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Global Automotive Fuel Cell Market by Vehicle Type (Buses, Trucks, LCVs, Passenger Cars), Component, Fuel Type, Hydrogen Fuel Points, Operating Miles, Power, Capacity, Specialized Vehicle Type and Region - Forecast to 2030

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    Report

  • 331 Pages
  • February 2024
  • Region: Global
  • Markets and Markets
  • ID: 5314991

Key Players in the Market Include Volkswagen, Renault, Stellantis, and Daimler

The global automotive fuel cell market is projected to grow from USD 0.2 billion in 2024 to USD 2.1 billion by 2030, at a CAGR of 48.0%. Parameters such as an increase in demand for low emission vehicles and an increase in demand for green mobility will drive the market. In addition, the advancements in hydrogen-powered technology, paired with government support for fuel cell technology, will create new opportunities for this market. Increasing demand for zero-emission vehicles in the market and strong government support has led to many top OEMs invest in the R&D of FCEVs. Hydrogen fuel cells have thus become a fast-growing technology in the past decades. Many new technological developments have taken place, which have increased the demand for automobile fuel cells in the market. Unlike traditional EVs, FCEVs can be used for much longer distances and are often used in long-distance EV commuting. Companies like Toyota, Hyundai, and Honda have been leading the development of this technology for the last two decades.

Hydrogen will be the most commonly used fuel in FCEVs

Hydrogen, naturally occurring in our environment and stored in various forms such as water (H2O), hydrocarbons (e.g., methane - CH4), and organic matter, presents a challenge in terms of efficiently extracting it for use as a fuel. Hydrogen is gaining prominence as a viable alternative fuel derived from diverse domestic resources. Although the hydrogen transportation market is in its early stages, joint efforts from both government and industry are concentrated on achieving clean, cost-effective, and secure hydrogen production and distribution. Hydrogen fuel cells harness the chemical energy of hydrogen to generate electricity, with water being the sole by-product of usage.

PEM fuel cells, commonly utilized for automotive purposes, are compatible with fuels like hydrogen, methanol, and ethanol. Hydrogen stands out as the cleanest fuel option for fuel cells in automotive applications. Despite the current limited demand for hydrogen fuel cell vehicles, primarily due to a constrained supply of green hydrogen and the use of fossil fuels in hydrogen production, countries worldwide are initiating green hydrogen projects for various applications. This initiative is expected to boost demand for hydrogen fuel cell vehicles as production scales up, accompanied by the establishment of hydrogen stations across countries. Storage poses a challenge hindering the widespread adoption of hydrogen as a fuel.

Due to its low density, hydrogen cannot be stored as easily as fossil fuels and requires compression and cooling before storage. Steam reforming remains the dominant method for hydrogen production in the United States, involving the high-temperature combination of steam with natural gas to extract hydrogen. Alternatively, hydrogen can be produced from water through electrolysis, a more energy-intensive process that offers the advantage of using renewable energy sources such as wind or solar, thereby mitigating harmful emissions associated with other energy production forms. This necessitates specific tanks for storage purposes, further contributing to the cost of using hydrogen fuel cells for automotive applications.

The goal is to facilitate the widespread adoption of hydrogen in Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles (FCEVs). Currently, light-duty FCEVs are gradually entering the consumer market in limited quantities, initially in specific regions both domestically and globally. Moreover, the hydrogen market is exhibiting promising growth in various sectors, including buses, material handling equipment (e.g., forklifts), ground support equipment, medium - and heavy-duty trucks, marine vessels, and stationary applications. While hydrogen production may generate emissions affecting air quality, it is crucial to note that the exhaust from an FCEV running on hydrogen comprises only water vapor and warm air, classifying it as a zero-emission vehicle. This has materialized in the introduction of light-duty vehicles to retail consumers and the initial deployment of medium - and heavy-duty buses and trucks in California, with plans for fleet availability expanding to northeastern states.

North America to have rapid fuel cell demand growth during the forecast period

North America has emerged as one of the fastest growing market in fuel cell development, spearheaded by acclaimed companies like Ballard Power (Canada), Plug Power (LIS), and Fuel Cell Energy (US). The US and Canada are actively promoting the growth of Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles (FCEVs), particularly in the commercial vehicle sector. Government support includes performance testing for fuel cell Heavy Commercial Vehicles (HCVs) and buses, with key players like Ballard Power Systems, Hyster-Yale, Plug Power, Cummins, Advent Technologies Holdings, and BorgWarner contributing to the region's competitive market.

The United States is committed to decarbonizing its power sector by 2035, aiming for a 50-52% reduction in carbon emissions compared to 2005 levels and achieving net-zero emissions by 2050. Each fuel cell bus in operation in the US has the potential to annually reduce carbon emissions by 100 tons and eliminate the need for 9,000 gallons of fuel, resulting in significant cost savings of over USD 37,000 per vehicle compared to diesel-fueled buses. Recognizing the importance of fuel cell technology in its national energy strategy, the US government has proposed a USD 2 billion investment in technologies, including fuel cells, to reduce dependence on fossil fuels.

California, at the forefront of automotive legislation for emissions reduction, has established hydrogen refueling stations, and the H2USA project aims to advance hydrogen infrastructure, preparing for the widespread adoption of FCEVs. The US Department of Energy's investment of USD 52.5 million in 31 projects supports the advancement of clean hydrogen technologies and the Hydrogen Energy Earthshot initiative, targeting 700,000 jobs and $140 billion in revenue by 2030. However, the US goal of producing green hydrogen at $1 per kilogram by 2031 may be optimistic, with blue hydrogen and naturally extracted hydrogen gaining attention on political agendas worldwide.

