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The Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum LTE/5G Network Ecosystem: 2021 - 2030 - Opportunities, Challenges, Strategies & Forecasts

  • ID: 5234674
  • Report
  • January 2021
  • Region: Global
  • 589 Pages
  • SNS Telecom & IT
Global Investments in LTE and 5G NR RAN Infrastructure Operating in Shared and Unlicensed Spectrum will Account for More than $1.3 Billion by the End of 2021

FEATURED COMPANIES

  • 6Harmonics/6WiLInk
  • BYD
  • FreedomFi
  • LG Electronics
  • Pierson Wireless
  • STEP CG

As the 5G era advances, the cellular communications industry is undergoing a revolutionary paradigm shift, driven by technological innovations, liberal regulatory policies and disruptive business models. One important aspect of this radical transformation is the growing adoption of the shared and unlicensed spectrum - frequencies that are not exclusively licensed to a single mobile operator.

Telecommunications regulatory authorities across the globe have launched innovative frameworks to facilitate the coordinated sharing of licensed spectrum, most notably the United States' three-tiered CBRS scheme for dynamic sharing of 3.5 GHz spectrum, Germany's 3.7-3.8 GHz licenses for private 5G networks, the United Kingdom's shared and local access licensing model, France's 2.6 GHz licenses for industrial LTE/5G networks, the Netherlands' local mid-band spectrum permits, Japan's local 5G network licenses, Hong Kong's geographically-shared licenses, and Australia's 26/28 GHz area-wide apparatus licenses. Collectively, these ground-breaking initiatives are catalyzing the rollout of shared spectrum LTE and 5G NR networks for a diverse array of use cases ranging from private cellular networks for enterprises and vertical industries to mobile network densification, FWA (Fixed Wireless Access) and neutral host infrastructure.

In addition, the 3GPP cellular wireless ecosystem is also accelerating its foray into vast swaths of globally and regionally harmonized unlicensed spectrum bands. Although existing commercial activity is largely centered around LTE-based LAA (Licensed Assisted Access) technology whereby license-exempt frequencies are used in tandem with licensed anchors to expand mobile network capacity and deliver higher data rates, the introduction of 5G NR-U in 3GPP's Release 16 specifications paves the way for 5G NR deployments in the unlicensed spectrum for both licensed assisted and standalone modes of operation.

Even with ongoing challenges such as the COVID-19 pandemic-induced economic slowdown, the publisher estimates that global investments in LTE and 5G NR RAN (Radio Access Network) infrastructure operating in the shared and unlicensed spectrum will account for more than $1.3 Billion by the end of 2021. The market is expected to continue its upward trajectory beyond 2021, growing at CAGR of approximately 44% between 2021 and 2024 to reach nearly $4 Billion in annual spending by 2024.

The “Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum LTE/5G Network Ecosystem: 2021 - 2030 - Opportunities, Challenges, Strategies & Forecasts” report presents a detailed assessment of the shared and unlicensed spectrum LTE/5G network ecosystem including the value chain, market drivers, barriers to uptake, enabling technologies, key trends, future roadmap, business models, use cases, application scenarios, standardization, spectrum availability/allocation, regulatory landscape, case studies, ecosystem player profiles and strategies. The report also provides global and regional forecasts for shared and unlicensed spectrum LTE/5G RAN infrastructure from 2021 till 2030. The forecasts cover two air interface technologies, two cell type categories, two spectrum licensing models, 12 frequency band ranges, seven use cases and five regional markets.

The report comes with an associated Excel datasheet suite covering quantitative data from all numeric forecasts presented in the report.

Topics Covered

The report covers the following topics:

  • Introduction to shared and unlicensed spectrum LTE/5G networks
  • Value chain and ecosystem structure
  • Market drivers and challenges
  • Enabling technologies and concepts including CBRS, LSA/eLSA, local area licensing, LTE-U, LAA/eLAA/FeLAA, 5G NR-U, MulteFire and sXGP
  • Key trends such as private cellular networks, the ongoing expansion of 3GPP technologies into industrial IoT settings, neutral host infrastructure, mobile network densification and fixed wireless broadband rollouts
  • The future roadmap of shared and unlicensed spectrum LTE/5G networks
  • Business models, use cases and application scenarios
  • Spectrum availability, allocation and usage across the global, regional and national domains
  • Standardization, regulatory and collaborative initiatives
  • 40 case studies of LTE and 5G NR deployments in shared and unlicensed spectrum
  • Profiles and strategies of more than 280 ecosystem players
  • Strategic recommendations for LTE and 5G NR equipment suppliers, system integrators, service providers, enterprises and vertical industries
  • Market analysis and forecasts from 2021 till 2030

Forecast Segmentation

Market forecasts for LTE and 5G NR-based RAN equipment operating in shared and unlicensed spectrum are provided for each of the following submarkets and their subcategories:

Air Interface Technologies

  • LTE
  • 5G NR

Cell Types

  • Indoor Small Cells
  • Outdoor Small Cells

Spectrum Licensing Models

  • Coordinated (Licensed) Shared Spectrum
  • Unlicensed Spectrum

Frequency Bands

  • Coordinated Shared Spectrum
    • 1.8 GHz
    • 2.3-2.6 GHz
    • 3.3-4.2 GHz C-Band
    • 3.5 GHz CBRS Band
    • 26/28 GHz
    • Other Frequencies
  • Unlicensed Spectrum
  • Sub 1-GHz
    • 1.9 GHz sXGP Band
    • 2.4 GHz
    • 5 GHz
    • 6 GHz
    • Higher Frequencies

Use Cases

  • Mobile Network Densification
  • FWA (Fixed Wireless Access)
  • Cable Operators & New Entrants
  • Neutral Hosts
  • Private Cellular Networks
    • Offices, Buildings & Corporate Campuses
    • Vertical Industries

Regional Markets

  • North America
  • Asia Pacific
  • Europe
  • Middle East & Africa
  • Latin & Central America

Key Questions Answered

The report provides answers to the following key questions:

  • How big is the opportunity for LTE and 5G NR networks operating in the shared and unlicensed spectrum?
  • What trends, drivers and challenges are influencing its growth?
  • What will the market size be in 2024, and at what rate will it grow?
  • Which submarkets and regions will see the highest percentage of growth?
  • What are the existing and candidate shared/unlicensed spectrum bands for the operation of LTE and 5G NR, and what is the status of their adoption worldwide?
  • What are the business models, use cases and application scenarios for shared and unlicensed spectrum?
  • How will CBRS and other coordinated shared spectrum frameworks accelerate the uptake of private cellular networks for enterprises and vertical industries?
  • How does the integration of shared and unlicensed spectrum relieve capacity constraints faced by traditional mobile operators?
  • What opportunities exist for cable operators, neutral hosts, niche service providers and other new entrants?
  • What is the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on shared and unlicensed spectrum LTE/5G network deployments?
  • Who are the key ecosystem players, and what are their strategies?
  • What strategies should LTE and 5G NR equipment suppliers, system integrators, service providers and other stakeholders adopt to remain competitive?

Key Findings

The report has the following key findings:

  • Even with ongoing challenges such as the COVID-19 pandemic-induced economic slowdown, the publisher estimates that global investments in LTE and 5G NR RAN infrastructure operating in shared and unlicensed spectrum will account for more than $1.3 Billion by the end of 2021. The market is expected to continue its upward trajectory beyond 2021, growing at CAGR of approximately 44% between 2021 and 2024 to reach nearly $4 Billion in annual spending by 2024.
  • Breaking away from traditional practices of spectrum assignment for mobile services that predominantly focused on exclusive-use national licenses, telecommunications regulatory authorities across the globe have launched innovative frameworks to facilitate the coordinated sharing of licensed spectrum.
  • Notable examples include the United States' three-tiered CBRS scheme for dynamic sharing of 3.5 GHz spectrum, Germany's 3.7-3.8 GHz licenses for private 5G networks, the United Kingdom's shared and local access licensing model, France's 2.6 GHz licenses for industrial LTE/5G networks, the Netherlands' local mid-band spectrum permits, Japan's local 5G network licenses, Hong Kong's geographically-shared licenses, and Australia's 26/28 GHz area-wide apparatus licenses.
  • Collectively, these ground-breaking initiatives are catalyzing the rollout of shared spectrum LTE and 5G NR networks for a diverse array of use cases ranging from private cellular networks for enterprises and vertical industries to mobile network densification, FWA and neutral host infrastructure.
  • In particular, private LTE and 5G networks operating in the shared spectrum are becoming an increasingly common theme. For example, Germany's national telecommunications regulator BNetzA (Federal Network Agency) has received more than a hundred applications for private 5G licenses in 2020 alone. Dozens of purpose-built 5G networks are already in operational use by the likes of aircraft maintenance specialist Lufthansa Technik, industrial conglomerate Bosch, automakers and other manufacturing giants.
  • Since the commencement of its local 5G spectrum licensing scheme, Japan has been showing a similar appetite for industrial-grade 5G networks, with initial field trials and deployments being spearheaded by many of the country's largest industrial players including Fujitsu, Mitsubishi Electric, Sumitomo Corporation and Kawasaki Heavy Industries.
  • Among other examples, the 3.5 GHz CBRS shared spectrum band is being utilized to set up private LTE networks across the United States for applications as diverse as remote learning and COVID-19 response efforts in healthcare facilities. 5G NR-based CBRS implementations are also expected to emerge between 2021 and 2022 to better support industrial IoT requirements. Multiple companies including agriculture and construction equipment manufacturer John Deere have already made commitments to deploy private 5G networks in CBRS spectrum.
  • Mobile operators and other cellular ecosystem stakeholders are also seeking to tap into vast swaths of globally and regionally harmonized unlicensed spectrum bands for the operation of 3GPP technologies. Although existing deployments are largely based on LTE-LAA technology whereby license-exempt frequencies are used in tandem with licensed anchors to expand mobile network capacity and deliver higher data rates, standalone cellular networks that can operate solely in unlicensed spectrum - without requiring an anchor carrier in licensed spectrum - are beginning to emerge as well.
  • In the coming years, with the commercial maturity of 5G NR-U technology, we also anticipate to see 5G NR deployments in the unlicensed spectrum for both licensed assisted and standalone modes of operation using the 5 GHz and 6 GHz bands as well as higher frequencies in the millimeter wave range - for example, Australia's 24.25-25.1 GHz band that is being made available for uncoordinated deployments of private 5G networks servicing locations such as factories, mining sites, hospitals and educational institutions.
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown

FEATURED COMPANIES

  • 6Harmonics/6WiLInk
  • BYD
  • FreedomFi
  • LG Electronics
  • Pierson Wireless
  • STEP CG

Chapter 1: Introduction
1.1 Executive Summary
1.2 Topics Covered
1.3 Forecast Segmentation
1.4 Key Questions Answered
1.5 Key Findings
1.6 Methodology
1.7 Target Audience
1.8 Companies & Organizations Mentioned

Chapter 2: An Overview of Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum LTE/5G Networks
2.1 Spectrum: The Lifeblood of the Wireless Communications Industry
2.1.1 Traditional Exclusive-Use Licensed Spectrum
2.1.2 Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum
2.2 Why Utilize Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum for LTE/5G Networks?
2.2.1 Alleviating Capacity Constraints on Mobile Operator Spectrum
2.2.2 New Business Models: Neutral Host, Enterprise & Private Cellular Networks
2.2.3 Resurgence of FWA (Fixed Wireless Access) Services
2.3 How Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum Differs From Traditional Licensed Frequencies
2.3.1 Exclusive vs. Shared Use
2.3.2 License Fees & Validity
2.3.3 Network Buildout & Service Obligations
2.3.4 Power Limits & Other Restrictions
2.4 Common Approaches to the Utilization of Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum
2.4.1 Coordinated Sharing of Licensed Spectrum
2.4.1.1 Authorized Sharing of Licensed Spectrum
2.4.1.2 Sub-Leasing of Unused Mobile Operator Frequencies
2.4.1.3 Light Licensing
2.4.1.4 Local Area Licenses
2.4.1.5 Concurrent Shared Access
2.4.2 License-Exempt (Unlicensed) Operation
2.4.2.1 Dedicated Unlicensed Bands
2.4.2.2 Opportunistic Unlicensed Access
2.4.3 Database-Assisted Spectrum Coordination
2.4.3.1 Manual Coordination
2.4.3.2 Semi-Automated Coordination
2.4.3.3 AFC (Automated Frequency Coordination)
2.4.3.4 DSA (Dynamic Spectrum Access)
2.5 The Value Chain of Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum LTE/5G Networks
2.5.1 Chipset & Enabling Technology Specialists
2.5.2 Terminal OEMs (Original Equipment Manufacturers)
2.5.3 LTE & 5G NR Infrastructure Suppliers
2.5.4 Wireless Service Providers
2.5.4.1 Mobile Operators
2.5.4.2 Fixed-Line Service Providers
2.5.4.3 MVNOs (Mobile Virtual Network Operators)
2.5.4.4 Towercos (Tower Companies)
2.5.4.5 Neutral Hosts
2.5.4.6 Private Network Operators
2.5.5 End Users
2.5.5.1 Consumers
2.5.5.2 Enterprises & Vertical Industries
2.5.6 Other Ecosystem Players
2.6 Market Drivers
2.6.1 Continued Growth of Mobile Data Traffic
2.6.2 New Revenue Streams: FWA, IoT & Vertical-Focused Services
2.6.3 Private & Neutral Host Network Deployments
2.6.4 Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum Availability
2.6.5 Lower Cost Network Equipment & Installation
2.6.6 Expanding Ecosystem of Compatible Devices
2.7 Market Barriers
2.7.1 Cell Site Deployment Challenges
2.7.2 Restricted Coverage Due to Transmit Power Limits
2.7.3 Interference & Congestion Concerns in Unlicensed Bands
2.7.4 Resistance From Other Spectrum Users
2.7.5 Competition From Non-3GPP Technologies
2.7.6 Economic & Pandemic-Related Factors

Chapter 3: Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum Technologies
3.1 Coordinated Shared Spectrum Technologies
3.1.1 CBRS (Citizens Broadband Radio Service): Three-Tiered Sharing
3.1.1.1 Dynamic Access to the 3.5 GHz Band in the United States
3.1.1.2 Tiers of Authorization
3.1.1.2.1 Tier 1 - Incumbent Access
3.1.1.2.2 Tier 2 - PALs (Priority Access Licenses)
3.1.1.2.3 Tier 3 - GAA (General Authorized Access)
3.1.1.3 CBRS System Architecture & Functional Elements
3.1.2 LSA (Licensed Shared Access): Two-Tiered Sharing
3.1.2.1 Database-Assisted Sharing of the 2.3 - 2.4 GHz Band in Europe
3.1.2.2 Functional Architecture of LSA Systems
3.1.2.3 eLSA (Evolved LSA): Frequency-Agnostic Sharing for Local Wireless Networks
3.1.3 Local Area Licensing of Shared Spectrum
3.1.3.1 Germany's 3.7 - 3.8 GHz Licenses for Vertical Industries
3.1.3.2 United Kingdom's Shared & Local Access Licenses
3.1.3.3 France's 2.6 GHz Licenses for Local Industrial Networks
3.1.3.4 Netherlands' Local Mid-Band Spectrum Licensing Model
3.1.3.5 Japan's Local 5G Network Licenses
3.1.3.6 China's Licensing Framework for Industrial LTE/5G Systems
3.1.3.7 Hong Kong's Geographically-Shared Licenses for 5G Networks
3.1.3.8 Australia's 26/28 GHz Area-Wide Apparatus Licenses
3.1.3.9 Local Licensing Schemes in Other National Markets
3.1.4 Other Coordinated Shared Spectrum Technologies
3.2 LTE & 5G NR in Unlicensed Spectrum
3.2.1 LTE-U
3.2.1.1 Channel Selection
3.2.1.2 CSAT (Carrier Sensing Adaptive Transmission)
3.2.1.3 Opportunistic On-Off Switching
3.2.2 LAA (Licensed Assisted Access)
3.2.2.1 LBT (Listen-Before Talk): Category 4 & Category 2 LBT
3.2.2.2 FS3 (Frame Structure Type 3) for Unlicensed Carriers
3.2.2.3 Other LAA Design & Operational Aspects
3.2.3 eLAA (Enhanced LAA)
3.2.4 FeLAA (Further Enhanced LAA)
3.2.5 MulteFire
3.2.5.1 Supported Unlicensed Bands
3.2.5.2 Building on 3GPP-Specified LAA & eLAA Functionality
3.2.5.3 Modifications for Standalone Operation Without Licensed Anchor
3.2.5.4 Neutral Host Access, Cellular IoT Optimizations & Additional Capabilities
3.2.6 Japan's sXGP (Shared Extended Global Platform)
3.2.6.1 License-Exempt Operation of 1.9 GHz Private LTE Networks
3.2.6.2 LBT for Coexistence With PHS & Other sXGP Networks
3.2.6.3 Possible Use of 1.9 GHz as an Anchor Band for Local 5G Networks
3.2.7 5G NR-U (NR in Unlicensed Spectrum)
3.2.7.1 Modes of Operation
3.2.7.1.1 Anchored NR-U
3.2.7.1.2 Standalone NR-U
3.2.7.2 LBT-Based Channel Access
3.2.7.3 Air Interface Refinements for NR-U
3.2.7.4 Time-Synchronized NR-U & Future Developments

