With global energy demands ever-increasing, allied to efforts to reduce the use of fossil fuel and eliminate air pollutions, it is now essential to provide efficient, cost-effective, and environmental friendly energy storage devices. The growing market for smart grit networks, electric vehicles (EVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) is also driving the market for improving the energy density of rechargeable batteries.
Rechargeable battery technologies (such as Li-ion, Li-S, Na-ion, Li-O2 batteries) and supercapacitors are among the most promising power storage and supply systems in terms of their widespread applicability, and tremendous potential owing to their high energy and power densities. LIBs are currently the dominant mobile power sources for portable electronic devices used in cell phones and laptops.
Although great advances have been made, each type of battery still suffers from problems that seriously hinder the practical applications for example in commercial EVs and PHEVs. The performance of these devices is inherently tied to the properties of materials used to build them. Nanotechnology and nanomaterials will play an important role in all aspects of the energy sector.
Lithium-ion batteries have shown great promise in portable electronics and electric vehicles due to their long lifespan and high safety. However, hurdles relating to the sluggish dynamics and poor cycling stability restrict the practical application. Nanostructured materials, due to their significantly decreased particle size, effectively address these issues.
Advantages of nanomaterials include:
- Nanoscale shortens lithium-ion diffusion length.
- New reactions at nanoscale are not possible with bulk materials.
- Nanoscale combining with electronic conductive coating improves electronic transport.
- Decreased mechanical stresses due to volume change lead to increased cyclability and lifetime.
- Nanoscale enhances the electrode capability of Li storage.
- Ordered mesoporous structure favours both Li storage and fast electrode kinetic.
- Nano-structure enhances cycle stability.
Nanomaterials are also finding application in Lithium-sulfur (Li–S) batteries, sodium-ion batteries, lithium-air batteries, magnesium batteries and paper, flexible and stretchable batteries. Nanomaterials, especially carbon nanomaterials and silicon nanowires, have been widely investigated as effective electrodes in supercapacitors due to their high specific surface area, excellent electrical and mechanical properties.
Applications of nanomaterials in batteries and supercapacitors include:
- Electrodes in batteries and capacitors.
- Anodes, cathodes and electrolytes in Li-ion (LIB) batteries.
- Inks printable batteries and supercapacitors.
- LIB cathodes.
- Anode coatings to prevent corrosion.
- Nanofiber-based polymeric battery separators.
- Biodegradable green batteries.
Nanomaterials covered in this report include:
- Multi-walled nanotubes (MWCNT)
- Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs)
- Graphene quantum dots.
- Carbon Nanofibers.
- Si Nanowires.
- Silicon nanopowders.
- Quantum dots.
Report contents include:
- Battery and supercapacitor market megatrends and market drivers.
- Types of nanomaterials utilized in batteries and supercapacitors.
- Global market for in tons and revenues, historical and forecast to 2030, by nanomaterials types
- Markets for nanomaterials in batteries and supercapacitors including electric vehicles, UAVs, medical wearables, consumer wearables and electronics.
- 165 in-depth company profiles. Companies profiled include Amprius, Inc., Anaphite, BAK Power Battery, BeDimensional, Bodi Energy, Dongxu Optoelectronic Technology Co., Ltd., Vaulta, Graphenenano, Log 9, HE3DA sro, HPQ Silicon Resources Inc., NBD, Nexeon, Sila Nanotechnologies, Volexion, VoltaXplore Inc.- and many more.