Simultaneously, the California Air Resources Board (CARB) is championing zero-emissions vehicles, opening the door for more hydrogen fuel cell vehicles. North America's prowess in fuel cell technology innovation is attributed to government policies promoting low-emission technologies, business-friendly environments, lower taxes, and incentives for fuel cell vehicle users, fostering significant growth in the automotive fuel cell market.Canada is also taking steps to reduce carbon emissions, with the City of Toronto planning to convert 50% of its fleets to Electric Vehicles (EVs), including a substantial portion designated for long-distance travel using FCEVs. Provinces like BC and Quebec are incentivizing Zero-Emission Vehicle (ZEV) purchases, implementing regulations, and deploying hydrogen fueling infrastructure to promote the adoption of FCEVs.

In-depth interviews were conducted with CEOs, managers, and executives from various key organizations operating in this market.
  • By Respondent Type - OEMs - 24%, Tier I - 67%, Tier II & III - 9%
  • By Designation - C - level Executives - 33%, Managers - 52%, Executives - 15%
  • By Region - North America - 28%, Asia Oceania - 38%, Europe - 34%

Research Coverage

The report covers the automotive fuel cell market, in terms of vehicle type (Passenger Cars, LCV, Bus, Truck), Component (fuel cell stack, fuel processor, power conditioner, air compressor, humidifier), by specialised vehicle type (Material Handling Vehicle, Auxilary Power Unit or Refrigerated Truck), H2 fuel station (Asia Oceania, Europe, and North America), power output (< 150kW, 150-250 Kw, >250kw), operating miles (0-250 miles, 250-500 miles, and above 500 miles), propulsion (FCEV, FCHEV), fuel type (Methanol, Ethanol, and others), region (Asia Oceania, Europe, and North America). It covers the competitive landscape and company profiles of the major automotive fuel cell market ecosystem players.

The study also includes an in-depth competitive analysis of the key players in the market, along with their company profiles, key observations related to product and business offerings, recent developments, and key market strategies.

Key Benefits of Buying the Report:

  • The report will help market leaders/new entrants with information on the closest approximations of revenue numbers for the overall automotive fuel cell market and its subsegments.
  • This report will help stakeholders understand the competitive landscape and gain more insights to position their businesses better and plan suitable go-to-market strategies.
  • The report also helps stakeholders understand the market pulse and provides information on key market drivers, restraints, challenges, and opportunities.
  • The report also helps stakeholders understand the current and future pricing trends of different automotive fuel cell systems based on their capacity.

The report provides insight on the following pointers:

  • Analysis of key drivers (better fuel efficiency and increased driving range, rapid increase in investment and development for green hydrogen production, fast refuelling, reduced Oil dependency, lower emissions compared to other vehicles), restraints (highly flammable, hard to detect hydrogen leakage, high initial investment or hydrogen refuelling infrastructure, lower efficiency compared to BEV's and HEVs), challenges (rising demand for fuel cell vehicles in automotive and transportation sector, fuel cell vans to be an emerging opportunity for OEMs, government initiatives pertaining to hydrogen infrastructure), and opportunities (high vehicle costs, insufficient hydrogen infrastructure, fast growing demand for BEVS and HEVs), influencing the growth of the authentication and brand protection market.
  • Product Development/Innovation: Detailed insights on upcoming technologies, research & development activities, and new product & service launches in the automotive fuel cell market.
  • Market Development: Comprehensive information about lucrative markets - the report analyses the automotive fuel cell market across varied regions.
  • Market Diversification: Exhaustive information about new products & services, untapped geographies, recent developments, and investments in the automotive fuel cell market.
  • Competitive Assessment: In-depth assessment of market ranking, growth strategies, and service offerings of leading players Ballard Power Systems (Canada), Hyster-Yale (US), Plug Power(US) ITM Power(UK) and Cummins (US), among others in automotive fuel cell market.
Frequently Asked Questions about the Global Automotive Fuel Cell Market

What is the estimated value of the Global Automotive Fuel Cell Market?

The Global Automotive Fuel Cell Market was estimated to be valued at $0.2 Billion in 2024.

What is the growth rate of the Global Automotive Fuel Cell Market?

The growth rate of the Global Automotive Fuel Cell Market is 48.0%, with an estimated value of $2.1 Billion by 2030.

What is the forecasted size of the Global Automotive Fuel Cell Market?

The Global Automotive Fuel Cell Market is estimated to be worth $2.1 Billion by 2030.

Who are the key companies in the Global Automotive Fuel Cell Market?

Key companies in the Global Automotive Fuel Cell Market include Toyota Motor Corporation, Hyundai Group, Honda, General Motors, Stellantis, Ballard Power Systems, Hyster, Yale, Plug Power and Cummins.