Chapter 4: Business Models, Use Cases & Applications
4.1 Business Models & Use Cases
4.1.1 Service Provider Networks
4.1.1.1 Mobile Network Densification & Build-Outs
4.1.1.2 FWA (Fixed Wireless Access) Broadband
4.1.1.3 Mobile Networks for Cable Operators & New Entrants
4.1.2 Neutral Host Networks
4.1.2.1 Indoor Spaces
4.1.2.2 Large Public Venues
4.1.2.3 Transport Hubs & Corridors
4.1.2.4 High-Density Urban Settings
4.1.2.5 Remote and Rural Coverage
4.1.3 Private Cellular Networks
4.1.3.1 Offices, Buildings & Corporate Campuses
4.1.3.2 Vertical Industries
4.1.3.2.1 Manufacturing
4.1.3.2.2 Transportation
4.1.3.2.3 Utilities
4.1.3.2.4 Mining
4.1.3.2.5 Oil & Gas
4.1.3.2.6 Healthcare
4.1.3.2.7 Education
4.1.3.2.8 Retail & Hospitality
4.1.3.2.9 Governments & Municipalities
4.1.3.2.10 Other Verticals
4.2 Applications
4.2.1 Mobile Broadband
4.2.2 Home & Business Broadband
4.2.3 Voice & Messaging Services
4.2.4 High-Definition Video Transmission
4.2.5 Telepresence & Video Conferencing
4.2.6 Multimedia Broadcasting & Multicasting
4.2.7 IoT (Internet of Things) Networking
4.2.8 Wireless Connectivity for Wearables
4.2.9 Untethered AR/VR/MR (Augmented, Virtual & Mixed Reality)
4.2.10 Real-Time Holographic Projections
4.2.11 Tactile Internet & Haptic Feedback
4.2.12 High-Precision Positioning & Tracking
4.2.13 Industrial Automation
4.2.14 Remote Control of Machines
4.2.15 Connected Mobile Robotics
4.2.16 Unmanned & Autonomous Vehicles
4.2.17 BVLOS (Beyond Visual Line-of-Sight) Operation of Drones
4.2.18 Data-Driven Analytics & Insights
4.2.19 Sensor-Equipped Digital Twins
4.2.20 Predictive Maintenance of Equipment

Chapter 5: Spectrum Availability, Allocation & Usage
5.1 Coordinated (Licensed) Shared Spectrum
5.1.1 1.8 GHz (1710 - 1880 MHz)
5.1.2 2.3 GHz (2300 - 2400 MHz) LSA Band
5.1.3 2.6 GHz (2570 - 2620 MHz)
5.1.4 3.3 - 3.4 GHz
5.1.5 3.4 - 3.8 GHz
5.1.6 3.5 GHz (3550 - 3700 MHz) CBRS Band
5.1.7 3.7 - 3.8 GHz
5.1.8 3.8 - 4.2 GHz
5.1.9 4.6 - 4.9 GHz
5.1.10 26 GHz (24.25 - 27.5 GHz)
5.1.11 28 GHz (26.5 - 29.5 GHz, 27.5 - 28.35 GHz)
5.1.12 37 - 37.6 GHz
5.1.13 Other Bands
5.2 License-Exempt (Unlicensed) Spectrum
5.2.1 Sub-1 GHz Bands (470 - 700/800/900 MHz)
5.2.2 1.8 GHz DECT Guard Band (1780 - 1785 MHz, 1875 - 1880 MHz)
5.2.3 1.9 GHz sXGP/DECT Band (1880 - 1920 MHz)
5.2.4 2.4 GHz (2400 - 2483.5 MHz)
5.2.5 5 GHz (5150 - 5925 MHz)
5.2.6 6 GHz (5925 - 7125 MHz)
5.2.7 57 - 71 GHz
5.2.8 Other Bands
5.3 North America
5.3.1 United States
5.3.2 Canada
5.4 Asia Pacific
5.4.1 Australia
5.4.2 New Zealand
5.4.3 Japan
5.4.4 South Korea
5.4.5 China
5.4.6 Hong Kong
5.4.7 Taiwan
5.4.8 Singapore
5.4.9 Malaysia
5.4.10 Indonesia
5.4.11 Philippines
5.4.12 Thailand
5.4.13 Vietnam
5.4.14 Myanmar
5.4.15 India
5.4.16 Pakistan
5.4.17 Rest of Asia Pacific
5.5 Europe
5.5.1 United Kingdom
5.5.2 Ireland
5.5.3 France
5.5.4 Germany
5.5.5 Belgium
5.5.6 Netherlands
5.5.7 Switzerland
5.5.8 Austria
5.5.9 Italy
5.5.10 Spain
5.5.11 Portugal
5.5.12 Sweden
5.5.13 Norway
5.5.14 Denmark
5.5.15 Finland
5.5.16 Estonia
5.5.17 Czech Republic
5.5.18 Poland
5.5.19 Greece
5.5.20 Turkey
5.5.21 Bulgaria
5.5.22 Romania
5.5.23 Hungary
5.5.24 Slovenia
5.5.25 Croatia
5.5.26 Serbia
5.5.27 Russia
5.5.28 Rest of Europe
5.6 Middle East & Africa
5.6.1 Saudi Arabia
5.6.2 United Arab Emirates
5.6.3 Qatar
5.6.4 Kuwait
5.6.5 Israel
5.6.6 South Africa
5.6.7 Rest of the Middle East & Africa
5.7 Latin & Central America
5.7.1 Mexico
5.7.2 Brazil
5.7.3 Argentina
5.7.4 Colombia
5.7.5 Chile
5.7.6 Rest of Latin & Central America

Chapter 6: Standardization, Regulatory & Collaborative Initiatives
6.1 3GPP (Third Generation Partnership Project)
6.1.1 Release 13: LAA for Downlink Operation
6.1.2 Release 14: eLAA, CBRS & LSA OAM Support
6.1.3 Release 15: FeLAA & 5G NR Air Interface
6.1.4 Release 16: 5G NR-U & URLLC Features
6.1.5 Release 17 & Beyond: Future Evolution of 5G NR in Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum
6.2 ATIS (Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions)
6.2.1 IMSI Assignment & Management for CBRS
6.2.2 Additional CBRS-Related Efforts
6.3 CBRS Alliance
6.3.1 OnGo Certification Program for 3.5 GHz CBRS Equipment
6.3.2 CBRS Network Services & Coexistence Specifications
6.3.2.1 Release 1: Baseline Specifications for LTE Systems in the 3.5 GHz Band
6.3.2.2 Release 2: Enhanced Specifications in Preparation for OnGo Commercial Service
6.3.2.3 Release 3: Incorporation of 3GPP’s 5G Definitions & Standards in the 3.5 GHz CBRS Band
6.3.2.4 Release Independent Specifications for CBRS Identifiers
6.4 CEPT (European Conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administrations)
6.4.1 ECC (Electronic Communications Committee): Operational Guidelines & Technical Solutions for Spectrum Sharing in Europe
6.5 CTIA
6.5.1 Product Certification for 3.5 GHz CBRS Equipment
6.6 DSA (Dynamic Spectrum Alliance)
6.6.1 Advocacy Efforts to Promote Unlicensed & Dynamic Access to Spectrum
6.7 ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute)
6.7.1 RRS (Reconfigurable Radio Systems) Technical Committee: Technical Specifications for LSA & eLSA
6.7.1.1 LSA in the 2.3 GHz (2300-2400 MHz) Band
6.7.1.2 Frequency Agnostic eLSA for Local Wireless Networks
6.7.2 BRAN (Broadband Radio Access Networks) Technical Committee: Harmonized Standards for Wireless Access Systems
6.7.2.1 WSD (White Space Devices) Operating in the 470 - 790 MHz Band
6.7.2.2 5 GHz RLANs (Radio Local Area Networks)
6.7.2.3 6 GHz RLANs
6.7.2.4 60 GHz Multi-Gigabit Wireless Systems
6.7.2.5 Other Relevant Work
6.8 IETF (Internet Engineering Task Force)
6.8.1 Standards & Protocols for Interworking Between 3GPP & Unlicensed Technologies
6.9 ITU-R (International Telecommunication Union Radiocommunication Sector)
6.9.1 International Regulation of Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum
6.10 LTE-U Forum
6.10.1 Technical Specifications for LTE-U in Unlicensed 5 GHz Spectrum
6.11 MulteFire Alliance
6.11.1 Specifications for LTE/5G NR Operation in Unlicensed Spectrum
6.11.1.1 Release 1.0: LTE Operation in the Unlicensed 5 GHz Band
6.11.1.2 Release 1.1: Support for Industrial IoT & Sub-1/1.9/2.4 GHz Spectrum Bands
6.11.2 MulteFire Certification Program
6.12 NGMN Alliance
6.12.1 Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum-Related Activates
6.13 ONF (Open Networking Foundation)
6.13.1 Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum Support in the Aether 5G/LTE ECaaS (Edge-Cloud-as-a-Service) Platform
6.14 Small Cell Forum
6.14.1 Work Related to License-Exempt & Shared Spectrum Small Cells
6.15 WhiteSpace Alliance
6.15.1 Promoting the Use of 3GPP, IEEE & IETF Standards for TVWS Spectrum
6.16 WInnForum (Wireless Innovation Forum)
6.16.1 SSC (Spectrum Sharing Committee): CBRS Standards
6.16.1.1 Release 1: CBRS Baseline Standards
6.16.1.2 Release 2: Enhancements to CBRS Baseline Standards
6.16.1.3 Administration of Root Certificate Authority, Professional Installer Training & CBSD Certification Programs
6.16.2 6MSC (6 GHz Multi-Stakeholder Planning Committee)
6.16.3 Other Committees
6.17 XGP (eXtended Global Platform) Forum
6.17.1 Development & Promotion of the sXGP Unlicensed LTE Service
6.18 Others
6.18.1 National Government Agencies & Regulators
6.18.2 Vertical Industry Associations
6.18.3 Non-3GPP Technology Alliances

