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The Global Market for Cellulose Nanofibers 2022-2032

  • Report
  • 365 Pages
  • August 2022
  • Region: Global
  • Future Markets, Inc
  • ID: 5319565

Cellulose nanofibers (CNF), also called cellulose nanofibrils or nanofibrillated cellulose, are sustainable materials with high mechanical strength and stiffness (stronger than steel), high aspect ratios, high transparency, high chemical resistance and impressive rheological, optical and film-forming properties. They are also lightweight and have made a recent impact in industrial applications in biopolymers, bio-composites and hygiene and sanitary products.

Industrial products have been introduced to the market recently in packaging, composites and thermoplastics, biomedicine and hygiene, mainly in the Japanese market. Advanced applications in paper batteries and flexible electronics are also expected once current processing challenges have been overcome.

CNF production is now at the industrial scale, with numerous large paper manufacturers establishing multi-ton production facilities. Japanese chemicals manufacturers have also initiated cellulose nanofiber production capabilities. Facilities have also been established in Europe (mainly Scandinavia), Canada and the United States.

Report contents include:

  • Global production capacities, by CNF producer, current and planned.
  • Production volumes by region.
  • Commercialized products on the market incorporating CNFs.
  • Stage of commercialization for cellulose nanofiber applications by company (TRL).
  • CNF applications by industry.
  • Demand in tons per market, current and forecast to 2032. 
  • Market drivers, trends and challenges, by end user markets.
  • Competitive landscape of CNF by market, volumes, key trends and growth. Potential for CNF to gain market share by market volume across all end user markets. Markets covered include Polymer composites, Automotive, Building & Construction, Packaging, Textiles, Biomedicine, Pharma, Healthcare, Sanitary and Hygiene Products, Paints & Coatings, Aerogels, Oil & Gas, Filtration, Cosmetics, Food Additives, Electronics, Batteries, Aerospace and 3D printing. 
  • In-depth market assessment of opportunities for CNF including potential revenues, growth rates, pricing, most likely applications and market challenges.
  • In-depth analysis of market by applications including estimated market size, penetration and growth. Applications covered include: Polymer composite parts; Biodegradable and renewable nanocomposites;  Automotive composites; Packaging films; Aerogels; Construction materials; Packaging fillers/additives; Paint and coatings additives; Deodorant sheets; Pharmaceutical additives; Renewable plastic parts/casings; Transparent films for electronics; Flexible and printed electronics; Batteries;  Flexible and paper batteries; Filtration membranes.
  • In-depth key player profiles of 101 companies, including products, current capacities and plans for new capacities, production processes, prices per kg and commercial activities. Companies profiled in the report include Asahi Kasei, Chuetsu Pulp & Paper Daicel, Daiichi Kogyo, Daio Paper, GranBio Technologies, Nippon Paper, Oji Holdings, Sugino Machine, Seiko PMC and more.

Table of Contents

1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
1.1 The market for cellulose nanofibers
1.2 Industry developments 2020-22
1.3 Market outlook in 2022 and beyond
1.4 Global production of nanocellulose (cellulose nanofibers, microfibrillated cellulose and cellulose nanocrystals)
1.4.1 Global nanocellulose production capacities 2021, by type
1.4.2 Cellulose nanofibers (CNF) production capacities 2022, in metric tonnes by producer
1.4.3 Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) production capacities 2022
1.4.4 Cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) production capacities 2022
1.5 Market challenges for cellulose nanofibers
1.6 Cellulose nanofibers commercial products
1.7 Cellulose nanofibers market by region
1.7.1 Japan
1.7.2 China
1.7.3 Malaysia
1.7.4 Western Europe
1.7.5 North America
1.8 Global government funding
1.9 Market impact from COVID-19 crisis