Table of Contents

1 Introduction
1.1 Study Objectives
1.2 Market Definition
Table 1 Automotive Fuel Cell Market Definition, by Component
Table 2 Automotive Fuel Cell Market Definition, by Vehicle Type
Table 3 Automotive Fuel Cell Market Definition, by Specialized Vehicle Type
Table 4 Automotive Fuel Cell Market Definition, by Power Output
Table 5 Automotive Fuel Cell Market Definition, by Operating Miles
Table 6 Automotive Fuel Cell Market Definition, by Propulsion
Table 7 Automotive Fuel Cell Market Definition, by Fuel Type
1.2.1 Inclusions and Exclusions
Table 8 Inclusions and Exclusions
1.3 Market Scope
Figure 1 Automotive Fuel Cell Market Segmentation
1.3.1 Regions Covered
1.3.2 Years Considered
1.4 Currency Considered
Table 9 Currency Exchange Rates
1.5 Stakeholders
1.6 Summary of Changes
2 Research Methodology
2.1 Research Data
Figure 2 Automotive Fuel Cell Market: Research Design
Figure 3 Research Design Model
2.1.1 Secondary Data
2.1.1.1 Key Secondary Sources
2.1.1.2 Key Data from Secondary Sources
2.1.2 Primary Data
2.1.2.1 Primary Interviews: Demand and Supply Sides
2.1.2.2 Key Industry Insights and Breakdown of Primary Interviews
Figure 4 Key Industry Insights
Figure 5 Breakdown of Primary Interviews
2.1.2.3 List of Primary Participants
2.2 Market Size Estimation
Figure 6 Research Methodology: Hypothesis Building
2.2.1 Bottom-Up Approach
Figure 7 Bottom-Up Approach
2.2.2 Top-Down Approach
Figure 8 Top-Down Approach
Figure 9 Automotive Fuel Cell Market Estimation Notes
Figure 10 Research Design and Methodology: Demand Side
2.3 Data Triangulation
Figure 11 Data Triangulation
Figure 12 Market Growth Projections from Demand-Side Drivers and Opportunities
2.4 Factor Analysis
Figure 13 Factor Analysis for Market Sizing: Demand and Supply Sides
2.5 Research Assumptions
2.6 Research Limitations
3 Executive Summary
Figure 14 Automotive Fuel Cell Market Overview
Figure 15 Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Region, 2024-2030 (USD Million)
Figure 16 Passenger Car to be Largest Vehicle Type During Forecast Period
4 Premium Insights
4.1 Attractive Opportunities for Players in Automotive Fuel Cell Market
Figure 17 Growing Demand for Alternative Zero-Emission Transport Options to Drive Market
4.2 Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Vehicle Type
Figure 18 Passenger Car to be Largest Vehicle Type During 2024-2030
4.3 Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Hydrogen Fuel Points
Figure 19 Asia Oceania to be Fastest-Growing Segment During 2024-2030
4.4 Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Power Output
Figure 20 150-250 kW Power Output to Grow Rapidly During Forecast Period
4.5 Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Component
Figure 21 Fuel Stack Component to Lead Market During Forecast Period
4.6 Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Operating Miles
Figure 22 251-500 Miles Segment to Lead Market During 2024-2030
4.7 Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Region
Figure 23 Asia Oceania to be Largest Market in 2024 By Volume
5 Market Overview
5.1 Introduction
Figure 24 Hydrogen Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle System
5.2 Market Dynamics
Figure 25 Automotive Fuel Cell Market: Drivers, Restraints, Opportunities, and Challenges
5.2.1 Drivers
5.2.1.1 Better Fuel Efficiency and Driving Range Than Ice Vehicles
Figure 26 Natural Gas Required to Propel BEV to 300 Miles vs. Fcev Traveling 300 Miles
Table 10 Attributes of Fcev vs. Advanced BEV for 200-Mile and 300-Mile Range
5.2.1.2 Growing Investment in Green Hydrogen Production
Figure 27 Number of Hydrogen Fuel Stations in US (2017-2022)
5.2.1.3 Fast Refueling
Table 11 Zero-Emission Light-Duty Vehicle Reference Comparison: BEV Charging vs. Fcev Hydrogen Fueling
5.2.1.4 Reduced Oil Dependency
Figure 28 Liquid Oil Consumption (Million Barrels Per Day), 2017-2022
Table 12 US: Gasoline Average Pricing Trend (2018-2024)
5.2.1.5 Lower Emissions Than Other Vehicles
5.2.2 Restraints
5.2.2.1 High Flammability
Figure 29 Comparison of Autoignition Temperatures of Various Fuels
5.2.2.2 Hard to Detect Hydrogen Leakages
5.2.2.3 High Initial Investments in Hydrogen Fueling Infrastructure
Figure 30 Dispensed Fuel Cost Buildup for Future Transportation Fuels
Figure 31 Initial Investment in Infrastructure for Various Fuels
Figure 32 Comparison of BEV and Fcev
5.2.2.4 Lower Efficiency Than BEVs and HEVs
Figure 33 Global Electric Vehicle Sales, 2019-2023
Figure 34 Comparison of Hydrogen and Electric Vehicle Drive
5.2.3 Opportunities
5.2.3.1 Rising Demand for Fuel Cell Vehicles in Automotive & Transportation Sector
5.2.3.1.1 Fuel Cell Commercial Freight Truck Developments
Table 13 Fuel Cell Commercial Freight Truck Developments
5.2.3.1.2 Fuel-Cell Buses Worldwide, 2023
Figure 35 Operated Fuel Cell Buses, 2023
5.2.3.2 Growth Potential of Fuel Cell Vans for OEMs
5.2.3.3 Government Initiatives Promoting Hydrogen Infrastructure
Figure 36 Government-Led Hydrogen Hub Initiatives in US and Canada
5.2.3.4 Development of Mobile and Community Hydrogen Fueling Systems
Figure 37 Mobile Hydrogen-Refueling Stations in Japan
5.2.4 Challenges
5.2.4.1 High Vehicle Costs
Figure 38 Cost of Fuel Cell Stack for Production Volume of 1,000 Units/Year vs. 500,000 Units/Year
5.2.4.2 Lack of Proper Hydrogen Infrastructure
Figure 39 Hydrogen Infrastructure Maintenance Costs, by Component
5.2.4.3 Rising Demand for BEVs and HEVs
Table 14 Automotive Fuel Cell Market: Impact of Market Dynamics
5.3 Existing and Upcoming Fcev Models
Table 15 Existing and Upcoming Passenger Car Fcev Models
Table 16 Existing and Upcoming Commercial Fcev Models
5.4 Case Study Analysis
5.4.1 Case Study 1: Ballard Fuel Cell Zero-Emission Buses in London
