Phase Change Materials (PCMs) are wax-like thermal compounds that change phase at a specifically formulated temperature. A wide range of PCMs have been developed including organic (paraffins and fatty acids), inorganics (salt hydrates and metallic) and eutectic combination of organic and/or inorganic materials. Thermal energy storage using PCMs is an effective way to store thermal energy, and makes them attractive for sustainable, environmentally friendly solutions. PCMs store thermal energy in the form of latent heat and provide maximum energy performance with minimal impact on the environment.
PCM products are used to improve whole-building energy efficiency in retail, commercial, hospitality, and industrial applications; enable safe transport of sensitive food and pharmaceutical products; and provide enhanced thermal storage capabilities for industrial and commercial processes, among other applications.
Latent heat energy storage (LHES) system PCMs are well known for its excellent thermal energy storage and release during melting and solidifications respectively, and are a key solution for the implementation of renewable energies. PCMs can be efficiently deployed in applications where significant temperature difference exists in the system for intermittent thermal energy storage. These systems take advantage of the latent heat of phase change of PCM during their melting/ solidification processes to store or release heat depending on the needs and availability.
Markets where PCMs are applied, include:
- buildings for thermal management.
- cement and pavements.
- heat pumps.
- electronic devices.
- solar power plants.
- cooling vests and clothing in medical and textiles.
- thermal management in electric vehicle batteries.
- thermal batteries.
- refrigerated packaging and transport.
Report contents include:
- Types of phase change materials, properties, advantages, drawbacks. Types covered include paraffins, non-paraffins, salt and salt composites, metal and metal alloys, biobased, nanomaterials based.
- Patent analysis.
- Markets for phase change materials including aerospace, automotive, building and construction, energy, electronics, medical, food and drink, packaging, shipping, solar thermal systems, textiles and apparel.
- Global revenues for phase change materials by type, market and region.
- In depth profiles of 47 companies including types of phase change materials produced, products, target markets, production capabilities, contact details. Companies profiled include Advanced Cooling Technologies, Axiotherm GmbH, Boyd Corporation, HeatVentors, Croda, Encapsys LLC, Hangzhou Ruhr New Material Technology Co., Ltd. and many more.
