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Climate change and agriculture

  • ID: 5067389
  • Report
  • April 2020
  • Region: Global
  • 404 pages
  • Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing
It has been suggested that agriculture may account for up to 24% of the greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) contributing to climate change. At the same time climate change is threatening to disrupt agricultural production. This collection reviews key research addressing this challenge. Climate change is the biggest challenge agriculture faces. Part 1 of this collection reviews current research on the impacts of climate change on agriculture, such as the effects of increased temperatures, as well as the ways these impacts can be modelled. Part 2 assesses what we know about the contribution of agriculture to climate change, including the impacts of both crop and livestock production as well as land use. Part 3 surveys mitigation strategies to achieve a more ‘climate-smart’ agriculture such as the role of integrated crop-livestock and agroforestry systems.
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Part 1 The impacts of climate change on agriculture
1. The effects on crop cultivation of increased CO2, temperature and ozone levels due to climate change: Eline Vanuytrecht, Flemish Institute for Technological Research (VITO) and KU Leuven Department of Earth & Environmental Sciences, Belgium
2. Effects of climate change on agricultural soils: Kennedy Were, Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organisation, Kenya; and Bal Ram Singh, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Norway
3. Modeling the effects of climate change on agriculture: a focus on cropping systems: M. Adam, CIRAD, Burkina Faso; K. J. Boote, University of Florida-Gainesville, USA; G. N. Falconnier, CIRAD, France; C. H. Porter, University of Florida-Gainesville, USA; E. Eyshi Rezaei, University of Göttingen, Germany; and H. Webber, University of Bonn and Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Research (ZALF), Germany

Part 2 The contribution of agriculture to climate change
4. Quantifying the role of livestock in climate change: Julie Wolf, USDA-ARS, USA
5. The role of crop cultivation in contributing to climate change: Sonali Shukla McDermid and David Kanter, New York University, USA
6. The role of agricultural expansion, land cover and land-use change in contributing to climate change: Catherine E. Scott, University of Leeds, UK
7. Measuring and quantifying greenhouse gas emissions from agricultural activities: Mohammad Ibrahim Khalil, University College Dublin & Prudence College Dublin/GSustain, Ireland; Syed Faiz-ul Islam, University College Dublin, Ireland; Macdara O’Neill, University College Dublin & Teagasc, Ireland; and Bruce Osborne, University College Dublin, Ireland

Part 3 Adaption and mitigation strategies in agriculture
8. Climate-smart crop production: understanding complexity for achieving triple-wins: Katrien Descheemaeker, Pytrik Reidsma and Ken E. Giller, Plant Production Systems, Wageningen University & Research, The Netherlands
9. The contribution of integrated crop-livestock systems in combatting climate change and improving resilience in agricultural production to achieve food security: Mark van Wijk and James Hammond, International Livestock Research Institute, Kenya; Simon Fraval, International Livestock Research Institute, Kenya and Wageningen University, The Netherlands; Jannike Wichern, Wageningen University, The Netherlands; Randall Ritzema, Olivet Nazarene University, USA; and Ben Henderson, Natural Resources Policy, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), France
10.Agroforestry as a solution for multiple climate change challenges in Africa: C. Mbow, Future Africa at University of Pretoria, South Africa and Michigan State University, USA; E. Toensmeier, Perennial Agriculture Institute, USA; M. Brandt, University of Copenhagen, Denmark; D. Skole, Michigan State University, USA; M. Dieng, Senegalese Institute of Agricultural Research (ISRA), Senegal; D. Garrity, World Agroforestry Centre, Kenya; and B. Poulter, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, USA;
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