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EV Charging Infrastructure in Europe and North America - 3rd Edition

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  • 190 Pages
  • January 2023
  • Region: Europe, North America
  • Berg Insight AB
  • ID: 5415140

The Number of Connected EV Charging Points in Europe and North America to Reach 18 Million by 2026

This study investigates the electric vehicle charging infrastructure market in Europe and North America. The total installed base of dedicated charging points in Europe is forecasted to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 34 percent from 4.5 million in 2021 to 19.6 million by 2026. In North America, the analyst estimates that the total installed base of dedicated charging points will increase from 1.4 million in 2021 to reach 6.1 million in 2026, growing at a CAGR of 34 percent. These numbers include both private and public charging points. About 1.6 million of these charging points in the two regions were monitored via cellular connections in 2021. Get up to date with the latest information about vendors, charge point operators, products and markets.

Highlights from the report:

  • Insights from 30 executive interviews with market leading companies.
  • New data on EV charging infrastructure in Europe and North America.
  • Comprehensive description of the EV charging value chain and key applications.
  • In-depth analysis of market trends and key developments.
  • Profiles of 68 companies offering EV charging hardware and software.
  • Profiles of 32 charge point operators (CPOs).
  • Market forecasts lasting until 2026.

This report answers the following questions

  • What is the current state and size of the EV charging market?
  • What are the current trends on this market?
  • Which are the leading providers of hardware and software solutions?
  • What equipment and service offerings are available from the different vendors?
  • Which are the leading charge point operators in Europe and North America?
  • What are the key drivers behind the adoption of EV chargers?
  • What impact will technology advancements have on the market?
  • How will the EV charging industry evolve in the next 5 years?

The number of connected EV charging points in Europe and North America reached an estimated 3.3 million units in 2021. Europe represents the largest share comprising around 2.6 million of these charging points, corresponding to a connectivity penetration rate of 57 percent. In North America, about 0.7 million of the total number of charging points were connected, equivalent to a connectivity penetration rate of 52 percent. Growing at a compound annual growth rate of 40 percent, the number of connected charging points in the two regions is expected to reach 18.0 million in 2026.

The connected EV charging station market is served by a variety of players. The type of companies offering back-office software platforms for charging stations include dedicated charging station management software providers, hardware providers as well as charge point operators (CPOs). The back-office platforms developed in-house by CPOs are in some cases also offered as white-label solutions to other CPOs. In North America, ChargePoint is a CPO with proprietary hardware and software solutions that additionally offers its solutions to other CPOs. The company is a clear leader in terms of charging points connected to its software platform in North America. Additional companies having a notable number of connected charging stations on their platform in the region include Flo, SemaConnect, EV Connect, Blink Charging, Shell Recharge Solutions and Tesla. ChargePoint and Enel X further account for the majority of the connected home chargers in the region. Examples of specialized software vendors with a significant number of charging points connected to their platforms in Europe include Last Mile Solutions, Virta, AMPECO, Greenflux and Driivz. Some more hardware focused actors like Easee, Pod Point and Zaptec have many connected charging points but usually support a less comprehensive set of use cases with their software offering. Full-service providers like Shell Recharge Solutions and EVBox (Engie) have become significant actors in Europe and have notable numbers of charging points connected to their back-office platforms. A number of European CPOs have also developed proprietary software solutions with numerous charging points under management with examples including Vattenfall, Innogy and Allego.

“The integration of communications technology in EV charging stations can have a considerable impact on the energy costs related to an EV charging station”, said Caspar Jansson, IoT Analyst. Load balancing is a central component to reduce strain on local grids and enable site owners to keep their charging output within the capacity of their contracts and grid connection. Connectivity also enables electric vehicle drivers to locate chargers, monitor charging availability, book chargers and manage payments using smartphone apps. “Connected charging points can be monitored closely and controlled so that they only use surplus energy or only charge when energy prices are low. The increasing adoption of EVs together with increasing energy costs will only strengthen the case for connected and smart charging solutions”, continued Mr. Jansson. He adds that most of the connected charging points in Europe and North America are either in public or semi-public applications. “The number of connected home charging stations is still relatively limited in both regions. The share of connected home charging points is expected to increase, along with the general trend of our homes becoming smarter and people’s efforts to reduce energy costs continue”, concluded Mr. Jansson.

Who should read this report?