5.4.2 Case Study 2: Ballard Fuel Cell Zero-Emission Trucks in Shanghai
5.4.3 Case Study 3: Non-Precious Metal Catalyst by Ballard
5.4.4 Case Study 4: Fuel Cell Zero-Emission Buses by Ballard
5.4.5 Case Study 5: Fuel-Cell Buses for City Transit in France
5.5 Patent Analysis
Figure 40 Number of Published Automotive Fuel Cell Patents (2019-2023)
Figure 41 Top Patent Applicants
Table 17 Important Patent Registrations Related to Automotive Fuel Cell Market
5.6 Ecosystem Analysis
Figure 42 Automotive Fuel Cell Market: Ecosystem Analysis
5.6.1 Hydrogen Fuel Suppliers
5.6.2 Tier I Suppliers (Fuel Cell and Related Component Producers)
5.6.3 OEMs
Table 18 Automotive Fuel Cell Market: Role of Companies in Ecosystem
5.7 Supply Chain Analysis
Figure 43 Automotive Fuel Cell Market: Supply Chain Analysis
5.8 Fuel Cell Pricing Analysis
Table 19 Automotive Fuel Cell Stack Price: Regional Price Trend, 2020 vs. 2022
5.8.1 Average Selling Price Trend of Key Players, by Vehicle Type
Table 20 Average Selling Price Trend of Key Players, by Vehicle Type
Figure 44 Fuel Cell System Cost, 2006-2025
Figure 45 Fuel Cell System and Fuel Cell Stack Cost
5.9 Trends and Disruptions Impacting Customer Business
Figure 46 Automotive Fuel Cell Market: New Revenue Sources
Table 21 Fuel Cell Bus Sales and Upcoming Projects
5.10 Roadmap of Deployment of Hydrogen Technology in Automotive Sector
5.11 Fcev Launch Scheduled by Major OEMs
Figure 47 Launch of Hydrogen Models
5.11.1 Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles to Gain Momentum Across Diverse Landscapes
5.12 Stakeholders’ Plan in Hydrogen-Fueled Vehicle Ecosystem
5.13 Business Models
Figure 48 Business Models in Automotive Fuel Cell Market
5.14 Technology Analysis
5.14.1 Direct Borohydride Fuel Cell
Figure 49 Direct Borohydride Fuel Cell Working
5.14.2 Fuel Cell Hybrid Electric Vehicle
5.14.3 Hydrogen Internal Combustion Engine
5.14.4 Non-Precious Metal Catalyst-based Fuel Cell
5.14.5 Packaged Fuel Cell System Module
Figure 50 Toyota's New Packaged Fuel Cell System Module
5.14.6 Hydrogenious Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carrier
5.14.7 Carbonate-Superstructured Solid Fuel Cell
5.15 Regulatory Landscape
5.15.1 North America
Table 22 North America: Policies & Initiatives Supporting Hydrogen-Powered Vehicles & Hydrogen Infrastructure
5.15.2 Europe
Table 23 Europe: Policies & Initiatives Supporting Hydrogen-Powered Vehicles & Hydrogen Infrastructure
5.15.3 Asia Oceania
Table 24 Asia Oceania: Policies & Initiatives Supporting Hydrogen-Powered Vehicles & Hydrogen Infrastructure
5.15.4 Regulatory Bodies, Government Agencies, and Other Organizations
Table 25 North America: Regulatory Bodies, Government Agencies, and Other Organizations
Table 26 Europe: Regulatory Bodies, Government Agencies, and Other Organizations
Table 27 Asia Oceania: Regulatory Bodies, Government Agencies, and Other Organizations
5.16 Key Conferences and Events in 2024-2025
Table 28 Key Conferences and Events, 2024-2025
5.17 Key Stakeholders and Buying Criteria
5.17.1 Lcv
5.17.2 Bus
5.17.3 Truck
5.17.4 Key Stakeholders in Buying Process
Figure 51 Influence of Stakeholders on Buying Process
Table 29 Influence of Stakeholders on Buying Process (%)
5.17.5 Buying Criteria
Figure 52 Key Buying Criteria for Automotive Fuel Cell Market
Table 30 Key Buying Criteria for Fuel Cell Vehicle Types
6 Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Component
6.1 Introduction
Figure 53 Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Component, 2024-2030 (USD Million)
Table 31 Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Component, 2020-2023 (USD Million)
Table 32 Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Component, 2024-2030 (USD Million)
6.2 Operational Data
Table 33 Popular Fuel Cell Providers Worldwide
Figure 54 Fuel Cell Powertrain
6.3 Fuel Stack
6.3.1 Stringent Emission Regulations and Government Incentives to Drive Market
Table 34 Fuel Stack: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Region, 2020-2023 (USD Million)
Table 35 Fuel Stack: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Region, 2024-2030 (USD Million)
6.4 Fuel Processor
6.4.1 Rapid Growth of Fuel Cell Technologies in Asia Oceania and North America to Drive Market
Table 36 Fuel Processor: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Region, 2020-2023 (USD Million)
Table 37 Fuel Processor: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Region, 2024-2030 (USD Million)
6.5 Power Conditioner
6.5.1 Presence of Leading Fcev Manufacturers in Asia Oceania to Drive Market
Table 38 Power Conditioner: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Region, 2020-2023 (USD Million)
Table 39 Power Conditioner: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Region, 2024-2030 (USD Million)
6.6 Air Compressor
6.6.1 Growing Adoption of Fuel Cell Buses in North America to Drive Market
Table 40 Air Compressor: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Region, 2020-2023 (USD Million)
Table 41 Air Compressor: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Region, 2024-2030 (USD Million)
6.7 Humidifier
6.7.1 Increasing Demand for Fcevs in Europe to Drive Market
Table 42 Humidifier: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Region, 2020-2023 (USD Million)
Table 43 Humidifier: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Region, 2024-2030 (USD Million)
6.8 Key Primary Insights
7 Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Fuel Type
7.1 Introduction
Table 44 Comparison of Fuel Types Used in Fuel Cells and Lithium-Ion Batteries
7.2 Hydrogen
7.3 Methanol
7.4 Ethanol
7.5 Key Primary Insights
8 Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Hydrogen Fuel Points
8.1 Introduction
Figure 55 Infrastructure Cost Comparison for Fcev and BEV
