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The Graphene Market Report 2021- Product Image
The Graphene Market Report 2021- Product Image

The Graphene Market Report 2021

  • ID: 5367430
  • Report
  • July 2021
  • Region: Global
  • 670 Pages
  • Future Markets, Inc

The market for graphene has grown hugely in the past decade, with numerous products now on the market and more to come as graphene producers record steadily increasing revenues and OEMs witnessing significant returns in clothing, sportswear, footwear, tires, batteries etc.

Graphene is attracting increasing attention from investors, researchers and industrial players due to its exceptional mechanical, electronic, and thermal properties. Graphene is available in multi-ton quantities from many producers and has been identified by many industry sectors as a key material that will drive future product development in flexible electronics, smart textiles, biosensors, drug delivery, water filtration, supercapacitors and more.

The Graphene Market Report 2021 is the most comprehensive and up-to-date report on graphene currently available, by the world's leading market authority on graphene and publisher of Graphene Magazine. Profiling over 300 companies, the report provides key information for investors and executives to enable them to understand and take advantage of the opportunities provided by graphene (other 2D materials are also covered).

The Graphene Market Report 2021 contains:

  • Unique market assessment tools to assess the viability of graphene, by market, and application.
  • Tabular data on current graphene products.
  • Market assessment of other 2D materials.
  • Assessment of graphene by market including applications, key benefits, market megatrends, market drivers for graphene, technology drawbacks, competing materials, potential consumption of graphene to 2031 and main players.
  • Graphical depictions of graphene applications by market.
  • In depth-assessment of graphene producer and distributor pricing in 2020.
  • Global market for graphene in tons, by sector, historical and forecast to 2031. Global graphene market size split by market in 2020and for each application to 2031.
  • Full list of technology collaborations, strategic partnerships, and M&As in the global graphene market including collaboration dates.
  • In-depth profiles of more than 300 graphene producers and application/product developers including products, production capacities, manufacturing methods, collaborations, licensing, customers and target markets. Companies profiled include Directa Plus, Global Graphene Group, ZEN Graphene Solutions, Saint Jean Carbon, Huvis, SafeLi LLC, Graphex Group Ltd, Versarien, Talga Resources, Archer Materials, Haydale Graphene, Paragraf, Graphenea and many more.
  • List of ex-graphene producers.
  • Detailed forecasts for key growth areas, opportunities and demand.
  • Market impact of COVID-19 crisis on the graphene market, by end user industry.
  • Market overview of industry developments in 2020-21.
  • Analysis of 2D materials market including Boron Nitride nanotubes (BNNTs), hexagonal boron-nitride (BNNS), transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDC), Mxenes, Borophene, Phosphorene, Graphitic carbon nitride, Germanene, Graphyne, graphane, Rhenium disulfide (ReS2) and diselenide (ReSe2), silicene, Stanene/tinene, Tungsten diselenide, Antimonene, diamene and indium selenide.
  • Spreadsheet of graphene producers and production quantities.
  • Spreadsheet of current graphene prices.
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown

1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
1.1 Why graphene?
1.1.1 Exceptional properties
1.1.2 Commercial opportunities
1.1.3 Collaboration key?
1.2 The market in 2019
1.3 The market in 2020
1.3.1 Graphene market developments 2020
1.3.2 Graphene funding and investments 2020-2021
1.4 The market in 2021
1.4.1 Graphene market developments in 2021
1.5 Future global market outlook
1.6 Publicly listed graphene companies
1.7 Production capacities
1.8 Global graphene demand, 2018-2031, tons
1.8.1 Market segmentation, historical and forecast to 2031
1.9 Graphene market by region
1.9.1 Asia-Pacific
1.9.1.1 China
1.9.1.2 Main graphene producers in Asia-Pacific
1.9.2 North America
1.9.2.1 Main graphene producers in North America
1.9.3 Europe
1.9.3.1 Main graphene producers in Europe
1.10 List of commercialized graphene products
1.11 Graphene investments
1.12 Industrial collaborations and licence agreements
1.13 Graphene market challenges
1.14 Market impact from COVID-19 pandemic

2 OVERVIEW OF GRAPHENE
2.1 History
2.2 Types of graphene
2.3 Properties

3 GRAPHENE QUANTUM DOTS
3.1 Composition
3.2 Comparison to quantum dots
3.3 Properties
3.4 Synthesis
3.4.1 Top-down method
3.4.2 Bottom-up method
3.4.3 Comparison of synthesis methods
3.5 Applications
3.6 Markets
3.6.1 Electronics and photonics
3.6.2 Energy storage and conversion
3.6.3 Sensors
3.6.4 Biomedicine and life sciences
3.6.5 Anti-counterfeiting
3.7 Challenges
3.8 Production of graphene quantum dots
3.8.1 Current and projected revenues
3.8.2 Pricing

4 GRAPHENE PRODUCTION
4.1 Quality
4.2 Assessment of graphene production methods

5 REGULATIONS
5.1 Environmental, health and safety regulation
5.1.1 Europe
5.1.2 United States
5.1.3 Asia-Pacific
5.2 Workplace exposure

