+353-1-416-8900REST OF WORLD
+44-20-3973-8888REST OF WORLD
1-917-300-0470EAST COAST U.S
1-800-526-8630U.S. (TOLL FREE)

EV Charging Infrastructure in Europe and North America - 4th Edition

  • PDF Icon


  • 225 Pages
  • July 2024
  • Region: Europe, North America
  • Berg Insight AB
  • ID: 5415140

The number of connected EV charging points in Europe and North America to reach 35.7 million by 2028

This study investigates the electric vehicle charging infrastructure market in Europe and North America covering all parts of the value chain including charge point operators, car OEM initiatives, and hardware and software vendors. About 3.4 million of these charging points in the two regions were monitored via cellular connections in 2023. Get up to date with the latest information about vendors, charge point operators, products and markets. The external power source is often a charging station, which is defined as equipment enabling a connection between the electric vehicle and the power grid. EV charging stations play a significant role in the discussions regarding the electrification of vehicle fleets. Electric vehicles and EV charging stations are often brought forward as a prerequisite in order to decrease the environmental impact of transportation.

The total number of dedicated charging points in Europe is forecasted to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 28 percent from 7.8 million in 2023 to 26.3 million by the end of 2028. In North America, the analyser estimates that the total number of dedicated charging points will increase from 3.4 million in 2023 to reach 15.3 million in 2028, growing at a CAGR of 35 percent. These numbers include both private and public charging points

Highlights from the report:

  • Insights from 30 executive interviews with market leading companies.
  • New data on EV charging infrastructure in Europe and North America.
  • Comprehensive description of the EV charging value chain and key applications.
  • In-depth analysis of market trends and key developments.
  • Profiles of 68 companies offering EV charging hardware and software.
  • Profiles of 32 charge point operators (CPOs).
  • Market forecasts lasting until 2026.

This report answers the following questions

  • What is the current state and size of the EV charging market?
  • What are the current trends on this market?
  • Which are the leading providers of hardware and software solutions?
  • What equipment and service offerings are available from the different vendors?
  • Which are the leading charge point operators in Europe and North America?
  • What are the key drivers behind the adoption of EV chargers?
  • What impact will technology advancements have on the market?
  • How will the EV charging industry evolve in the next 5 years?

There is a large number of CPOs in Europe. A few of these players have charging operations as their core business, but many actors come from adjacent markets. Examples of companies that are more or less specialised CPOs include Allego, Atlante, Fastned, Freshmile, InstaVolt and Ionity. Ionity was founded in 2017 by BMW Group, Ford Motor Company, Daimler and Volkswagen Group. Many of the CPOs in Europe are subsidiaries of utility companies. Examples of utilities operating CPO networks include CEZ Group, EnBW, Enel X, ESB Group, Iberdrola Group, Innogy, Izivia, Statkraft and Vattenfall.

Who should read this report?

EV Charging Infrastructure in Europe and North America is the foremost source of information about this market. Whether you are a vehicle manufacturer, EV charging technology vendor, charge point operator, energy utility, telecom operator, investor, consultant, or government agency, you will gain valuable insights from this in-depth research.

Table of Contents

Executive Summary
1 EV Charging in Europe and North America
1.1 EV charging infrastructure in Europe
1.2 EV charging infrastructure in North America
1.3 The electric vehicle market
1.3.1 Vehicle types
1.3.2 The electric vehicle market in Europe
1.3.3 The electric vehicle market in North America
1.4 Market players
1.4.1 Charge point operators (CPOs)
1.4.2 Mobility service providers (MSPs)
1.4.3 Hardware and software providers

2 Charging Technologies and Standards
2.1 Electric vehicle charging
2.1.1 AC and DC
2.1.2 Charging modes and levels
2.1.3 Battery capacity and charging time
2.2 Connector Standards
2.2.1 Type 1/SAE J1772
2.2.2 Type 2
2.2.3 Combined charging system (CCS)
2.2.4 CHAdeMO
2.2.5 North American Charging Standard (Tesla)
2.2.6 GB/T
2.3 Connectivity and management software
2.3.1 Cellular IoT gateways, routers and modems
2.3.2 The open charge point protocol (OCPP)
2.3.3 Charging station management software
2.4 Payment solutions
2.4.1 Mobile payments and RFID tags
2.4.2 ISO 15118
2.4.3 Autocharge
2.4.4 Payment terminals