Figure 56 Automotive Hydrogen Fuel Points Market, by Region, 2024-2030 (Units)
Table 45 Hydrogen Fuel Points: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Region, 2020-2023 (Units)
Table 46 Hydrogen Fuel Points: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Region, 2024-2030 (Units)
8.2 Operational Data
Table 47 Number of Hydrogen Fuel Points, by Country (December 2023)
8.3 Asia Oceania
Table 48 Asia Oceania: Automotive Hydrogen Fuel Points Market, by Country, 2020-2023 (Units)
Table 49 Asia Oceania: Automotive Hydrogen Fuel Points Market, by Country, 2024-2030 (Units)
8.4 Europe
Table 50 Europe: Automotive Hydrogen Fuel Points Market, by Country, 2020-2023 (Units)
Table 51 Europe: Automotive Hydrogen Fuel Points Market, by Country, 2024-2030 (Units)
8.5 North America
Table 52 North America: Automotive Hydrogen Fuel Points Market, by Country, 2020-2023 (Units)
Table 53 North America: Automotive Hydrogen Fuel Points Market, by Country, 2024-2030 (Units)
8.6 Key Primary Insights
9 Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Operating Miles
9.1 Introduction
Figure 57 Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Operating Miles, 2024-2030 (Thousand Units)
Table 54 Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Operating Miles, 2020-2023 (Thousand Units)
Table 55 Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Operating Miles, 2024-2030 (Thousand Units)
9.2 Operational Data
Table 56 Popular Fcevs Worldwide, by Operating Miles
9.3 0-250 Miles
9.3.1 North America and Asia Oceania to Drive Market
Table 57 0-250 Miles: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Region, 2020-2023 (Thousand Units)
Table 58 0-250 Miles: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Region, 2024-2030 (Thousand Units)
9.4 251-500 Miles
9.4.1 Considerable Range Achievable on Single Fueling to Drive Market
Table 59 Bestselling Fcevs with 251-500 Miles Range
Table 60 251-500 Miles: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Region, 2020-2023 (Thousand Units)
Table 61 251-500 Miles: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Region, 2024-2030 (Thousand Units)
9.5 Above 500 Miles
9.5.1 Resilience in Different Load Cycles to Drive Market
Table 62 Above 500 Miles: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Region, 2020-2023 (Thousand Units)
Table 63 Above 500 Miles: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Region, 2024-2030 (Thousand Units)
9.6 Key Primary Insights
10 Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Power Output
10.1 Introduction
Figure 58 Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Power Output, 2024-2030 (Thousand Units)
Table 64 Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Power Output, 2020-2023 (Thousand Units)
Table 65 Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Power Output, 2024-2030 (Thousand Units)
10.2 Operational Data
Table 66 Popular Fcevs Worldwide, by Power Output
10.3 < 150 kW
10.3.1 Growing Demand for Fuel Cell Passenger Cars to Drive Market
Table 67 < 150 kW: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Region, 2020-2023 (Thousand Units)
Table 68 < 150 kW: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Region, 2024-2030 (Thousand Units)
10.4 150-250 kW
10.4.1 Growing Demand for Heavy-Duty Trucks and Buses to Drive Market
Table 69 150-250 kW: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Region, 2020-2023 (Thousand Units)
Table 70 150-250 kW: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Region, 2024-2030 (Thousand Units)
10.5 >250 kW
10.5.1 High Demand for Long-Haul Trucking to Drive Market
Table 71 >250 kW: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Region, 2020-2023 (Thousand Units)
Table 72 >250 kW: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Region, 2024-2030 (Thousand Units)
10.6 Key Primary Insights
11 Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Propulsion
11.1 Introduction
Figure 59 Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Propulsion, 2024-2030 (Thousand Units)
Table 73 Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Propulsion, 2020-2023 (Thousand Units)
Table 74 Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Propulsion, 2024-2030 (Thousand Units)
11.2 Operational Data
Table 75 Popular Fcev and Fchev Model Launches
11.3 Fchev
11.3.1 Smooth Power Delivery Reducing Stress on Fuel Cells to Drive Market
11.4 Fcev
11.4.1 High Demand for Sustainable and Zero-Emission Transportation to Drive Market
11.5 Key Primary Insights
12 Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Specialized Vehicle Type
12.1 Introduction
12.2 Material Handling Vehicle
Table 76 Comparison of Polymer Electrolyte Membrane (Pem) Fuel Cell and Battery-Powered Forklifts and Pallet Jacks
12.3 Auxiliary Power Unit for Refrigerated Trucks
12.4 Key Primary Insights
13 Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Vehicle Type
13.1 Introduction
Table 77 Table of Comparison of Different Types of Hydrogen Vehicles
Figure 60 Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Vehicle Type, 2024-2030 (Thousand Units)
Table 78 Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Vehicle Type, 2020-2023 (Thousand Units)
Table 79 Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Vehicle Type, 2024-2030 (Thousand Units)
13.2 Operational Data
Table 80 Potential Market for New Zero-Emission Buses Per Year Across Europe
13.3 Passenger Car
13.3.1 Growing Environmental Concerns, Stricter Emission Regulations, and Advancements in Technology to Drive Market
Table 81 Passenger Car: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Region, 2020-2023 (Thousand Units)
Table 82 Passenger Car: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Region, 2024-2030 (Thousand Units)
13.4 Lcv
13.4.1 Rising Demand for Last Mile Delivery to Drive Market
