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Biodiversity and Livelihood: Lessons from Community Research in India

  • ID: 5215260
  • Book
  • November 2020
  • Region: India
  • Bentham Science Publishers Ltd
Biodiversity and Livelihood: Lessons from Community Research in India Is a compilation of research articles on the ecological biodiversity and local conservation efforts of selected regions in India, and among local communities throughout the county. 18 chapters have been contributed by experts in ecology, sustainability and ethnic studies in India. The chapters provide information on a wide range of tops which cover local communities, their agricultural practices and the ecological relationships between their community and the species on which their livelihood depends.

Contributions emphasize different aspects of these topics, such as observational ecological information about the aforementioned regions and communities, the local biodiversity, tribal customs of ethnic communities that are linked to conservation, specific programs which are aimed at the conservation of specific plant and animal species endemic to the region, the benefits shared by the communities involved with conservation programs and recommendations shared by the authors for sustainable management of the regional ecosystem and its resources.

Readers will find a wealth of information about biodiversity conservation in different regions in India (most notably the western and eastern ghats and provinces such as Kerala and Andhra Pradesh), from a basic and applied perspective. The book is, therefore, an informative reference for conservationists, ecologists, environmentalists and ethnologists who are studying the biodiversity and conservation of India. Readers involved in sustainable development programs in the region will also find the content valuable to their knowledge.
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Preface