2 OVERVIEW OF NANOCELLULOSE
2.1 Cellulose
2.2 Nanocellulose
2.3 Properties of nanocellulose
2.4 Advantages of nanocellulose
2.5 Manufacture of nanocellulose
2.6 Production methods
2.7 Types of nanocellulose
2.7.1 Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC)
2.7.2 Cellulose nanofibers (CNF)
2.7.2.1 Applications
2.7.3 Cellulose nanocrystals (CNC)
2.7.3.1 Synthesis
2.7.3.2 Properties
2.7.3.3 Applications
2.7.4 Bacterial Nanocellulose (BNC)
2.7.4.1 Applications
2.8 Synthesis
2.8.1 Acid hydrolysis
2.8.2 TEMPO oxidation
2.8.3 Ammonium persulfate (APS) oxidation
2.8.4 Ball milling
2.8.5 Cryocrushing
2.8.6 High-shear grinding
2.8.7 Green production methods
2.8.7.1 Ultrasonication
2.8.7.2 High-pressure homogenization
2.8.8 Recent methods
2.8.8.1 Microwave irradiation
2.8.8.2 Enzymatic processing
2.8.8.3 Deep eutectic solvents (DESs)
2.8.8.4 Pulsed electric field
2.8.8.5 Electron beam irradiation

3 MARKET OPPORTUNITIES IN CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS
4 REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS
4.1 Standards
4.1.1 International Standards Organization (ISO)
4.1.2 American National Standards
4.1.3 CSA Group
4.2 Toxicity
4.3 Regulation

5 CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS SUPPLY CHAIN6 CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS PRICING
7 MARKETS FOR CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS
7.1 Composites
7.1.1 Market overview
7.1.2 Applications
7.1.2.1 Automotive composites
7.1.2.2 Biocomposite films & packaging
7.1.2.3 Barrier packaging
7.1.2.4 Thermal insulation composites
7.1.2.5 Construction composites
7.1.3 Global market in tons to 2032
7.1.4 Product developers
7.2 Automotive
7.2.1 Market overview
7.2.2 Applications
7.2.2.1 Composites
7.2.2.2 Air intake components
7.2.2.3 Tires
7.2.3 Global market in tons to 2032
7.2.4 Product developers
7.3 Buildings and construction
7.3.1 Market overview
7.3.2 Applications
7.3.2.1 Sandwich composites
7.3.2.2 Cement additives
7.3.2.3 Pump primers
7.3.2.4 Thermal insulation and damping
7.3.3 Global market in tons to 2032
7.3.4 Product developers
7.4 Paper and board packaging
7.4.1 Market overview
7.4.2 Applications
7.4.2.1 Reinforcement and barrier
7.4.2.2 Biodegradable food packaging foil and films
7.4.2.3 Paperboard coatings
7.4.3 Global market in tons to 2032
7.4.4 Product developers
7.5 Textiles and apparel
7.5.1 Market overview
7.5.2 Applications
7.5.2.1 CNF deodorizer and odour reducer (antimicrobial) in adult and child diapers
7.5.2.2 Footwear
7.5.3 Global market in tons to 2032
7.5.4 Product developer profiles
7.6 Biomedicine and healthcare
7.6.1 Market overview
7.6.2 Applications
7.6.2.1 Wound dressings
7.6.2.2 Drug delivery stabilizers
7.6.2.3 Tissue engineering scaffolds
7.6.3 Global market in tons to 2032
7.6.4 Product developers
7.7 Hygiene and sanitary products
7.7.1 Market overview
7.7.2 Applications
7.7.3 Global market in tons to 2032
7.7.4 Product developers
7.8 Paints and coatings
7.8.1 Market overview
7.8.2 Applications
7.8.3 Global market in tons to 2032
7.8.4 Product developers
7.9 Aerogels
7.9.1 Market overview
7.9.2 Global market in tons to 2032
7.9.3 Product developers
7.10 Oil and gas
7.10.1 Market overview
7.10.2 Applications
7.10.2.1 Oil recovery applications (fracturing fluid)
7.10.2.2 CNF Membranes for separation
7.10.2.3 Oil and gas fluids additives
7.10.3 Global market in tons to 2032
7.10.4 Product developers
7.11 Filtration
7.11.1 Market overview
7.11.2 Applications
7.11.2.1 Membranes for selective absorption
7.11.3 Global market in tons to 2032
7.11.4 Product developers
7.12 Rheology modifiers
7.12.1 Market overview
7.12.2 Applications
7.12.2.1 Food additives
7.12.2.2 Pickering stabilizers
7.12.2.3 Hydrogels
7.12.3 Global market in tons to 2032
7.12.4 Product developers
7.13 Other markets
7.13.1 Printed, stretchable and flexible electronics
7.13.1.1 Market assessment
7.13.1.2 Product developers
7.13.2 3D printing
7.13.2.1 Market assessment
7.13.2.2 Product developers
7.13.3 Aerospace
7.13.3.1 Market assessment
7.13.3.2 Product developers
7.13.4 Batteries
7.13.4.1 Market assessment