Chapter 7: Case Studies of Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum LTE/5G Deployments
7.1 American Dream: Transforming Retail & Entertainment Using CBRS-Powered Wireless Connectivity
7.1.1 Spectrum Type
7.1.2 Integrators & Suppliers
7.1.3 Deployment Summary
7.2 Angel Stadium: Private LTE & 5G-Ready CBRS Network for Powering Critical Support Systems
7.2.1 Spectrum Type
7.2.2 Integrators & Suppliers
7.2.3 Deployment Summary
7.3 AT&T: Tapping Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum for Mobile Network Densification & FWA
7.3.1 Spectrum Type
7.3.2 Integrators & Suppliers
7.3.3 Deployment Summary
7.4 BBB (BB Backbone Corporation): 1.9 GHz sXGP-Based Private LTE Network Platform
7.4.1 Spectrum Type
7.4.2 Integrators & Suppliers
7.4.3 Deployment Summary
7.5 BYD SkyRail: Unlicensed 5 GHz Wireless System for Railway Communications
7.5.1 Spectrum Type
7.5.2 Integrators & Suppliers
7.5.3 Deployment Summary
7.6 Cal.net: LTE-Based CBRS Network for Bridging the Digital Divide in Rural California
7.6.1 Spectrum Type
7.6.2 Integrators & Suppliers
7.6.3 Deployment Summary
7.7 Charter Communications: Transforming MVNO & FWA Service Offerings With CBRS Shared Spectrum
7.7.1 Spectrum Type
7.7.2 Integrators & Suppliers
7.7.3 Deployment Summary
7.8 Chunghwa Telecom: Utilizing Unlicensed 5 GHz Spectrum to Enhance Mobile Broadband Experience
7.8.1 Spectrum Type
7.8.2 Integrators & Suppliers
7.8.3 Deployment Summary
7.9 Dallas Love Field Airport: Private LTE Network for Internal Operations & Passenger Experience
7.9.1 Spectrum Type
7.9.2 Integrators & Suppliers
7.9.3 Deployment Summary
7.10 DART (Dallas Area Rapid Transit): CBRS-Powered Smart Media & Communications Platform
7.10.1 Spectrum Type
7.10.2 Integrators & Suppliers
7.10.3 Deployment Summary
7.11 Faena Hotel & Forum: LTE-Based CBRS Network for Improving Mobile Connectivity
7.11.1 Spectrum Type
7.11.2 Integrators & Suppliers
7.11.3 Deployment Summary
7.12 FedEx: Leveraging CBRS Shared Spectrum for Wireless Communications in Hub Facilities
7.12.1 Spectrum Type
7.12.2 Integrators & Suppliers
7.12.3 Deployment Summary
7.13 Fujitsu: Establishing Japan's First Private 5G Network Using Locally Licensed 28.2 - 28.3 GHz Spectrum
7.13.1 Spectrum Type
7.13.2 Integrators & Suppliers
7.13.3 Deployment Summary
7.14 Geoverse: Pioneering Neutral Host & Private Wireless Networks With CBRS Shared Spectrum
7.14.1 Spectrum Type
7.14.2 Integrators & Suppliers
7.14.3 Deployment Summary
7.15 Gogo: Capitalizing on Unlicensed 2.4 GHz Spectrum for LTE/5G-Ready A2G (Air-to-Ground) Network
7.15.1 Spectrum Type
7.15.2 Integrators & Suppliers
7.15.3 Deployment Summary
7.16 John Deere: Private Cellular Connectivity for Manufacturing Processes & Agricultural Applications
7.16.1 Spectrum Type
7.16.2 Integrators & Suppliers
7.16.3 Deployment Summary
7.17 Kawasaki Heavy Industries: Connecting Smart Factory Robotics With Private 5G
7.17.1 Spectrum Type
7.17.2 Integrators & Suppliers
7.17.3 Deployment Summary
7.18 Lufthansa Technik: Industrial-Grade 5G Campus Networks for Aircraft Maintenance Operations
7.18.1 Spectrum Type
7.18.2 Integrators & Suppliers
7.18.3 Deployment Summary
7.19 Memorial Health System: LTE-Based CBRS Network to Support COVID-19 Response Efforts
7.19.1 Spectrum Type
7.19.2 Integrators & Suppliers
7.19.3 Deployment Summary
7.20 Midco (Midcontinent Communications): Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum for Rural Broadband Connectivity
7.20.1 Spectrum Type
7.20.2 Integrators & Suppliers
7.20.3 Deployment Summary
7.21 Mitsubishi Electric: 5G NR-Based Industrial Wireless System for Factory Automation
7.21.1 Spectrum Type
7.21.2 Integrators & Suppliers
7.21.3 Deployment Summary
7.22 MTS (Mobile TeleSystems): Delivering Gigabit-Grade LTE Services Using LAA Technology
7.22.1 Spectrum Type
7.22.2 Integrators & Suppliers
7.22.3 Deployment Summary
7.23 Murray City School District: LTE-Based Private CBRS Network for K-12 Education
7.23.1 Spectrum Type
7.23.2 Integrators & Suppliers
7.23.3 Deployment Summary
7.24 NetCity (GEOS Telecom): Unlicensed Sub-1 GHz LTE Network for AMI (Advanced Metering Infrastructure)
7.24.1 Spectrum Type
7.24.2 Integrators & Suppliers
7.24.3 Deployment Summary
7.25 New York’s Times Square: Improving Public Mobile Connectivity With CBRS Shared Spectrum
7.25.1 Spectrum Type
7.25.2 Integrators & Suppliers
7.25.3 Deployment Summary
7.26 Ocado: Custom-Built LTE Network Over Unlicensed 5 GHz Spectrum for Warehouse Automation
7.26.1 Spectrum Type
7.26.2 Integrators & Suppliers
7.26.3 Deployment Summary
7.27 PGA Tour: LTE-Based CBRS Networks to Improve Wireless Coverage & Security at Golf Tournaments
7.27.1 Spectrum Type
7.27.2 Integrators & Suppliers
7.27.3 Deployment Summary
7.28 PK Solutions: CBRS-Powered Private Wireless Connectivity for Oil & Gas Companies
7.28.1 Spectrum Type
7.28.2 Integrators & Suppliers
7.28.3 Deployment Summary
7.29 Port of Rotterdam: Locally Licensed 3.7 GHz LTE Network for Business-Critical Applications
7.29.1 Spectrum Type
7.29.2 Integrators & Suppliers
7.29.3 Deployment Summary
7.30 RCI (Rural Cloud Initiative): Building the Farm of the Future With CBRS Spectrum
7.30.1 Spectrum Type
7.30.2 Integrators & Suppliers
7.30.3 Deployment Summary
7.31 Robert Bosch: Automating & Digitizing Manufacturing Facilities With Private 5G Networks
7.31.1 Spectrum Type
7.31.2 Integrators & Suppliers
7.31.3 Deployment Summary
7.32 SDG&E (San Diego Gas & Electric) Company: Private LTE Network for Mission-Critical Communications
7.32.1 Spectrum Type
7.32.2 Integrators & Suppliers
7.32.3 Deployment Summary
7.33 SmarTone: Effectively Managing Traffic Surges With Strategically Located LAA Small Cells
7.33.1 Spectrum Type
7.33.2 Integrators & Suppliers
7.33.3 Deployment Summary
7.34 Southern Linc: Expanding LTE Network Capacity for Utility Communications With CBRS Shared Spectrum
7.34.1 Spectrum Type
7.34.2 Integrators & Suppliers
7.34.3 Deployment Summary
7.35 Strata Worldwide: Streamlining Mining Operations With Combined Low-Band & CBRS Spectrum Networks
7.35.1 Spectrum Type
7.35.2 Integrators & Suppliers
7.35.3 Deployment Summary
7.36 UCSB (University of California, Santa Barbara): Outdoor CBRS Network for On-Campus IoT Services
7.36.1 Spectrum Type
7.36.2 Integrators & Suppliers
7.36.3 Deployment Summary
7.37 URSYS: Bringing Cellular Connectivity to Rural Areas and Outlying Regions With Unlicensed Spectrum
7.37.1 Spectrum Type
7.37.2 Integrators & Suppliers
7.37.3 Deployment Summary
7.38 Verizon Communications: Exploiting 3.5 GHz CBRS & 5 GHz Spectrum to Address Capacity Demands
7.38.1 Spectrum Type
7.38.2 Integrators & Suppliers
7.38.3 Deployment Summary
7.39 Vodacom Group: Employing Unlicensed 5 GHz Spectrum To Improve LTE Network Capacity & Performance
7.39.1 Spectrum Type
7.39.2 Integrators & Suppliers
7.39.3 Deployment Summary
7.40 Yangshan Port: Unlicensed 5 GHz LTE Network for Automated Container Terminal Operations
7.40.1 Spectrum Type
7.40.2 Integrators & Suppliers
7.40.3 Deployment Summary