6 GRAPHENE PATENTS AND PUBLICATIONS

7 GRAPHENE PRODUCTION
7.1 Commercial production capacities
7.2 Graphene oxide and reduced Graphene Oxide production capacities
7.2.1 By producer
7.2.2 By region
7.3 Graphene nanoplatelets production capacities
7.3.1 By producer
7.3.2 Production capacity by region
7.4 CVD graphene film
7.4.1 By producer
7.5 Graphene production issues and challenges
7.5.1 Oversupply
7.5.2 Quality
7.5.3 Large-volume markets
7.5.4 Commoditisation
7.5.5 Industrial end-user perspective

8 GRAPHENE PRICING
8.1 Pristine graphene flakes pricing/CVD graphene
8.2 Few-Layer graphene pricing
8.3 Graphene nanoplatelets pricing
8.4 Graphene oxide (GO) and reduced Graphene Oxide (rGO) pricing
8.5 Graphene quantum dots pricing
8.6 Multilayer graphene (MLG) pricing
8.7 Graphene ink

9 MARKETS FOR GRAPHENE
9.1 3D PRINTING
9.1.1 Graphene in 3D printing
9.1.2 Market outlook
9.1.3 Market drivers, trends and applications
9.1.4 Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2031
9.1.5 Product developers
9.2 ADHESIVES
9.2.1 Graphene in adhesives
9.2.2 Market outlook
9.2.3 Market drivers, trends and applications
9.2.4 Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2031
9.2.5 Product developers
9.3 AUTOMOTIVE
9.3.1 Graphene in the automotive sector
9.3.2 Market outlook
9.3.3 Market drivers, trends and applications
9.3.4 Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2031
9.3.5 Product developers
9.4 BATTERIES
9.4.1 Graphene in batteries
9.4.1.1 Battery market megatrends
9.4.2 Market outlook
9.4.2.1 Flexible and stretchable batteries
9.4.3 Market drivers, trends and applications
9.4.4 Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2031
9.4.5 Product developers
9.5 COMPOSITES
9.5.1 Graphene in composites
9.5.2 Fiber-based polymer composite parts
9.5.2.1 Market outlook
9.5.2.2 Market drivers, trends and applications
9.5.3 Metal-matrix composites
9.5.3.1 Market drivers, trends and applications
9.5.4 Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2031
9.5.5 Product developers
9.6 CONDUCTIVE INKS
9.6.1 Graphene in conductive inks
9.6.2 Market outlook
9.6.3 Market drivers, trends and applications
9.6.4 Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2031
9.6.5 Product developers
9.7 CONSTRUCTION AND BUILDINGS
9.7.1 Graphene in construction and buildings
9.7.2 Market outlook
9.7.3 Market drivers, trends and applications
9.7.3.1 Cement
9.7.3.2 Asphalt bitumen
9.7.3.3 Aerogels
9.7.4 Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2031
9.7.5 Product developers
9.8 ELECTRONICS
9.8.1 WEARABLE ELECTRONICS AND DISPLAYS
9.8.1.1 Graphene in wearable electronics and displays
9.8.1.2 Market outlook
9.8.1.3 Market drivers, trends and applications
9.8.1.4 Global market, historical and forecast to 2031
9.8.1.5 Product developers
9.8.2 TRANSISTORS AND INTEGRATED CIRCUITS
9.8.2.1 Graphene in transistors and integrated circuits
9.8.2.2 Market outlook
9.8.2.3 Market drivers, trends and applications
9.8.2.4 Global market, historical and forecast to 2031
9.8.2.5 Product developers
9.8.3 MEMORY DEVICES
9.8.3.1 Graphene in memory devices
9.8.3.2 Market outlook
9.8.3.3 Market drivers, trends and applications
9.8.3.4 Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2031
9.8.3.5 Product developers
9.9 FILTER MEDIA
9.9.1 Graphene in filter media
9.9.2 Market prospects
9.9.3 Market drivers, trends and applications
9.9.4 Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2031
9.9.5 Product developers
9.10 FUEL CELLS
9.10.1 Graphene in fuel cells
9.10.2 Market outlook
9.10.3 Market drivers, trends and applications
9.10.4 Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2031
9.10.5 Product developers
9.11 LIFE SCIENCES AND MEDICINE
9.11.1 Graphene in life sciences and medicine
9.11.2 Market outlook
9.11.2.1 Drug delivery
9.11.2.2 Imaging and diagnostics
9.11.2.3 Implants
9.11.2.4 Medical biosensors
9.11.2.5 Woundcare
9.11.2.6 Medical wearables
9.11.2.7 Gene delivery
9.11.3 Market drivers, trends and applications
9.11.4 Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2031
9.11.5 Product developers
9.12 LIGHTING
9.12.1 Graphene in lighting
9.12.2 Market outlook
9.12.3 Market drivers, trends and applications
9.12.4 Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2031
9.12.5 Product developers
9.13 LUBRICANTS
9.13.1 Graphene in lubricants.
9.13.2 Market outlook
9.13.3 Market drivers, trends and applications
9.13.4 Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2031
9.13.5 Product developers
9.14 OIL AND GAS
9.14.1 Graphene in oil and gas
9.14.2 Market outlook
9.14.3 Market drivers, trends and applications
9.14.4 Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2031
9.14.5 Product developers
9.15 PAINTS AND COATINGS
9.15.1 Graphene in paints and coatings
9.15.2 Market outlook
9.15.3 Market drivers, trends and applications
9.15.4 Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2031
9.15.5 Product developers
9.16 PHOTONICS
9.16.1 Graphene in paints and coatings.
9.16.2 Market outlook
9.16.3 Market drivers, trends and applications
9.16.4 Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2031
9.16.5 Product developers
9.17 PHOTOVOLTAICS
9.17.1 Graphene in photovoltaics
9.17.2 Market outlook
9.17.3 Market drivers, trends and applications
9.17.4 Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2031
9.17.5 Product developers
9.18 RUBBER AND TIRES
9.18.1 Graphene in rubber and tires.
9.18.2 Market outlook
9.18.3 Market drivers, trends and applications
9.18.4 Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2031
9.18.5 Product developers
9.19 SENSORS
9.19.1 Graphene in sensors.
9.19.2 Market outlook
9.19.3 Market drivers, trends and applications
9.19.4 Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2031
9.19.5 Product developers
9.20 TEXTILES AND APPAREL
9.20.1 Graphene in textiles and apparel.
9.20.2 Market outlook
9.20.3 Market drivers, trends and applications
9.20.4 Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2031
9.20.5 Product developers
9.21 SUPERCAPACITORS
9.21.1 Graphene in supercapacitors.
9.21.2 Market outlook
9.21.3 Market drivers, trends and applications
9.21.3.1 Flexible and stretchable supercapacitors
9.21.4 Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2031
9.21.5 Product developers
9.22 OTHER MARKETS
9.22.1 Audio equipment
9.22.2 Sporting goods and apparel

