+353-1-416-8900REST OF WORLD
+44-20-3973-8888REST OF WORLD
1-917-300-0470EAST COAST U.S
1-800-526-8630U.S. (TOLL FREE)

PRINTER FRIENDLY

Monitoring Artificial Materials and Microbes in Marine Ecosystems: Interactions and Assessment Methods

  • ID: 5005408
  • Book
  • February 2020
  • Region: Global
  • 301 Pages
  • Bentham Science Publishers Ltd
1 of 4

Marine ecosystems offer several benefits to human communities. To make sustainable use of these benefits, it is necessary to elucidate and conserve marine ecology and strive to maintain a sustainable natural resource management program. For this reason, understanding the diversity and behavior of both macro-ecosystems and micro-ecosystems is crucial. Monitoring Artificial Materials and Microbes in Marine Ecosystems explores microbial roles and their interaction with artificial materials in marine environments. After starting with simple topics for beginners, chapters explore methods to detect microorganisms in marine ecosystems and interactions of marine organisms with artificial materials. The sequential progression into advanced topics makes it easier to understand how to solve the reduction in marine-ecosystem viability caused by adverse events. Readers are provided with useful information for rehabilitating marine environments to make them sustainable for communities. Topics are covered in 3 parts: Part 1 is an introductory guide to marine ecosystems and environmental monitoring assessment.

Readers are introduced to coral reef ecosystems, algal blooms and the role of environmental monitoring services in maintaining and restoring the quality of marine environments. This is followed by examples of sustainable marine environment assessment. Part 2 provides information about methods to detect microorganisms (viruses and bacteria) and evaluate marine environments. This includes sample enrichment methods, electrochemical analysis, and single-cell imaging techniques. The highly sensitive and specific techniques presented in the book, are applicable in a wide variety of situations. Part 3 is dedicated to interactions between artificial metallic materials and microorganisms in marine environments.

Chapters in this section share result from several experiments conducted to separate microorganisms and biofilms from such environments. This book is intended primarily for marine ecologists, microbiologists, environmental engineers, and engineers associated with industrial projects. This book is also useful as a text for undergraduate and graduate-level courses in marine biology, ecology, and microbiology.

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
2 of 4

Part 1 Marine Ecosystem And Environmental Monitoring

Chapter 1 Coral Reef Ecosystems In Marine Environments

  • Introduction
  • Species Diversity Of Acropora Via Hybridization
  • Search For Endocrine System Regulating Multi-Specific Synchronous Spawning In Acropora
  • Contribution Of Coral Reproduction To The Restoration Of Coral Reefs
  • Consent For Publication
  • Conflict Of Interest
  • Acknowledgments
  • References

Chapter 2 Marine Polymers As Eco-friendly Alternatives To Petroleum-Based Plastics

  • Introduction
  • Materials And Methods
  • Results And Discussion
  • Conclusion
  • Consent For Publication
  • Conflict Of Interest
  • Acknowledgments
  • References

Chapter 3 Application Of Marine Polymers For Seagrass BED Restoration And Marine Ecosystem Services Preservation

  • Introduction
  • Materials And Methods
  • Results And Discussion
  • Conclusion
  • Consent For Publication
  • Conflict Of Interest
  • Acknowledgments
  • Refferences

Chapter 4 Relationship Between Algal Blooms And Marine-Ecosystem Services

  • Introduction
  • Characteristics Of Algal Blooms
  • Case Example Of Algal Blooms
  • Features Of Each Algal Species Constituting An Algal Bloom
  • Toxins Of Several Algal Blooms
  • Conclusions
  • Consent For Publication
  • Naoko Isomura
  • Minato Wakisaka
  • Minato Wakisaka
  • Toshiyuki Takahashi
  • Conflict Of Interest
  • Acknowledgments
  • References

Chapter 5 Some Background On Conventional Environmental Evaluations

  • Introduction
  • Effective Water Utilization And The Necessity Of Analysis
  • Environmental Quality Standard And Effluent Standards
  • Basic Knowledge For Water Analysis
  • Requirements, Conditions, And Methods For Water Analysis
  • Plan For Water Analysis
  • Explanation Via The Review Of The Latest Environmental Analysis
  • Related To The Great East Japan Earthquake
  • Consent For Publication
  • Conflict Of Interest
  • Acknowledgments
  • References

Chapter 6 Examples Of Sustainable Marine Environmental Assessments

  • Introduction
  • Iron Dynamics In The Chikugo River Basin
  • Methods
  • Results And Discussion
  • Changes To The Coastal Environment After The 2011 Tsunami
  • Kesennuma Bay
  • Kamaishi Bay
  • Consent For Publication
  • Conflict Of Interest
  • Acknowledgments
  • References

Chapter 7 A Sequence Between Micro fouling And Macro fouling In Marine Biofouling

  • What Is Biofouling?
  • Microfouling In Marine Environments
  • Macrofouling In Marine Environments
  • How Should We Control Biofouling Effectively?
  • Consent For Publication
  • Conflict Of Interest
  • Acknowledgment
  • References

Chapter 8 Introduction To Methods For Collection, Detection, And Evaluation Of Microbes

  • Introduction
  • Hotaka Kai
  • Mitsuo Yamamoto
  • Hideyuki Kanematsu And Dana M. Barry
  • Toshiyuki Takahashi

Part 2 Fundamentals To Detect And Evaluate Microorganisms And Pathogenic Viruses From Seawater Environments

Chapter 9 A Membrane-Free Alternative Method For Concentration Of Live Microorganisms By Foam Separation