Table 83 Lcv: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Region, 2020-2023 (Thousand Units)
Table 84 Lcv: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Region, 2024-2030 (Thousand Units)
13.5 Bus
13.5.1 Surging Urban Air Quality Concerns and Rapid Refueling Advancements to Drive Market
Table 85 Examples of Bus Deployment Projects
Table 86 Bus: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Region, 2020-2023 (Thousand Units)
Table 87 Bus: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Region, 2024-2030 (Thousand Units)
13.6 Truck
13.6.1 Expanding Hydrogen Infrastructure and Increasing Government Incentives to Drive Market
Table 88 Overview of Vehicle Weight Classes
Table 89 Mass Difference Between Baseline Vehicle and Its Fuel Cell Truck Version
Table 90 Demonstration Projects/Deployment of Fuel Cell Trucks
Table 91 Major Fuel Cell Truck Prototypes
Table 92 Powertrain Benchmarking for Trucks >12 Tons
Table 93 Truck: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Region, 2020-2023 (Thousand Units)
Table 94 Truck: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Region, 2024-2030 (Thousand Units)
13.7 Key Primary Insights
14 Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Region
14.1 Introduction
Figure 61 Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Region, 2024-2030 (USD Million)
Table 95 Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Region, 2020-2023 (USD Million)
Table 96 Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Region, 2024-2030 (USD Million)
Table 97 Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Region, 2020-2023 (Thousand Units)
Table 98 Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Region, 2024-2030 (Thousand Units)
Table 99 Steps Taken by Major Countries to Boost Automotive Fuel Cell Market
14.2 Asia Oceania
Figure 62 Asia Oceania: Automotive Fuel Cell Market Snapshot
Table 100 Asia Oceania Automotive Fuel Cell Market: Upcoming Projects
Table 101 Asia Oceania: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Country, 2020-2023 (Thousand Units)
Table 102 Asia Oceania: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Country, 2024-2030 (Thousand Units)
14.2.1 China
14.2.1.1 Emphasis on Utilizing Industrial By-Product Hydrogen to Drive Market
Table 103 China: Targets, Visions, and Projections
Table 104 China: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Vehicle Type, 2020-2023 (Units)
Table 105 China: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Vehicle Type, 2024-2030 (Units)
14.2.2 Japan
14.2.2.1 Plans to Increase Production of Hydrogen to Drive Market
Table 106 Japan: Targets, Visions, and Projections
Table 107 Japan: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Vehicle Type, 2020-2023 (Units)
Table 108 Japan: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Vehicle Type, 2024-2030 (Units)
14.2.3 South Korea
14.2.3.1 Transition to Hydrogen Economy to Drive Market
Table 109 South Korea: Targets, Visions, and Projections
Table 110 South Korea: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Vehicle Type, 2020-2023 (Units)
Table 111 South Korea: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Vehicle Type, 2024-2030 (Units)
14.2.4 Australia
14.2.4.1 Government Investment in Hydrogen Ecosystem to Drive Market
Table 112 Australia: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Vehicle Type, 2020-2023 (Units)
Table 113 Australia: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Vehicle Type, 2024-2030 (Units)
14.2.5 India
14.2.5.1 Initiatives by Government for Green Transportation to Drive Market
Table 114 India: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Vehicle Type, 2020-2023 (Units)
Table 115 India: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Vehicle Type, 2024-2030 (Units)
14.3 Europe
Table 116 Europe: Relevant Experience/Products of OEMs
Table 117 Europe: Targets, Visions, and Projections
Figure 63 Europe: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, 2024-2030 (Thousand Units)
Table 118 European Automotive Fuel Cell Market: Ongoing Projects
Table 119 Europe: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Country, 2020-2023 (Thousand Units)
Table 120 Europe: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Country, 2024-2030 (Thousand Units)
14.3.1 Belgium
14.3.1.1 Tax Incentives to Drive Market
Table 121 Belgium: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Vehicle Type, 2020-2023 (Units)
Table 122 Belgium: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Vehicle Type, 2024-2030 (Units)
14.3.2 Denmark
14.3.2.1 Investments in Hydrogen Infrastructure to Drive Market
Table 123 Denmark: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Vehicle Type, 2020-2023 (Units)
Table 124 Denmark: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Vehicle Type, 2024-2030 (Units)
14.3.3 France
14.3.3.1 Presence of Major OEM Fleets to Drive Market
Table 125 France: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Vehicle Type, 2020-2023 (Units)
Table 126 France: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Vehicle Type, 2024-2030 (Units)
14.3.4 Germany
14.3.4.1 Fast-Paced Developments in Hydrogen Infrastructure to Drive Market
Table 127 Germany: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Vehicle Type, 2020-2023 (Units)
Table 128 Germany: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Vehicle Type, 2024-2030 (Units)
14.3.5 Italy
14.3.5.1 Focus on Developing Fuel Cell Technology to Drive Market
Table 129 Italy: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Vehicle Type, 2020-2023 (Units)
Table 130 Italy: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Vehicle Type, 2024-2030 (Units)
14.3.6 Netherlands
14.3.6.1 Dutch Hydrogen Coalition to Drive Market