EV Charging Infrastructure in Europe and North America is the foremost source of information about this market. Whether you are a vehicle manufacturer, EV charging technology vendor, charge point operator, energy utility, telecom operator, investor, consultant, or government agency, you will gain valuable insights from this in-depth research.

Table of Contents

 Executive Summary

1 EV Charging in Europe and North America
1.1 EV charging infrastructure in Europe
1.2 EV charging infrastructure in North America
1.3 The electric vehicle market
1.3.1 Vehicle types
1.3.2 The electric vehicle market in Europe
1.3.3 The electric vehicle market in North America
1.4 Market players
1.4.1 Charge point operators (CPOs)
1.4.2 Mobility service providers (MSPs)
1.4.3 Hardware and software providers

2 Charging Technologies and Standards
2.1 Electric vehicle charging
2.1.1 AC and DC
2.1.2 Charging modes and levels
2.1.3 Battery capacity and charging time
2.2 Connector Standards
2.2.1 Type 1/SAE J1772
2.2.2 Type 2
2.2.3 Combined charging system (CCS)
2.2.4 CHAdeMO
2.2.5 North American Charging Standard (Tesla)
2.2.6 GB/T
2.3 Connectivity and management software
2.3.1 Cellular IoT gateways, routers and modems
2.3.2 The open charge point protocol (OCPP)
2.3.3 Charging station management software
2.4 Payment solutions
2.4.1 Mobile payments and RFID tags
2.4.2 ISO 15118
2.4.3 Autocharge
2.4.4 Payment terminals

3  Charge Point Operators
3.1 Europe
3.1.1 Allego
3.1.2 Atlante
3.1.3 Be Charge
3.1.4 Bouygues Energies and Services (Bouygues Construction)
3.1.5 BP Pulse
3.1.6 CEZ Group
3.1.7 E.ON Group
3.1.8 EnBW
3.1.9 Eneco eMobility
3.1.10 Enel X (Enel Group)
3.1.11 ESB Group
3.1.12 Fastned
3.1.13 Freshmile
3.1.14 Iberdrola Group
3.1.15 InstaVolt
3.1.16 Ionity
3.1.17 Izivia (EDF)
3.1.18 Jolt Energy
3.1.19 Mer (Statkraft)
3.1.20 Power Dot
3.1.21 Recharge
3.1.22 Shell Recharge Solutions
3.1.23 TotalEnergies
3.1.24 Vattenfall Group
3.2 North America
3.2.1 Blink Charging
3.2.2 Electrify America
3.2.3 Electrify Canada
3.2.4 EVgo
3.2.5 Francis Energy
3.2.6 Hydro-Québec
3.2.7 Tesla
3.2.8 Volta Charging

4 Hardware and Software Providers
4.1 Europe
4.1.1 ABB
4.1.2 ABL
4.1.3 ADS-TEC Energy
4.1.4 Alfen
4.1.5 Alpitronic
4.1.6 Amina Charging
4.1.7 AMPECO
4.1.8 Charge Amps
4.1.9 Chargecloud
4.1.10 ChargeNode
4.1.11 Circontrol
4.1.12 Compleo Charging Solutions
4.1.13 CTEK
4.1.14 DBT Group
4.1.15 Driivz
4.1.16 Easee
4.1.17 Eaton
4.1.18 Ecotap (Legrand)
4.1.19 Efacec
4.1.20 Ekoenergetyka
4.1.21 Elli
4.1.22 eNovates
4.1.23 Ensto Building Systems (Legrand)
4.1.24 E-Totem
4.1.25 EO Charging
4.1.26 Etrel
4.1.27 EVBox (ENGIE)
4.1.28 Evtec
4.1.29 Fortum
4.1.30 Garo
4.1.31 Gnrgy
4.1.32 GreenFlux
4.1.33 Heidelberg Amperfied (Heidelberg Druckmaschinen)
4.1.34 Ingeteam
4.1.35 IES Synergy
4.1.36 Juice Technology
4.1.37 KEBA
4.1.38 Kempower
4.1.39 Kostad
4.1.40 L-Charge
4.1.41 Last Mile Solutions
4.1.42 Mennekes Group
4.1.43 Pod Point (EDF)
4.1.44 Rolec Services
4.1.45 Schneider Electric
4.1.46 Siemens
4.1.47 Smartlab
4.1.48 Teltonika
4.1.49 Tritium
4.1.50 Virta
4.1.51 Wallbox
4.1.52 Webasto
4.1.53 Wirelane
4.1.54 Zaptec
4.2 North America
4.2.1 Flo
4.2.2 BorgWarner
4.2.3 BTC Power (E.ON)
4.2.4 ChargePoint
4.2.5 ClipperCreek
4.2.6 Delta Electronics
4.2.7 Elmec
4.2.8 EV Connect
4.2.9 EvoCharge (Phillips & Temro)
4.2.10 EVPassport
4.2.11 FreeWire Technologies
4.2.12 InductEV
4.2.13 SemaConnect
4.2.14 SK Signet
4.3 Additional hardware vendors