  • Introduction
  • Materials And Methods
  • Preparation Of Vibrio-Spiked Seawater
  • Preparation Of Fusarium-Spiked Seawater
  • Sampling Of Actual Seawater
  • Foam Separation Via Batch Equipment
  • Enumeration Of Vibrio And Fusarium Cells
  • A Continuous-Flow Experiment With The Foam Separation Unit
  • Results And Discussion
  • Removal And Concentration Of Vibrio
  • Removal And Concentration Of Fusarium
  • Bacterial Removal And Concentration By The Continuous Foam Separation Unit
  • Conclusion
  • Consent For Publication
  • Conflict Of Interest
  • Acknowledgments
  • References

Chapter 10 A Novel Method Using A Potential-Controlled Electrode For Screening Difficult-To-Cultivate Microorganisms

  • Introduction
  • Electrical Retrieval Of Living Microorganisms Using A Potential-Controlled Optically
  • Transparent Electrode
  • Electrical Retrieval Of Sponge-Associated Living Microorganisms From Marine
  • Sponges Frozen At -80 °C
  • An Electrical Awakening Method For Dormant Deep-Sea Actinomycete Spores
  • Consent For Publication
  • Conflict Of Interest
  • Acknowledgments
  • References

Chapter 11 Isolation Of Vanadium-Accumulating Or -Reducing Bacteria From Ascidians And Their Functional Analysis

  • Introduction
  • Vanadium
  • Vanadium Accumulation And Reduction By Ascidians
  • Vanadium Accumulation And Reduction By Bacteria
  • Intestinal Bacteria Isolated From Ascidians
  • Metagenomic Studies On Symbiotic Bacteria
  • Possible Use Of Bacteria For Bioremediation Of Vanadium
  • Yoshihiro Suzuki
  • Sumihiro Koyama
  • Tatsuya Ueki, Tri Kustono Adi, And Ramadi
  • Unique Enrichment Methods For Sparse Target Microbes
  • Detection And Evaluation Methods For Marine Microorganisms
  • Concluding Remarks
  • Consent For Publication
  • Conflict Of Interest
  • Acknowledgments
  • References

Chapter 12 Electrochemical Detection Of Microorganisms Using An Electrochemical Quartz Crystal Microbalance

  • Introduction
  • Experiment
  • Results And Discussion
  • Conclusion
  • Consent For Publication
  • Conflict Of Interest
  • Acknowledgments
  • References

Chapter 13 In-Situ Observation Of Biofilms In Physiological Salt Water By Scanning Ion Conductance Microscopy

  • Introduction
  • Experimental
  • Results And Discussion
  • SICM Observation Of An Environmental Biofilm Formed In Tap Water In An Lbr
  • SICM Observation Of The Environmental Biofilm Formed In Artificial Seawater In An LBR
  • Effect Of Glutaraldehyde Addition To Water Before Environmental Biofilm Observation
  • SICM Observation Of Aliivibrio Fischeri Biofilms
  • Conclusions
  • Consent For Publication
  • Conflict Of Interest
  • Acknowledgments
  • References

Chapter 14 Fluorescence-Activated Cell Sorting (FACS)-Based Characterization Of Microalgae

  • Introduction
  • Historical Background And Major Achievements
  • Basic Principles Of Facts
  • Life Cycle Analysis
  • Consent For Publication
  • Conflict Of Interest
  • Acknowledgments
  • References

Chapter 15 Single-Cell Imaging And Sequencing-Based Detection Of Microorganisms Using Highly Sensitive Fluorescence Hybridization (Fish)

  • Introduction
  • Fish
  • Major Drawbacks And Solutions
  • Takeshi Kougo
  • Nobumitsu Hirai, Futoshi Iwata, And Hideyuki Kanematsu
  • Bogdan I. Gerashchenko
  • Tsuyoshi Yamaguchi And Shuji Kawakami
  • Highly Sensitive Fish For Targeting RRNA
  • Card-Fish
  • In Situ DNA-Hcr
  • Highly Sensitive Fish For Targeting MRNA Or Functional Genes
  • Two-Pass Tsa-Fish
  • Genefish
  • Application Of Fish In Marine Microbiology
  • Consent For Publication
  • Conflict Of Interest
  • Acknowledgments
  • References

Part 3 Interaction Analysis Between Artificial Materials And Micro/Macro-Organisms In Marine Environments

Chapter 16 Biofilm On Materials’ Surfaces In Marine Environments

  • Introduction
  • What Is Biofilm?
  • Metallic Materials
  • Ceramic Materials
  • Polymeric Substances
  • Consent For Publication
  • Conflict Of Interest
  • Acknowledgments
  • References

Chapter 17 Effect Of Metallic Nanoparticle-Dispersed Silane-Based Polymer Coatings On Anti-Biofilm Formation

  • Introduction
  • Biofilms And Their Formation
  • Silane-Based Polymers
  • Antimicrobial Metals And Their Compounds
  • Application Of Metallic Nanoparticles Dispersed Silane-Based
  • Polymer Coatings To Marine Environment
  • Concluding Remarks
  • Consent For Publication
  • Conflict Of Interest
  • Acknowledgments
  • References

Chapter 18 Chemical Characteristics Of Steelmaking Slag In Aqueous Environments

  • Introduction
  • Leaching Test And Dissolution Of Environmentally Regulated
  • Substances
  • Dissolved Chemical Components
  • Major Dissolved Components
  • Ph Behavior
  • Consent For Publication
  • Conflict Of Interest
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
3 of 4

Loading
LOADING...

4 of 4
  • Toshiyuki Takahashi
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
Adroll
adroll