Phase Change Materials (PCMs) are wax-like thermal compounds that change phase at a specifically formulated temperature. A wide range of PCMs have been developed including organic (paraffins and fatty acids), inorganics (salt hydrates and metallic) and eutectic combination of organic and/or inorganic materials. Thermal energy storage using PCMs is an effective way to store thermal energy, and makes them attractive for sustainable, environmentally friendly solutions. PCMs store thermal energy in the form of latent heat and provide maximum energy performance with minimal impact on the environment.
Latent heat energy storage (LHES) system PCMs are well known for its excellent thermal energy storage and release during melting and solidifications respectively, and are a key solution for the implementation of renewable energies. PCMs can be efficiently deployed in applications where significant temperature difference exists in the system for intermittent thermal energy storage. These systems take advantage of the latent heat of phase change of PCM during their melting/ solidification processes to store or release heat depending on the needs and availability.
PCM products are used to improve whole-building energy efficiency in retail, commercial, hospitality, and industrial applications; enable safe transport of sensitive food and pharmaceutical products; and provide enhanced thermal storage capabilities for industrial and commercial processes, among other applications.
Markets where PCMs are applied, include:
- buildings for thermal management.
- cement and pavements.
- heat pumps.
- electronic devices.
- solar power plants.
- cooling vests and clothing in medical and textiles.
- thermal management in electric vehicle batteries.
- thermal batteries.
- refrigerated packaging and transport.
Report contents include:
- Types of phase change materials, properties, advantages, drawbacks. Types covered include paraffins, non-paraffins, salt and salt composites, metal and metal alloys, biobased, nanomaterials based.
- Patent analysis.
- Markets for phase change materials including aerospace, automotive, building and construction, energy, electronics, medical, food and drink, packaging, shipping, solar thermal systems, textiles and apparel.
- Global revenues for phase change materials by type, market and region.
- In depth profiles of 47 companies including types of phase change materials produced, products, target markets, production capabilities, contact details. Companies profiled include Advanced Cooling Technologies, Axiotherm GmbH, Boyd Corporation, HeatVentors, Croda, Encapsys LLC, Hangzhou Ruhr New Material Technology Co., Ltd. and many more.
1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
1.1 What are Phase change materials (PCMs)?
1.3 Market drivers
1.4 Properties of Phase Change Materials (PCMs)
1.5 Phase change materials (PCM) drawbacks
1.6 Global revenues, 2019-2030
1.6.1 By type
1.6.2 By market
2.1 Thermal energy storage (TES)
2.1.1 Sensible heat storage
2.1.2 Latent heat storage
2.2 Phase change materials
2.2.1 Organic/biobased phase change materials
126.96.36.199 Advantages and disadvantages
188.8.131.52 Paraffin wax
2.2.2 Inorganic phase change materials
184.108.40.206 Salt hydrates
220.127.116.11 Metal and metal alloy PCMs (High-temperature)
2.2.3 Eutectic mixtures
2.2.4 Encapsulation of PCMs
2.2.5 Nanomaterial phase change materials
3 PATENT ANALYSIS
4 END USER MARKETS FOR PHASE CHANGE MATERIALS
4.3 BUILDINGS AND CONSTRUCTION
4.3.1 Improved energy efficiency
4.4.1 Thermal management and cooling
4.5 PACKAGING AND COLD CHAIN LOGISTICS
4.5.1 Temperature-controlled shipping
4.6 REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS
4.6.1 Commercial refrigeration
4.7 THERMAL STORAGE SYSTEMS
4.7.1 Water heaters
4.7.2 Thermal batteries for water heaters and EVs
4.8 TEXTILES AND APPAREL
4.8.1 Temperature controlled fabrics
4.8.2 Cooling vests
5 COMPANY PROFILES
6 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
List of Tables
Table 1. Market drivers for phase change materials.
Table 2. Properties of PCMs.
Table 3. Global revenues for phase change materials, 2019, by type.
Table 4. Global revenues for phase change materials, historical and estimated to 2030, by market.
Table 5. PCM Types and properties.
Table 6. Advantages and disadvantages of organic PCMs.
Table 7. Advantages and disadvantages of organic PCM Fatty Acids.
Table 8. Advantages and disadvantages of salt hydrates
Table 9. Advantages and disadvantages of low melting point metals.
Table 10. Advantages and disadvantages of eutectics.
Table 11. Recent PCM patents.
Table 12. Market assessment for PCMs in automotive-market age, applications, key benefits and motivation for use, market drivers and trends, market challenges.
Table 13. Market assessment for PCMs in building and construction-market age, applications, key benefits and motivation for use, market drivers and trends, market challenges.
Table 14. Market assessment for PCMs in electronics-market age, applications, key benefits and motivation for use, market drivers and trends, market challenges.
Table 15. PCMs used in cold chain applications.
Table 16. Market assessment for phase change materials in packaging and cold chain logistics-market age, applications, key benefits and motivation for use, market drivers and trends, market challenges.
Table 17. Market assessment for PCMs in refrigeration systems -market age, applications, key benefits and motivation for use, market drivers and trends, market challenges.
Table 18. Market assessment for PCMs in thermal storage systems-market age, applications, key benefits and motivation for use, market drivers and trends, market challenges.
Table 19. Commercially available PCM cooling vest products.
Table 20. Market assessment for PCMs textiles and apparel-market age, applications, key benefits and motivation for use, market drivers and trends, market challenges.
Table 21. Type of PCM produced, by company.
Table 22. Target markets for PCMS, by company.
Table 23. CrodaTherm Range.
List of Figures
Figure 1. PCM mode of operation.
Figure 2. Applications of PCM by temperature range.
Figure 3. Global revenues for phase change materials, 2019- 2030, by market.
Figure 4. Thermal energy storage materials.
Figure 5. Phase Change Material transient behaviour.
Figure 6. Classification of PCMs.
Figure 7. Phase-change materials in their original states.
Figure 8. Phase change materials patents 2001-2020.
Figure 9. Schematic representation of the PCM de-icing.
Figure 10. Global energy consumption growth of buildings.
Figure 11. Energy consumption of residential building sector.
Figure 12. Schematic of PCM use in buildings.
Figure 13. Comparison of the maximum energy storage capacity of 10 mm thickness of different building materials operating between 18 °C and 26 °C for 24 h.
Figure 14. Schematic of PCM in storage tank linked to solar collector.
Figure 15. UniQ line of thermal batteries.
Figure 16. PCMs-containing microcapsules incorporated into textiles.
Figure 17. PCM cooling vest.
Figure 18. Solid State Reflective Display (SRD®) schematic.
Figure 19. Transtherm® PCMs.
Figure 20. HI-FLOW Phase Change Materials.
Figure 21. Crēdo™ ProMed transport bags.
- Advanced Cooling Technologies
- Axiotherm GmbH
- Boyd Corporation
- Encapsys LLC
- Hangzhou Ruhr New Material Technology Co., Ltd.