1 Executive Summary
1.1 What are Phase change materials (PCMs)?
1.3 Market drivers
1.4 Properties of Phase Change Materials (PCMs)
1.5 Phase change materials (PCM) drawbacks
1.6 Global revenues, 2019-2031
1.6.1 By type
1.6.2 By market
2.1 Thermal energy storage (TES)
2.1.1 Sensible heat storage
2.1.2 Latent heat storage
2.2 Phase change materials
2.2.1 Organic/biobased phase change materials
126.96.36.199 Advantages and disadvantages
188.8.131.52 Paraffin wax
2.2.2 Inorganic phase change materials
184.108.40.206 Salt hydrates
220.127.116.11 Metal and metal alloy PCMs (High-temperature)
2.2.3 Eutectic mixtures
2.2.4 Encapsulation of PCMs
2.2.5 Nanomaterial phase change materials
3 Patent Analysis
4 End User Markets for Phase Change Materials
4.3 Buildings And Construction
4.3.1 Improved Energy Efficiency
4.4.1 Thermal Management And Cooling
4.5 Packaging And Cold Chain Logistics
4.5.1 Temperature-Controlled Shipping
4.6 Refrigeration Systems
4.6.1 Commercial Refrigeration
4.7 Thermal Storage Systems
4.7.1 Water Heaters
4.7.2 Thermal Batteries For Water Heaters And Evs
4.8 Textiles And Apparel
4.8.1 Temperature Controlled Fabrics
4.8.2 Cooling Vests
5 Company Profiles
5.1 Type of PCM produced, by company
5.2 Target markets for PCMS, by company
5.3 Advanced Cooling Technologies, Inc.
5.4 AI Technology Inc.
5.5 Andores New Energy Co., Ltd.
5.6 Axiotherm GmbH
5.8 Bodle Technologies Ltd.
5.9 Boyd Corporation
5.10 CCT Energy Storage
5.11 Climator Sweden AB
5.12 Cowa Thermal Solutions AG
5.13 Croda Europe Ltd.
5.15 Datum Phase Change Ltd
5.16 Devan Chemicals NV
5.17 Encapsys LLC (Milliken & Company)
5.18 Enesoon New Energy Co. Ltd
5.19 Ewald Dörken AG
5.20 Global-E-Systems Europe
5.21 Hangzhou Ruhr New Material Technology Co., Ltd.
5.23 Henkel AG & Co. KGAA
5.24 Insolcorp LLC
5.26 KULR Technology Group, Inc.
5.27 Microtek Laboratories, Inc.
5.28 Parker Hannifin Corporation
5.29 PCM Technology
5.30 Phase Change Material Products Ltd.
5.31 Pelican BioThermal LLC
5.32 Phase Change Products Pty Ltd (PCP)
5.33 Phase Change Energy Solutions Inc.
5.34 PLUSS Advanced Technologies Pvt. Ltd.
5.35 Promethean Power Systems, Inc
5.36 PureTemp LLC
5.37 RGEES, LLC
5.38 Rubitherm Technologies GmbH
5.39 Salca BV
5.40 Sasol Germany GmbH
5.41 Schoeller Textiles AG
5.42 Shanghai Tempered Entropy New Energy Co.
5.43 Shenzhen Aochuan Technology Co., Ltd.
5.44 Sonoco Thermosafe
5.45 Shin-Etsu Chemical Co. Ltd.
5.46 Stasis Energy Group LLC
5.48 Sunamp Ltd.
5.49 Suntherm ApS
5.50 va-Q-tec AG
5.51 Viking Cold Solutions, Inc.
6 Research Methodology
List of Tables
Table 1. Market drivers for phase change materials
Table 2. Properties of PCMs
Table 3. Global revenues for phase change materials, 2019, by type
Table 4. Global revenues for phase change materials, 2020, by type
Table 5. Global revenues for phase change materials, 2019-2031, by market, conservative estimate (millions USD)
Table 6. Global revenues for phase change materials, 2019-2031, by market, high estimate (millions USD)
Table 7. PCM Types and properties
Table 8. Advantages and disadvantages of organic PCMs
Table 9. Advantages and disadvantages of organic PCM Fatty Acids
Table 10. Advantages and disadvantages of salt hydrates
Table 11. Advantages and disadvantages of low melting point metals
Table 12. Advantages and disadvantages of eutectics
Table 13. Recent PCM patents
Table 14. Market assessment for PCMs in automotive-market age, applications, key benefits and motivation for use, market drivers and trends, market challenges
Table 15. Market assessment for PCMs in building and construction-market age, applications, key benefits and motivation for use, market drivers and trends, market challenges
Table 16. Market assessment for PCMs in electronics-market age, applications, key benefits and motivation for use, market drivers and trends, market challenges
Table 17. PCMs used in cold chain applications
Table 18. Market assessment for phase change materials in packaging and cold chain logistics-market age, applications, key benefits and motivation for use, market drivers and trends, market challenges
Table 19. Market assessment for PCMs in refrigeration systems -market age, applications, key benefits and motivation for use, market drivers and trends, market challenges
Table 20. Market assessment for PCMs in thermal storage systems-market age, applications, key benefits and motivation for use, market drivers and trends, market challenges
Table 21. Commercially available PCM cooling vest products
Table 22. Market assessment for PCMs textiles and apparel-market age, applications, key benefits and motivation for use, market drivers and trends, market challenges
Table 23. Type of PCM produced, by company
Table 24. Target markets for PCMS, by company
Table 25. CrodaTherm Range
List of Figures
Figure 1. PCM mode of operation
Figure 2. Applications of PCM by temperature range
Figure 3. Global revenues for phase change materials, 2019-2031, by market, conservative estimate (millions USD)
Figure 4. Global revenues for phase change materials, 2019-2031, by market, high estimate (millions USD)
Figure 5. Thermal energy storage materials
Figure 6. Phase Change Material transient behaviour
Figure 7. Classification of PCMs
Figure 8. Phase-change materials in their original states
Figure 9. Phase change materials patents 2001-2021
Figure 10. Schematic representation of the PCM de-icing
Figure 11. Global energy consumption growth of buildings
Figure 12. Energy consumption of residential building sector
Figure 13. Schematic of PCM use in buildings
Figure 14. Comparison of the maximum energy storage capacity of 10 mm thickness of different building materials operating between 18 °C and 26 °C for 24 h
Figure 15. Schematic of PCM in storage tank linked to solar collector
Figure 16. UniQ line of thermal batteries
Figure 17. PCMs-containing microcapsules incorporated into textiles
Figure 18. PCM cooling vest
Figure 19. Solid State Reflective Display (SRD®) schematic
Figure 20. Transtherm® PCMs
Figure 21. HI-FLOW Phase Change Materials
Figure 22. Credo™ ProMed transport bags
A selection of companies mentioned in this report includes:
- Advanced Cooling Technologies
- Axiotherm GmbH
- Boyd Corporation
- Encapsys LLC
- Hangzhou Ruhr New Material Technology Co., Ltd.