5 Market Analysis and Trends
5.1 Market analysis
5.1.1 Market forecast
5.1.2 Regional market analysis
5.1.3 Government incentives and investments
5.2 Value chain analysis
5.2.1 EV charging hardware vendors
5.2.2 Software providers and charge point operators
5.2.3 Automotive industry players
5.2.4 Mergers and acquisitions
5.3 Market trends
5.3.1 The electric vehicle market continues to grow in spite of market uncertainty
5.3.2 The business case for connected charging stations continues to improve
5.3.3 M&As drive consolidation in the EV charging landscape
5.3.4 Going public gives access to growth capital
5.3.5 Demand for public and destination charging to increase rapidly in Europe
5.3.6 Open architectures alter the EV charging value chain
5.3.7 A modular design improves the case for DC charging
5.3.8 Car OEMs offer MSP services to lower barriers to EV adoption
5.3.9 Fast charging to move to more urban locations
5.3.10 Heavy commercial vehicle charging emerges as a new segment


List of Figures
Figure 1.1: Public normal and fast charging points (EU22+3 2021)  
Figure 1.2: BEVs per public normal and fast charging points (EU22+3 in 2021)  
Figure 1.3: Normal and fast charging points (North America 2021) 
Figure 1.4: Electric vehicles per normal and fast charging points (North America 2021) 
Figure 1.5: Registered electric vehicles and new registrations (EU22+3 2021)  
Figure 1.6: Registered electric vehicles and sales (North America 2021) 
Figure 2.1: Charging using alternating current (left) and direct current (right) 
Figure 2.2: Charging modes 
Figure 2.3: Charging levels 
Figure 2.4: Examples of battery capacity for different car models 
Figure 2.5: Theoretical charging times for a 90-kWh battery 
Figure 2.6: Connector standards by geographical region 
Figure 2.7: Common features in cellular IoT gateways and routers 
Figure 2.8: Examples of routers used in EV charging applications  
Figure 2.9: Overview of a cluster configuration 
Figure 2.10: Example of a dashboard for management of charging operations 
Figure 2.11: Example of RFID card and tag  
Figure 2.12: Examples of payment terminals for EV charging stations 
Figure 3.1: An Allego fast charging location 
Figure 3.2: Enel X’s Juicebox 
Figure 3.3: A Fastned charging location 
Figure 3.4: An Ionity charging site 
Figure 3.5: Jolt’s MerlinOne mobile charger and swap truck 
Figure 3.6: Shell Recharge Solutions’ charger for businesses 
Figure 3.7: A Francis Energy charging station  
Figure 3.8: Tesla’s Supercharger  
Figure 3.9: Tesla’s Wall Connector 
Figure 3.10: Charging station from Volta Charging  
Figure 4.1: The Terra AC wallbox and Terra 360 from ABB  
Figure 4.2: ADS-TEC Energy’s ChargePost and ChargeBox options and dispenser  
Figure 4.3: The Hypercharger HYC300 
Figure 4.4: The wallbox from Amina Charging 
Figure 4.5: The Raption 400 and Raption 150 Compact chargers 
Figure 4.6: Chargestorm Connected and Njord Go on a wall mount from CTEK 
Figure 4.7: Easee’s wallbox charger 
Figure 4.8: Ecotap’s Homebox and DC150/180 chargers 
Figure 4.9: The Ensto One and Media chargers 
Figure 4.10: The INCH Pro from Etrel 
Figure 4.11: Troniq Modular and BusinessLine Double from EVBox 
Figure 4.12: Juice Booster 3 with connector and adapters 
Figure 4.13: KeContact P30 from KEBA 
Figure 4.14: Kempower Satellite and Station Charger
Figure 4.15: Unity22 and Unity360 from Kostad 
Figure 4.16: E-mobility Gateway and Amtron Compact from Mennekes 
Figure 4.17: Siemens VersiCharge wallbox 
Figure 4.18: Teltonika’s TeltoCharge  
Figure 4.19: The Tritium RT50 
Figure 4.20: Quasar 2 from Wallbox 
Figure 4.21: Next and TurboDX from Webasto 
Figure 4.22: BTC Power’s Gen 4 and 350 kW Dispenser unit 
Figure 4.23: ChargePoint Home and Express 
Figure 4.24: Overview of SemaConnect’s offering 
Figure 4.25: Additional hardware suppliers 
Figure 5.1: Installed base and shipments of charging points (Europe 2021-2026) 
Figure 5.2: Connected charging points by technology (Europe 2021-2026) 
Figure 5.3: Installed base and shipments of charging points (North America 2021-2026) 
Figure 5.4: Connected charging points by technology (North America 2021-2026) 
Figure 5.5: Policies active in major electric vehicle countries in Europe (Q4-2022) 
Figure 5.6: Installed base of charging points by vendor (Europe Q4-2022)  
Figure 5.7: Installed base of DC charging stations by vendor (Europe Q4-2022) 
Figure 5.8: Installed base of charging points by vendor (North America Q4-2022) 
Figure 5.9: Installed base of DC charging stations by vendor (North America Q4-2022)  
Figure 5.10: Connected charging points by software vendor (Europe Q4-2022)  
Figure 5.11: Connected charging points by software vendor (North America Q4-2022) 
Figure 5.12: Public charging networks (North America January 2022)  
Figure 5.13: Public DC charging networks (North America January 2022) 
Figure 5.14: M&As among companies active in EV charging (2017-2023) 
Figure 5.15: lPOs and listings via SPAC mergers (2014-2022)  



