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Fundamentals of Bionanomaterials. Micro and Nano Technologies

  • Book
  • January 2022
  • Elsevier Science and Technology
  • ID: 5230611

Bionanomaterials are identified as a perfect replacement, in the quest for the search of an alternative to toxic conventional nanomaterials for biomedical applications. Bionanomaterials are the nanomaterials, that are fabricated via biomolecules or encapsulate or immobilize a conventional nanomaterial with a biomolecule. The biomolecules extracted from the microbes, plants, agricultural wastes, insects, marine organisms and certain animals are used for the formation of bionanomaterials. These bionanomaterials exhibited low or negligible toxicity towards humans, other organisms and the environment with enhanced biocompatibility, bioavailability and bioreactivity. Thus, the aim of this book is to provide an overview of various bionanomaterials, their synthesis, characterization and their application-oriented properties.

The book is divided into two parts - Part 1 discusses about the bionanomaterials of exclusive natural origin, self-assembled bionanomaterials and their environmental application and Part 2 focuses on applications of distinct bionanomaterials in biomedical sciences. The 'Chapter 1 - Bionanomaterials: Definitions, sources, types, properties, market, toxicity and regulations' aims to provide an extensive overview of bionanomaterials, their definitions, sources, types and their properties. In addition, the toxicity of bionanomaterials and their regulations implied in recent times were also discussed. 'Chapter 2 - Nature inspired bionanomaterials' highlights different types of nature-inspired biosynthesized nanomaterials and their green synthesis methods, as well as some of their emerging applications, especially in the fields of nanomedicine, cosmetics, drug delivery, molecular imaging, and catalytic precursors. Further, the chapter also covers different types of bionanomaterials (e.g., viruses, protein cages, and phages) and highlights their unique properties and potential applications. 'Chapter 3 - Culinary spices mediated biogenesis of nanoparticles for cancer and diabetes treatment' deals with bionanomaterials synthesized by using extracts of culinary spices and its vital role in the treatment of distinct types of cancer and diabetes. In 'Chapter 4 - Environment friendly superhydrophobic bioactive nanocoatings', the authors have discussed the basics of exceptional water repellence behaviour and recent developments in the area of bioactive-SHC for various applications. In addition, the current and projected requirements for bioactive-SHC were also addressed. The authors of 'Chapter 5 - Self-assembly of nanobionics: from theory to application' reviewed, discussed, addressed and highlighted the recent advancements in bionics as an interdisciplinary field to understand the bionic materials and particles, that are mainly fabricated via self-assembly approach.

In part 2, the 'Chapter 6 - Inorganic bionanomaterials for biomedical applications' provides an overview of inorganic bionanomaterials, its distinct types, synthesis procedures, properties and characteristics, which is essential for desired applications. 'Chapter 7 - Polymer nanomaterials for biomedical applications' is a comprehensive review of various polymer nanocomposite types, and further describes the synthesis, preparation, structure and biomedical application of nanocomposites. In addition, the recent developments in the field of polymer nanocomposites for biomedical applications were also discussed. 'Chapter 8 - Lignin nanoparticles and their biomedical applications' aims in highlighting the current trends in lignin nanoparticle depolymerization approach, focusing on microbial lignin degradation, optimization, and its biomedical applications. The authors of 'Chapter 9 - Polymer-based nanomaterials for targeted drug delivery' addressed the use of polymeric bionanomaterials, including hydrogels, electrospun nanofibrous scaffolds, nanocellulose, and carbohydrate nanocarriers with special emphasis to their material properties, fabrication technologies and applicability in specific targeted anatomical sites. Moreover, 'Chapter 10 - Cationic nanoparticles for treatment of neurological diseases' discusses about brain disorders, the role of nutraceuticals, mechanisms, delivery challenges, as well as formulation techniques and prospects of cationic nanoparticles in the therapeutic management of neuronal disorders, i.e., brain as site of drug target. Besides, 'Chapter 11 - Carbon nanomaterials for therapeutic applications' has highlighted the cutting-edge properties, mechanism of action, and advancements of carbon nanomaterials as drug delivery system in various diseases, such as cancer and inflammatory disorders. Further, the chapter also sheds light on the potential challenges, limitations, and future outlook for improving and growing carbon-based bionanomaterials. The final chapter 'Chapter 12 - Liposomal bionanomaterials for nucleic acid delivery' is a brief summary of various nucleic acid-based cationic liposomes as a potential bionanomaterial and its recent progress in the application of therapeutic nucleic acid delivery. We hope that this book will enlighten undergraduates, graduates, and industrial as well as academic researchers on the synthesis, characterization and property-oriented applications of certain exclusive bionanomaterials.

Please Note: This is an On Demand product, delivery may take up to 11 working days after payment has been received.