10 GRAPHENE PRODUCER ASSESSMENT
10.1 Types of graphene produced, by producer
10.2 Markets targeted, by producer
10.3 Graphene product developers target markets

11 GRAPHENE COMPANY PROFILES 354 (304 company profiles)

12 GRAPHENE EX-PRODUCERS AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS

13 OTHER 2-D MATERIALS
13.1 2D MATERIALS PRODUCTION METHODS
13.1.1 Top-down exfoliation
13.1.2 Bottom-up synthesis
13.2 HEXAGONAL BORON-NITRIDE (h-BN)
13.2.1 Properties
13.2.2 Applications and markets
13.2.2.1 Electronics
13.2.2.2 Fuel cells
13.2.2.3 Adsorbents
13.2.2.4 Photodetectors
13.2.2.5 Textiles
13.2.2.6 Biomedical
13.3 MXENES
13.3.1 Properties
13.3.2 Applications
13.3.2.1 Catalysts
13.3.2.2 Hydrogels
13.3.2.3 Energy storage devices
13.3.2.4 Gas Separation
13.3.2.5 Liquid Separation
13.3.2.6 Antibacterials
13.4 TRANSITION METAL DICHALCOGENIDES (TMDC)
13.4.1 Properties
13.4.1.1 Molybdenum disulphide (MoS2)
13.4.1.2 Tungsten ditelluride (WTe2)
13.4.2 Applications
13.4.2.1 Electronics
13.4.2.2 Biomedical
13.4.2.3 Photovoltaics
13.4.2.4 Piezoelectrics
13.4.2.5 Sensors
13.4.2.6 Filtration
13.4.2.7 Batteries and supercapacitors
13.4.2.8 Fiber lasers
13.5 BOROPHENE
13.5.1 Properties
13.5.2 Applications
13.5.2.1 Energy storage
13.5.2.2 Hydrogen storage
13.5.2.3 Sensors
13.5.2.4 Electronics
13.6 PHOSPHORENE
13.6.1 Properties
13.6.1.1 Fabrication methods
13.6.1.2 Challenges for the use of phosphorene in devices
13.6.2 Applications
13.6.2.1 Electronics
13.6.2.2 Field effect transistors
13.6.2.3 Thermoelectrics
13.6.2.4 Batteries
13.6.2.5 Supercapacitors
13.6.2.6 Photodetectors
13.6.2.7 Sensors
13.7 GRAPHITIC CARBON NITRIDE (g-C3N4)
13.7.1 Properties
13.7.2 Synthesis
13.7.3 C2N
13.7.4 Applications
13.7.4.1 Electronics
13.7.4.2 Filtration membranes
13.7.4.3 Photocatalysts
13.7.4.4 Batteries
13.7.4.5 Sensors
13.8 GERMANENE
13.8.1 Properties
13.8.2 Applications
13.8.2.1 Electronics
13.8.2.2 Batteries
13.9 GRAPHDIYNE
13.9.1 Properties
13.9.2 Applications
13.9.2.1 Electronics
13.9.2.2 Batteries
13.9.2.3 Separation membranes
13.9.2.4 Water filtration
13.9.2.5 Photocatalysts
13.9.2.6 Photovoltaics
13.10 GRAPHANE
13.10.1 Properties
13.10.2 Applications
13.10.2.1 Electronics
13.10.2.2 Hydrogen storage
13.11 RHENIUM DISULFIDE (ReS2) AND DISELENIDE (ReSe2)
13.11.1 Properties
13.11.2 Applications
13.11.2.1 Electronics
13.12 SILICENE
13.12.1 Properties
13.12.2 Applications
13.12.2.1 Electronics
13.12.2.2 Photovoltaics
13.12.2.3 Thermoelectrics
13.12.2.4 Batteries
13.12.2.5 Sensors
13.13 STANENE/TINENE
13.13.1 Properties
13.13.2 Applications
13.13.2.1 Electronics
13.14 ANTIMONENE
13.14.1 Properties
13.14.2 Applications
13.15 INDIUM SELENIDE
13.15.1 Properties
13.15.2 Applications
13.15.2.1 Electronics
13.16 LAYERED DOUBLE HYDROXIDES (LDH)
13.16.1 Properties
13.16.2 Applications
13.16.2.1 Adsorbent
13.16.2.2 Catalyst
13.16.2.3 Sensors
13.16.2.4 Electrodes
13.16.2.5 Flame Retardants
13.16.2.6 Biosensors
13.16.2.7 Tissue engineering
13.16.2.8 Anti-Microbials
13.16.2.9 Drug Delivery
13.17 2D MATERIALS PRODUCER AND SUPPLIER PROFILES

