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Smart Cities: Connected Public Spaces - 2nd Edition

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  • June 2021
  • Region: Global
  • Berg Insight AB
  • ID: 5342767

Smart City Technology Markets Continue to Evolve at a High Pace

This study investigates major application areas for connected public spaces including smart street lighting, smart parking, smart waste collection, air quality monitoring and smart city surveillance. By the end of 2020, the global installed base of individually controlled smart street lights amounted to 13.0 million units (excluding China). There were at the same time 1.0 million smart ground parking sensors installed worldwide (excluding China). The market for smart waste sensor technology is yet at an early stage, comprising some 657,000 connected collection points globally (excluding China). The smart city surveillance equipment market was worth € 9.9 billion in 2020. The global installed base of air quality monitoring systems amounted to 73,000 units in 2020. Get up to date with the latest information about vendors, products and markets.

Smart Cities Connected Public Spaces - 2nd Edition

Highlights from this report:

  • Insights from 50 new executive interviews with market leading companies.
  • 360-degree overview of the smart cities ecosystem.
  • In-depth analysis of smart street lighting, parking, waste collection, air quality monitoring and city surveillance.
  • New detailed profiles of 91 market vendors.
  • Summary of industry trends in key vertical market segments.
  • Market forecasts by region and technology lasting until 2025.

This report answers the following questions:

  • Who are the leading companies in the smart street lighting market?
  • What is the outlook for smart street lighting vendors in the context of smart cities?
  • Which are the main types of parking space occupancy monitoring solutions?
  • Who are the leading smart parking sensor vendors?
  • What are the key technology characteristics of on-street and off-street parking?
  • Who are the leading providers of smart waste sensor technology?
  • How will the adoption of LPWA network technologies affect the smart waste sensor market?
  • What are some of the key considerations when deploying air quality monitors?
  • Which are the main providers of low-cost air quality monitors?
  • How much is the smart city surveillance equipment market worth?

The second edition of the comprehensive smart city technology report comprising in-depth studies of five key technology areas - smart street lighting, smart parking, smart waste collection, urban air quality monitoring and smart city surveillance.

In 2020, the global installed base of individually controlled smart street lights amounted to 13.0 million units (excluding China). The corresponding figures for the smart parking and smart waste sensor technology markets were at the same time 957,000 and 657,000 units respectively. Smart parking sensors refers to in-ground or surface-mounted parking occupancy detection sensors while smart waste sensor technology consists of fill-level sensor devices that may either be pre-integrated into bins and containers, for example as a smart bin offering, or retrofitted on existing collection points. The smart street lighting market has now gained significant traction and its installed base will grow at a robust CAGR of 23.4 percent to reach 37.4 million units in 2025. The number of installed smart parking sensors is expected to see a slightly slower growth of 21.6 percent (CAGR) while the smart waste sensor technology market will be the fastest growing of the three with a CAGR of 29.8 percent.

A more nascent smart city technology area is the field of non-regulatory urban air quality monitoring, which comprises increasingly small and low-cost air quality monitoring devices that can serve as valuable complements to traditional regulatory monitoring stations. In 2020, the number of such non-regulatory air quality monitoring devices installed in outdoor urban environments amounted to 73,000 units globally and will surpass 300,000 units in 2025. The largest of the five covered smart city application areas was meanwhile the smart city surveillance market, which reached a global market value of € 9.9 billion in 2020. The market, which includes both fixed and mobile video and audio surveillance solutions, is expected to grow at a CAGR of 19.7 percent throughout the forecast period.

“Looking just at the sheer volume of various types of smart city device shipments, China has in the past few years outrun most other countries in the world and now plays in a league of its own” said Levi Ostling, smart city analyst. Outside China, Europe has emerged as the leading smart city technology adopter and North America constitutes the second largest market. An exception is however the North American market for smart city surveillance, which was about 27 percent larger than the European in 2020. “While publicly funded deployments of smart city technologies in many cases were delayed due to the Covid-19 pandemic, they were more importantly not cancelled thanks to their growing status as key infrastructure projects” continued Mr. Ostling when asked about the Covid-19 impact on the overall market. The pandemic has in many ways highlighted the benefits of remotely managed infrastructure and the need for smart city technologies, which should help the smart city market to recuperate strongly after a short period of slightly reduced growth.

Who should buy this report?

