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Precipitation

  • ID: 5203997
  • Book
  • May 2021
  • 450 Pages
  • Elsevier Science and Technology
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Precipitation: Earth Surface Responses and Processes provides readers with a general and indispensable overview of processing rainfall processes through radar techniques, numerical models, geostatistical tools, photogrammetric methods, plots, indexes of connectivity or rainfall simulations. The handbook follows a clear and consistent format, and is structured as follows: Introduction (State-of-the-Art); Part 1. Rainfall and climate/atmosphere; Part 2. Models and applications; Part 3. Rainfall as a key actor playing the main role affecting different ecosystems. Part 3: Rainfall affecting the earth surface from different scales and landforms; Part 4: Rainfall and stormwater quality management in urban and rural areas.

Precipitation is a key factor needed for understanding landscape evolution and ecosystem services. Knowing the main precipitation composition, mechanisms and processes allows for efficient land management plans and ecosystem restoration activities. However, precipitation shows different responses under specific environments depending on the climate (from the arid to the polar areas), parent material, scale (from the raindrops to catchment scale), intensity, landscape morphologies (soil sealing, rills, gullies or rivers) or human activities (agriculture or urban areas). Precipitation: Earth Surface Responses and Processes bring this information together and provides indispensable material in a holistic manner for students, scientists and lecturers from different environmental disciplines such as climatology, meteorology, geomorphology, hydrology, soil science, geography, engineering, or ecology.

  • Includes observations on a range of earth surface processes, from climate to coastal marine ecosystems
  • Presents key case studies in each chapter, enhancing the applicability of each chapter
  • Introduces precipitation as a key factor to understand earth mechanisms and processes
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1. Introduction: Rainfall, the State-of-the-Art

PART 1: BASIC CLIMATE AND ATMOSPHERIC DYNAMICS CONSIDERING THE PRECIPITATION AS THE MAIN AGENT 2. Precipitation, climate change and global circulation models 3. Composition of rainwater 4. Extreme rainfall events: Tropical storms, Monsoons and?el Niño, and droughts 5. Snow and related processes to high latitudes and mountainous areas

PART 2: APPLICATIONS AND MODELS 6. Traditional and modern precipitation monitoring opportunities 7. Precipitation mapping and spatial analysis 8. Understanding the water balance 9. Responses of soil moisture to rainfall pulses and land preparation techniques 10. Challenges to improve Precipitation-Hydrological experimental fieldwork 11. From rainfall to sediment delivery and storage

PART 3: EARTH SURFACE LANDSCAPES AND THE RAINFALL AS KEY FACTOR 12. On the relationship between precipitation and species distribution 13. Rainfall as a vector-borne disease 14. Effects of rainfall extreme events on coastal marine ecosystems 15. Morphological response and associated processes to precipitation in volcanic areas 16. Response of burned areas and associated ecosystems to rainfall events 17. Geomorphological precipitation as a key element in the modelling of the landscapes 18. Rainfall and river evolution

PART 4: RAINFALL AND SOIL EROSION 19. Understanding the implication of raindrops and splash in soil erosion studies 20. Rainfall Erosivity: Basic Theorems, Sensitivity to Intensity Measurements, and Modeling Applications 21. Rainfall and associated extreme soil erosion processes mapping: rills, gullies and landslides 22. Rainfall simulators for experimental research

PART 5: RAINFALL AND MANAGEMENT 23. Rainfall-runoff-erosion processes in urban areas 24. Rainfall, soil sealing and floods in urban and rural areas 25. Stormwater quality, treatment and management

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Comino, Jesus Rodrigo
Dr Jesús Rodrigo Comino is a PhD at the University of Málaga (Spain). He received his M.S. in land planning and GIS in 2013 from Granada and Málaga Universities. Since 2015, he has written two books related to soil geography, presented several oral conferences and posters in international meetings, and published more than 80 indexed peer-reviewed papers and 12 national articles about soil erosion, rainfall impacts and land degradation processes.
He is a chief editor of Air, Soil and Water Research (SAGE), and works as associate editor in 2 academic journals. In addition, he is a reviewer for more than 80 international indexed journals. Currently, he is working on an INTERREG project about light pollution (Smart Light-HUB) at the Trier University (Germany) and COST-Action Firelinks (CA18135) as a grant holder at the University of Valencia (Spain).
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