Chapter 8: Market Sizing & Forecasts
8.1 Global Outlook for Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum LTE/5G Networks
8.2 Segmentation by Air Interface Technology
8.2.1 LTE
8.2.2 5G NR
8.3 Segmentation by Cell Type
8.3.1 Indoor Small Cells
8.3.2 Outdoor Small Cells
8.4 Segmentation by Spectrum Licensing Model
8.4.1 Coordinated (Licensed) Shared Spectrum
8.4.2 Unlicensed Spectrum
8.5 Segmentation by Frequency Band
8.5.1 Coordinated Shared Spectrum
8.5.1.1 1.8 GHz
8.5.1.2 2.3 - 2.6 GHz
8.5.1.3 3.3 - 4.2 GHz C-Band
8.5.1.4 3.5 GHz CBRS Band
8.5.1.5 26/28 GHz
8.5.1.6 Other Frequencies
8.5.2 Unlicensed Spectrum
8.5.2.1 Sub-1 GHz
8.5.2.2 1.9 GHz sXGP Band
8.5.2.3 2.4 GHz
8.5.2.4 5 GHz
8.5.2.5 6 GHz
8.5.2.6 Higher Frequencies
8.6 Segmentation by Use Case
8.6.1 Mobile Network Densification
8.6.2 FWA (Fixed Wireless Access)
8.6.3 Cable Operators & New Entrants
8.6.4 Neutral Hosts
8.6.5 Private Cellular Networks
8.6.5.1 Offices, Buildings & Corporate Campuses
8.6.5.2 Vertical Industries
8.7 Regional Outlook
8.7.1 North America
8.7.2 Asia Pacific
8.7.3 Europe
8.7.4 Middle East & Africa
8.7.5 Latin & Central America

Chapter 9: Key Ecosystem Players
9.1 6Harmonics/6WiLInk
9.2 ABiT Corporation
9.3 Accelleran
9.4 Accuver (InnoWireless)
9.5 ADRF (Advanced RF Technologies)
9.6 Affirmed Networks (Microsoft Corporation)
9.7 Airgain
9.8 Airspan Networks
9.9 Airtower Networks
9.10 Airwavz Solutions
9.11 Akoustis Technologies
9.12 Alef Edge
9.13 Allen Vanguard Wireless
9.14 Alpha Wireless
9.15 Altiostar Networks
9.16 Altran
9.17 Amazon
9.18 Amdocs
9.19 American Tower Corporation
9.20 Amit Wireless
9.21 Anritsu Corporation
9.22 ANS (Advanced Network Services)
9.23 Antenna Company
9.24 Anterix
9.25 Apple
9.26 Artemis Networks (Rearden)
9.27 ASOCS
9.28 ASTRI (Hong Kong Applied Science and Technology Research Institute)
9.29 ASUS (ASUSTeK Computer)/Askey Computer Corporation
9.30 Athonet
9.31 ATN International
9.32 AttoCore
9.33 Axell Wireless
9.34 Azcom Technology
9.35 BAI Communications/Transit Wireless
9.36 Baicells Technologies
9.37 Ballast Networks
9.38 BearCom
9.39 BEC Technologies
9.40 Benetel
9.41 Billion Electric
9.42 Black Box Corporation
9.43 Blackned
9.44 Blue Arcus Technologies
9.45 Blue Danube Systems
9.46 Boingo Wireless
9.47 Branch Communications
9.48 BTI Wireless
9.49 Bureau Veritas/7Layers
9.50 BVSystems (Berkeley Varitronics Systems)
9.51 CableFree (Wireless Excellence)
9.52 CableLabs/Kyrio
9.53 Cambium Networks
9.54 Cambridge Consultants
9.55 Carlson Wireless Technologies
9.56 Casa Systems
9.57 CCI (Communication Components Inc.)/BLiNQ Networks
9.58 CCN (Cirrus Core Networks)
9.59 CellAntenna Corporation
9.60 cellXica
9.61 Celona
9.62 Centerline Communications
9.63 CICT (China Information and Communication Technology Group)/China Xinke Group
9.64 Cisco Systems
9.65 ClearSky Technologies
9.66 Codium Networks
9.67 Comba Telecom
9.68 CommAgility (Wireless Telecom Group)
9.69 CommScope/Ruckus Networks
9.70 Compal
9.71 COMSovereign
9.72 Connectivity Wireless Solutions (M/C Partners)
9.73 Contela
9.74 Corning
9.75 Council Rock
9.76 Cradlepoint (Ericsson)
9.77 Crown Castle International Corporation
9.78 CTS (Communication Technology Services)
9.79 Dali Wireless
9.80 Dejero Labs
9.81 DEKRA
9.82 Dell Technologies
9.83 Digi International
9.84 Digicert
9.85 DKK (Denki Kogyo)
9.86 Druid Software
9.87 EION Wireless
9.88 Encore Networks
9.89 Ericsson
9.90 ETRI (Electronics & Telecommunications Research Institute, South Korea)
9.91 EXFO
9.92 ExteNet Systems (Digital Colony)
9.93 Facebook
9.94 Fairspectrum
9.95 FCNT (Fujitsu Connected Technologies)/JEMS (Japan EM Solutions)
9.96 Federated Wireless
9.97 Fibrolan
9.98 FreedomFi
9.99 FRTek
9.100 Fujitsu
9.101 Future Technologies Venture
9.102 GCT Semiconductor
9.103 GE (General Electric)
9.104 Gemtek Technology
9.105 Geoverse (ATN International)
9.106 Getac Technology Corporation
9.107 Goodman Networks
9.108 Google (Alphabet)
9.109 Granite Telecommunications
9.110 Green Packet
9.111 HCL Technologies
9.112 HFR
9.113 Hitachi Kokusai Electric
9.114 Hon Hai Precision Industry (Foxconn Technology Group)
9.115 HP
9.116 HPE (Hewlett Packard Enterprise)
9.117 Huawei
9.118 Huber+Suhner
9.119 iBwave Solutions (Corning)
9.120 Infomark Corporation
9.121 Infosys
9.122 Infovista
9.123 Innonet
9.124 Inseego Corporation
9.125 Insta Group
9.126 Intel Corporation
9.127 Intenna Systems
9.128 InterDigital
9.129 IoT4Net
9.130 ip.access (Mavenir Systems)
9.131 IPLOOK Networks
9.132 iPosi
9.133 Jaton Technology
9.134 JCI (Japan Communications Inc.)/Contour Networks
9.135 JIT (JI Technology)
9.136 JMA Wireless
9.137 JRC (Japan Radio Company)
9.138 Juni Global
9.139 Kajeet
9.140 Key Bridge Wireless
9.141 Keysight Technologies
9.142 Kisan Telecom
9.143 KLA Laboratories
9.144 Kleos
9.145 KMW
9.146 KORE Wireless
9.147 Kyocera Corporation
9.148 Landmark Dividend
9.149 Lekha Wireless Solutions
9.150 Lemko Corporation
9.151 Lenovo/Motorola Mobility
9.152 LG Electronics
9.153 Lime Microsystems
9.154 Lindsay Broadband
9.155 Linx Technologies
9.156 LS telcom
9.157 Maven Wireless
9.158 Mavenir Systems
9.159 Metaswitch Networks (Microsoft Corporation)
9.160 Metro Network Services
9.161 MiCOM Labs
9.162 Microlab
9.163 Microsoft Corporation
9.164 MitraStar Technology (Unizyx Holding Corporation)
9.165 Mobile Mark
9.166 Mobilitie
9.167 Motorola Solutions
9.168 MRT Technology (Suzhou)
9.169 MSB (M S Benbow & Associates)
9.170 MTI (Microelectronics Technology, Inc.)
9.171 MTI Wireless Edge
9.172 Multi-Tech Systems
9.173 NEC Corporation
9.174 Nemko
9.175 Netgear
9.176 NetNumber
9.177 Netvision Telecom
9.178 NewEdge Signal Solutions
9.179 Nextivity
9.180 Node-H
9.181 Nokia
9.182 Nominet
9.183 Nsight Telservices
9.184 NuRAN Wireless/Nutaq Innovation
9.185 Oceus Networks
9.186 Octasic
9.187 OPPO/Vivo/OnePlus/Realme (BBK Electronics Corporation)
9.188 Oracle Communications
9.189 Panasonic Corporation
9.190 Panorama Antennas
9.191 Parallel Wireless
9.192 Parsec Technologies
9.193 Pavlov Media
9.194 PCTEL
9.195 PCTEST Lab (PCTEST Engineering Laboratory)
9.196 Pierson Wireless
9.197 Pivot Technology Services
9.198 Pivotal Commware
9.199 Polaris Networks
9.200 Potevio
9.201 QuadGen Wireless Solutions
9.202 Qualcomm
9.203 Quantum Wireless
9.204 Qucell (InnoWireless)
9.205 Quectel Wireless Solutions
9.206 Qulsar
9.207 Quortus
9.208 Radisys Corporation (Reliance Industries)
9.209 Ranplan Wireless
9.210 Raycap
9.211 RED Technologies
9.212 Redline Communications
9.213 RF Connect
9.214 RFS (Radio Frequency Systems)
9.215 Rivada Networks
9.216 RKTPL (RK Telesystem Private Limited)
9.217 Rohde & Schwarz
9.218 RuggON Corporation
9.219 Saankhya Labs
9.220 SAC Wireless (Nokia)
9.221 Samsung
9.222 Sanjole
9.223 SBA Communications Corporation
9.224 Select Spectrum
9.225 Seowon Intech
9.226 Sequans Communications
9.227 Sercomm Corporation
9.228 SGS
9.229 Shanghai Smawave Technology
9.230 Sharp Corporation/Dynabook (Foxconn)
9.231 Siemens
9.232 Sierra Wireless
9.233 Sivers IMA
9.234 Smart City Networks
9.235 SOLiD
9.236 Sony Corporation
9.237 Spectrum Effect
9.238 Spirent Communications
9.239 Sporton International
9.240 SQUAN
9.241 SSC (Shared Spectrum Company)
9.242 Star Solutions
9.243 STEP CG
9.244 STL (Sterlite Technologies Ltd)
9.245 Sunwave Communications
9.246 SureSite Consulting Group
9.247 Suzhou Aquila Solutions (Aquila Wireless)
9.248 Syniverse Technologies
9.249 T&W (Shenzhen Gongjin Electronics)
9.250 Tait Communications
9.251 Tango Networks
9.252 Taoglas
9.253 Teal Communications
9.254 Tecore Networks
9.255 Telewave
9.256 Teleworld Solutions
9.257 Telit Communications
9.258 Telrad Networks
9.259 Telsasoft
9.260 Tessares
9.261 TESSCO Technologies
9.262 ThinkRF
9.263 Tilson
9.264 TLC Solutions
9.265 TÜV SÜD
9.266 Ubicquia
9.267 UL
9.268 Valid8
9.269 Vapor IO
9.270 Vertical Bridge (Digital Colony)
9.271 Verveba Telecom
9.272 Viavi Solutions
9.273 Virtual Network Communications (COMSovereign)
9.274 Wave Wireless
9.275 Wavesight
9.276 Westell Technologies
9.277 Widelity
9.278 Wilson Electronics
9.279 Wilus
9.280 WIN Connectivity (Wireless Information Networks)
9.281 Winncom Technologies
9.282 WNC (Wistron NeWeb Corporation)
9.283 Wytec International
9.284 Zebra Technologies
9.285 ZenFi Networks
9.286 Zinwave (McWane)
9.287 Zmtel (Shanghai Zhongmi Communication Technology)
9.288 ZTE
9.289 Zyxel Communications (Unizyx Holding Corporation)