Smart Cities: Connected Public Spaces is the foremost source of information about smart street lighting, smart parking, smart waste, air quality monitoring and smart city surveillance markets. Whether you are a sensor vendor, device vendor, government agency, city manager, utility, public service operator, telecom operator, investor or consultant, you will gain valuable insights from our in-depth research.

Table of Contents

Executive summary
1 Introduction
1.1 The global trend of urbanisation
1.1.1 Regional differences in urbanisation
1.2 Smart cities and connected public spaces
1.2.1 Smart city architecture
1.2.2 The management of public spaces
1.3 IoT network technologies
1.3.1 Network architectures
1.3.2 Unlicensed and licensed frequency bands
1.3.3 The role of wired and wireless networks for connected public spaces
1.4 Wireless IoT communications technologies
1.4.1 3GPP cellular technologies
1.4.1 3GPP-based LPWA
1.4.2 Non 3GPP-based LPWA
1.4.3 Other RF & IEEE 802.15.4

2 Smart street lighting
2.1 The transition to LED and adaptive lighting
2.2 Smart street lighting
2.2.1 Smart street lighting infrastructure
2.3 Market analysis
2.3.1 Market forecasts
2.3.2 Industry analysis
2.3.3 A new era of competition within smart street lighting
2.3.4 Additional market developments and observations
2.4 Company profiles
2.4.1 Acuity Brands
2.4.2 CIMCON Lighting
2.4.3 Dimonoff
2.4.4 Flashnet (Engie)
2.4.5 GE Current, a Daintree Company
2.4.6 Itron
2.4.7 LED Roadway Lighting
2.4.8 Lucy Zodion
2.4.9 Revetec
2.4.10 Rongwen Energy Technology Group
2.4.11 Schréder
2.4.12 Sensus (Xylem)
2.4.13 Signify
2.4.14 SSE
2.4.15 ST Engineering Telematics Wireless
2.4.16 Telensa
2.4.17 Ubicquia
2.4.18 Domestic Chinese vendors

3 Smart parking
3.1 Urban traffic and parking
3.1.1 Passenger cars in use by region
3.1.2 Traffic congestion and parking inefficiencies
3.1.3 Types of parking and asset ownership
3.2 Smart parking
3.2.1 Smart parking infrastructure
3.3 Parking space occupancy monitoring
3.3.1 Global occupancy level monitoring
3.3.2 Single space occupancy detection
3.4 Market analysis
3.4.1 Market forecasts
3.4.2 Industry analysis
3.4.3 The foreshadowing threat from camera-based solutions
3.4.4 Additional market developments and observations
3.5 Company profiles
3.5.1 Bosch
3.5.2 CivicSmart
3.5.3 CommuniThings
3.5.4 Fangle Technology
3.5.5 Frogparking
3.5.6 Fybr
3.5.7 Intercomp
3.5.8 MinebeaMitsumi & Paradox Engineering
3.5.9 Movebroad Technology
3.5.10 Nedap
3.5.11 Nwave Technologies
3.5.12 Onesitu (Circet)
3.5.13 ParkHelp Technologies
3.5.14 PNI
3.5.15 Smart Parking
3.5.16 Urbiotica

4 Smart waste collection
4.1 Global waste generation and management
4.2 Smart waste sensors
4.2.1 Smart waste collection infrastructure
4.3 Market analysis
4.3.1 Market forecasts
4.3.2 Industry analysis
4.3.3 LPWA to improve the business case for smart waste sensors
4.3.4 Additional market developments and observations
4.4 Company profiles
4.4.1 BH Technologies
4.4.2 Bigbelly
4.4.3 Compology
4.4.4 Contelligent
4.4.5 Dingtek Technology
4.4.6 Ecube Labs
4.4.7 EMZ-Environmental Technology
4.4.8 Enevo
4.4.9 Evreka
4.4.10 FarSite Communications
4.4.11 KS Technologies
4.4.12 Nordsense
4.4.13 SAYME
4.4.14 Sensoneo
4.4.15 Sigrenea (SUEZ)
4.4.16 SmartEnds
4.4.17 TST Sistemas
4.4.18 Waste Vision
4.4.19 Wellness TechGroup

