Handbook of Biofuels looks at the many new developments in various type of bioenergy, along with the significant constraints in their production and/or applications. Beyond introducing current approaches and possible future directions of research, this title covers sources and processing of raw materials to downstream processing, constraints involved and research approaches to address and overcome these needs. Different combinations of products from the biorefinery are included, along with the material to answer questions surrounding the optimum process conditions for conversion of different feedstocks to bioenergy, the basis for choosing conversion technology, and what bioenergy products make economic sense.
With chapters on the techno-economic analysis of biofuel production and concepts and step-by-step approaches in bioenergy processing, the objective of this book is to present a comprehensive and all-encompassing reference about bioenergy to students, teachers, researchers and professionals.
- Reviews all existing and emerging technologies surrounding the production of advanced biofuels, including biodiesel and bioethanol
- Includes biofuel applications with compatible global application case studies
- Offers new pathways for converting biomass
A. Introduction 1. Biofuel in circular/green economy 2. Techno-economic analysis of Biofuel production: Concept, steps and tools 3. Plants: sustainable platform for varied products 4. Microbiology of sustainable biofuel production 5. Biofuels: Policy and trade and employment opportunity
B. Bioenergy: Sources and their processing 6. Terrestrial, marine and municipal 7. Energy plants: Potential natural and future designer plants 8. Decongestion of lignocellulosics: Critical assessment of physico-chemical approaches 9. Decongestion of Lignocellulosics: Potential biological approaches 10. Tapping wastewater: Why and how?
C. Bioethanol: 2G and 3G 11. Biorefinery involving terrestrial and marine cellulosics: Concept, potential and current status 12. Lignin: value addition is key to profitable biomass biorefinery 13. Downstream process: Towards cost/energy effectiveness 14. Process integration: Hurdles and approaches to overcome 15. Integration of 2G/3G bioethanol with current petroleum refinery 16. Community level 2G bioethanol plant: A case study
D. Biobutanol: A forgotten candidate 17. Features, production hurdles and future directions
E. Biodiesel: Potential sources and prospects 18. Algal biodiesel: Technologies, hurdles and future direction 19. Vegetable oil-turn-biodiesel: Technologies, cost analysis and future prospects 20. Microbial biodiesel: Current status and prospects 21. Farm level biodiesel plant: A case study
F. Biohydrogen: The cleanest candidate 22. Biological routes of Hydrogen production: Critical assessment 23. Thermochemical routes applying biomass: Critical assessment 24. Splitting of water: Biological and non-biological approaches 25. Bio-production technology: Towards improving efficiency 26. Biohydrogen: Potential applications, hurdles and approaches to overcome
G. Biogas 27. Biogas: Usefulness, existing technology and major hurdles 28. Biogas: Advancing process and reactor design 29. Biogas: Microbiological research to enhance efficiency and regulation 30. Community level Biogas plant: a case study
I. Bioelectricity 31. Biofuel cell: Existing formats, production level, constraints and potential uses 32. Enzymatic and microbial biofuel cells: Current development and future direction 33. Biomass based electrification
J. New directions 34. Nanotechnology-intervention in bioenergy 35. Carbon dioxide capture for biofuel production 36. Solar intervention in bioenergy
Prof. Sanjay Sahay, Professor and Head, Department Of Botany, Government Postgraduate College. Dr Sahay obtained his PhD degree in fungal genetics from Patna University, and has post-doctoral research experience in yeast molecular biology from Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. Currently, he is working as Professor and head, Department of Botany, Government Postgraduate College, Biaora, India. His main research interest is 2G Bioethanol, cold-active enzymes and psychrophilic fungi. He has 26 years of teaching experience, guided 18 PhD students in Botany and Biotechnology, published more than 30 papers in peer reviewed journals, contributed 3 book chapters and submitted two patent applications in 2G bioethanol. He has been selected as Biotechnology National Associate by Department of Science and Technology, Government of India and Research Awardee by University Grants Commission, India