Biomimicry for Materials, Design and Habitats: Innovations and Applications in Materials, Design and the Built Environment is a survey of the recent work of recognized experts in a variety of fields who employ biomimicry and related paradigms to solve key problems of interest within science, technology, and society. Topics covered include innovations from biomimicry in materials, product design, architecture, and biological sciences. The book is a useful resource for researchers, engineers, and materials scientists, taking them from the theory behind biomimicry to real world applications.
Nonlinear multifunctional systems that have a symbiotic relationship with their environment are the domain of nature. Living systems have evolved innovative solutions to challenges that humans face on a daily basis. Mosquitos can teach us to make hypodermic needles, jet engines can learn from harbor seal whiskers, and cacti may show us how to extract water from Mars. Therefore, it is in nature that we seek inspiration for the solutions to tomorrow's challenges.
- Presents new directions and the various applications of biomimicry within industry
- Discusses the role of biomimicry in innovation and product design
- Covers applications in systems engineering and design, novel materials and structures design, and architecture and life in hostile environments
- Includes perspectives on sustainability and the incorporation of biomimicry into that realm
Section A: Introduction to Biomimicry as a Discipline
New Educational Trends 1. Blockchain, Bionics and the Biocene 2. Pattern Alphabet 3. Biomimicry-Informed Multidisciplinary Design 4. Courses and Outreach for Biomimicry Education: Formal and Informal Approaches 5. Use of Bibliometric Patterns and Biomimetic Processes to Understand Gecko Adhesion 6. Biomimetic Education Through Systems Mapping and Modeling
Section B: Innovation, Systems Engineering and Design 7. Biologically-Inspired Engineering Solutions 8. Applied Biomimicry and Product Development 9. Biomimicry and Business 10. Biological Analogies and Creativity for Business 11. Evolutionary Computation Applied to Real-World Optimization Problems 12. Animal Engineering 13. Learning from Aquatic Animal Nodes and Colonies
Section C: Novel Materials and Structures and Hybrid/Alternative Manufacturing 14. Changing the Chemistries but not Shapes of 3-D Biogenic and Synthetic Materials Structures 15. Lignocellulosic Template for Biomorphic Ceramics 16. Wet and Dry Biological Adhesives in Complex Environments 17. Harnessing the Color and UV Stability of Biomolecules 18. Optimization of Photosynthesis for Biomass Production 19. Biomimetic Nanocomposites 20. 3D-Printing of Biomimetic Functional Structures
Section D: Biomimicry in the Built Environment 21. A Biomimetic Approach to Architecture and Design 22. Fungal Mycelium for Biomimetic Building Materials 23. The Structural Form 24. Wind-Resilient Buildings and Improved Structures Informed by Nature 25. Tapping into Biology to Grow the Next Generation of Healthy Buildings 26. Bio-Optimized City of the Future
Section E: Life in Hostile Environments
Biology and Biomimicry 27. Bioengineering with Synthetic Minimal Cells 28. Physiomimetics, adaptation and persistence of life in novel environments 29. Artificial Evolution: Imposition of Physicochemically 'Extreme' Conditions on Microbial Communities in 'Non-extreme' Settings 30. Atacama Desert: Life on the Edge of Survivability 31. Lessons Learned from Extinct Species: Fossil Doesn't Equal Failure 32. Microbial Induced Calcite Precipitation for Stabilized Soils 33. Optimized Space Structures Through Biomimetic Multi-functional Lattice Materials
Vikram Shyam is the leader of NASA's nature-inspired design and jet engine turbine development team. He also serves as an adjunct professor at the University of Akron in the Mechanical Engineering department. He is the founder of the Virtual Intelligence for Nature-Inspired Exploration (V.I.N.E.) at the NASA Glenn Research Center. His research and research interests include artificial intelligence, energy harvesting, and STEM education. He was recently featured on the television series Xploration Nature Knows Best discussing his work with NASA. Shyam is the recipient of such awards as NASA's Early Career Achievement Medal, NASA Group Achievement Award, and the ASEI Young Engineer Award.
Dr. Marjan Eggermont is a Teaching Professor and faculty member at the University of Calgary in the Mechanical and Manufacturing department of the Schulich School of Engineering, University of Calgary. She is also the Associate Director of the Centre for Bioengineering Research and Education (CBRE). Dr. Eggermont teaches in the areas of graphics, engineering design, visualization, and biomimicry. She co-founded and designs Zygote Quarterly (ZQ), an online journal to provide a platform to showcase the nexus of science and design using case studies, news, and articles. In 2005, she was one of the recipients of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers Curriculum Innovation Award. She is a board member of American Society of Engineering Education.
Aloysius F. Hepp earned a PhD in Inorganic Photochemistry in 1983 from MIT. He retired in December 2016 from the Photovoltaic & Electrochemical Systems Branch of the NASA Glenn Research Center and presently serves as an Advisory Panel on Sustainable Energy for the University of Tulsa. Dr. Hepp has co-authored more than 150 publications including those focused on processing of thin film and nanomaterials for I-III-VI solar cells, Li-ion batteries, integrated power devices and flight experiments, and precursors and spray pyrolysis deposition of sulfides and carbon nanotubes and has co-edited six books on advanced materials for energy conversion and/or electronics. He was formerly Editor-in-Chief of Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing and is currently the chair of the International Advisory Board of MSSP, as well as serving on the Editorial Advisory Board of MSEB and Heliyon.