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ESG (Environmental, Social, and Governance) - Governance Factors - Thematic Research

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  • 37 Pages
  • August 2021
  • Region: Global
  • GlobalData
  • ID: 5402761
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Corporate governance has come to the fore as directors and executives recognize that they are responsible not just to shareholders, as in the past, but to a wide range of stakeholders.

Customers, partners, employees, and communities must be considered. Regulators and non-governmental organizations command attention. Few, if any, directors or executives would argue that they have no responsibility for the environment, especially as the effects of climate change grow more evident and more dire.

The “shareholders first” view of corporate management drives a short-term view of governance similar to short-term views of financial markets and performance. As Andrew Johnston, professor of corporate governance at the University of Sheffield, wrote in 2020, too great an emphasis on near-term financial results drives short-term behaviors. These include stock buybacks, excessive dividends, failure to invest in productive capabilities, and inattention to the corporation’s long-term sustainability.

The result, Johnston wrote, can be a “tragedy of the horizon” no less consequential than the “tragedy of the commons,” a legal and economic concept in which individuals acting out of unregulated individual self-interest produce a result detrimental to all. In the “commons” example, shepherds lacking a shared social structure allow their sheep to eat all the grass. In Johnston’s “horizon” example, companies may soar in the short term but fail in the long run.


  • This report provides an overview of governance, which is central to the publisher's environmental, social, and governance (ESG) framework.
  • Our ESG framework helps CEOs identify potential risks and implement mitigating actions that can improve their company’s ESG performance.
  • It sets out the reasons why companies must take governance seriously, looks at how corporate governance can go wrong, and highlights practical steps that companies can take to improve governance.
  • Taking each aspect of governance in turn, this report provides examples of companies that are leading by example, and companies that have room to improve.
  • This report describes how corporate governance has shifted as disclosure requirements have given stakeholders greater access to information. Financial disclosure reveals whether executive pay structures are equitable, for example, while other types of reporting make it harder for companies to evade responsibility for pollution and unsafe or unjust workplace practices.
  • The report also provides numerous positive and negative examples that illustrate how corporate governance is inextricably tied to results.

Reasons to Buy

  • In 2021, ESG should be the most important theme discussed in corporate boardrooms worldwide. Over the coming decade, it will transform the way that business is conducted.
  • Customers, voters, and politicians will demand greater action is taken on environmental, social, and governance issues. Companies that take ESG seriously now will be better placed to succeed in the future.
  • This report will help you understand what governance is in the context of ESG, why it is important, and what your business can do to become a leader in corporate governance.

Table of Contents

  • Executive summary
  • The Publisher's ESG framework
  • Why companies must take governance seriously
  • The four main factors determining good governance
  • Timeline
  • Glossary
  • Further reading
  • Thematic methodology

Companies Mentioned

A selection of companies mentioned in this report includes:

  • BMW
  • BlackRock
  • Chipotle Mexican Grill
  • BP
  • L'Oreal
  • Heineken
  • Wirecard
  • Volkswagen
  • UPM-Kymmene
  • Lockheed Martin
  • Coca-Cola
  • Gazprom
  • Glovo
  • Geico
  • Carillion
  • AB InBev
  • Airbus
  • Odebrecht
  • Carrefour
  • Allianz
  • Highways England
  • Purdue Pharmaceuticals
  • Turing Pharmaceuticals
  • Unilever
  • Smurfit Kappa
  • International Paper
  • Pro-Gest
  • Shell
  • Amazon