5 Urban air quality monitoring
5.1 Ambient air pollution
5.1.1 Types of ambient air pollution
5.1.2 The measurement and communication of ambient air quality
5.2 Ambient air quality monitoring technologies
5.2.1 Ambient air quality monitoring applications
5.3 Ambient air quality monitoring in smart cities
5.4 Market analysis
5.4.1 Market forecasts
5.4.2 Industry analysis
5.4.3 Concerns for market setback grows in absence of quality assurance
5.4.4 Additional market developments and observations
5.5 Company profiles
5.5.1 Aclima
5.5.2 Aeroqual
5.5.3 Airly
5.5.4 Breeze Technologies
5.5.5 Clarity Movement
5.5.6 eLichens
5.5.7 Enginko
5.5.8 Envea
5.5.9 Environmental Instruments
5.5.10 Kunak Technologies
5.5.11 Libelium
5.5.12 MagnaSCI
5.5.13 Met One Instruments
5.5.14 Oizom
5.5.15 Phoenix Robotix
5.5.16 PurpleAir
5.5.17 Sailhero Environmental Protection High-Tech
5.5.18 Vaisala

6 Smart city surveillance
6.1 Issues of public safety
6.1.1 Criminal activities and terrorist threats
6.2 Smart city surveillance
6.2.1 Fixed video surveillance infrastructure
6.2.2 Body-worn cameras (BWCs) for law enforcement
6.2.3 Gunshot detection and localisation systems
6.3 Market analysis
6.3.1 Market forecasts
6.3.2 Industry analysis
6.3.3 Western vendors turn to new strategies to mitigate Chinese AI advantage
6.3.4 The impact of 5G technology on networked surveillance
6.4 Company profiles
6.4.1 Axis Communications (Canon)
6.4.2 Dahua Technology
6.4.3 Hanwha Techwin
6.4.4 Hikvision
6.4.5 Honeywell
6.4.6 Infinova
6.4.7 Motorola Solutions
6.4.8 Panasonic i-PRO Sensing Solutions
6.4.9 Tiandy Technologies
6.4.10 Uniview Technologies
6.4.11 Axon
6.4.12 Reveal Media
6.4.13 Utility Associates
6.4.14 WCCTV
6.4.15 Zepcam
6.4.16 ShotSpotter




Executive Summary

The smart cities market continues to evolve at a high pace

The public spaces of a city - such as streets, squares and transportation hubs - have become more and more crowded and congested by traffic. Meanwhile, safety concerns are also heightened as the risk for criminal activities, traffic accidents and even terrorist attacks grows larger. Improvements in the management of the public spaces of cities, therefore, become important to ensure that growing challenges of energy consumption, environmental degradation and public safety are addressed in the best possible way. The advancement of IoT technologies has opened up entirely new possibilities for cities to efficiently manage assets, resources and services across multiple city verticals, and effectively given rise to the concept of smart cities. Five smart city verticals have emerged as particularly important for the management of public spaces - smart street lighting, smart parking, smart waste management, urban air quality monitoring and smart city surveillance.

Smart street lighting solutions enable remote monitoring, control and management of street lighting networks. By the end of 2020, the global installed base of individually controlled smart street lights amounted to 13.0 million units (excluding China). Growing at a CAGR of 23.4 percent, the number is expected to reach 37.4 million in 2025. Europe is the leading adopter, accounting for more than 40 percent of the installed base. North America was the second largest market while the Rest of World region currently constitutes the fastest growing market. At the end of 2020, the leading smart street lighting vendor was Telensa with an installed base of nearly 2.1 million lighting controls. Included in the top three are also Signify and Sensus, while Itron constitutes a global leader in the networking segment.

Smart parking solutions based on connected parking occupancy detection sensors offer the possibility to provide real-time visibility of parking availability anywhere in a city. The dominant sensor types for such applications are in-ground and surface-mount sensors, collectively referred to as ground parking sensors. In 2020, there were 957,000 smart ground parking sensors installed globally (excluding China). The number will grow to 2.5 million units by 2025. Europe accounted for around 55 percent of the installed sensors while the North American and Rest of the World regions represented around 188,000 and 241,000 devices respectively. At the end of 2020, the leading vendors in the market were Nedap, Smart Parking and Urbiotica.

The primary hardware needed for smart waste management applications is smart waste sensors that measure fill-levels in waste bins and containers throughout a city. These sensors may either be pre-integrated into bins and containers, for example as a smart bin offering or retrofitted on existing collection points. The installed base of smart waste sensors reached 657,000 units globally in 2020 (excluding China). The market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 29.8 percent to reach 2.4 million units in 2025. Europe constitutes the leading market, accounting for around 50 percent of the global installed base. At the end of 2020, the leading vendors of smart waste sensor technology were Compology, Bigbelly and Enevo.

