Desktop Phase (2000-2007): 95%+ of content consumption happened through desktop. Google was the first mover in the industry with search and later, YouTube while Facebook started gaining popularity in early 2009.
Mobile Phase - Early Growth (2007-2016): As smartphones came into the market, people started consuming content on the early smartphones like Blackberry and Nokia but the launch of low-cost Android phones in 2008 gave initial momentum to the market. The market was still fairly concentrated in Metros and driven by English-speaking population.
The ‘Content Explosion’ Phase (2016-Present): As the data costs reduced significantly in late 2016 with the entry of Jio, the content consumption became much more democratized. This led to fast growth of platforms which were focused on non-English speaking audiences. While it took Facebook 8-10 years to reach 100 Mn+ MAU, the new platforms (like Dailyhunt and Hotstar) have been able to reach that number much faster.
Digital ad spend is growing 3X faster than overall ad spend in India. Advertising has evolved in the last few years as peoples' content consumption preferences have changed. It has evolved from print to television (starting from 1990s) to digital platforms (from 2008 onwards). Advertising has typically lagged the user interest by a few years as advertisers wait for a medium to reach a critical mass before using it for advertising.
Over $14 Bn were spent on advertising in 2018, which is growing with ~10% CAGR. Digital advertising, which was 12-15% of overall ad spend in 2015 is growing at 3X pace (~30%) accounting for 20-25% in 2018. Digital ad spend is expected to account for 32-35% of overall ad spend by 2021, which will create an additional ~$3.3 Bn spend on digital. There are multiple drivers of growth for the digital ad industry.
- Ever-growing engaged user-base
- Ability to target specific segments
- Low entry barrier for advertisers compared to TV
These growth drivers are likely to propel the digital ads industry to become a ~$7 Bn opportunity by 2021.
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Table of Contents1. Evolution of digital media and content platforms
2. New age digital platforms have scaled faster in India
3. Digital ad spend growing 3X faster than overall ad spend
4. Digital advertising to be a ~$7 Bn opportunity by 2021
5. Digital media is the new way to reach the ‘heart of India'
6. Facebook and Google dominate but landscape is changing fast
7. Vernacular-based content aggregators will take up the largest share of pie
8. Content aggregator platforms constitute the most viable alternatives to the Duopoly of Facebook and Google
9. Reach, Content Quality and Monetizability of audience will determine the winner
10. Dailyhunt and Hotstar have been able to create high reach high quaity content and highly monetizable audience
1. Primary Research Consumers, stakeholders and industry experts are interviewed to help us validate key trends and market estimations.
While the exact figures may vary for different reports, on average, the publisher conducts:
- ~1,000+ consumer surveys
- ~30+ IDIs (in-depth interviews) with stakeholders (consumers, suppliers, distributors and delivery executives, among others)
- ~25+ detailed discussions with industry experts Depending on the report in question, consumers and stakeholders are distributed across:
- City tiers (Metros, Tier 1, Tier 2, Tier 3 & Tier 4 cities)
- Income levels
- Age groups
- Internet usage pattern
2. Secondary Research Secondary includes analysis of databases available in public domain. Information sought is cross-referenced and aligned for soundness.
Note: In order to maintain confidentiality, results and analysis of the surveys and expert interviews are presented at level of overall scenario analysis and representation only.