8 CELLULOSE NANOFIBER COMPANY PROFILES (101 company profiles)
9 RESEARCH SCOPE AND METHODOLOGY
9.1 Report scope
9.2 Research methodology

10 REFERENCES
List of Tables
Table 1. Markets and applications for cellulose nanofibers and TRL
Table 2. Cellulose nanofibers market in 2020-2022-industry product and production activity
Table 3. Classification of Cellulose nanofibers applications by type of industrial product ranged in terms of their potential of consumption
Table 4. CNF production capacities (by type, wet or dry) and production process, by producer, metric tonnes
Table 5. MFC production capacities in metric tonnes and production process, by producer, metric tonnes
Table 6. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers/MFC by market in metric tonnes, 2018-2032
Table 7: Cellulose nanocrystal capacities (by type, wet or dry) and production process, by producer, metric tonnes
Table 8. Global demand for cellulose nanocrystals by market, 2018-2030
Table 9. Market and technical challenges in Cellulose nanofibers
Table 10. Cellulose nanofibers-based commercial products
Table 11. Regional demand for cellulose nanofibers, 2020, tons (total excludes MFC)
Table 12. Cellulose nanofibers producers and product developers in Japan
Table 13. Cellulose nanofibers research centres, universities and companies in China
Table 14. Cellulose nanofibers producers and product developers in Europe
Table 15. Cellulose nanofibers producers and product developers in North America
Table 16. Assessment of impact from COVID-19 crisis by end user market
Table 17. Properties and applications of nanocellulose
Table 18. Properties of nanocellulose, by type
Table 19. Properties of cellulose nanofibrils relative to metallic and polymeric materials
Table 20. Types of nanocellulose
Table 21. Types of nanocellulose
Table 22. Applications of cellulose nanofibers (CNF)
Table 23. Synthesis methods for cellulose nanocrystals (CNC)
Table 24. CNC sources, size and yield
Table 25. CNC properties
Table 26. Mechanical properties of CNC and other reinforcement materials
Table 27. Applications of nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC)
Table 28. Applications of bacterial nanocellulose (BNC)
Table 29. Extraction of nanocellulose (NC) from various lignocellulosic sources using different conventional technologies
Table 30. Market opportunity assessment for Cellulose nanofibers, by application
Table 31. Safety of Micro/Nanofibrillated cellulose
Table 32. Global Cellulose nanofibers market supply chain analysis
Table 33. Product/price/application matrix of cellulose nanofiber producers
Table 34. Market overview for nanocellulose in composites
Table 35. Comparative properties of polymer composites reinforcing materials
Table 36. Scorecard for cellulose nanofibers in composites
Table 37. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in composites-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global composites OEMs
Table 38. Global market demand for cellulose nanofibers in composites, 2018-2032 (metric tonnes)
Table 39. Companies developing cellulose nanofibers composites
Table 40. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in automotive
Table 41. Scorecard for cellulose nanofibers in automotive
Table 42. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in automotive-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global automotive OEMs
Table 43. Components featured in the NCV
Table 44. Global market demand for cellulose nanofibers in the automotive sector 2018-2032 (tons)
Table 45. Companies developing cellulose nanofibers products in the automotive industry
Table 46. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in construction
Table 47. Scorecard for cellulose nanofibers in construction
Table 48. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in construction-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global construction OEMs
Table 49: Market demand for cellulose nanofibers in construction, 2018-2032 (tons)
Table 50. Companies developing cellulose nanofibers in construction
Table 51. Oxygen permeability of nanocellulose films compared to those made form commercially available petroleum-based materials and other polymers
Table 52. Scorecard for cellulose nanofibers in paper and board packaging
Table 53. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in paper and board packaging-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global paper and board packaging OEMs
Table 54. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in paper & board packaging, 2018-2032 (tons)
Table 55. Companies developing cellulose nanofibers products in paper and board
Table 56. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in textiles and apparel