14 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
14.1 Technology Readiness Level (TRL)

15 REFERENCES

List of Tables
Table 1. Graphene market developments in 2020.
Table 2. Graphene funding and investments in 2020.
Table 3. Graphene market developments in 2021.
Table 4. Publicly listed graphene companies.
Table 5. Main graphene producers by country, annual production capacities, types and main markets they sell into 2020.
Table 6. Demand for graphene (tons), 2018-2031.
Table 7. Main graphene producers in North America.
Table 8. Main graphene producers in Europe.
Table 9. Products incorporating graphene.
Table 10. Graphene investments and financial agreements.
Table 11. Graphene industrial collaborations, licence agreements and target markets.
Table 12. Graphene market challenges.
Table 13. Assessment of impact from COVID-19 by end user market. Key: Low, little impact and market will continue to grow. Medium, market impacted to some degree affecting growth prospects over next 1-2 years. High: Market significantly impacted.
Table 14. Properties of graphene, properties of competing materials, applications thereof.
Table 15. Comparison of graphene QDs and semiconductor QDs.
Table 16. Advantages and disadvantages of methods for preparing GQDs.
Table 17. Applications of graphene quantum dots.
Table 18. Markets and applications for graphene quantum dots in electronics and photonics.
Table 19. Markets and applications for graphene quantum dots in energy storage and conversion.
Table 20. Markets and applications for graphene quantum dots in sensors.
Table 21. Markets and applications for graphene quantum dots in biomedicine and life sciences.
Table 22. Markets and applications for graphene quantum dots in electronics.
Table 23. Market and technology challenges for graphene quantum dots.
Table 24. Prices for graphene quantum dots.
Table 25. Assessment of graphene production methods.
Table 26. Regulations and rulings related to graphene in Europe.
Table 27. Regulations and rulings related to graphene in North America.
Table 28. Regulations and rulings related to graphene in Asia-Pacific.
Table 29. Accumulated number of patent publications for graphene, 2004-2019.
Table 30. Demand for graphene (tons), 2018-2031.
Table 31. Graphene oxide production capacity by producer, 2010-2020.
Table 32. Graphene oxide production capacity in tons by region, 2010-2019.
Table 33. Graphene nanoplatelets capacity in tons by producer, 2010-2020.
Table 34. Graphene nanoplatelets capacity in tons by region, 2010-2019.
Table 35. CVD graphene film capacity by producer, 2010-2020 in 000s m2.
Table 36. Types of graphene and typical prices.
Table 37. Pristine graphene flakes pricing by producer.
Table 38. Few-layer graphene pricing by producer.
Table 39. Graphene nanoplatelets pricing by producer.
Table 40. Graphene oxide and reduced graphene oxide pricing, by producer.
Table 41. Graphene quantum dots pricing by producer.
Table 42. Multi-layer graphene pricing by producer.
Table 43. Graphene ink pricing by producer.
Table 44. Market overview for graphene in 3D printing.
Table 45. Market outlook for graphene in 3D printing.
Table 46. Market and applications for graphene in 3D printing.
Table 47. Demand for graphene in 3-D printing (tons), 2018-2031.
Table 48. Product developers in graphene 3D printing.
Table 49. Market overview for graphene in adhesives.
Table 50. Market outlook for graphene in adhesives.
Table 51. Market and applications for graphene in adhesives.
Table 52. Demand for graphene in adhesives (tons), 2018-2031.
Table 53. Product developers in graphene adhesives.
Table 54. Market overview for graphene in the automotive market.
Table 55. Market outlook for graphene in automotive.
Table 56. Market and applications for graphene in automotive.
Table 57. Demand for graphene in automotive (tons), 2018-2031.
Table 58. Product developers in the graphene automotive market.
Table 59. Applications of nanomaterials in batteries.
Table 60. Market overview for graphene in batteries.
Table 61. Market outlook for graphene in batteries.
Table 62. Market drivers for use of nanomaterials in batteries.
Table 63. Applications of nanomaterials in flexible and stretchable batteries, by materials type and benefits thereof.
Table 64. Market and applications for graphene in batteries.
Table 65. Estimated demand for graphene in batteries (tons), 2018-2031.
Table 66. Product developers in graphene batteries.
Table 67. Market overview for graphene in composites.
Table 68. Market outlook for graphene in fiber-based polymer composite parts.
Table 69. Market and applications for graphene in fiber-based composite parts.
Table 70. Market and applications for graphene in metal matrix composites.
Table 71. Global market for graphene in composites 2018-2031, tons.
Table 72. Product developers in graphene composites.
Table 73. Market overview for graphene in conductive inks.
Table 74. Market outlook for graphene in conductive inks.
Table 75. Market and applications for graphene in conductive inks.
Table 76. Comparative properties of conductive inks.
Table 77. Demand for graphene in conductive ink (tons), 2018-2031.
Table 78. Product developers in graphene conductive inks.
Table 79. Market overview for graphene in construction and buildings.
Table 80. Market outlook for graphene in construction.
Table 81. Graphene for cement.
Table 82. Graphene for asphalt bitumen.
Table 83. Demand for graphene in construction (tons), 2018-2031.
Table 84: Graphene product developers in construction.
Table 85. Market overview for graphene in wearable electronics and displays.
Table 86. Market outlook for graphene in wearable electronics and displays.
Table 87. Market and applications for graphene in electronics.
Table 88. Comparison of ITO replacements.
Table 89. Demand for graphene in wearable, flexible and stretchable electronics, 2018-2031.