Table of Contents
1.2 Main global battery and supercapacitor players
1.3 Flexible and stretchable batteries
1.4 Flexible and stretchable supercapacitors
1.5 Global market for in tons, historical and forecast to 2030
18.104.22.168 Demand in tons
1.6 Battery market megatrends
1.6.1 Electrification of transport
1.6.2 Reducing dependence on lithium and other materials (e.g. cobalt).
1.6.3 New advanced battery materials
1.6.4 Development of next-generation flexible electronics
1.6.5 Reduced battery costs
1.6.6 Increasing demand for green energy
1.7 Nanomaterials battery and supercapacitor investments and funding
2.2 Flexible and stretchable LIBs
2.2.1 Fiber-shaped Lithium-Ion batteries
2.2.2 Stretchable lithium-ion batteries
2.2.3 Origami and kirigami lithium-ion batteries
2.2.4 Flexible Zn-based batteries (ZIBs)
2.3 Flexible and stretchable supercapacitors
2.4 3D Printed batteries
2.5 Nanomaterials in Li-ion batteries
2.5.1 Fiber-shaped Lithium-Ion batteries
2.6 Nanomaterials in Lithium-sulfur (Li–S) batteries
2.7 Nanomaterials in Sodium-ion batteries
2.8 Nanomaterials in Lithium-air batteries
2.9 Nanomaterials in Magnesium batteries
2.10.1 Market overview
22.214.171.124 Li-ion batteries
126.96.36.199 Aluminum-ion batteries
188.8.131.52 Graphene coatings
184.108.40.206 Graphene-based cell casing technology
2.10.3 Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030
2.10.4 Product developers
2.11 Carbon nanotubes
2.11.1 Market overview
220.127.116.11 Carbon nano-onions (CNOs) or onion-like carbon (OLC),
2.11.2 Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030
2.11.3 Product developers
2.13 Quantum dots
2.14 Graphene Quantum Dots
2.15 Silicon nanowires
2.16 Carbon nanofibers (CNFs)
3.2.1 Market overview
3.2.3 Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030
3.2.4 Product developers
3.3 Carbon nanotubes
3.3.1 Market overview
3.3.3 Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030
3.3.4 Product developers
3.4.1 Market overview
3.4.3 Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030
Table 2. Market drivers for use of nanomaterials in batteries.
Table 3. Main global battery and supercapacitor players.
Table 4. Applications of nanomaterials in flexible and stretchable batteries, by materials type and benefits thereof.
Table 5. Wearable energy storage and energy harvesting products.
Table 6. Applications in flexible and stretchable supercapacitors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.
Table 7. Global demand for nanomaterials in batteries (tons), 2018-2030.
Table 8. Global demand for nanomaterials in supercapacitors (tons), 2018-2030.
Table 9. Graphene battery and supercapacitor investments and funding.
Table 10. Applications in flexible and stretchable supercapacitors, by advanced materials type and benefits thereof.
Table 11. Applications in LIB, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.
Table 12. Applications in sodium-ion batteries, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.
Table 13. Applications in lithium-air batteries, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.
Table 14. Applications in magnesium batteries, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.
Table 15. Market overview for graphene in batteries.
Table 16. Market age, applications, Key benefits and motivation for use, Graphene concentration.
Table 17. Market prospects for graphene in batteries-addressable market size, competitive landscape, commercial prospects and technology drawbacks.
Table 18. Estimated demand for graphene in batteries (tons), 2018-2030.
Table 19. Product developers in graphene batteries.
Table 20. Properties of carbon nanotubes.
Table 21. Market and applications for MWCNTs in batteries.
Table 22. Market and applications for SWCNTs in batteries.
Table 23. Market prospects for carbon nanotubes in batteries-addressable market size, competitive landscape, commercial prospects and technology drawbacks.
Table 24. Estimated demand for carbon nanotubes in batteries (tons), 2018-2030.
Table 25. Product developers in carbon nanotubes for batteries.
Table 26. Quantum dots product and application developers in batteries.
Table 27. Comparison of graphene QDs and semiconductor QDs.
Table 28. Silicon nanowire battery producers.
Table 29. Market overview for graphene in supercapacitors.
Table 30. Comparative properties of graphene supercapacitors and lithium-ion batteries.
Table 31. Market age, applications, Key benefits and motivation for use, Graphene concentration.
Table 32. Market prospects for graphene in supercapacitors--addressable market size, competitive landscape, commercial prospects and technology drawbacks
Table 33. Demand for graphene in supercapacitors (tons), 2018-2030.
Table 34. Product developers in graphene supercapacitors.
Table 35. Market overview for carbon nanotubes in supercapacitors.
Table 36. Market and applications for carbon nanotubes in supercapacitors.
Table 37. Market assessment for carbon nanotubes in supercapacitors.
Table 38. Demand for carbon nanotubes in supercapacitors (tons), 2018-2030.
Table 39. Product developers in carbon nanotubes for supercapacitors.
Table 40. Market overview for nanodiamonds in supercapacitors.
Table 41. Nanodiamonds in supercapacitors. Market age, applications, Key benefits and motivation for use, concentration
Table 42. Market assessment for nanodiamonds in supercapacitors.
Table 43. Global market in tons for nanodiamonds in supercapacitors, historical and forecast to 2030.
Table 44. Adamas Nanotechnologies, Inc. nanodiamond product list.
Table 45. Carbodeon Ltd. Oy nanodiamond product list.
Table 46. Chasm SWCNT products.
Table 47. Ray-Techniques Ltd. nanodiamonds product list.
Table 48. Comparison of ND produced by detonation and laser synthesis.
Figure 2. Energy densities and specific energy of rechargeable batteries.