Table 57. Scorecard for cellulose nanofibers in textiles and apparel
Table 58. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in textiles and apparel-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global textiles and apparel OEMs
Table 59. Demand for cellulose nanofibers in textiles, 2018-2032 (tons)
Table 60. Companies developing nanocellulose products in textiles and apparel
Table 61. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in medicine and healthcare
Table 62. Scorecard for cellulose nanofibers in medicine and healthcare
Table 63. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in medicine and healthcare-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global medicine and healthcare OEMs
Table 64. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in medical and healthcare, 2018-2032 (tons)
Table 65. Cellulose nanofibers product developers in medicine and healthcare
Table 66. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in the hygiene and sanitary products market
Table 67. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in hygiene, 2018-2032 (tons)
Table 68. Cellulose nanofibers product developers in hygiene and sanitary products
Table 69. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in paints and coatings
Table 70. Scorecard for cellulose nanofibers in paints and coatings
Table 71. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in paints and coatings-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global paints and coatings OEMs
Table 72. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in paint and coatings, 2018-2032 (tons)
Table 73. Companies developing cellulose nanofibers products in paints and coatings, applications targeted and stage of commercialization
Table 74. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in aerogels
Table 75. Scorecard for cellulose nanofibers in aerogels
Table 76. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in aerogels-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global aerogels OEMs
Table 77. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in aerogels, 2018-2032 (tons)
Table 78. Cellulose nanofibers product developers in aerogels
Table 79. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in oil and gas
Table 80. Scorecard for cellulose nanofibers in oil and gas
Table 81. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in oil and gas-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global oil and gas OEMs
Table 82. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in the oil and gas market, 2018-2032 (tons)
Table 83. Cellulose nanofibers product developers in oil and gas exploration
Table 84. CNF membranes
Table 85. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in filtration
Table 86. Scorecard for cellulose nanofibers in filtration
Table 87. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in filtration-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global filtration OEMs
Table 88: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in the filtration market, 2018-2032 (tons)
Table 89. Companies developing cellulose nanofibers products in filtration
Table 90. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in rheology modifiers
Table 91. Scorecard for cellulose nanofibers in rheology modifiers
Table 92. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in rheology modifiers-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global rheology modifier OEMs
Table 93. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in the rheology modifiers market, 2018-2032 (tons)
Table 94. Commercial activity in cellulose nanofibers rheology modifiers
Table 95. Properties of flexible electronics-cellulose nanofiber film (nanopaper)
Table 96. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in printed, stretchable and flexible electronics-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global printed, flexible and stretchable electronics OEMs
Table 97. Companies developing cellulose nanofiber products in printed, stretchable and flexible electronics
Table 98. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in 3D priniting-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global 3D printing OEMs
Table 99. Companies developing cellulose nanofibers 3D printing products
Table 100. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in aerospace-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading
Table 101: Companies developing cellulose nanofibers products in aircraft and aerospace
Table 102. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in Batteries-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks
Table 103: Granbio Nanocellulose Processes
Table 104. Nippon Paper commercial CNF products
Table 105. Oji Holdings CNF products