3 Charge Point Operators
3.1 Europe
3.1.1 Allego
3.1.2 Atlante
3.1.3 Be Charge
3.1.4 Bouygues Energies and Services (Bouygues Construction)
3.1.5 BP Pulse
3.1.6 CEZ Group
3.1.7 E.ON Group
3.1.8 EnBW
3.1.9 Eneco eMobility
3.1.10 Enel X (Enel Group)
3.1.11 ESB Group
3.1.12 Fastned
3.1.13 Freshmile
3.1.14 Iberdrola Group
3.1.15 InstaVolt
3.1.16 Ionity
3.1.17 Izivia (EDF)
3.1.18 Jolt Energy
3.1.19 Mer (Statkraft)
3.1.20 Power Dot
3.1.21 Recharge
3.1.22 Shell Recharge Solutions
3.1.23 TotalEnergies
3.1.24 Vattenfall Group
3.2 North America
3.2.1 Blink Charging
3.2.2 Electrify America
3.2.3 Electrify Canada
3.2.4 EVgo
3.2.5 Francis Energy
3.2.6 Hydro-Québec
3.2.7 Tesla
3.2.8 Volta Charging

4 Hardware and Software Providers
4.1 Europe
4.1.1 ABB
4.1.2 ABL
4.1.3 ADS-TEC Energy
4.1.4 Alfen
4.1.5 Alpitronic
4.1.6 Amina Charging
4.1.7 AMPECO
4.1.8 Charge Amps
4.1.9 Chargecloud
4.1.10 ChargeNode
4.1.11 Circontrol
4.1.12 Compleo Charging Solutions
4.1.13 CTEK
4.1.14 DBT Group
4.1.15 Driivz
4.1.16 Easee
4.1.17 Eaton
4.1.18 Ecotap (Legrand)
4.1.19 Efacec
4.1.20 Ekoenergetyka
4.1.21 Elli
4.1.22 eNovates
4.1.23 Ensto Building Systems (Legrand)
4.1.24 E-Totem
4.1.25 EO Charging
4.1.26 Etrel
4.1.27 EVBox (ENGIE)
4.1.28 Evtec
4.1.29 Fortum
4.1.30 Garo
4.1.31 Gnrgy
4.1.32 GreenFlux
4.1.33 Heidelberg Amperfied (Heidelberg Druckmaschinen)
4.1.34 Ingeteam
4.1.35 IES Synergy
4.1.36 Juice Technology
4.1.37 KEBA
4.1.38 Kempower
4.1.39 Kostad
4.1.40 L-Charge
4.1.41 Last Mile Solutions
4.1.42 Mennekes Group
4.1.43 Pod Point (EDF)
4.1.44 Rolec Services
4.1.45 Schneider Electric
4.1.46 Siemens
4.1.47 Smartlab
4.1.48 Teltonika
4.1.49 Tritium
4.1.50 Virta
4.1.51 Wallbox
4.1.52 Webasto
4.1.53 Wirelane
4.1.54 Zaptec
4.2 North America
4.2.1 Flo
4.2.2 BorgWarner
4.2.3 BTC Power (E.ON)
4.2.4 ChargePoint
4.2.5 ClipperCreek
4.2.6 Delta Electronics
4.2.7 Elmec
4.2.8 EV Connect
4.2.9 EvoCharge (Phillips & Temro)
4.2.10 EVPassport
4.2.11 FreeWire Technologies
4.2.12 InductEV
4.2.13 SemaConnect
4.2.14 SK Signet
4.3 Additional hardware vendors

5 Market Analysis and Trends
5.1 Market analysis
5.1.1 Market forecast
5.1.2 Regional market analysis
5.1.3 Government incentives and investments
5.2 Value chain analysis
5.2.1 EV charging hardware vendors
5.2.2 Software providers and charge point operators
5.2.3 Automotive industry players
5.2.4 Mergers and acquisitions
5.3 Market trends
5.3.1 The electric vehicle market continues to grow in spite of market uncertainty
5.3.2 The business case for connected charging stations continues to improve
5.3.3 M&As drive consolidation in the EV charging landscape
5.3.4 Going public gives access to growth capital
5.3.5 Demand for public and destination charging to increase rapidly in Europe
5.3.6 Open architectures alter the EV charging value chain
5.3.7 A modular design improves the case for DC charging
5.3.8 Car OEMs offer MSP services to lower barriers to EV adoption
5.3.9 Fast charging to move to more urban locations
5.3.10 Heavy commercial vehicle charging emerges as a new segment
5.3.11 New EV charging concepts using existing electrical installations in cities