Table 90. Product developers in graphene-based electronics.
Table 91. Market overview for graphene in transistors and integrated circuits.
Table 92. Comparative properties of silicon and graphene transistors.
Table 93. Market outlook for graphene in transistors and integrated circuits.
Table 94. Market and applications for graphene in transistors and integrated circuits.
Table 95. Demand for graphene in transistors and integrated circuits, 2018-2031.
Table 96. Product developers in graphene transistors and integrated circuits.
Table 97. Market overview for graphene in memory devices.
Table 98. Market outlook for graphene in memory devices.
Table 99. Market and applications for graphene in memory devices.
Table 100. Demand for graphene in memory devices, 2018-2031.
Table 101. Product developers in graphene memory devices.
Table 102. Market overview for graphene in filtration.
Table 103. Market outlook for graphene in filtration.
Table 104. Market and applications for graphene in filtration.
Table 105. Demand for graphene in filtration (tons), 2018-2031.
Table 106. Graphene companies in filtration.
Table 107. Market overview for graphene in fuel cells.
Table 108. Market outlook for graphene in fuel cells.
Table 109. Market and applications for graphene in fuel cells.
Table 110. Demand for graphene in fuel cells (tons), 2018-2031.
Table 111. Product developers in graphene fuel cells.
Table 112. Market overview for graphene in life sciences and medicine.
Table 113. Market outlook for graphene in drug delivery.
Table 114. Scorecard for graphene in imaging and diagnostics.
Table 115. Scorecard for graphene in medical implants.
Table 116. Scorecard for graphene in medical biosensors.
Table 117. Scorecard for graphene in woundcare.
Table 118. Market and applications for graphene in life sciences and medicine.
Table 119. Demand for graphene in life sciences and medical (tons), 2018-2031.
Table 120. Product developers in graphene life sciences and biomedicine.
Table 121. Market overview for graphene in lighting.
Table 122. Market outlook for graphene in lighting.
Table 123. Market and applications for graphene in lighting.
Table 124. Demand for graphene in lighting, 2018-2031.
Table 125. Product developers in graphene lighting.
Table 126. Market overview for graphene in lubricants.
Table 127. Nanomaterial lubricant products.
Table 128. Market outlook for graphene in lubricants.
Table 129. Market and applications for graphene in lubricants.
Table 130. Demand for graphene in lubricants (tons), 2018-2031.
Table 131. Product developers in graphene lubricants.
Table 132. Market overview for graphene in oil and gas.
Table 133. Market outlook for graphene in oil and gas.
Table 134. Market and applications for graphene in oil and gas.
Table 135. Demand for graphene in oil and gas (tons), 2018-2031.
Table 136. Product developers in graphene oil and gas.
Table 137. Market overview for graphene in paints and coatings.
Table 138. Market outlook for graphene in paints and coatings.
Table 139. Market and applications for graphene in paints and coatings.
Table 140. Demand for graphene in paints and coatings (tons), 2018-2031.
Table 141. Product developers in graphene paints and coatings.
Table 142. Market overview for graphene in paints and coatings.
Table 143. Market outlook for graphene in photonics.
Table 144. Market and applications for graphene in photonics.
Table 145. Demand for graphene in photonics, 2018-2031.
Table 146. Product developers in graphene photonics.
Table 147. Market overview for graphene in photovoltaics.
Table 148. Market outlook for graphene in photovoltaics.
Table 149. Market and applications for graphene in photovoltaics.
Table 150. Demand for graphene in photovoltaics (tons), 2018-2031.
Table 151. Product developers in graphene solar.
Table 152. Market overview for graphene in rubber and tires.
Table 153. Market outlook for graphene in rubber and tires.
Table 154. Market and applications for graphene in rubber and tires.
Table 155. Demand for graphene in rubber and tires (tons), 2018-2031.
Table 156. Product developers in rubber and tires.
Table 157. Market overview for graphene in sensors.
Table 158. Market outlook for graphene in sensors.
Table 159. Market and applications for graphene in sensors.
Table 160. Demand for graphene in sensors (tons), 2018-2031.
Table 161. Product developers in graphene sensors.
Table 162. Market overview for graphene in smart textiles and apparel.
Table 163. Market outlook for graphene in smart textiles and apparel.
Table 164. Market and applications for graphene in smart textiles and apparel.
Table 165. Demand for graphene in textiles (tons), 2018-2031.
Table 166. Graphene product developers in smart textiles and apparel.
Table 167. Market overview for graphene in supercapacitors.
Table 168. Market outlook for graphene in supercapacitors.
Table 169: Comparative properties of graphene supercapacitors and lithium-ion batteries.
Table 170. Market and applications for graphene in supercapacitors.
Table 171. Demand for graphene in supercapacitors (tons), 2018-2031.
Table 172. Product developers in graphene supercapacitors.
Table 173. Graphene audio equipment producers and products.
Table 174. Graphene sporting goods producers and products.
Table 175. Graphene producers and types produced.
Table 176. Graphene producers target market matrix.
Table 177. Graphene product developers and end users target market matrix.
Table 178. Performance criteria of energy storage devices.
Table 179. 2D materials types.
Table 180. 2D materials types.
Table 181. Comparison of top-down exfoliation methods to produce 2D materials.
Table 182. Comparison of the bottom-up synthesis methods to produce 2D materials.
Table 183. Electronic and mechanical properties of monolayer phosphorene, graphene and MoS2.
Table 184. Technology Readiness Level (TRL) Examples.