List of Figures
Figure 1. Market segmentation by type of nanocellulose, capacities and demand 2021, metric tonnes
Figure 2. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers/MFC in metric tonnes by market, 2018-2032
Figure 3. Global demand for cellulose nanocrystals by market, 2018-2032
Figure 4. Dorayaki
Figure 5. ENASAVE NEXT
Figure 6. GEL-KAYANO™
Figure 7. Kirekira! toilet wipes
Figure 8. "Poise" series Super strong deodorant sheet
Figure 9. SC-3 (B) speakers
Figure 10. SE-MONITOR5 headphones
Figure 11. "Skin Care Acty" series Adult diapers
Figure 12. "SURISURI" Lotion
Figure 13. Regional demand for cellulose nanofibers, 2020
Figure 14. Schematic diagram of partial molecular structure of cellulose chain with numbering for carbon atoms and n= number of cellobiose repeating unit
Figure 15. Scale of cellulose materials
Figure 16. Types of nanocellulose
Figure 17. Relationship between different kinds of nanocelluloses
Figure 18. CNF gel
Figure 19. TEM image of cellulose nanocrystals
Figure 20. CNC preparation
Figure 21. Extracting CNC from trees
Figure 22. CNC slurry
Figure 23. Nanocellulose preparation methods and resulting materials
Figure 24. Various preparation methods for nanocellulose
Figure 25. Production of nanocellulose from lignocellulosic biomass using enzymatic treatment (endoglucanases and xylanases) followed by mechanical treatment
Figure 26. EBI pretreatment combined with HPH for CNC production
Figure 27. Applications of cellulose nanofibers in composites
Figure 28. Global market demand for cellulose nanofibers in composites, 2018-2032 (metric tonnes)
Figure 29. CNF mixed PLA (Poly Lactic Acid)
Figure 30. CNF resin products
Figure 31. Interior of NCV concept car
Figure 32. Applications of cellulose nanofibers in automotive
Figure 33. Interior of the NCV prototype
Figure 34. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in the automotive sector, 2018-2032 (tons)
Figure 35: Daio Paper's cellulose nanofiber material in doors and hood of race car
Figure 36: CNF composite
Figure 37: Engine cover utilizing Kao CNF composite resins
Figure 38. CNF car engine cover developed in Japan Ministry of the Environment’s (MOE) Nano Cellulose Vehicle (NCV) Project
Figure 39. Comparison of nanofillers with supplementary cementitious materials and aggregates in concrete
Figure 40. Applications of cellulose nanofibers in construction
Figure 41. Demand for cellulose nanofibers in construction, 2018-2032 (tons)
Figure 42. Applications of cellulose nanofibers in paper and board packaging
Figure 43. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in the paper & board/packaging, 2018-2032 (tons)
Figure 44. Applications of cellulose nanofibers in textiles and apparel
Figure 45. Asics GEL-KAYANO™ 25 running shoe
Figure 46. Demand for cellulose nanofibers in the textiles, 2018-2032 (tons)
Figure 47. CNF deodorant products
Figure 48. Applications of cellulose nanofibers in medicine and healthcare
Figure 49. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in medical and healthcare, 2018-2032 (tons)
Figure 50. Fibnano
Figure 51. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in hygiene, 2018-2032 (tons)
Figure 52. Applications of cellulose nanofibers in paints and coatings
Figure 53. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in paint and coatings, 2018-2032 (tons)
Figure 54. Hefcel-coated wood (left) and untreated wood (right) after 30 seconds flame test
Figure 55: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in aerogels, 2018-2032 (tons)
Figure 56. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in the oil and gas market, 2018-2032 (tons)
Figure 57. Nanocellulose sponge developed by EMPA for potential applications in oil recovery
Figure 58. Applications of cellulose nanofibers in filtration
Figure 59. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in the filtration market, 2018-2032 (tons)
Figure 60. Multi-layered cross section of CNF-nw
Figure 61. Applications of cellulose nanofibers in rheology modifiers
Figure 62. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in the rheology modifiers market, 2018-2032 (tons)
Figure 63. "SURISURI" products
Figure 64. Foldable nanopaper antenna
Figure 65: Flexible electronic substrate made from CNF
Figure 66. Oji CNF transparent sheets
Figure 67. Electronic components using NFC as insulating materials
Figure 68: Anpoly cellulose nanofiber hydrogel
Figure 69. MEDICELLU™
Figure 70: Ashai Kasei CNF production process