Chapter 10: Conclusion & Strategic Recommendations
10.1 Why is the Market Poised to Grow?
10.2 Future Roadmap: 2021 - 2030
10.2.1 2021 - 2024: LTE & 5G NR Deployments in CBRS, Shared Mid-Band & 26/28 GHz Spectrum
10.2.2 2025 - 2029: Commercial Maturity of Shared Spectrum 5G NR Networks for Industrial IoT
10.2.3 2030 & Beyond: Worldwide Ubiquity of Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum
10.3 Fostering Innovation Through Shared Spectrum Frameworks
10.4 Availability of Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum Bands
10.5 Transforming the Cellular Communications Industry
10.6 Private Cellular Networks for Enterprises & Vertical Industries
10.7 Bringing 5G NR Connectivity to Industrial IoT Settings
10.8 Densification of Mobile Operator Networks in the 5G Era
10.9 Accelerating FWA & Rural Broadband Rollouts
10.10 Indoor Demand Driving Localized Wireless System Build-Outs
10.11 Moving Towards the Neutral Host Model
10.12 The Emergence of New Entrants in the Cellular Industry
10.13 COVID-19 Pandemic: Impact on Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum Deployments
10.14 Strategic Recommendations
10.14.1 LTE/5G Equipment Suppliers & System Integrators
10.14.2 Mobile Operators, Neutral Hosts & Other Service Providers
10.14.3 Enterprises & Vertical Industries