Figure 3. Stretchable graphene supercapacitor.
Figure 4. Global demand for nanomaterials in batteries (tons), 2018-2030.
Figure 5. Global demand for nanomaterials in batteries (estimated revenues)-graphene, nanotubes, silicon nanowires, 2018-2030, millions USD.
Figure 6. Global demand for nanomaterials in supercapacitors (tons), 2018-2030.
Figure 7. Annual cobalt demand for electric vehicle batteries to 2030.
Figure 8. Annual lithium demand for electric vehicle batteries to 2030.
Figure 9. Costs of batteries to 2030.
Figure 10. Printed 1.5V battery.
Figure 11. Materials and design structures in flexible lithium ion batteries.
Figure 12. LiBEST flexible battery.
Figure 13. Schematic of the structure of stretchable LIBs.
Figure 14. Electrochemical performance of materials in flexible LIBs.
Figure 15. Carbon nanotubes incorporated into flexible, rechargeable yarn batteries.
Figure 16. (A) Schematic overview of a flexible supercapacitor as compared to conventional supercapacitor.
Figure 17. Stretchable graphene supercapacitor.
Figure 18. Theoretical energy densities of different rechargeable batteries.
Figure 19. Applications of graphene in batteries.
Figure 20. Demand for graphene in batteries (tons), 2018-2030.
Figure 21. Apollo Traveler graphene-enhanced USB-C / A fast charging power bank.
Figure 22. 6000mAh Portable graphene batteries.
Figure 23. Real Graphene Powerbank.
Figure 24. Graphene Functional Films - UniTran EH/FH.
Figure 25. Schematic of single-walled carbon nanotube.
Figure 26. TEM image of carbon onion.
Figure 27. Schematic of Boron Nitride nanotubes (BNNTs). Alternating B and N atoms are shown in blue and red.
Figure 28. Demand for carbon nanomaterials in batteries (tons), 2018-2030.
Figure 29. Nano Lithium X Battery.
Figure 30. Fullerene schematic.
Figure 31. StoreDot battery charger.
Figure 32. Green-fluorescing graphene quantum dots.
Figure 33. Schematic of (a) CQDs and (c) GQDs. HRTEM images of (b) C-dots and (d) GQDs showing combination of zigzag and armchair edges (positions marked as 1–4).
Figure 34. Marker drivers and trends for nanomaterials in supercapacitors.
Figure 35. Applications of graphene in supercapacitors.
Figure 36. Demand for graphene in supercapacitors (tons), 2018-2030.
Figure 37. Skeleton Technologies supercapacitor.
Figure 38. Zapgo supercapacitor phone charger.
Figure 39. Demand for carbon nanotubes in supercapacitors (tons), 2018-2030.
Figure 40. Nawa's ultracapacitors.
Figure 41. Global market in tons for nanodiamonds in supercapacitors, historical and forecast to 2030.
Figure 42. Graphene flake products.
Figure 43. Amprius battery products.
Figure 44. Asahi Kasei CNF fabric sheet.
Figure 45. Properties of Asahi Kasei cellulose nanofiber nonwoven fabric.
Figure 46. CNF nonwoven fabric.
Figure 47. Schematic of a fluidized bed reactor which is able to scale up the generation of SWNTs using the CoMoCAT process.
Figure 48. Exide Batteries Lead Acid Battery.
Figure 49. DKS Co. Ltd. CNF production process.
Figure 50. Rheocrysta spray.
Figure 51. DKS CNF products.
Figure 52. Graphene battery schematic.
Figure 53. Fuji carbon nanotube products.
Figure 54. Cup Stacked Type Carbon Nano Tubes schematic.
Figure 55. CSCNT composite dispersion.
Figure 56. MEIJO eDIPS product.
Figure 57. Cellulomix production process.
Figure 58. Nanobase versus conventional products.
Figure 59. Nanotech Energy battery.
Figure 60. Hybrid battery powered electrical motorbike concept.
Figure 61. NBD battery.
Figure 62. Schematic illustration of three-chamber system for SWCNH production.
Figure 63. TEM images of carbon nanobrush.
Figure 64. Talcoat graphene mixed with paint.
Figure 65. US Forest Service Products Laboratory CNF production process.
A selection of companies mentioned in this report includes:
- Amprius, Inc.
- BAK Power Battery
- Bodi Energy
- Dongxu Optoelectronic Technology Co., Ltd.
- Log 9
- HE3DA sro
- HPQ Silicon Resources Inc.
- Sila Nanotechnologies
- VoltaXplore Inc