Figure 71: Asahi Kasei CNF fabric sheet
Figure 72: Properties of Asahi Kasei cellulose nanofiber nonwoven fabric
Figure 73. CNF nonwoven fabric
Figure 74. Borregaard Chemcell CNF production process
Figure 75. nanoforest products
Figure 76. Chuetsu Pulp & Paper CNF production process
Figure 77. nanoforest-S
Figure 78. nanoforest-PDP
Figure 79. nanoforest-MB
Figure 80. Daicel Corporation CNF production process
Figure 81. Celish
Figure 82: Trunk lid incorporating CNF
Figure 83. Daio Paper CNF production process
Figure 84. ELLEX products
Figure 85. CNF-reinforced PP compounds
Figure 86. Kirekira! toilet wipes
Figure 87. Color CNF
Figure 88. DIC Products CNF production process
Figure 89. DKS Co. Ltd. CNF production process
Figure 90: Rheocrysta spray
Figure 91. DKS CNF products
Figure 92: CNF based on citrus peel
Figure 93. Citrus cellulose nanofiber
Figure 94. Imerys CNF production process
Figure 95. Filler Bank CNC products
Figure 96: Cellulose Nanofiber (CNF) composite with polyethylene (PE)
Figure 97: CNF products from Furukawa Electric
Figure 98. Granbio CNF production process
Figure 99: Cutlery samples (spoon, knife, fork) made of nano cellulose and biodegradable plastic composite materials
Figure 100. Non-aqueous CNF dispersion "Senaf" (Photo shows 5% of plasticizer)
Figure 101: CNF gel
Figure 102: Block nanocellulose material
Figure 103: CNF products developed by Hokuetsu
Figure 104. Innventia CNF production process
Figure 105: Innventia AB movable nanocellulose demo plant
Figure 106. Kami Shoji CNF products
Figure 107. Dual Graft System
Figure 108: Engine cover utilizing Kao CNF composite resins
Figure 109. Acrylic resin blended with modified CNF (fluid) and its molded product (transparent film), and image obtained with AFM (CNF 10wt% blended)
Figure 110: 0.3% aqueous dispersion of sulfated esterified CNF and dried transparent film (front side)
Figure 111. Kruger Biomaterials, Inc. CNF production process
Figure 112. CNF deodorant
Figure 113. Chitin nanofiber product
Figure 114. Marusumi Paper cellulose nanofiber products
Figure 115. FibriMa cellulose nanofiber powder.278
Figure 116. Cellulomix production process
Figure 117. Nanobase versus conventional products
Figure 118. Uni-ball Signo UMN-307
Figure 119: CNF slurries
Figure 120. Range of CNF products
Figure 121: Nanocell serum product
Figure 122. Vatensel® product
Figure 123: Hydrophobization facilities for raw pulp
Figure 124: Mixing facilities for CNF-reinforced plastic
Figure 125. Nippon Paper CNF production process
Figure 126: Nippon Paper Industries’ adult diapers
Figure 127. All-resin forceps incorporating CNF
Figure 128. CNF paint product
Figure 129. CNF wet powder
Figure 130. CNF transparent film
Figure 131. Transparent CNF sheets
Figure 132. Oji Paper CNF production process
Figure 133. CNF clear sheets
Figure 134. Oji Holdings CNF polycarbonate product
Figure 135. Fluorene cellulose ® powder
Figure 136. A vacuum cleaner part made of cellulose fiber (left) and the assembled vacuum cleaner
Figure 137. Performance Biofilaments CNF production process
Figure 138. XCNF
Figure 139. CNF insulation flat plates
Figure 140. Seiko PMC CNF production process
Figure 141. Manufacturing process for STARCEL
Figure 142. Rubber soles incorporating CNF
Figure 143. CNF dispersion and powder from Starlite
Figure 144. Stora Enso CNF production process
Figure 145. Sugino Machine CNF production process
Figure 146. High Pressure Water Jet Process
Figure 147. 2 wt.% CNF suspension
Figure 148. BiNFi-s Dry Powder
Figure 149. BiNFi-s Dry Powder and Propylene (PP) Complex Pellet
Figure 150. Silk nanofiber (right) and cocoon of raw material
Figure 151. SVILOSA AD CNC products
Figure 152. Silver/CNF composite dispersions
Figure 153. CNF/nanosilver powder
Figure 154: Comparison of weight reduction effect using CNF
Figure 157. Kyoto process
Figure 155: CNF resin products
Figure 156. University of Maine CNF production process
Figure 158. UPM-Kymmene CNF production process
Figure 159. FibDex® wound dressing
Figure 160. US Forest Service Products Laboratory CNF production process
Figure 161: Flexible electronic substrate made from CNF
Figure 162. VTT 100% bio-based stand-up pouches
Figure 163. VTT CNF production process
Figure 164: HefCel-coated wood (left) and untreated wood (right) after 30 seconds flame test
Figure 165: Bio-based barrier bags prepared from Tempo-CNF coated bio-HDPE film
Figure 166. S-CNF in powder form
Figure 167. Zelfo Technology GmbH CNF production process

