apache Helicopter
2.1.5 Rotary Wing Aircraft Cockpit Display 
2.1.6 NVIS - Aircraft Cockpit Display 
2.1.7 LED Utility Cockpit Lights 
2.1.8 NVG Compatible and NVG Friendly LED Lighting 
2.1.9 USS John F Kennedy (CVN-79) 
2.1.10 Exterior Night Vision Compatible LED Military Solution 
2.1.11 NVIS-Friendly Exterior Aircraft Lighting 
2.1.12 Assorted LED-Based Lamp and Luminaire/Fixtures Used in NVIS Compatible Lighting 
2.2.1 MC-130W with NVG-Compatible Lighting Operational (Interior) 
2.2.2 Line Drawing: NVIS General Area Floodlight for Aviation Use 
2.2.3 Display and Sight Helmet System (DASH System) 
2.2.4 Helmet Mounted Systems (HMS) for Helicopters 
2.3.1 US Navy – FFG(X) - Guided Missile Frigate 
2.3.2 Littoral Combat Ship 
2.3.3 LED-Base Wave-Off Light System for Aircraft Carriers
2.3.4 Helicopter Visual Approach System
2.4.1 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) 
2.4.2 Mine Resistant Ambush Protected (MRAP) All-Terrain Vehicle (M-ATV)
2.4.3 L-ATV (Light Combat Tactical All-Terrain Vehicle) 
2.4.4 Military Mine Protected Vehicle
2.4.5 Flyer (Next-Generation Vehicle) 
2.4.6 Vehicles equipped with Warfighter Information Network-Tactical (WIN-T) 
2.5.1 Soldier Wearing the Enhanced Night Vision Goggles 
2.5.2 Soldier wearing the Integrated Visual Augmentation System (IVAS) 
2.5.3 Image: New Device Enhanced Night Vision Goggle-Binoculars (ENVG-B) 
2.5.4 NVG (Night Vision Goggle) Screen Mil-Spec Laptop 
3.1Market Research & Forecasting Methodology 


Companies Mentioned

  • AAI Textron Corporation
  • Aerospace Optics
  • Astronautics Corporation of America
  • Blue Wolf
  • Calzoni / L3 Technologies Corporation
  • CONTROP Precision Technologies
  • Cyberlux
  • DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency)
  • Defense Contract Audit Agency (DCAA)
  • Elbit Systems
  • Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)
  • Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
  • FLITELite
  • Force Protection, Inc
  • General Digital Corporation
  • General Dynamics
  • Getac
  • Gooch & Housego
  • Hoffman Engineering
  • Honeywell International Inc
  • Huntington Ingalls Industries
  • Lockheed Martin
  • Oshkosh Defense
  • Owen International
  • Radio Technical Commission for Aeronautics (RTCA)
  • Rockwell Collins
  • Soderberg Manufacturing Company
  • Textron
  • The Department of Defense (United States)
  • The United Kingdom Ministry of Defences (UK MOD)
  • The United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM or SOCOM)
  • US - Army, Air Force, Navy, Marines, Coast Guard, National Guard (State-level Guard/Defense)
  • Xplore Technologies Corporation