Companies Mentioned (Partial List)

A selection of companies mentioned in this report includes, but is not limited to:

  • ABB
  • ABL
  • ADS-TEC Energy
  • Alfen
  • Allego
  • Alpitronic
  • Amina Charging
  • Atlante
  • Be Charge
  • Blink Charging
  • BorgWarner
  • Bouygues Energies and Services (Bouygues Construction)
  • BP Pulse
  • BTC Power (E.ON)
  • CEZ Group
  • Charge Amps
  • Chargecloud
  • ChargeNode
  • ChargePoint 
  • Circontrol
  • ClipperCreek
  • Compleo Charging Solutions
  • CTEK
  • DBT Group
  • Delta Electronics
  • Driivz
  • E-Totem
  • E.ON Group
  • Easee
  • Eaton
  • Ecotap (Legrand)
  • Efacec
  • Ekoenergetyka
  • Electrify America
  • Electrify Canada
  • Elli
  • Elmec
  • EnBW
  • Eneco eMobility
  • Enel X (Enel Group)
  • eNovates
  • Ensto Building Systems (Legrand)
  • EO Charging
  • ESB Group
  • Etrel
  • EV Connect
  • EVBox (Engie) 
  • EVgo
  • EvoCharge (Phillips & Temro)
  • EVPassport
  • Evtec
  • Fastned
  • Flo
  • Fortum
  • Francis Energy
  • FreeWire Technologies
  • Freshmile
  • Garo
  • Gnrgy
  • GreenFlux
  • Greenflux 
  • Heidelberg Amperfied (Heidelberg Druckmaschinen)
  • Hydro-Québec
  • Iberdrola Group
  • IES Synergy
  • InductEV
  • Ingeteam
  • Innogy 
  • InstaVolt
  • Ionity
  • Izivia (EDF)
  • Jolt Energy
  • Juice Technology
  • KEBA
  • Kempower
  • Kostad
  • L-Charge
  • Last Mile Solutions
  • Mennekes Group
  • Mer (Statkraft)
  • Pod Point (EDF)
  • Pod Point and Zaptec 
  • Power Dot
  • Recharge
  • Rolec Services
  • Schneider Electric
  • SemaConnect
  • Shell Recharge Solutions 
  • Siemens
  • SK Signet
  • Smartlab
  • Teltonika
  • Tesla
  • TotalEnergies
  • Tritium
  • Vattenfall Group
  • Virta
  • Volta Charging
  • Wallbox
  • Webasto
  • Wirelane
  • Zaptec