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The Fundamentals and Applications of Light-Emitting Diodes. Woodhead Publishing Series in Electronic and Optical Materials

  • ID: 5029608
  • Book
  • July 2020
  • 284 Pages
  • Elsevier Science and Technology

The Fundamentals and Applications of Light-Emitting Diodes: The Revolution in the Lighting Industry examines the evolution of LEDs, including a review of the luminescence process and background on solid state lighting. The book emphasizes phosphor-converted LEDs that are based on inorganic phosphors but explores different types of LEDs based on inorganic, organic, quantum dots, perovskite-structured materials, and biomaterials. A detailed description is included about the diverse applications of LEDs in fields such as lighting, displays, horticulture, biomedicine, and digital communication, as well as challenges that must be solved before using LEDs in commercial applications.

Traditional light sources are fast being replaced by light-emitting diodes (LEDs). The fourth generation of lighting is completely dominated by LED luminaires. Apart from lighting, LEDs have extended their hold on other fields, such as digital communications, horticulture, medicine, space research, art and culture, display devices, and entertainment. The technological promises offered by LEDs have elevated them as front-runners in the lighting industry.

  • Presents a concise overview of different types of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) based on inorganic phosphors, organic materials, quantum dots, perovskite-structured materials, and biomaterials
  • Includes a discussion of current and emerging applications in lighting, communications, horticulture, and medical fields
  • Addresses fundamentals, luminescence mechanisms, and key optical materials, including synthesis methods

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Part 1: Fundamentals 1. Introduction to Luminescence 2. Fundamentals of LEDs

Part 2: Materials 3. Semiconductor LEDs 4. Phosphor converted-LEDs (pc-LEDs) 5. Advanced variants of LEDs

Part 3: Applications 6. General lighting 7. Digital communications and Display devices 8. Biomedical applications 9. Horticultural applications 10. Current trends and Innovations

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Dhoble, Sanjay J.
Prof. Sanjay J. Dhoble obtained his M.Sc. degree in Physics from Rani Durgavati University, Jabalpur, India in 1988. He obtained his Ph.D. degree in 1992 in Solid State Physics from Nagpur University, Nagpur. Dr. S.J. Dhoble is presently working as a Professor in the Department of Physics, R.T.M. Nagpur University, Nagpur, India. During his research career, he has worked on the synthesis and characterization of solid-state lighting materials, as well as development of radiation dosimetry phosphors using thermoluminescence technique and utilization of fly ash. Dr. Dhoble published/filed 16 patents and more than 550 research papers published in Scopus indexing journals. He has a h-index of 30 and 5772 citations on Scopus. He also authored an Elsevier book on "Principles and applications of organic light emitting diode”, "Nanomaterials for Green Energy”, "Spectroscopy of Lanthanide Doped Oxide Materials”; Springer book on "Phosphate phosphors for solid state lighting”; Taylor & Francis Group book on "Phosphors for energy saving and conversion technology”; Pan Stanford Publishing Pte. Ltd book on "Phosphors: Synthesis and Applications”. Dr. Dhoble is Editor: Luminescence: The Journal of Biological and Chemical Luminescence, John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Publication (Impact Factor: 1.691). He is also recipient of India's Top Faculty Research Award-2018 by Careers 360, received in Teen Murti Bhawan, New Delhi, for the top ten researchers in India in Physics on the basis of research papers indexced in Scopus research database in session 2017-2018.
Nair, Govind B.
Dr. Govind B. Nair obtained his Masters degree in Physics from the R.T.M. Nagpur University, Nagpur, India. He received two gold medals for securing first rank in his Masters degree. He pursued his PhD from R.T.M. Nagpur University under the guidance of Prof. S. J. Dhoble. He is currently a Post-Doctoral researcher at the University of Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa. He was awarded with an INSPIRE Fellowship, which is a prestigious fellowship programme conducted by the Department of Science and Technology (DST), India. His area of research includes the synthesis and characterization of optical materials, theoretical analysis of luminescence processes, structural analysis of materials, etc.
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