List of Figures
Figure 1.1: EV fleet and new registrations (EU+EFTA+UK 2022/2023)
Figure 1.2: BEV fleet and new registrations (EU+EFTA+UK 2022/2023)
Figure 1.3: PHEV fleet and new registrations (EU+EFTA+UK 2022/2023)
Figure 1.4: EV fleet and new registrations (North America 2022/2023)
Figure 1.5: BEV fleet and new registrations (North America 2022/2023)
Figure 1.6: PHEV fleet and new registrations (North America 2022/2023)
Figure 1.7: Public AC charging points (EU+EFTA+UK 2023)
Figure 1.8: Public DC charging points (EU+EFTA+UK 2023)
Figure 1.9: BEVs per public AC and DC charging points (EU+EFTA+UK 2023)
Figure 1.10: AC and DC charging points (North America 2023)
Figure 1.11: Electric vehicles per normal and fast charging points (North America 2022)
Figure 2.1: Charging using alternating current and direct current
Figure 2.2: Charging modes
Figure 2.3: Charging levels
Figure 2.4: Examples of battery capacity for different car models
Figure 2.5: Theoretical charging duration for a 90-kWh battery
Figure 2.6: Connector standards by geographical region
Figure 2.7: Approximate layout of the new MCS and ChaoJi connectors
Figure 2.8: Common features in cellular IoT gateways and routers
Figure 2.9: Examples of routers used in EV charging applications
Figure 2.10: Overview of a cluster configuration
Figure 2.11: Example of a dashboard for management of charging operations
Figure 2.12: Example of RFID card and tag
Figure 2.13: Examples of payment terminals for EV charging stations
Figure 3.1: An Allego fast charging location
Figure 3.2: Enel X Way’s Juicebox
Figure 3.3: A Fastned charging location
Figure 3.4: An Ionity charging site
Figure 3.5: Jolt’s MerlinOne mobile charger and swap truck
Figure 3.6: Shell Recharge Solutions’ AC wallbox and Media charger
Figure 3.7: The Blink Series 9 DC charging station and EQ 200 AC wallbox
Figure 3.8: A Francis Energy charging station
Figure 3.9: Tesla’s Supercharger
Figure 3.10: Tesla’s Wall Connector
Figure 3.11: Voltpost charging station
Figure 4.1: The Terra AC wallbox and Terra 360 from ABB E-mobility
Figure 4.2: ADS-TEC Energy’s ChargePost and ChargeBox
Figure 4.3: The Hypercharger HYC400
Figure 4.4: The Amina S wallbox from Amina Charging
Figure 4.5: The Raption Compact 160 charger
Figure 4.6: Chargestorm Connected and Njord Go on a wall mount from CTEK
Figure 4.7: The Driivz suite dashboard
Figure 4.8: The Easee Charge Max wallbox
Figure 4.9: The ECC400 and DCPillar450 from EnerCharge
Figure 4.10: Troniq Modular and BusinessLine Double from EVBox
Figure 4.11: Juice Booster 3 with connector and adapters
Figure 4.12: KeContact P40 and M20 from KEBA
Figure 4.13: Kempower Satellite and Station Charger
Figure 4.14: Unity22 and Unity360 from Kostad
Figure 4.15: The INCH Pro from Landis+Gyr EV solutions
Figure 4.16: Ecotap’s Homebox and DC180 chargers
Figure 4.17: E-mobility Gateway and Amtron Compact from Mennekes
Figure 4.18: Siemens VersiCharge wallbox
Figure 4.19: Teltonika’s TeltoCharge
Figure 4.20: The Tritium RT50
Figure 4.21: Quasar 2 from Wallbox
Figure 4.22: Next and TurboDX from Ampure
Figure 4.23: The Gen 4 All-in-One and Public Dispenser EV chargers
Figure 4.24: ChargePoint Home and Express
Figure 4.25: The Ara home energy station from Dcbel
Figure 4.26: Flo Home X6 and Flo Ultra
Figure 4.27: The FreeWire Boost Power Pro with integrated energy storage
Figure 4.28: Additional hardware suppliers
Figure 5.1: Installed base and shipments of charging points (Europe 2023-2028)
Figure 5.2: Connected charging points by technology (Europe 2023-2028)
Figure 5.3: Market value by segment (Europe 2023-2028)
Figure 5.4: Installed base and shipments in major European markets (2023-2028)
Figure 5.5: Installed base and shipments of charging points (North America 2023-2028)
Figure 5.6: Connected charging points by technology (North America 2023-2028)
Figure 5.7: Market value by segment (North America 2023-2028)
Figure 5.8: Policies active in major electric vehicle countries in Europe (Q2-2024)
Figure 5.9: Installed base of charging points by vendor (Europe Q2-2024)
Figure 5.10: Installed base of DC charging stations by vendor (Europe Q2-2024)
Figure 5.11: Installed base of charging points by vendor (North America Q2-2024)
Figure 5.12: Installed base of DC charging stations by vendor (North America Q2-2024)
Figure 5.13: Connected charging points by software vendor (Europe Q2-2024)
Figure 5.14: Connected charging points by software vendor (North America Q2-2024)
Figure 5.15: Public charging networks (North America Q2-2024)
Figure 5.16: Public DC charging networks (North America Q2-2024)
Figure 5.17: M&As among companies active in EV charging (2017-2024)
Figure 5.18: lPOs and listings via SPAC mergers (2014-2024)