List of Figures
Figure 1: The Value Chain of Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum LTE/5G Networks
Figure 2: CBRS Tiers of Authorization
Figure 3: CBRS System Architecture
Figure 4: Functional Architecture of LSA
Figure 5: Spectrum Access Schemes Supported by eLSA
Figure 6: Anchored & Standalone NR-U
Figure 7: Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum Technology Standardization in 3GPP Releases 13 - 17
Figure 8: WInnForum's CBRS Standards
Figure 9: IoT Services Over BBB's sXGP-Based Private LTE Network Platform
Figure 10: Charter Communications' Infrastructure-Based MVNO Platform
Figure 11: Fujitsu's Private 5G Network at the Shin-Kawasaki Technology Square Office
Figure 12: Licensed & Unlicensed Spectrum Use in Gogo's ATG (Air-to-Ground) Network
Figure 13: Mitsubishi Electric's Local 5G System for Factory Automation
Figure 14: Ocado's 4G-Based Wireless Control System for Warehouse Automation
Figure 15: Verizon's Spectrum Portfolio
Figure 16: Yangshan Port's Unlicensed 5.8 GHz LTE Network
Figure 17: Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum LTE/5G Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2021 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 18: Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum LTE/5G Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2021 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 19: Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum LTE/5G Small Cell Unit Shipments by Air Interface Technology: 2021 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 20: Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum LTE/5G Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Air Interface Technology: 2021 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 21: Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum LTE Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2021 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 22: Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum LTE Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2021 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 23: Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum 5G NR Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2021 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 24: Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum 5G NR Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2021 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 25: Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum LTE/5G Small Cell Unit Shipments by Cell Type: 2021 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 26: Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum LTE/5G Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Cell Type: 2021 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 27: Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum LTE/5G Indoor Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2021 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 28: Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum LTE/5G Indoor Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2021 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 29: Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum LTE/5G Outdoor Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2021 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 30: Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum LTE/5G Outdoor Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2021 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 31: Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum LTE/5G Small Cell Unit Shipments by Spectrum Licensing Model: 2021 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 32: Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum LTE/5G Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Spectrum Licensing Model: 2021 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 33: Coordinated Shared Spectrum LTE/5G Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2021 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 34: Coordinated Shared Spectrum LTE/5G Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2021 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 35: Unlicensed Spectrum LTE/5G Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2021 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 36: Unlicensed Spectrum LTE/5G Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2021 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 37: Coordinated Shared Spectrum LTE/5G Small Cell Unit Shipments by Frequency Band: 2021 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 38: Coordinated Shared Spectrum LTE/5G Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Frequency Band: 2021 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 39: 1.8 GHz Shared Spectrum Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2021 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 40: 1.8 GHz Shared Spectrum Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2021 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 41: 2.3 - 2.6 GHz Shared Spectrum Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2021 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 42: 2.3 - 2.6 GHz Shared Spectrum Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2021 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 43: 3.3 - 4.2 GHz C-Band Shared Spectrum Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2021 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 44: 3.3 - 4.2 GHz C-Band Shared Spectrum Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2021 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 45: 3.5 GHz CBRS Shared Spectrum Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2021 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 46: 3.5 GHz CBRS Shared Spectrum Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2021 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 47: 26/28 GHz Shared Spectrum Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2021 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 48: 26/28 GHz Shared Spectrum Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2021 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 49: Other Frequency Shared Spectrum Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2021 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 50: Other Frequency Shared Spectrum Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2021 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 51: Unlicensed Spectrum LTE/5G Small Cell Unit Shipments by Frequency Band: 2021 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 52: Unlicensed Spectrum LTE/5G Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Frequency Band: 2021 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 53: Sub-1 GHz Unlicensed Spectrum Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2021 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 54: Sub-1 GHz Unlicensed Spectrum Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2021 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 55: 1.9 GHz sXGP Unlicensed Spectrum Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2021 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 56: 1.9 GHz sXGP Unlicensed Spectrum Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2021 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 57: 2.4 GHz Unlicensed Spectrum Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2021 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 58: 2.4 GHz Unlicensed Spectrum Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2021 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 59: 5 GHz Unlicensed Spectrum Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2021 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 60: 5 GHz Unlicensed Spectrum Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2021 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 61: 6 GHz Unlicensed Spectrum Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2021 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 62: 6 GHz Unlicensed Spectrum Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2021 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 63: Higher Frequency Unlicensed Spectrum Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2021 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 64: Higher Frequency Unlicensed Spectrum Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2021 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 65: Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum LTE/5G Small Cell Unit Shipments by Use Case: 2021 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 66: Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum LTE/5G Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Use Case: 2021 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 67: Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum LTE/5G Small Cell Unit Shipments for Mobile Network Densification: 2021 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 68: Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum LTE/5G Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue for Mobile Network Densification: 2021 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 69: Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum LTE/5G Small Cell Unit Shipments for FWA: 2021 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 70: Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum LTE/5G Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue for FWA: 2021 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 71: Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum LTE/5G Small Cell Unit Shipments for Cable Operators & New Entrants: 2021 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 72: Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum LTE/5G Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue for Cable Operators & New Entrants: 2021 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 73: Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum LTE/5G Small Cell Unit Shipments for Neutral Hosts: 2021 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 74: Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum LTE/5G Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue for Neutral Hosts: 2021 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 75: Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum LTE/5G Small Cell Unit Shipments for Private Cellular Networks: 2021 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 76: Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum LTE/5G Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue for Private Cellular Networks: 2021 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 77: Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum LTE/5G Small Cell Unit Shipments for Offices, Buildings & Corporate Campuses: 2021 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 78: Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum LTE/5G Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue for Offices, Buildings & Corporate Campuses: 2021 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 79: Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum LTE/5G Small Cell Unit Shipments for Vertical Industries: 2021 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 80: Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum LTE/5G Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue for Vertical Industries: 2021 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 81: Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum LTE/5G Small Cell Unit Shipments by Region: 2021 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 82: Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum LTE/5G Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2021 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 83: North America Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2021 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 84: North America Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2021 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 85: Asia Pacific Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2021 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 86: Asia Pacific Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2021 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 87: Europe Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2021 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 88: Europe Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2021 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 89: Middle East & Africa Shared/Unlicensed Spectrum Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2021 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 90: Middle East & Africa Shared/Unlicensed Spectrum Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2021 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 91: Latin & Central America Shared/Unlicensed Spectrum Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2021 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 92: Latin & Central America Shared/Unlicensed Spectrum Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2021 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 93: Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum RAN Investments by Air Interface Technology: 2021 - 2024 ($ Million)
Figure 94: Future Roadmap for Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum LTE/5G Networks: 2021 - 2030

