Traditional textiles simply function as a covering material. Based on the rapidly changing global demands and due to advanced technological improvements, the development of integrated electronics and responsive functionality on textiles has led to the emergence of E-textiles and smart textiles accommodating the revolution we are witnessing in wearable electronics.
The development of high value-added products such as smart fabrics and clothing, wearable consumer and medical devices and protective textiles has increased rapidly in the last decade. Recent advances in stimuli-responsive surfaces and interfaces, sensors and actuators, flexible electronics, nanocoatings and conductive nanomaterials has led to the development of a new generation of smart and adaptive electronic fibers, yarns and fabrics for application in E-textiles.
Advances in the ability to free-form print circuit processes enables electronic systems to be assembled directly onto textile items. This type of technology, “E-textiles,” will compete with existing wearable devices that have dominated the market (smartwatches and fitness trackers), as a more discrete alternative to health and physiological monitoring.
Electronic textiles incorporate interdisciplinary studies such as textiles, nano/micro technologies, computing systems, and communications and information technologies. E-textiles monitor heart health (heart rate, heart rate variability, electrocardiogram), activity recognition and measurement, sleep stage and sleep quality detection, drug adherence, stress level monitor and body temperature measurement, chemical sensing and can return heat and stimulus through the very fibers of textile products.
Report contents include:
- Market drivers and trends in electronic textiles (E-textiles).
- Investment and product developments 2020-2021.
- Materials and components analysis.
- Applications and markets including smart clothing products, heated clothing, sports and fitness, smart footwear, military, medical and healthcare, workplace monitoring & protection, motion capture, soft exoskeletons, wearable advertising and power sources for E-textiles.
- Global market revenues by market, historical and forecast to 2031.
- 117 company profiles including Myant, Inc., Prevayl, Sensing Tex, Nextiles, Propel LLC, Hexoskin, Ohmatex A/S, Sensoria Inc., Xenoma Inc., AiQ Smart Clothing Inc., Interactive Wear AG, Loomia, and many more.
1 Executive Summary
1.1 The evolution of electronics
1.1.1 The wearables revolution
1.1.2 Wearable market leaders
1.1.3 Flexible and stretchable electronics
1.1.4 Wearable electronics in the textiles industry
1.1.5 New conductive materials
1.2 Market drivers
1.3 Main markets
1.3.3 Heated clothing
1.4 Performance requirements for E-textiles
1.5 Growth prospects for electronic textiles
1.6 E-textiles investments and funding 2020-2021
2 Research Methodology
3 Materials and Components
3.1 Conductive and stretchable yarns
3.2 Conductive polymers
3.2.2 PEDOT: PSS
3.3 Conductive coatings
3.4 Conductive inks
3.5.1 Nanocoatings in smart textiles
3.5.4 Carbon nanotubes
3.6 Phase change materials
3.6.1 Temperature controlled fabrics
4 Applications, Markets and Products
4.1 Smart clothing products
4.2 Temperature monitoring and regulation
4.2.1 Heated clothing
4.3 Stretchable E-fabrics
4.4 Therapeutic products
4.5 Sport & fitness
4.6 Smart footwear
4.8 Medical and healthcare
4.8.1 Wearable health monitoring
184.108.40.206 Companies and products
4.8.2 Temperature and respiratory rate monitoring
220.127.116.11 Companies and products
4.8.3 Pregnancy and newborn monitoring
4.8.4 Biometric monitoring
4.8.5 ECG sensors
4.8.6 Smart wound care
4.9 Industrial and workplace monitoring
4.10 Flexible and wearable display advertising
4.11 Textile-based lighting
4.12 Antimicrobial textiles
4.12.2 Zinc oxide
4.13 Smart diapers
4.14 Protective clothing
4.15 Automotive interiors
4.16.1 Companies and products
4.17 Powering E-textiles
4.17.1 Textile batteries
4.17.2 Textile supercapacitors
4.17.3 Energy harvesting
18.104.22.168 Photovoltaic solar textiles
22.214.171.124 Energy harvesting nanogenerators
126.96.36.199 Radio frequency (RF) energy harvesting
5 Global Market Size
6 Market and Technical Challenges
7 Electronic Textiles (E-Textiles) Company Profiles 116 (117 Company Profiles)
List of Tables
Table 1. Types of wearable devices and applications.
Table 2. Wearable market leaders by market segment.
Table 3. Advanced materials for Electronic textiles-Advantages and disadvantages.
Table 4. Sheet resistance (RS) and transparency (T) values for transparent conductive oxides and alternative materials for transparent conductive electrodes (TCE).
Table 5. Market drivers for electronic textiles.
Table 6. Example heated jacket products.
Table 7. Performance requirements for E-textiles.
Table 8. E-textiles investments and funding 2020-2021.
Table 9. Types of smart textiles.