List of Figures
Figure 1. Demand for graphene, by market, 2019.
Figure 2. Demand for graphene, by market, 2020.
Figure 3. Demand for graphene, 2018-2031, tons.
Figure 4. Global graphene demand by market, 2018-2031 (tons). Low estimate.
Figure 5. Global graphene demand by market, 2018-2031 (tons). Medium estimate.
Figure 6. Global graphene demand by market, 2018-2031 (tons). High estimate.
Figure 7. Demand for graphene in China, by market, 2020.
Figure 8. Demand for graphene in Asia-Pacific, by market, 2020.
Figure 9. Main graphene producers in Asia-Pacific.
Figure 10. Demand for graphene in North America, by market, 2020.
Figure 11. Demand for graphene in Europe, by market, 2020.
Figure 12. Graphene layer structure schematic.
Figure 13. Illustrative procedure of the Scotch-tape based micromechanical cleavage of HOPG.
Figure 14. Graphite and graphene.
Figure 15. Graphene and its descendants: top right: graphene; top left: graphite = stacked graphene; bottom right: nanotube=rolled graphene; bottom left: fullerene=wrapped graphene.
Figure 16. Green-fluorescing graphene quantum dots.
Figure 17. Schematic of (a) CQDs and (c) GQDs. HRTEM images of (b) C-dots and (d) GQDs showing combination of zigzag and armchair edges (positions marked as 1-4).
Figure 18. Graphene quantum dots.
Figure 19. Top-down and bottom-up graphene QD synthesis methods.
Figure 20. Revenues for graphene quantum dots 2019-2031, millions USD
Figure 21. Fabrication methods of graphene.
Figure 22. TEM micrographs of: A) HR-CNFs; B) GANF® HR-CNF, it can be observed its high graphitic structure; C) Unraveled ribbon from the HR-CNF; D) Detail of the ribbon; E) Scheme of the structure of the HR-CNFs; F) Large single graphene oxide sheets derived from GANF.
Figure 23. (a) Graphene powder production line The Sixth Element Materials Technology Co. Ltd. (b) Graphene film production line of Wuxi Graphene Films Co. Ltd.
Figure 24. Schematic illustration of the main graphene production methods.
Figure 25. Published patent publications for graphene, 2004-2019.
Figure 26. Demand for graphene, 2018-2031, tons.
Figure 27. Graphene oxide production capacity in tons p.a. by region, 2010-2020.
Figure 28. Graphene nanoplatelets capacity in tons by region, 2010-2020.
Figure 29. CVD Graphene on Cu Foil.
Figure 30. Applications of graphene in 3D printing.
Figure 31. Demand for graphene in 3-D printing (tons), 2018-2031.
Figure 32. CNCTArch lightweight mounting for digital signalling.
Figure 33. Applications of graphene in adhesives.
Figure 34. Demand for graphene in adhesives (tons), 2018-2031.
Figure 35. Graphene Adhesives.
Figure 36. Summary of graphene in automobiles.
Figure 37. Applications of graphene in automotive.
Figure 38. Demand for graphene in automotive (tons), 2018-2031.
Figure 39. Supercar incorporating graphene.
Figure 40. Graphene anti-corrosion primer.
Figure 41. Graphene-R Brake pads.
Figure 42. Antistatic graphene tire.
Figure 43. Graphene engine oil additives.
Figure 44. Annual cobalt demand for electric vehicle batteries to 2031.
Figure 45. Annual lithium demand for electric vehicle batteries to 2031.
Figure 46. Costs of batteries to 2031.
Figure 47. Applications of graphene in batteries.
Figure 48. Demand for graphene in batteries (tons), 2018-2031.
Figure 49. Apollo Traveler graphene-enhanced USB-C / A fast charging power bank.
Figure 50. Exide Graphene Lead Acid Battery.
Figure 51. 6000mAh Portable graphene batteries.
Figure 52. Real Graphene Powerbank.
Figure 53. Graphene Functional Films - UniTran EH/FH.
Figure 54. Applications of graphene in composites.
Figure 55. Demand for graphene in composites (tons), 2018-2031.
Figure 56. Graphene bike.
Figure 57. Graphene lacrosse equipment.
Figure 58. Graphene-based suitcase made from recycled plastic.
Figure 59. Aros Create.
Figure 60. Grays graphene hockey sticks.
Figure 61. Applications of graphene in conductive inks.