Chapter 1 Traditional Ecological Knowledge, Dilapidated Ethnoconservation
  • Practices and Impending Impacts Among Malayali Tribes
  • Of Kolli Hills, Eastern Ghats, India
  • Introduction
  • Traditional Agriculture, Crop Genetic Diversity and Associated
  • Knowledge
  • Sacred Forests (Sfs) in Kolli Hills
  • Folk Knowledge: Songs, Street Play and Cultural Art Forms
  • Cash Economy, Institutional Change and Local Seed Systems in Kolli Hills
  • Participatory Natural Resource Management Strategy (Pnrms)
  • Consent for Publication
  • Conflict of Interest
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
Chapter 2 Perception on Mushroom Ecology Among Kattunaikka
  • Tribes
  • Introduction
  • Study Area, Tribal Community and Survey Methods
  • Result and Discussion
  • Conclusion
  • Consent for Publication
  • Conflict of Interest
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
Chapter 3 Biodiversity Based Benefit-Sharing Activities to Improve
  • The Livelihood of the Local/Tribal Communities of India
  • Introduction
  • Functioning and Connectivity of Bmc for Providing Better
  • Opportunities and Livelihood of Tribal/Local Communities
  • Benefit Sharing Activities
  • Programme for Improving the Livelihood of Forest Dependent Communities
  • Vision
  • Mission
  • Salient/Key Features of the Programme
  • Conservation and Cultivation of Medicinal, Food and Aromatic Plant Species
  • Training for Implementation of Good Cultivation Practice and Marketing Through Buy
  • Back Arrangement
  • Medicinal/Food Plants for Primary Health Care - Product Development (Home Remedies) 33
  • Consent for Publication
  • Conflict of Interest
  • Oliver King E.D. Israel
  • Shahina N.K. and K. Madhusudhanan
  • S. Rajasekharan, N.B. Mithrambika, Suresh Babu and Dinesan Cheruvat
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
Chapter 4 Biodiversity and Sustainable Utilization of the Genus
  • Garcinia L. (Clusiaceae) of the Western Ghats
  • Introduction
  • Distribution and Diversity of Garcinia Species in the Western
  • Ghats
  • Sustainable Utilization of Garcinia Species
  • Medicinal Uses and Pharmacological Activities
  • Edible Fruits
  • Gamboges
  • Essential Oils
  • High Value Secondary Metabolites
  • Hydroxycitric Acid (Hca)
  • Other Secondary Metabolites
  • Conclusion
  • Consent for Publication
  • Conflict of Interest
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
Chapter 5 Diversity and Utilisation of Wild Edible Fruits in Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve
  • Introduction
  • Diversity of Wefs in Abr
  • Endemism of Wefs
  • Edibility and Nutrient Potential
  • Multiple Utility
  • Economic Potential of Wefs
  • Conservation and Need for Domestication
  • Conclusion
  • Consent for Publication
  • Conflict of Interest
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
Chapter 6 Creating an Economic Stake in Conservation: a Case of Sustainable Fishery Resource Management from Godavari Mangrove
  • Wetlands of Andhra Pradesh
  • Introduction
  • The Godavari Mangrove Wetland
  • Godavari Coastal Wetland and Mangroves
  • The Intervention
  • Seasonal Changes in Fish Landings
  • Motorized Fishing Sector
  • Non-Motorized Fishing Sector
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion
  • P. S. Shameer, Lekshmi N. Menon, K. B. Rameshkumar and N. Mohanan
  • R. D. Arun Raj, M. Reginald Appavoo and R. D. Anpin Raja
  • R. Ramasubramanian, V. Selvam and N. Anil Kumar
  • Consent for Publication
  • Conflict of Interest
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
Chapter 7 Economic Thoughts in Mainstreaming Biodiversity
  • Introduction
  • Biodiversity: Socio-Economic Significance and Emerging
  • Challenges
  • Indian Scenario
  • Broader Framework for Mainstreaming: Linkages Between
  • Ecosystem/Biodiversity and Economy
  • Internalization of the Externality’ Principle: a Theoretical
  • Argument for Mainstreaming
  • Mainstreaming Biodiversity: Definition and Scope
  • Mainstreaming Biodiversity: a Strategy with Global Significance
  • For Biodiversity Management
  • Information Base for Mainstreaming
  • Economic Valuation and Mainstreaming
  • ‘Cost of Inaction’ or Absence of Mainstreaming: a Case Study
  • Conclusion and Way Forward
  • Consent for Publication
  • Conflict of Interest
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
Chapter 8 Concepts of Robustness and Ecosystem Health - with Case
  • Studies from the Indian Context
  • Introduction
  • Case Study - Bakreswar Reservoir
  • Methodology
  • Study Site
  • Model Description and Equations
  • Determination of Ena Indices and Calculation of Robustness
  • Observations
  • Trophic Structure of Bakreswar Reservoir
  • Effects of Perturbations
  • Nutrient Loading Scenario
  • Fish Perturbation
  • Effects on Robustness
  • Discussion
  • Bakreswar Reservoir is Relatively Mature
  • Bakreswar Reservoir is a Robust System
  • Conclusion
  • Consent for Publication
  • Conflict of Interest
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • Prakash Nelliyat
  • Arnab Banerjee, Santanu Ray and Priti Kumar Roy
Chapter 9 Climate Change and Its Impacts on Marine Fisheries And
  • Livelihood: An Indian Perspective
  • Introduction
  • Impacts on Fisheries
  • Impact on Productivity
  • Eutrophication and Blooms
  • Coastal Ecosystems
  • Fish Distribution and Migration
  • Aquaculture
  • Extreme Climate Events
  • Ocean Acidification
  • Impact on Livelihood
  • Strategies to Combat Climate Change
  • The Way Forward
  • Consent for Publication
  • Conflict of Interest
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
Chapter 10 Integrated Approach for Developing Biologically
  • Diversified Urban Landscapes @ Tcs: a Success Story
  • Introduction
  • Material and Methods
  • Results
  • Flora Conservation Programs
  • Fauna Conservation Programs
  • Community Based Biodiversity Conservation Programs
  • Biotechnology Based Sustainable Waste Management
  • Consent for Publication
  • Conflict of Interest
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
Chapter 11 Interface Between Instruments of Development Planning
  • And Biodiversity Planning and Conservation
  • Introduction
  • Biodiversity and Human Well-Being
  • Biodiversity and Urbanisation
  • Biodiversity Loss - a Concern
  • Biodiversity and Scales
  • Mainstreaming Biodiversity
  • Biodiversity Planning and Conservation Instruments
  • Global Level
  • National Level
  • Sub - National Level
  • Local Level
  • Development Planning Instruments
  • National Level
  • Biju Kumar A. and Suvarna Devi S.
  • Naik Laxmikant
  • Meenakshi Dhote and Jayeeta Sen
  • Sub - National Level
  • Local Level
  • Interface Between Biodiversity Conservation Planning And
  • Spatial Development Planning Framework
  • Conclusion
  • Consent for Publication
  • Conflict of Interest
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
Chapter 12 Bioprospecting of Marine Sponge Associated Fungi for Antioxidant and Neuroprotective Activity in Raw 264.7 Cells
  • Introduction
  • Materials and Methods
  • Isolation of Sponge Associated Fungus
  • Mass Production and Extraction of Extracellular Secondary Metabolites
  • Assay for Antioxidant Activity of Marine Endophytic Fungi
  • Molecular Taxonomy of the Fungus
  • Microscopic Identification of the Fungus by Scanning Electron Microscopy (Sem) Imaging 180
  • Assay for Neuroprotective Activity of Marine Fungi
  • Results
  • Isolation and Screening of Marine Sponge Associated Fungi for Antioxidant Activity
  • Molecular Taxonomy of the Fungus
  • Scanning Electron Microscopy (Sem) Imaging of Fungi
  • Assay for Neuroprotective Activity of Marine Fungi
  • Conclusion
  • Consent for Publication
  • Conflict of Interest
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
Chapter 13 Uasb Reactor Coupled Contact Bed Process for the Clean
  • Extraction of Banana Pseudostem Fibres
  • Introduction
  • Materials and Methods
  • Sample
  • Uasb Reactor Coupled Contact Bed Anaerobic System
  • Effect of Ph and Temperature on the Production of Pectinases
  • Measurement of Extracellular Hydrolytic Enzyme Activities During Anaerobic Separation
  • Of Pseudo Stems Fibre
  • Fibre Analysis
  • Results and Conclusion
  • Effect of Ph and Temperature on Pectinases Activity
  • Profile of Extracellular Hydrolytic Enzymes During Anaerobic Separation of Banana Pseudo
  • Stem
  • Fibre Analysis
  • Consent for Publication
  • Conflict of Interest
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
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  • Oommen V. Oommen
  • Laladhas K.P.
  • Erach Bharucha
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