Table 10. Types of flexible conductive polymers, properties and applications.
Table 11. Typical conductive ink formulation.
Table 12. Comparative properties of conductive inks.
Table 13. Applications in textiles, by advanced materials type and benefits thereof.
Table 14. Nanocoatings applied in the textiles industry-type of coating, nanomaterials utilized, benefits and applications.
Table 15. Applications and benefits of graphene in textiles and apparel.
Table 16. Properties of CNTs and comparable materials.
Table 17. Applications and markets for e-textiles.
Table 18. Commercially available smart clothing products.
Table 19. Electronic textiles products.
Table 20. Heated jacket and clothing products.
Table 21. Examples of materials used in flexible heaters and applications.
Table 22.Companies and products in smart footwear.
Table 23. Wearable electronics applications in the military.
Table 24. Market drivers for printed, flexible and stretchable medical and healthcare sensors and wearables.
Table 25. Examples of wearable medical device products.
Table 26. Companies and products in smart wound care.
Table 27. Antibacterial effects of ZnO NPs in different bacterial species.
Table 28. Companies developing smart diaper products.
Table 29: Applications in textiles, by advanced materials type and benefits thereof.
Table 30: Nanocoatings applied in the textiles industry-type of coating, nanomaterials utilized, benefits and applications.
Table 31. Companies developing wearable exoskeletons.
Table 32. Comparison of prototype batteries (flexible, textile, and other) in terms of area-specific performance.
Table 33. Global electronic textiles and smart clothing market 2017-2031, revenues (billions USD).
Table 34. Market and technical challenges in E-textiles and smart clothing.
List of Figures
Figure 1. Evolution of electronics.
Figure 2. Wove Band.
Figure 3. Wearable graphene medical sensor.
Figure 4. Applications of wearable flexible sensors worn on various body parts.
Figure 5. Systemization of wearable electronic systems.
Figure 6. Conductive yarns.
Figure 7. Baby Monitor.
Figure 8. Wearable health monitor incorporating graphene photodetectors.
Figure 9. Conductive yarns.
Figure 10. SEM image of cotton fibers with PEDOT:PSS coating.
Figure 11. Applications of graphene in smart textiles and apparel.
Figure 12. PCM cooling vest.
Figure 13. EXO2 Stormwalker 2 Heated Jacket.
Figure 14. Flexible polymer-based heated glove, sock and slipper.
Figure 15. ThermaCell Rechargeable Heated Insoles.
Figure 16. Myant sleeve tracks biochemical indicators in sweat.
Figure 17. Flexible polymer-based therapeutic products.
Figure 18. iStimUweaR .
Figure 19. Digitsole Smartshoe.
Figure 20. Wearable medical technology.
Figure 21.Connected human body and product examples.
Figure 22. Companies and products in wearable health monitoring and rehabilitation devices and products.
Figure 23. Enfucell wearable temperature tag.
Figure 24. Bloomlife.
Figure 25. VitalPatch.
Figure 26. Wearable ECG-textile.
Figure 27. Wearable ECG recorder.
Figure 28. Nexkin™.
Figure 29. Schematic of smart wound dressing.
Figure 30. REPAIR electronic patch concept. Image courtesy of the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.
Figure 31. Wearable gas sensor.
Figure 32. Basketball referee Royole fully flexible display.
Figure 33: Anti-bacterial sol-gel nanoparticle silver coating.
Figure 34. Schematic of antibacterial activity of ZnO NPs.
Figure 35. ABENA Nova smart diaper.
Figure 36: Omniphobic-coated fabric.
Figure 37. Textile-based car seat heaters.
Figure 38. Honda Walking Assist.
Figure 39. archelis wearable chair.
Figure 40. Micro-scale energy scavenging techniques.
Figure 41. Schematic illustration of the fabrication concept for textile-based dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) made by sewing textile electrodes onto cloth or paper.
Figure 42 . 3D print piezoelectric material.
Figure 43. Global electronic textiles and smart clothing market 2017-2031, revenues (billions USD).
Figure 44. LED hooded jacket.
Figure 45. Heated element module.
Figure 46. Graphene dress. The dress changes colour in sync with the wearer’s breathing.
Figure 47. Descante Solar Thermo insulated jacket.
Figure 48. G+ Graphene Aero Jersey.
Figure 49. HiFlex strain/pressure sensor.
Figure 50. KiTT motion tracking knee sleeve.
Figure 51. Electroskin integration schematic.
Figure 52. Nextiles e-fabric.
Figure 53. Smardii smart diaper.
Figure 54. Teslasuit.
Figure 55. YouCare smart shirt.
A selection of companies mentioned in this report includes:
- AiQ Smart Clothing Inc.
- Interactive Wear AG
- Myant, Inc.
- Ohmatex A/S
- Propel LLC
- Sensing Tex
- Sensoria Inc.
- Xenoma Inc.