Figure 62. Demand for graphene in conductive ink (tons), 2018-2031.
Figure 63. BGT Materials graphene ink product.
Figure 64. Printed graphene conductive ink.
Figure 65. Textiles covered in conductive graphene ink.
Figure 66. Comparison of nanofillers with supplementary cementitious materials and aggregates in concrete.
Figure 67. Demand for graphene in construction (tons), 2018-2031.
Figure 68. Graphene asphalt additives.
Figure 69. OG (Original Graphene) Concrete Admix Plus.
Figure 70. Demand for graphene in wearable, flexible and stretchable electronics, 2018-2031.
Figure 71. Moxi flexible film developed for smartphone application.
Figure 72. Applications of graphene in transistors and integrated circuits.
Figure 73. Demand for graphene in transistors and integrated circuits, 2018-2031.
Figure 74. Graphene IC in wafer tester.
Figure 75. Schematic cross-section of a graphene based transistor (GBT, left) and a graphene field-effect transistor (GFET, right).
Figure 76. Demand for graphene in memory devices, 2018-2031.
Figure 77. Layered structure of tantalum oxide, multilayer graphene and platinum used for resistive random-access memory (RRAM).
Figure 78. Applications of graphene in filtration.
Figure 79. Demand for graphene in filtration (tons), 2018-2031.
Figure 80. Graphene anti-smog mask.
Figure 81. Graphene filtration membrane.
Figure 82. Graphene water filer cartridge.
Figure 83. Applications of graphene in fuel cells.
Figure 84. Demand for graphene in fuel cells (tons), 2018-2031.
Figure 85. Graphene-based E-skin patch.
Figure 86. Flexible and transparent bracelet that uses graphene to measure heart rate, respiration rate etc.
Figure 87. Applications of graphene in life sciences and medicine
Figure 88. Demand for graphene in life sciences and medical (tons), 2018-2031.
Figure 89. Graphene medical biosensors for wound healing.
Figure 90. Graphene Frontiers’ Six™ chemical sensors consists of a field effect transistor (FET) with a graphene channel. Receptor molecules, such as DNA, are attached directly to the graphene channel.
Figure 91. GraphWear wearable sweat sensor.
Figure 92. BioStamp nPoint.
Figure 93. Applications of graphene in lighting.
Figure 94. Demand for graphene in lighting, 2018-2031.
Figure 95. Graphene LED bulbs.
Figure 96. Applications of graphene in lubricants.
Figure 97. Demand for graphene in lubricants (tons), 2018-2031.
Figure 98. Tricolit spray coating.
Figure 99. Graphenoil products.
Figure 100. Applications of graphene in oil and gas.
Figure 101. Demand for graphene in oil and gas (tons), 2018-2031.
Figure 102. Directa Plus Grafysorber.
Figure 103. Applications of graphene in paints and coatings.
Figure 104. Demand for graphene in paints and coatings (tons), 2018-2031.
Figure 105. Cryorig CPU cooling system with graphene coating.
Figure 106. Four layers of graphene oxide coatings on polycarbonate.
Figure 107. 23303 ZINCTON GNC graphene paint.
Figure 108. Graphene-enhanced anti-corrosion aerosols under their Hycote brand.
Figure 109. Scania Truck head lamp brackets ACT chamber 6 weeks, equivalent to 3y field use. Piece treated with GO to the left together with different non-GO coatings.
Figure 110. Schematic of graphene heat film.
Figure 111. Applications of graphene in photonics.
Figure 112. Demand for graphene in photonics, 2018-2031.
Figure 113. All-graphene optical communication link demonstrator operating at a data rate of 25 Gb/s per channel.
Figure 114. Applications of graphene in photovoltaics.
Figure 115. Demand for graphene in photovoltaics (tons), 2018-2031.
Figure 116. Graphene coated glass.
Figure 117. Applications of graphene in rubber and tires.
Figure 118. Demand for graphene in rubber and tires (tons), 2018-2031.
Figure 119. Eagle F1 graphene tire.
Figure 120. Graphene floor mats.
Figure 121. Vittoria Corsa G+ tire.
Figure 122. Graphene-based sensors for health monitoring.
