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Thailand Oil and Gas Downstream Market - Growth, Trends, COVID-19 Impact, and Forecasts (2023-2028)

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  • 85 Pages
  • April 2023
  • Region: Thailand
  • Mordor Intelligence
  • ID: 5025460
UP TO OFF until Jun 30th 2023
The Thai oil and gas downstream market is expected to reach an installed refining capacity of 1,267 thousand barrels per day by the end of the current year, and it is projected to register a CAGR of 1.58% during the forecast period.

Although the market studied was negatively impacted by COVID-19 in 2020, it has recovered and reached pre-pandemic levels. With the growing demand for various refined products, the country is focused on developing its refinery capacity, which is expected to drive the growth of the market studied during the forecast period. However, the shifting trend toward cleaner alternatives, such as the increasing adoption of electric vehicles, is expected to hinder the demand for refined products from end-user industries, which is expected to restrain the market’s growth.​

Gas fields have been discovered in the Andaman Sea, increasing optimism about reducing the dependence on imported gas and the cost of natural gas transportation. This factor is creating an opportunity for the players in the sector.

Thailand Oil & Gas Downstream Market Trends

Oil Refining Capacity to Witness Growth

Thailand produces a large share of the petroleum it consumes but still relies on imports to meet the increasing demand. Demand for gasoline stood above 30 million liters a day in 2020, while fuel (diesel and gasoline) consumption took a plunge of 4.4% in the first ten months of 2021 to a daily average of 131 million liters, the same level as before COVID-19 level, according to Department of Energy Business, Thailand.

The refinery sector of Thailand is the second largest in Southeast Asia in refining capacity and throughput, just after Singapore.​ In Thailand, the refineries’ capacity has remained relatively stable during 2016-2019, at 1,234,500 barrels per day in 2016, which increased to 1,244,500 barrels per day in 2021.​ The refinery throughput has been increasing in recent years. The country has six refinery complexes, the majority of which are owned partially or fully by the country’s national oil and gas conglomerate PTT.​ The country has been actively increasing its refining capacity to meet its growing domestic and regional demand. ​For instance, the expansion project of Thai Oil’s Sriracha refinery, a part of the company’s Clean Fuel Project (CFP), is expected to have a total capacity of 400,000 b/d when completed at the end of 2023. ​

Thailand’s oil refining capacity is expected to grow slightly during the forecast period due to the expansion of refineries and increased demand for refined oil.

Decreasing Oil and Gas Production to Restrain the Market

Thailand is trying to transform into ‘Thailand 4.0,’ whose industries transition to technological advances and high-level services. The government designated ‘next-generation automotive’ development among the top targeted industries and supported EV-related businesses to transform from internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles to an EV production hub in Southeast Asia. ​

The electric vehicle (EV) industry is gaining interest in Thailand, supported by favorable government policies to push the EV market’s growth. For example, the government of Thailand rolled out EV incentive schemes, i.e., tax benefits and subsidy systems, to propel the development of the EV market in the country. ​

The National Electric Vehicles Policy Committee 2020 introduced a roadmap that lays out a framework for Thailand’s EV development from 2021-2035 to transform the country’s well-established automotive supply chain for the production of zero-emission vehicles (ZEVs) and build the technological capacity for modern mobility. The roadmap covers not only EV production and usage but also developing plans for battery manufacturing and supplies, supporting infrastructure, including charging stations and power grid management, and the development of related safety standards and regulations to enable comprehensive and integrated implementation. EVs in the master plan covers various vehicles, including motorcycles, tricycles, buses, trucks, and ferry boats.​

The Excise Department of Thailand has been applying an excise tax rate of 0% from 1 January 2020 to 31 December 2022 and 2% from 1 January 2023 to 31 December 2025 to electric-powered passenger vehicles with seating not exceeding ten seats which are promoted by the Board of Investment (BOI).

The country’s newly registered battery electric vehicles grew from 724 in 2019 to 2,079 in 2021. With an increase in the number of EVs, the country is also witnessing a surge in the number of charging stations with rising investments from both the public and private sectors. According to EVAT, the country had over 664 charging stations with 2,224 chargers from 10 developers nationwide in June 2021. By 2036, the Thai government aims to have 690 charging stations and 1.2 million electric vehicles nationwide.​

The transportation sector plays a vital role in Thailand’s downstream oil and gas economy. Therefore, the adoption of EVs is expected to hamper the growth of the downstream oil and gas market in Thailand.​

Thailand Oil & Gas Downstream Market Competitor Analysis

The Thailand oil and gas downstream market is partially consolidated in nature. Some of the major players in the market (in no particular order) include Exxon Mobil Corporation, PTT Public Company Limited, Thai Oil PCL, IRPC PCL, and Bangchak Petroleum Public Company, among others.

Additional benefits of purchasing the report:

  • The market estimate (ME) sheet in Excel format
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Table of Contents

1.1 Scope of the Study
1.2 Market Definition
1.3 Study Assumptions
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Installed Refining Capacity and Forecast, in thousand barrels per day, till 2027
4.3 Recent Trends and Developments
4.4 Government Policies and Regulations
4.5 Market Dynamics
4.5.1 Drivers
4.5.2 Restraints
4.6 Supply Chain Analysis
4.7 PESTLE Analysis
5.1 By Refineries
5.1.1 Overview
5.1.2 Existing, Under Construction, and Planned Projects
5.2 By Petrochemical Plants
5.2.1 Overview
5.2.2 Existing, Under Construction, and Planned Projects
5.3 By Fuel Retail and Marketing
6.1 Mergers and Acquisitions, Joint Ventures, Collaborations, and Agreements
6.2 Strategies Adopted by Leading Players
6.3 Company Profiles
6.3.1 PTT Public Company Limited
6.3.2 Esso Thailand PLC
6.3.3 Bangchak Corporation PCL
6.3.4 Royal Dutch Shell PLC
6.3.5 Caltex (Chevron Corporation)
6.3.6 SCG Chemicals Co. Ltd (Siam Cement Group)
6.3.7 IRPC Public Company Limited
6.3.8 Total SA
6.3.9 ExxonMobil Corp.
6.3.10 PTG Energy PCL

Companies Mentioned

A selection of companies mentioned in this report includes:

  • PTT Public Company Limited
  • Esso Thailand PLC
  • Bangchak Corporation PCL
  • Royal Dutch Shell PLC
  • Caltex (Chevron Corporation)
  • SCG Chemicals Co. Ltd (Siam Cement Group)
  • IRPC Public Company Limited
  • Total SA
  • ExxonMobil Corp.
  • PTG Energy PCL