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The Microbiology of Nuclear Waste Disposal

  • ID: 5018816
  • Book
  • October 2020
  • Region: Global
  • 400 Pages
  • Elsevier Science and Technology
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The Microbiology of Nuclear Waste Disposal is a state-of-the-art reference featuring contributions focusing on the impact of microbes on the safe long-term disposal of nuclear waste. This book is the first to cover this important emerging topic, and is written for a wide audience encompassing regulators, implementers, academics, and other stakeholders. The book is also of interest to those working on the wider exploitation of the subsurface, such as bioremediation, carbon capture and storage, geothermal energy, and water quality.

Planning for suitable facilities in the U.S., Europe, and Asia has been based mainly on knowledge from the geological and physical sciences. However, recent studies have shown that microbial life can proliferate in the inhospitable environments associated with radioactive waste disposal, and can control the long-term fate of nuclear materials. This can have beneficial and damaging impacts, which need to be quantified.

  • Encompasses expertise from both the bio and geo disciplines, aiming to foster important collaborations across this disciplinary divide
  • Includes reviews and research papers from leading groups in the field
  • Provides helpful guidance in light of plans progressing worldwide for geological disposal facilities
  • Includes timely research for planning and safety case development
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1. Introduction
2. Waste types and national inventories
3. Analogue sites
4. Deep subsurface baseline geomicrobiology
5. Molecular techniques for understanding microbial abundance and activity in wasteforms
6. Organic materials and their microbial fate in radioactive waste
7. Microbial impacts on gas production in ILW; Finnish perspective
8. Halophilic microbial metabolism and impact on radwaste disposal in salt deposits
9. ILW and the biobarrier concept
10. Microbial transformations of radionuclides in radwaste
11. Bentonite geomicrobiology
12. Modeling approaches to support safety case development
13. Microbial production and metabolism of hydrogen in GDFs
14. Stakeholder engagement; communicating microbial impacts on radwaste to key stakeholders
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Lloyd, Jonathan R.
Jon Lloyd holds a BSc in Applied Biology from the University of Bath, and a PhD in Microbiology from the University of Kent. After postdoctoral positions at University of Birmingham and an Assistant Research Professorship at the University of Massachusetts (Amherst), he moved to Manchester University in 2001, where he is Professor of Geomicrobiology and Director of the Williamson Research Centre for Molecular Environmental Science. He has published more than 200 papers in the broad area of geomicrobiology, and has a long-standing interest in the impact of microbial processes on the nuclear fuel cycle.
Cherkouk, Andrea
Andrea Cherkouk studied geoecology at the Technical University Bergakademie Freiberg, where she got her master´s and PhD degree. She worked as a scientist at the Institute of Resource Ecology of the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf in Germany and at School of Earth and Environmental Sciences of the University of Manchester, UK. Currently she is the head of the HZDR Junior Research group MicroSalt. Her main research interests are on bio-influenced radionuclide migration, biogeochemistry, microbial ecology and halophilic microorganisms.
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