Figure 123. Applications of graphene in sensors.
Figure 124. Demand for graphene in sensors (tons), 2018-2031.
Figure 125. AGILE R100 system.
Figure 126. Graphene fully packaged linear array detector.
Figure 127. GFET sensors.
Figure 128. Graphene is used to increase sensitivity to middle-infrared light.
Figure 129. Applications of graphene in smart textiles and apparel.
Figure 130. Demand for graphene in textiles (tons), 2018-2031.
Figure 131. 878 Project One jacket display.
Figure 132. Colmar graphene ski jacket.
Figure 133. Graphene dress. The dress changes colour in sync with the wearer’s breathing.
Figure 134. G+ Graphene Aero Jersey.
Figure 135. Inov-8 graphene shoes.
Figure 136. Graphene Functional Membranes - UniTran GM.
Figure 137. Graphene jacket.
Figure 138. Applications of graphene in supercapacitors.
Figure 139. Demand for graphene in supercapacitors (tons), 2018-2031.
Figure 140. KEPCO’s graphene supercapacitors.
Figure 141. Skeleton Technologies supercapacitor.
Figure 142. Zapgo supercapacitor phone charger.
Figure 143. Callaway Chrome Soft golf and Chrome Soft X golf balls.
Figure 144. Graphene heating films.
Figure 145. Graphene flake products.
Figure 146. AIKA Black-T.
Figure 147. Printed graphene biosensors.
Figure 148. Brain Scientific electrode schematic.
Figure 149. Graphene battery schematic.
Figure 150. Dotz Nano GQD products.
Figure 151. Graphene-based membrane dehumidification test cell.
Figure 152. Proprietary atmospheric CVD production.
Figure 153. Wearable sweat sensor.
Figure 154. InP/ZnS, perovskite quantum dots and silicon resin composite under UV illumination.
Figure 155. Sensor surface.
Figure 156. BioStamp nPoint.
Figure 157. Nanotech Energy battery.
Figure 158. Hybrid battery powered electrical motorbike concept.
Figure 159. NAWAStitch integrated into carbon fiber composite.
Figure 160. Schematic illustration of three-chamber system for SWCNH production.
Figure 161. TEM images of carbon nanobrush.
Figure 162. Test performance after 6 weeks ACT II according to Scania STD4445.
Figure 163. Quantag GQDs and sensor.
Figure 164. The Sixth Element graphene products.
Figure 165. Thermal conductive graphene film.
Figure 166. Talcoat graphene mixed with paint.
Figure 167. T-FORCE CARDEA ZERO.
Figure 168. Schematic of 2-D materials.
Figure 169. Structure of hexagonal boron nitride.
Figure 170. BN nanosheet textiles application.
Figure 171. Structure diagram of Ti3C2Tx.
Figure 172. Types and applications of 2D TMDCs.
Figure 173. Left: Molybdenum disulphide (MoS2). Right: Tungsten ditelluride (WTe2)
Figure 174. SEM image of MoS2.
Figure 175. Atomic force microscopy image of a representative MoS2 thin-film transistor.
Figure 176. Schematic of the molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) thin-film sensor with the deposited molecules that create additional charge.
Figure 177. Borophene schematic.
Figure 178. Black phosphorus structure.
Figure 179. Black Phosphorus crystal.
Figure 180. Bottom gated flexible few-layer phosphorene transistors with the hydrophobic dielectric encapsulation.
Figure 181: Graphitic carbon nitride.
Figure 182. Structural difference between graphene and C2N-h2D crystal: (a) graphene; (b) C2N-h2D crystal. Credit: Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology.
Figure 183. Schematic of germanene.
Figure 184. Graphdiyne structure.
Figure 185. Schematic of Graphane crystal.
Figure 186. Schematic of a monolayer of rhenium disulfide.
Figure 187. Silicene structure.
Figure 188. Monolayer silicene on a silver (111) substrate.
Figure 189. Silicene transistor.
Figure 190. Crystal structure for stanene.
Figure 191. Atomic structure model for the 2D stanene on Bi2Te3(111).
Figure 192. Schematic of Indium Selenide (InSe).
Figure 193. Application of Li-Al LDH as CO2 sensor.

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