Traditional air quality monitoring systems have been around for decades to enable regulatory monitoring operations and typically consist of highly advanced and expensive stations deployed only at one or a few locations in major cities. The last decade has however seen growing adoption of increasingly cheap and small non-regulatory and networked air quality monitoring devices that can serve as useful complements to traditional regulatory monitoring networks. The global installed base of such devices amounted to 73,000 units in 2020 and the figure is expected to grow at a CAGR of 34.0 percent in the next five years. The market is in a very nascent stage. Europe, North America and China lead the adoption. 

Smart city surveillance refers to the use of networked security technology to improve safety levels in urban areas. The market is dominated by fixed network surveillance infrastructure, but applications such as body-worn cameras and gunshot detection sensors have also emerged as important complements for city surveillance operations. The smart city surveillance equipment market was in 2020 worth € 9.9 billion, with Asia-Pacific and in particular China accounting for the majority. The market will grow at a CAGR of 19.7 percent to reach € 24.2 billion by 2025. Leading video surveillance vendors include the Chinese vendors Hikvision and Dahua Technology as well as Swedish Axis Communications, while the leading providers of urban gunshot detection and BWCs are ShotSpotter and Axon respectively.



Companies Mentioned

A selection of companies mentioned in this report includes:

  • Aclima
  • Acuity Brands
  • Aeroqual
  • Airly
  • Axis Communications (Canon)
  • Axon
  • BH Technologies
  • Bigbelly
  • Bosch
  • Breeze Technologies
  • CIMCON Lighting
  • CivicSmart
  • Clarity Movement
  • CommuniThings
  • Compology
  • Contelligent
  • Dahua Technology
  • Dimonoff
  • Dingtek Technology
  • Domestic Chinese vendors
  • Ecube Labs
  • eLichens
  • EMZ-Environmental Technology
  • Enevo
  • Enginko
  • Envea
  • Environmental Instruments
  • Evreka
  • Fangle Technology
  • FarSite Communications
  • Flashnet (Engie)
  • Frogparking
  • Fybr
  • GE Current, a Daintree Company
  • Hanwha Techwin
  • Hikvision
  • Honeywell
  • Infinova
  • Intercomp
  • Itron
  • KS Technologies
  • Kunak Technologies
  • LED Roadway Lighting
  • Libelium
  • Lucy Zodion
  • MagnaSCI
  • Met One Instruments
  • MinebeaMitsumi & Paradox Engineering
  • Motorola Solutions
  • Movebroad Technology
  • Nedap
  • Nordsense
  • Nwave Technologies
  • Oizom
  • Onesitu (Circet)
  • Panasonic i-PRO Sensing Solutions
  • ParkHelp Technologies
  • Phoenix Robotix
  • PNI
  • PurpleAir
  • Reveal Media
  • Revetec
  • Rongwen Energy Technology Group
  • Sailhero Environmental Protection High-Tech
  • Schréder
  • Sensoneo
  • Sensus (Xylem)
  • ShotSpotter 
  • Signify
  • Sigrenea (SUEZ)
  • Smart Parking
  • SmartEnds
  • SSE
  • ST Engineering Telematics Wireless
  • Telensa
  • Tiandy Technologies
  • TST Sistemas
  • Ubicquia
  • Uniview Technologies
  • Urbiotica
  • Utility Associates
  • Vaisala
  • Waste Vision
  • Wellness TechGroup
  • Zepcam


The Internet of Things is very diverse. There are hundreds of different use cases, each with different dynamics. The starting point is to segment the market.

The analyst begins with a number of sectors: Automotive, Cities, Health, Industry, Home, Industrial, Energy, Retail and Consumer Electronics. Each of these sectors breaks down into a number of applications. In total across all sectors, the analyst examines around 150 separate applications. It is at this application level that they generate their IoT forecast. The analyst builds reliable data bottom-up. They take into consideration the current adoption rate, regulations, demographics, vertical-specific statistics, value chain structure, etc.

The rigorous data collection methods are based on first-hand and secondary sources. The analyst conducts many hundreds of executive interviews on a yearly basis with companies from all parts of the IoT value chain. They talk to on a regular basis all major mobile operator groups and regulators as well as the chipset, module, and terminal vendors. They also interview many companies in each of the vertical markets.