Table of Contents

Part I: Fundamentals of Bionanomaterials 1. Introduction to bionanotechnology and bionanomaterials 2. Types and classifications of bionanomaterials 3. Roles of bionanomaterials in nature: plants, animals, human 4. Chemical structure and of bionanomaterials 5. Self-assembly of bionanomaterials

Part II: Experimental setup and synthesis techniques 6. Physical techniques for synthesis of bionanomaterials 7. Chemical techniques for synthesis of bionanomaterials 8. Biological techniques for synthesis of bionanomaterials 9. Extraction of bionanomaterials from natural sources 10. Synthesis of polymer-based bionanomaterials 11. Synthesis of ceramic-based bionanomaterials 12. Synthesis of metal-based bionanomaterials 13. Synthesis of metal oxide-based bionanomaterials 14. Synthesis of carbon-based bionanomaterials 15. Synthesis of bionanomaterials from waste materials

Part III: Surface functionalization and processing techniques 16. Gas phase modification of bionanomaterials 17. Liquid phase modification of bionanomaterials 18. Surface grafting towards high-performance bionanomaterials 19. DNA nanoengineering 20. Surface functionalization of bionanomaterials for textile applications 21. Surface functionalization of nano-bioglass

Part IV: Unique properties and characterization of nanocelluloses 22. Toxicity of nanomaterials 23. Antibacterial properties of nanomaterials 24. Biocompatibility of bionanomaterials 25. Antimicrobial properties of nanomaterials 26. Characterization of bionanomaterials 27. Challenges and future aspects for commercialization of bionanomaterials

Authors

Ahmed Barhoum Head of NanoStruc. Research Group, Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Helwan University, Egypt; National Centre for Sensor Research, School of Chemical Sciences, Dublin City University, Ireland. Dr. Ahmed Barhoum is an Associate Professor of nanomaterials science and Head of the Nanostruc Research Group (Helwan University). He is currently working at the DCU University (Ireland). His research interests include the synthesis of nanomaterials for catalysis, drug delivery, and biosensing. He has won several scientific awards and prizes: Helwan University Prizes (Egypt, 2020 & 2019), CAS Fellowship (China, 2019), IFE Fellowships (France, 2012 & 2018), FWO Fellowships (Belgium, 2015 & 2016), Medastar Erasmus Mundus (Belgium, 2012), Welcome Program (Italy, 2012) and many more. He serves as an expert evaluator for the National Science Centre (NCN, Poland), Czech Science Foundation (GACR, Russia), Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF, Switzerland), and Innovators Support Fund (ISF, Egypt), among others. He is on the editorial board of Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology, Frontiers in Nanotechnology, Nanomaterials, and editor of 10 handbooks (Elsevier and Springer Nature), PI/Co-PI of 12 projects, and co-author of 150 publications. Jaison Jeevanandam Senior Researcher, CQM - Centro De Quimica Da Madeira, MMRG, Universidade Da Madeira, Funchal, Madeira, Portugal. Dr. Jaison Jeevanandam is currently working as a senior researcher in Centro De Quimica Da Madeira (CQM - Center for Chemistry), University of Madeira, Portugal. He obtained his Ph.D. in the Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Science from Curtin University, Malaysia. He has experience in nanoparticle synthesis, especially in the green synthesis using plant extracts, characterization, cytotoxic analysis of nanoparticles, and in vitro analysis in diabetic models. His current research focuses on the application of nanobiotechnology in the development of nanoformulations for drug delivery systems. He has won several awards, including 'Best teacher award 2019' from Academy of competitive exam and research training (ACERT, Chennai), India; Gold medal in 3rd World Invention Innovation Contest (WiC) in 2017 from Korea Invention News (South Korea); Special honor of invention award, 3rd World Invention Innovation Contest (WiC) in 2017 from Toronto International Society of Innovation & Advanced Skills (TISIAS) (Canada). Dr. Jaison has authored +50 articles. Further, Dr. Jaison serves as a journal editor for Bio-integration (China) and International Archives of Biomedical and Engineering Sciences (India), as well as an invited editor for special issue in applied sciences (MDPI), Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology (Research topic coordinator) and Frontiers in molecular biosciences; and reviewer for 10+ journals. Michael K. Danquah Associate Dean, College of Engineering and Computer Science, Director of Chemical Engineering Program, University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, TN, USA. Dr. Danquah is a Full Professor, Associate Dean for the College of Engineering and Computer Science, and the Director of Chemical Engineering Program at the University of Tennessee, Chattanooga, United States. He is a Chartered Engineer (CEng), Chartered Professional Engineer (CPEng), Chartered Scientist (CSci), Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry, and a Fellow of the Institution of Chemical Engineers (IChemE). Dr. Danquah's research focuses on the utilization of bioprocess and biomolecular engineering principles to develop emerging biopharmaceuticals, biosensing and molecular separation systems; environmental bioremediation systems; and biofuels and bio-products. Dr. Danquah's research findings are well published and cited with over 300 peer-reviewed journal articles, book chapters, conference publications and technical reports, and a current H-index of 39. His research has also resulted in intellectual properties and patent applications, large-scale manufacturing plants, and commercialized products and formulations.