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Voids in Materials. Edition No. 2

  • ID: 5018805
  • Book
  • October 2020
  • Region: Global
  • 412 Pages
  • Elsevier Science and Technology
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Voids in Materials: From Unavoidable Defects to Designed Cellular Materials, Second Edition provides a central reference for discussion of voids in materials, covering all types of voids-intrinsic and intentional, and stochastic and non-stochastic-and the processes and conditions that are needed to create them. The book offers an extensive review of current applications and proposes future directions for using voids to impart functionality. The voids (or empty spaces in materials) are defined, categorized, and characterized, including the effects they have on material properties, and designed or unavoidable defects.

Ultimately, voids are viewed as a material design parameter that can be incorporated into materials on multiple length scales for the design of multifunctional material. All materials have voids in them, at some scale. Sometimes the voids are ignored, sometimes they are taken into account, and other times they are the focal point of the research.

  • Covers the effect of voids in materials, from low volume fraction defects to very high-volume fraction foams
  • Explains how and why voids are introduced into materials across multiple length scales
  • Discusses the smallest scale in which voids are mostly unavoidable
  • Presents voids across the volume fraction scale
  • Provides a continuous and clear picture of how material properties change as the volume fraction of void goes from 1% up to 99%
  • Outlines the implications of voids at different length scales and volume fraction content
  • Explains the Impact of designed and unwanted voids on current mega trends
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1. Intrinsic Voids in Crystalline Materials: Ideal Materials and Real Materials
2. Intrinsic Voids in Polymer Networks
3. Nanometer-Scale Porous Structures
4. Cellular Materials (Foams)
5. Hierarchical Porosity
6. Techniques for Introducing Intentional Voids into Bulk Materials
7. Techniques for Introducing Intentional Voids into Particles and Fibers
8. Methods for Characterizing voids
9. Mechanical Properties of Materials with Voids
10. Other Properties of Materials with Voids
11. Modelling
12. Biomaterials and Healthcare Applications
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Gladysz, Gary M.
Dr. Gladysz is an Associate at Empyreus Solutions, LLC, Seattle WA, USA, where he consults and leads university and government technical interactions. He received his PhD from the New Mexico Institute of Mining & Technology where he participated in the NATO Collaborative Program with the German Aerospace Institute (DLR). Since receiving his PhD, he has led research efforts in university, government and industrial settings. He has extensive research experience designing and characterizing fibrous composite materials, ceramic composites, polymers, composite foams, and thin films. As a Technical Staff Member at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), he was technical lead for Rigid Composites and Thermoset Materials. In 2005 he was awarded the LANL Distinguished Performance Group Award for his work leading materials development on the Reliable Replacement Warhead Feasibility Project. He has served on funding review boards for LANL, National Science Foundation, ACS, and the Lindbergh Foundation. He has been guest editor on four issues of leading materials science journals, including Journal of Materials Science and Materials Science & Engineering: A. Dr. Gladysz has organized five international conferences/symposia on syntactic foams and composite materials. He started and currently chairs the ECI international conference series on Syntactic & Composites Foams. Dr. Gladysz currently lives near Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
Chawla, Krishan K.
Krishan Chawla is Professor Emeritus of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. His research interests encompass processing, microstructure, and mechanical behavior of materials. He has taught and/or done research at several universities around the world. Professor Chawla has served as a Program Director for metals and ceramics in the Division of Materials Research, National Science Foundation. He is a fellow of ASM International. Among his other awards are: Distinguished Researcher Award at New Mexico Tech, Distinguished Alumnus Award from Banaras Hindu University, Eshbach Society Distinguished Visiting Scholar award at Northwestern University, Faculty Fellow award at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Professor Chawla is the author or coauthor of various textbooks in the area of materials and serves on the editorial boards of a number of journals. He is editor of the journal International Materials Reviews.
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