Companies Mentioned

A selection of companies mentioned in this report includes:

  • Aichemist Metal Inc. 
  • ANPOLY, Inc. 
  • Asahi Kasei Corporation 
  • Betulium Oy 
  • BIO-LUTIONS International AG 
  • Blue BioFuels, Inc. 
  • Borregaard ChemCell 
  • CELLiCON B.V. 
  • Cellucomp Ltd. 
  • CelluDot LLC 
  • Cellutech AB (Stora Enso) 
  • Centre Technique du Papier (CTP)
  • Chuetsu Pulp & Paper Co., Ltd. 
  • Daicel Corporation 
  • DaikyoNishikawa Corporation 
  • Daio Paper Corporation 
  • Daishowa Paper Products Co. Ltd. 
  • Denso Corporation 
  • DIC 
  • DKS Co. Ltd. 
  • Ehime Paper Manufacturing Co. Ltd. 
  • Evolgene Genomics SL 
  • Fiberlean Technologies 
  • Fillerbank Limited 
  • FineCell Sweden AB 
  • Fuji Pigment Co., Ltd. 
  • Furukawa Electric Co., Ltd 
  • Gen Corporation 
  • Granbio Technologies
  • GS Alliance Co. Ltd. 
  • Hattori Shoten K.K. 
  • Hexa Chemical Co. Ltd./Nature Gift 
  • Hokuetsu Toyo Fibre Co., Ltd. 
  • Innventia AB 
  • JeNaCell GmbH 
  • Kami Shoji Company 
  • Kao Corporation 
  • KRI, Inc. 
  • Kruger Biomaterials, Inc. 
  • Kusano Sakko K.K. 
  • Maniwa Biochemical 
  • Marine Nanofiber Co., Ltd. 
  • Marusumi Paper Company Limited 
  • Marutomi Seishi Co., Ltd. 
  • Masuko Sangyo Co., Ltd. 
  • Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation/Mitsubishi Paper Mills Limited 
  • Mori Machinery Co., Ltd. 
  • Natural Friend 
  • Nippon Paper Group, Inc. 
  • Nippon Shizai Co., Ltd 
  • Nissin Kogyo Co., Ltd. 
  • Norske Skog ASA 
  • Oji Holdings Corporation 
  • Omura Paint Co., Ltd. 
  • Onkyo Corporation 
  • Osaka Gas Group 
  • Panasonic 
  • Performance BioFilaments Inc 
  • Rengo Co., Ltd. 
  • Ripro Corporation 
  • Risho Kogyo Co. Ltd. 
  • Sanwa Kako Co. Ltd 
  • Sappi Limited 
  • Seiko PMC Corporation 
  • Sharp Chemical Ind. Co., Ltd. 
  • Shinwa Kako KK 
  • Starlite Co., Ltd. 
  • Stora Enso Oyj 
  • Sugino Machine Limited 
  • Svilosa AD 
  • Taiyo Holdings Co Ltd 
  • Take Cite Co., Ltd. 
  • Tentok Paper Co. Ltd
  • The Japan Steel Works Ltd
  • Tianjon Haojia Cellulose Co., Ltd. 
  • Toagosei Co. Ltd. 
  • Tokushu Tokai Paper Co., Ltd. 
  • Toppan Printing Co., Ltd. 
  • Toray Industries, Inc. 
  • Toyota Boshoku Corporation 
  • TS TS Tech Co., Ltd. 
  • Ube Industries, Ltd. 
  • Unitika Co., Ltd. 
  • University of Maine Process Development Center 
  • UPM-Kymmene Corporation 
  • US Forest Products Laboratory (FPL) 
  • Valmet OYJ 
  • Verso Corporation 
  • VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd 
  • Yokohama Bio Frontier, Inc. 
  • Yokohama Rubber Co. Ltd. 
  • Yoshikawakuni Plastics Industries Co., Ltd. 
  • Zelfo Technology GmbH 

Methodology

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