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The Fundamentals and Applications of Light-Emitting Diodes. The Revolution in the Lighting Industry. Woodhead Publishing Series in Electronic and Optical Materials

  • Book

  • July 2020
  • Elsevier Science and Technology
  • ID: 5029608

The Fundamentals and Applications of Light-Emitting Diodes: The Revolution in the Lighting Industry examines the evolution of LEDs, including a review of the luminescence process and background on solid state lighting. The book emphasizes phosphor-converted LEDs that are based on inorganic phosphors but explores different types of LEDs based on inorganic, organic, quantum dots, perovskite-structured materials, and biomaterials. A detailed description is included about the diverse applications of LEDs in fields such as lighting, displays, horticulture, biomedicine, and digital communication, as well as challenges that must be solved before using LEDs in commercial applications.

Traditional light sources are fast being replaced by light-emitting diodes (LEDs). The fourth generation of lighting is completely dominated by LED luminaires. Apart from lighting, LEDs have extended their hold on other fields, such as digital communications, horticulture, medicine, space research, art and culture, display devices, and entertainment. The technological promises offered by LEDs have elevated them as front-runners in the lighting industry.

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Table of Contents

Part 1: Fundamentals 1. Introduction to Luminescence 2. Fundamentals of LEDs

Part 2: Materials 3. Semiconductor LEDs 4. Phosphor converted-LEDs (pc-LEDs) 5. Advanced variants of LEDs

Part 3: Applications 6. General lighting 7. Digital communications and Display devices 8. Biomedical applications 9. Horticultural applications 10. Current trends and Innovations


Govind B. Nair University of Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa. Dr. Govind B. Nair obtained his Masters degree in Physics from the R.T.M. Nagpur University, Nagpur, India. He received two gold medals for securing first rank in his Masters degree. He pursued his PhD from R.T.M. Nagpur University under the guidance of Prof. S. J. Dhoble. He is currently a Post-Doctoral researcher at the University of Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa. He was awarded with an INSPIRE Fellowship, which is a prestigious fellowship programme conducted by the Department of Science and Technology (DST), India. His area of research includes the synthesis and characterization of optical materials, theoretical analysis of luminescence processes, structural analysis of materials, etc. Sanjay J. Dhoble Professor, Department of Physics, R.T.M. Nagpur University, Nagpur, India. Prof. Sanjay J. Dhoble is presently working as a professor in the Department of Physics at R.T.M. Nagpur University, Nagpur, India. During his research career, he has worked on the synthesis and characterization of solid-state lighting materials, as well as the development of radiation dosimetry phosphors using thermoluminescence techniques and utilization of fly ash. Dr. Dhoble has more than 780 research publications in international and national peer-reviewed journals, more than 582 research papers are published in Scopus-indexed journals. Dr. Dhoble is an Editor of the journal Luminescence.