Companies Mentioned (Partial List)

A selection of companies mentioned in this report includes, but is not limited to:

  • ABB
  • ABL
  • ADS-TEC Energy
  • Alfen
  • Allego
  • Alpitronic
  • Amina Charging
  • Atlante
  • Be Charge
  • Blink Charging
  • BorgWarner
  • Bouygues Energies and Services (Bouygues Construction)
  • BP Pulse
  • BTC Power (E.ON)
  • CEZ Group
  • Charge Amps
  • Chargecloud
  • ChargeNode
  • ChargePoint 
  • Circontrol
  • ClipperCreek
  • Compleo Charging Solutions
  • CTEK
  • DBT Group
  • Delta Electronics
  • Driivz
  • E-Totem
  • E.ON Group
  • Easee
  • Eaton
  • Ecotap (Legrand)
  • Efacec
  • Ekoenergetyka
  • Electrify America
  • Electrify Canada
  • Elli
  • Elmec
  • EnBW
  • Eneco eMobility
  • Enel X (Enel Group)
  • eNovates
  • Ensto Building Systems (Legrand)
  • EO Charging
  • ESB Group
  • Etrel
  • EV Connect
  • EVBox (Engie) 
  • EVgo
  • EvoCharge (Phillips & Temro)
  • EVPassport
  • Evtec
  • Fastned
  • Flo
  • Fortum
  • Francis Energy
  • FreeWire Technologies
  • Freshmile
  • Garo
  • Gnrgy
  • GreenFlux
  • Greenflux 
  • Heidelberg Amperfied (Heidelberg Druckmaschinen)
  • Hydro-Québec
  • Iberdrola Group
  • IES Synergy
  • InductEV
  • Ingeteam
  • Innogy 
  • InstaVolt
  • Ionity
  • Izivia (EDF)
  • Jolt Energy
  • Juice Technology
  • KEBA
  • Kempower
  • Kostad
  • L-Charge
  • Last Mile Solutions
  • Mennekes Group
  • Mer (Statkraft)
  • Pod Point (EDF)
  • Pod Point and Zaptec 
  • Power Dot
  • Recharge
  • Rolec Services
  • Schneider Electric
  • SemaConnect
  • Shell Recharge Solutions 
  • Siemens
  • SK Signet
  • Smartlab
  • Teltonika
  • Tesla
  • TotalEnergies
  • Tritium
  • Vattenfall Group
  • Virta
  • Volta Charging
  • Wallbox
  • Webasto
  • Wirelane
  • Zaptec