Table 131 Netherlands: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Vehicle Type, 2020-2023 (Units)
Table 132 Netherlands: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Vehicle Type, 2024-2030 (Units)
14.3.7 Norway
14.3.7.1 Robust Fueling Infrastructure Plans to Drive Market
Table 133 Norway: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Vehicle Type, 2020-2023 (Units)
Table 134 Norway: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Vehicle Type, 2024-2030 (Units)
14.3.8 Sweden
14.3.8.1 Advancement in Fuel Cells to Drive Market
Table 135 Sweden: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Vehicle Type, 2020-2023 (Units)
Table 136 Sweden: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Vehicle Type, 2024-2030 (Units)
14.3.9 Spain
14.3.9.1 Government Plans and Investments to Drive Market
Table 137 Spain: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Vehicle Type, 2020-2023 (Units)
Table 138 Spain: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Vehicle Type, 2024-2030 (Units)
14.3.10 Switzerland
14.3.10.1 Ending Tax Exemption for Electric Cars to Drive Market
Table 139 Switzerland: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Vehicle Type, 2020-2023 (Units)
Table 140 Switzerland: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Vehicle Type, 2024-2030 (Units)
14.3.11 UK
14.3.11.1 Plan for Zero-Emission Public Transport to Drive Market
Table 141 UK: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Vehicle Type, 2020-2023 (Units)
Table 142 UK: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Vehicle Type, 2024-2030 (Units)
14.4 North America
Figure 64 North America: Automotive Fuel Cell Market Snapshot
Table 143 North American Automotive Fuel Cell Market: Upcoming Projects
Table 144 North America: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Country, 2020-2023 (Thousand Units)
Table 145 North America: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Country, 2024-2030 (Thousand Units)
14.4.1 Canada
14.4.1.1 Inclusion of Benefits in Tax Credit to Drive Market
Table 146 Canada: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Vehicle Type, 2020-2023 (Units)
Table 147 Canada: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Vehicle Type, 2024-2030 (Units)
14.4.2 Mexico
14.4.2.1 Shift to Zero-Emission Transport Alternative to Drive Market
Table 148 Mexico: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Vehicle Type, 2020-2023 (Units)
Table 149 Mexico: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Vehicle Type, 2024-2030 (Units)
14.4.3 US
14.4.3.1 Government Investment in Green Hydrogen to Drive Market
Table 150 US: Targets, Visions, and Projections
Table 151 US: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Vehicle Type, 2020-2023 (Units)
Table 152 US: Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Vehicle Type, 2024-2030 (Units)
15 Competitive Landscape
15.1 Overview
15.2 Market Ranking Analysis
Figure 65 Automotive Fuel Cell Market Ranking Analysis (OEMs), 2023
Figure 66 Automotive Fuel Cell Market Ranking Analysis (Component Providers), 2023
15.3 Key Players’ Strategies, 2020-2023
Table 153 Key Players’ Strategies, 2020-2023
Figure 67 Revenue Analysis of Top Public/Listed Players in Automotive Fuel Cell Market During Last 5 Years
15.4 Company Evaluation Matrix
15.4.1 Stars
15.4.2 Emerging Leaders
15.4.3 Pervasive Players
15.4.4 Participants
Figure 68 Automotive Fuel Cell Market: Company Evaluation Matrix (Top Component Providers), 2023
15.5 Company Footprint (Fuel Cell Manufacturers), 2023
Table 154 Automotive Fuel Cell Market: Company Footprint
15.6 Company Application Footprint (Fuel Cell Manufacturers), 2023
Table 155 Automotive Fuel Cell Market: Company Application Footprint
15.7 Company Regional Footprint (Fuel Cell Manufacturers), 2023
Table 156 Automotive Fuel Cell Market: Regional Footprint
Figure 69 Automotive Fuel Cell Market: Company Evaluation Matrix (OEMs), 2023
15.8 Startup Evaluation Matrix
15.8.1 Progressive Companies
15.8.2 Responsive Companies
15.8.3 Dynamic Companies
15.8.4 Starting Blocks
Figure 70 Automotive Fuel Cell Market: Start-Up Matrix, 2023
15.8.5 Competitive Benchmarking
Table 157 List of Key Startups/SMEs
Table 158 Competitive Benchmarking of Start-Ups/SMEs
15.9 Competitive Scenario
15.9.1 Deals
Table 159 Automotive Fuel Cell Market: Deals, 2020-2023
15.9.2 Product Launches/Developments
Table 160 Automotive Fuel Cell Market: Product Launches/Developments, 2020-2023
15.9.3 Expansions
Table 161 Automotive Fuel Cell Market: Expansions, 2020-2023
16 Company Profiles
(Business Overview, Products Offered, Recent Developments & Analyst's View)*
16.1 Key Players (OEMs)
16.1.1 Toyota Motor Corporation
Table 162 Toyota Motor Corporation: Company Overview
Figure 71 Toyota Motor Corporation: Company Snapshot
Figure 72 Toyota Motor Corporation: Global Data by Region
Table 163 Toyota Motor Corporation: Products Offered
Table 164 Toyota Motor Corporation: Product Developments
Table 165 Toyota Motor Corporation: Deals
Table 166 Toyota Motor Corporation: Expansions
16.1.2 Hyundai Group
Table 167 Hyundai Group: Company Overview
Figure 73 Hyundai Group: Company Snapshot
Table 168 Hyundai Group: Products Offered
Table 169 Hyundai Group: Product Launches
Table 170 Hyundai Group: Deals
16.1.3 Honda
Table 171 Honda: Company Overview
Figure 74 Honda: Company Snapshot
Table 172 Honda: Products Offered
Table 173 Honda: Product Developments
Table 174 Honda: Deals
16.1.4 General Motors
Table 175 General Motors: Company Overview
Figure 75 General Motors: Company Snapshot
Figure 76 General Motors: Fuel Cell Manufacturing Capacity
Table 176 General Motors: Deals
16.1.5 Stellantis
Table 177 Stellantis: Company Overview
Figure 77 Stellantis: Company Snapshot
Table 178 Stellantis: Products Offered
