Advances in 2nd Generation of Bioethanol Production presents a comprehensive overview of technologies and strategies for the conversion of lignocellulosic biomass. This includes issues like sustainable production, environmental and economic benefits, and the main hurdles for upscaling and achieving commercial viability. The book assesses the current biomass conversion technologies, their readiness level for commercial production, and applications of bioethanol in bioenergy and chemical feedstock. The essential conversion process of 2nd generation biofuels, including feedstock composition and pretreatment, is then broken down, with special focus on advantages and pitfalls of each feedstock and process. It also explores the advances and challenges of bioprocessing, hydrolysis technologies and simultaneous fermentation of pentose and hexose. Finally, it presents the current status and bottlenecks for industrial production of bioethanol, as well as its future prospects.
Its interdisciplinary approach, drawing upon plant biology, chemistry, biochemistry, microbiology, and genetics, makes Advances in 2nd Generation of Bioethanol Production a must-have reference for researchers in academia and industry R&D. It allows them to compare challenges and opportunities of new technologies and identify the gaps where new technology is needed. Practitioners in the industry also benefit from the information on working principles, design and control of the bioethanol production process, highlighting areas where technology innovation and investment should be placed. Graduate students and researchers newly entered in this field find here a key-resource to thoroughly understand the process as well as the fundamentals of bioethanol and bioproducts production from lignocellulosic biomass.
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1. General introduction to biofuels and bioethanol 2. The need for biofuels in the context of energy consumption 3. More than biofuels: Use ethanol as chemical feedstock 4. Essential process and key barriers for converting plant biomass into biofuel 5. Composition of plant biomass and its impact on pretreatments 6. Pretreatment: Towards effectiveness and sustainability 7. Tiny bugs play big roles: Microorganisms contribution to bioethanol production 8. Overcome saccharification barrier: Advances in hydrolysis technology 9. Strategies on simultaneous fermentation of pentose and hexose 10. Industrial bioethanol production: Status and bottlenecks 11. Ending fossil fuels addiction: Prospects for biofuels
Xin Lu is currently professor, Dean of College of Food Science and Engineering at Northwest A&F University. He studied at Xinjiang University and Northwest A&F University from 1993-2000. In 2004, he gained his PhD at Jiangnan University. After that, he worked as post-doc at Kyoto University (Japan) with key interests on agricultural and food wastes utilization, biomass saccharization, and bioethanol production. In 2009, he was appointed as full associate professor and started his own lab. His group studies various aspects of bioethanol production, e.g. subcritical water pretreatment, closed circuit fermentation, biofuel production using different agricultural wastes, and microbial community dynamics during fermentation. This research results, for example, in increasing knowledge about the clean bioethanol production and in expanding the pool of bioethanol feedstock.