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown

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  • 3GPP (Third Generation Partnership Project)
  • 5G-ACIA (5G Alliance for Connected Industries and Automation)
  • 6Harmonics/6WiLInk
  • 7Layers
  • Aaeon Technology
  • ABB
  • ABiT Corporation
  • Accelleran
  • Accenture
  • Accuver
  • ACMA (Australian Communications and Media Authority)
  • ADRF (Advanced RF Technologies)
  • Affirmed Networks
  • Airgain
  • Airspan Networks
  • Airtower Networks
  • Airwavz Solutions
  • AKOS (Agency for Communication Networks and Services of the Republic of Slovenia)
  • Akoustis Technologies
  • Alabama Power Company
  • Alef Edge
  • Allen Vanguard Wireless
  • Alliance of Industrial Internet
  • Alpha Wireless
  • Alphabet
  • Altiostar Networks
  • Altran
  • Amazon
  • Amdocs
  • American Dream
  • American Tower Corporation
  • Amit Wireless
  • ANACOM (National Communications Authority, Portugal)
  • Angel Stadium
  • Anritsu Corporation
  • ANS (Advanced Network Services)
  • Antenna Company
  • Anterix
  • Apple
  • ARCEP (Autorité de Régulation des Communications Électroniques)
  • ARIB (Association of Radio Industries and Businesses, Japan)
  • Artemis Networks
  • Askey Computer Corporation
  • ASOCS
  • ASTRI (Hong Kong Applied Science and Technology Research Institute)
  • ASUS (ASUSTeK Computer)
  • AT&T
  • Athonet
  • ATIS (Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions)
  • ATN International
  • AttoCore
  • Axell Wireless
  • Azcom Technology
  • BAI Communications
  • Baicells Technologies
  • Ballast Networks
  • BBB (BB Backbone Corporation)
  • BBK Electronics Corporation
  • BearCom
  • BEC Technologies
  • Benetel
  • Benic Solution Corporation
  • Billion Electric
  • BIPT (Belgian Institute for Postal Services and Telecommunications)
  • Black Box Corporation
  • Blackned
  • BLiNQ Networks
  • Blue Arcus Technologies
  • Blue Danube Systems
  • BNetzA (Federal Network Agency, Germany)
  • Boingo Wireless
  • Branch Communications
  • BTI Wireless
  • BTK (Information and Communications Technologies Authority, Turkey)
  • Bureau Veritas
  • BVSystems (Berkeley Varitronics Systems)
  • BYD
  • CableFree (Wireless Excellence)
  • CableLabs
  • Cal.net
  • Caltta
  • Cambium Networks
  • Cambridge Consultants
  • Carlson Wireless Technologies
  • Casa Systems
  • CBRS Alliance
  • CCI (Communication Components Inc.)
  • CCN (Cirrus Core Networks)
  • CCSA (China Communications Standards Association)
  • CellAntenna Corporation
  • cellXica
  • Celona
  • Centerline Communications
  • CEPT (European Conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administrations)
  • Charter Communications
  • China Mobile
  • Chunghwa Telecom
  • CICT (China Information and Communication Technology Group)/China Xinke Group
  • Cisco Systems
  • CITC (Communications and Information Technology Commission, Saudi Arabia)
  • CITRA (Communication and Information Technology Regulatory Authority, Kuwait)
  • Claro
  • ClearSky Technologies
  • Codium Networks
  • Comba Telecom
  • CommAgility
  • CommScope
  • Compal
  • COMSovereign
  • Connectivity Wireless Solutions
  • Contela
  • Contour Networks
  • Corning
  • Council Rock
  • Cradlepoint
  • Crown Castle International Corporation
  • CTIA
  • CTS (Communication Technology Services)
  • CTU (Czech Telecommunication Office)
  • Dali Wireless
  • Dallas Love Field Airport
  • Danish Energy Agency
  • DART (Dallas Area Rapid Transit)
  • Dejero Labs
  • DEKRA
  • Dell Technologies
  • Digi International
  • Digicert
  • Digital Colony
  • DKK (Denki Kogyo)
  • Druid Software
  • DSA (Dynamic Spectrum Alliance)
  • Dynabook
  • ECT (Hutchison Ports ECT Rotterdam)
  • EETT (Hellenic Telecommunications and Post Commission)
  • EION Wireless
  • ENACOM (Ente Nacional de Comunicaciones)
  • Encore Networks
  • Ericsson
  • ETRI (Electronics & Telecommunications Research Institute, South Korea)
  • ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute)
  • EXFO
  • ExRobotics
  • ExteNet Systems
  • Facebook
  • Faena Forum
  • Faena Hotel Miami Beach
  • Fairspectrum
  • FCNT (Fujitsu Connected Technologies)
  • Federated Wireless
  • FedEx
  • Fibrolan
  • FreedomFi
  • FRTek
  • Fujitsu
  • Future Technologies Venture
  • GCT Semiconductor
  • GE (General Electric)
  • Gemtek Technology
  • Geoverse
  • Getac Technology Corporation
  • Gogo
  • Goodman Networks
  • Google
  • Granite Telecommunications
  • Green Packet
  • HCL Technologies
  • HFR
  • Hitachi Kokusai Electric
  • Hon Hai Precision Industry (Foxconn Technology Group)
  • HP
  • HPE (Hewlett Packard Enterprise)
  • HTNG (Hospitality Technology Next Generation)
  • Huawei
  • Huber+Suhner
  • iBwave Solutions
  • IETF (Internet Engineering Task Force)
  • IIC (Industrial Internet Consortium)
  • IMDA (Info-communications Media Development Authority of Singapore)
  • Infomark Corporation
  • Infosys
  • Infovista
  • Innonet
  • InnoWireless
  • Inseego Corporation
  • Insta Group
  • Intel Corporation
  • Intenna Systems
  • InterDigital
  • IoT4Net
  • ip.access
  • IPLOOK Networks
  • iPosi
  • ISED (Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada)
  • ITU-R (International Telecommunication Union Radiocommunication Sector)
  • Jaton Technology
  • JCI (Japan Communications Inc.)
  • JEMS (Japan EM Solutions)
  • JIT (JI Technology)
  • JMA Wireless
  • John Deere (Deere & Company)
  • JRC (Japan Radio Company)
  • Juni Global
  • Kajeet
  • Kawasaki Heavy Industries
  • Kementerian Kominfo (Ministry of Communication and Information Technology, Indonesia)
  • Key Bridge Wireless
  • Keysight Technologies
  • Kisan Telecom
  • KLA Laboratories
  • Kleos
  • KMW
  • Koning & Hartman
  • KORE Wireless
  • KPN
  • Kyocera Corporation
  • Kyrio
  • Landmark Dividend
  • Lekha Wireless Solutions
  • Lemko Corporation
  • Lenovo
  • LG Electronics
  • Lime Microsystems
  • Lindsay Broadband
  • Linx Technologies
  • LS telcom
  • LTE-U Forum
  • Lufthansa Technik
  • M/C Partners
  • Maven Wireless
  • Mavenir Systems
  • MCMC (Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission)
  • McWane
  • Memorial Health System
  • Metaswitch Networks
  • Metro Network Services
  • MIC (Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, Japan)
  • MiCOM Labs
  • Microlab
  • Microsoft Corporation
  • Midco (Midcontinent Communications)
  • MIIT (Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, China)
  • MitraStar Technology
  • Mitsubishi Electric Corporation
  • MLB (Major League Baseball)
  • Mobile Mark
  • Mobilitie
  • Motorola Mobility
  • Motorola Solutions
  • MRT Technology (Suzhou)
  • MSB (M S Benbow & Associates)
  • MSIT (Ministry of Science and ICT, South Korea)
  • MTI (Microelectronics Technology, Inc.)
  • MTI Wireless Edge
  • MTS (Mobile TeleSystems)
  • MulteFire Alliance
  • Multi-Tech Systems
  • Murray City School District
  • NBTC (National Broadcasting and Telecommunications Commission, Thailand)
  • NEC Corporation
  • Nemko
  • NetCity (GEOS Telecom/GEOS Holding)
  • Netgear
  • NetNumber
  • Netvision Telecom
  • NewEdge Signal Solutions
  • Nextivity
  • NGMN Alliance
  • Nkom (Norwegian Communications Authority)
  • Node-H
  • Nokia
  • Nominet
  • Nsight Telservices
  • NTC (National Telecommunications Commission, Philippines)
  • NuRAN Wireless
  • Nutaq Innovation
  • Ocado
  • Oceus Networks
  • Octasic
  • OFCA (Office of the Communications Authority, Hong Kong)
  • Ofcom (Office of Communications, United Kingdom)
  • OnePlus
  • ONF (Open Networking Foundation)
  • OPPO
  • Optage
  • Oracle Communications
  • Panasonic Corporation
  • Panorama Antennas
  • Parallel Wireless
  • Parsec Technologies
  • Pavlov Media
  • PCTEL
  • PCTEST Lab (PCTEST Engineering Laboratory)
  • PGA Tour
  • Pierson Wireless
  • Pivot Technology Services
  • Pivotal Commware
  • PK Solutions
  • Polaris Networks
  • Port of Rotterdam Authority
  • Potevio
  • PTA (Pakistan Telecommunication Authority)
  • PTS (Post and Telecom Authority, Sweden)
  • QuadGen Wireless Solutions
  • Qualcomm
  • Quantum Wireless
  • Qucell
  • Quectel Wireless Solutions
  • Qulsar
  • Quortus
  • Radiocommunications Agency Netherlands
  • Radisys Corporation
  • Ranplan Wireless
  • RATEL (Regulatory Agency for Electronic Communications and Postal Services, Serbia)
  • Raycap
  • RCI (Rural Cloud Initiative)
  • Realme
  • Rearden
  • RED Technologies
  • Redline Communications
  • Reliance Industries
  • RF Connect
  • RFS (Radio Frequency Systems)
  • Rivada Networks
  • RKTPL (RK Telesystem Private Limited)
  • Robert Bosch
  • Rohde & Schwarz
  • Royal Dutch Shell
  • Ruckus Networks
  • RuggON Corporation
  • RWG (Rotterdam World Gateway)
  • Saankhya Labs
  • SAC Wireless
  • Safari Telecom
  • Samsung
  • Sanjole
  • SBA Communications Corporation
  • SCM (Smart City Media)
  • SCRF (State Commission for Radio Frequencies, Russia)
  • SDG&E (San Diego Gas & Electric) Company
  • Select Spectrum
  • Sempra Energy
  • Seowon Intech
  • Sequans Communications
  • Sercomm Corporation
  • SGCC (State Grid Corporation of China)
  • SGS
  • Shanghai Smawave Technology
  • Sharp Corporation
  • Siemens
  • Sierra Wireless
  • SIPG (Shanghai International Port Group)
  • Sivers IMA
  • Small Cell Forum
  • Smart City Networks
  • SmarTone
  • SoftBank Group
  • SOLiD
  • Sony Corporation
  • Sony Mobile Communications
  • Southern Company
  • Southern Linc
  • Spectrum Effect
  • Spirent Communications
  • Sporton International
  • SQUAN
  • SSC (Shared Spectrum Company)
  • Star Solutions
  • STEP CG
  • STL (Sterlite Technologies Ltd)
  • Strata Worldwide
  • Subtel (Subsecretaría de Telecomunicaciones de Chile)
  • Sumitomo Corporation
  • Sunwave Communications
  • SureSite Consulting Group
  • Suzhou Aquila Solutions (Aquila Wireless)
  • Syniverse Technologies
  • T&W (Shenzhen Gongjin Electronics)
  • Tait Communications
  • Tango Networks
  • Taoglas
  • Teal Communications
  • Tecore Networks
  • Telewave
  • Teleworld Solutions
  • Telit Communications
  • Telrad Networks
  • Telsasoft
  • Tessares
  • TESSCO Technologies
  • ThinkRF
  • Tilson
  • TIM (Telecom Italia Mobile)
  • Times Square Alliance
  • TLC Solutions
  • TRA (Telecommunications Regulatory Authority, United Arab Emirates)
  • Traficom (Transport and Communications Agency, Finland)
  • Transit Wireless
  • Trilogy Networks
  • TSDSI (Telecommunications Standards Development Society, India)
  • TTA (Telecommunications Technology Association, South Korea)
  • TTC (Telecommunication Technology Committee, Japan)
  • TÜV SÜD
  • U.S. FCC (Federal Communications Commission)
  • Ubicquia
  • UCSB (University of California, Santa Barbara)
  • UKE (Office of Electronic Communications, Poland)
  • UL
  • Unizyx Holding Corporation
  • URSYS
  • Valid8
  • Vapor IO
  • Ventev
  • Verizon Communications
  • Vertical Bridge
  • Verveba Telecom
  • Viavi Solutions
  • VINCI Energies
  • Virtual Network Communications
  • Vivo
  • Vodacom Group
  • Vodafone Germany
  • Vodafone Group
  • Wave Wireless
  • Wavesight
  • WBA (Wireless Broadband Alliance)
  • Westell Technologies
  • WhiteSpace Alliance
  • Wi-Fi Alliance
  • Widelity
  • Wilson Electronics
  • Wilus
  • WIN Connectivity (Wireless Information Networks)
  • Winncom Technologies
  • WInnForum (Wireless Innovation Forum)
  • Wireless Telecom Group
  • WNC (Wistron NeWeb Corporation)
  • Wytec International
  • XGP (eXtended Global Platform) Forum
  • Yangshan Port
  • Zebra Technologies
  • ZenFi Networks
  • Zinwave
  • Zmtel (Shanghai Zhongmi Communication Technology)
  • ZTE
  • Zyxel Communications
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown

The contents of the reports are accumulated by combining information attained from a range of primary and secondary research sources.

In addition to analyzing official corporate announcements, policy documents, media reports, and industry statements, the publisher seeks opinions from leading industry players within each sector to derive an unbiased, accurate and objective mix of market trends, forecasts and the future prospects of the industry.

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