Table 179 Stellantis: Product Launches
Table 180 Stellantis: Deals
Table 181 Stellantis: Expansions
16.2 Key Players (Fuel Cell Providers)
16.2.1 Ballard Power Systems
Table 182 Ballard Power Systems: Company Overview
Figure 78 Ballard Power Systems: Company Snapshot
Figure 79 Ballard Power Systems: Macro Landscape
Table 183 Ballard Power Systems: Fuel Cell Stack
Figure 80 Ballard Power Systems: Future Plans
Figure 81 Ballard Power Systems: Stationary Power Generation with Hydrogen Fuel Cells
Table 184 Ballard Power Systems: Products Offered
Table 185 Ballard Power Systems: Product Launches/Developments
Table 186 Ballard Power Systems: Deals
Table 187 Ballard Power Systems: Expansions
16.2.2 Hyster-Yale
Figure 82 Hyster-Yale's Subsidiary Nuvera at a Glance
Table 188 Hyster-Yale: Company Overview
Figure 83 Hyster-Yale: Company Snapshot
Table 189 Hyster-Yale: Products Offered
Table 190 Hyster-Yale: Product Developments
Table 191 Hyster-Yale: Deals
Table 192 Hyster-Yale: Expansions
16.2.3 Plug Power
Table 193 Plug Power: Company Overview
Figure 84 Plug Power: Company Snapshot
Table 194 Plug Power: Operational Characteristics of EV Chargers for Light-Duty Vehicles
Table 195 Plug Power: Products Offered
Table 196 Plug Power: Product Developments
Table 197 Plug Power: Deals
Table 198 Plug Power: Other Developments
16.2.4 Cummins
Figure 85 Cummins: Participation in Hydrogen Economy
Table 199 Cummins: Company Overview
Figure 86 Cummins: Company Snapshot
Figure 87 Cummins: Sales for Engine Segment
Table 200 Cummins: Products Offered
Table 201 Cummins: Product Portfolio
Table 202 Cummins: Product Developments
Table 203 Cummins: Deals
Table 204 Cummins: Other Developments
16.2.5 Doosan Group
Table 205 Doosan Group: Company Overview
Figure 88 Doosan Group: Company Snapshot
Table 206 Doosan Group: Products Offered
Table 207 Doosan Group: Product Developments
Table 208 Doosan Group: Deals
Table 209 Doosan Group: Other Developments
16.2.6 Advent Technologies Holdings
Table 210 Advent Technologies Holdings: Company Overview
Figure 89 Advent Technologies Holdings: Company Snapshot
Figure 90 Advent Technologies Holdings: Offerings
Table 211 Advent Technologies Holdings: Products Offered
Table 212 Advent Technologies Holdings: Deals
16.2.7 Itm Power
Table 213 Itm Power: Company Overview
Figure 91 Itm Power: Company Snapshot
Figure 92 Itm Power: Key Partnerships
Table 214 Itm Power: Products Offered
Table 215 Itm Power: Deals
Table 216 Itm Power: Other Developments
16.2.8 Ceres Power
Figure 93 Ceres Power: Progress with Key Commercial Partnership
Table 217 Ceres Power: Company Overview
Figure 94 Ceres Power: Company Snapshot
Table 218 Ceres Power: Products Offered
Table 219 Ceres Power: Product Developments
Table 220 Ceres Power: Deals
Table 221 Ceres Power: Expansions
16.2.9 Nedstack
Table 222 Nedstack: Company Overview
Table 223 Nedstack: Products Offered
Table 224 Nedstack: Deals
16.2.10 Proton Motor Power Systems
Table 225 Proton Motor Power Systems: Company Overview
Figure 95 Proton Motor Power Systems: Company Snapshot
Table 226 Proton Motor Power Systems: Products Offered
Table 227 Proton Motor Power Systems: Product Developments
Table 228 Proton Motor Power Systems: Deals
16.2.11 Toshiba
Table 229 Toshiba: Company Overview
Figure 96 Toshiba: Company Snapshot
Figure 97 Toshiba: Cyber Physical Systems (Cps) Technology
Table 230 Toshiba: Products Offered
Table 231 Toshiba: Deals
Table 232 Toshiba: Other Developments
16.2.12 Powercell Ab
Table 233 Powercell Ab: Company Overview
Figure 98 Powercell Ab: Company Snapshot
Table 234 Powercell Ab: Products Offered
Table 235 Powercell Ab: Deals
*Details on Business Overview, Products Offered, Recent Developments & Analyst's View Might Not be Captured in Case of Unlisted Companies
16.3 Other Players
16.3.1 Panasonic
16.3.2 Toray Industries
16.3.3 Sunrise Power Co. Ltd
16.3.4 Bosch
16.3.5 Intelligent Energy
16.3.6 Symbio
16.3.7 Elringklinger AG
16.3.8 Swiss Hydrogen Power
16.3.9 Dana Incorporated
16.3.10 Fuel Cell System Manufacturing LLC
16.3.11 Volkswagen AG
16.3.12 Daimler
16.3.13 Riversimple
16.3.14 Saic Motors
16.3.15 Van Hool
16.3.16 Mebius Fuel Cell
16.3.17 Hydra Energy Corporation
16.3.18 Isuzu Motors
16.3.19 Ford Motor Company
16.3.20 Fuelcell Energy
16.3.21 Bloom Energy
16.3.22 Sunfire
16.3.23 Ionomr Innovations
16.3.24 Bramble Energy
17 Analyst's Recommendations
17.1 Japan, South Korea, and China are Key Focus Countries for Automotive Fuel Cell Market
17.2 Technological Advancements to Boost Market for Fcevs
17.3 Conclusion
18 Appendix
18.1 Key Insights of Industry Experts
18.2 Discussion Guide
18.3 Knowledgestore: The Subscription Portal
18.4 Customization Options
18.4.1 Automotive Fuel Cell Market, by Propulsion at Country Level
18.4.2 Automotive Fuel Cell Market, Additional Countries (Up to 3)
18.4.3 Profiling of Additional Market Players (Up to 3)

Executive Summary

Companies Mentioned

  • Toyota Motor Corporation
  • Hyundai Group
  • Honda
  • General Motors
  • Stellantis
  • Ballard Power Systems
  • Hyster-Yale
  • Plug Power
  • Cummins
  • Doosan Group
  • Advent Technologies Holdings
  • Itm Power
  • Ceres Power
  • Nedstack
  • Proton Motor Power Systems
  • Toshiba
  • Powercell Ab
  • Panasonic
  • Toray Industries
  • Sunrise Power Co. Ltd
  • Bosch
  • Intelligent Energy
  • Symbio
  • Elringklinger AG
  • Swiss Hydrogen Power
  • Dana Incorporated
  • Fuel Cell System Manufacturing LLC
  • Volkswagen AG
  • Daimler
  • Riversimple
  • Saic Motors
  • Van Hool
  • Mebius Fuel Cell
  • Hydra Energy Corporation
  • Isuzu Motors
  • Ford Motor Company
  • Fuelcell Energy
  • Bloom Energy
  • Sunfire
  • Ionomr Innovations
  • Bramble Energy

Methodology

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