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Rare Earth Elements Market: Global Industry Trends, Share, Size, Growth, Opportunity and Forecast 2021-2026

  • ID: 5483386
  • Report
  • November 2021
  • Region: Global
  • 125 Pages
  • IMARC Group

FEATURED COMPANIES

  • Alkane Resources Ltd
  • Arafura Resources Limited
  • Greenland Minerals Ltd
  • Iluka Resource Limited
  • IREL (India) Limited
  • Lynas Corporation Ltd.
The global rare earth elements market grew at a CAGR of around 7% during 2015-2020. Rare earth element (REE) is a group of seventeen elements that are found in the earth's crust and exhibit similar chemical and physical properties. Cerium, neodymium, erbium, holmium, lanthanum, praseodymium, yttrium, and dysprosium are some of the widely used rare earth elements. These elements offer numerous benefits, such as high electrical conductivity, enhanced heat resistance, improved magnetism, weight reduction, etc. As a result, REEs find diverse applications across various end-use sectors, including automobile, transportation, power generation, construction, medical, defense, etc.

The expanding automobile industry is currently propelling the utilization of rare earth elements for manufacturing catalysts and magnets for motor vehicles. Furthermore, the rising environmental concerns towards the increasing CO2 emissions from fuel-driven automobiles are augmenting the demand for electric vehicles across the globe. These electric vehicles utilize numerous REE-based permanent magnets, such as neodymium and praseodymium magnets, in the production of high-efficiency batteries. Additionally, the implementation of stringent regulations pertaining to the mandatory installation of catalytic converters in automobiles to reduce emissions is also driving the market for rare earth elements. Apart from this, the increasing penetration of advanced energy generation facilities is further catalyzing the use of REEs in manufacturing turbines, reactors, generators, transformers, etc. Moreover, the growing popularity of smart electronic devices, including LED/LCD TVs, smartphones, laptops, smart wearables, etc., is also bolstering the demand for REE-based components. Additionally, the emergence of fiber optics is further propelling the utilization of various rare earth elements, such as neodymium, erbium, and holmium, for manufacturing high-efficiency fibers. Looking forward, the publisher expects the global rare earth elements market to continue its strong growth during 2021-2026.

Key Market Segmentation:

The publisher provides an analysis of the key trends in each sub-segment of the global rare earth elements market, along with forecasts at the global, regional and country level from 2021-2026. Our report has categorized the market based on region and type.

Breakup by Type:

  • Magnets
  • NiMH Batteries
  • Auto Catalysts
  • Diesel Engines
  • Fluid Cracking Catalyst
  • Phosphers
  • Glass
  • Polishing Powders
  • Others

Breakup by Region:

  • China
  • Japan & Northeast Asia
  • United States
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown

FEATURED COMPANIES

  • Alkane Resources Ltd
  • Arafura Resources Limited
  • Greenland Minerals Ltd
  • Iluka Resource Limited
  • IREL (India) Limited
  • Lynas Corporation Ltd.

1 Preface
2 Scope and Methodology
2.1 Objectives of the Study
2.2 Stakeholders
2.3 Data Sources
2.3.1 Primary Sources
2.3.2 Secondary Sources
2.4 Market Estimation
2.4.1 Bottom-Up Approach
2.4.2 Top-Down Approach
2.5 Forecasting Methodology
3 Executive Summary4 What are Rare Earth Elements?
5 Rare Earth Elements: Are they Really Rare?
5.1 Reserve Estimates
5.2 How Long Will They Last?
6 Rare Earth Elements: Mining Economics
6.1 Mine Valuation: Grades & Composition are Key
6.2 Development of a New Project: Can Take Several Years
6.3 Rare Earth Mining Costs: Largely Location and Grade Development
6.4 Infrastructure & Capital Costs
6.5 Operating Costs
6.6 Key Projects
6.6.1 Arafura Resources Limited-Noland Project
6.6.2 Nechalacho Rare Earth Elements Project
6.6.3 Kvanefjeld Project-Greenland Minerals & Energy Limited
6.6.4 Dubbo Zirconia-Alkane Resources Limited
6.7 Mining and Processing
6.7.1 Mining
6.7.2 Downstream Processing
6.8 Prices
6.8.1 Factors Affecting Rare Earth Element Prices
6.8.2 Historical Prices
6.8.3 Pricing Forecast
7 China’s Role in the Global Rare Earth Elements Market
7.1 China has a Monopoly Over Rare Earth Elements
7.2 Mining Costs in China Are Significantly Lower Than Other Rare Earth Producers
7.3 Miners Have Benefitted from the Lack of Proper Working Standards and Environmental Regulations
7.4 China Has a Significantly Higher In-house Expertise Compared to Other Rare Earth Producers
7.5 China is Strategically Increasing Production Quotas to Sustain Global Dominance in Rare Earth Elements Market
7.6 China Aims to Become an Exporter of Higher Value Goods
8 Global Rare Earth Elements Market
8.1 Total Sales and Production of Rare Earth Elements
8.2 Production of Rare Earth Elements by Region
8.2.1 Current Operational Mines
8.2.1.1 Bayan Obo, China
8.2.1.2 Longnan, China
8.2.1.3 Xunwu, China
8.2.1.4 India
8.2.1.5 Eastern Coast, Brazil
8.2.1.6 Lahat, Malaysia
8.2.1.7 Mt. Weld, Australia
8.2.1.8 Mountain Pass, United States
8.2.1.9 Nolans, Australia
8.2.1.10 Steenkampskraal, South Africa
8.2.1.11 Kvanefjeld, Greenland
8.2.1.12 Dong Pao, Vietnam
8.2.1.13 Dubbo Zirconia, Australia
8.2.2 Potential Operational Mines
8.2.2.1 Nechalacho, Canada
8.3 Consumption of Rare Earth Elements by Region
8.3.1 China
8.3.2 Japan & Northeast Asia
8.3.3 United States
9 Supply & Demand of Individual Rare Earth Elements
9.1 Elements that will Face Supply Shortages in the Near Future
9.1.1 Praseodymium
9.1.1.1 Elements Overview & Supply Risks
9.1.1.2 Supply & Demand
9.1.2 Neodymium
9.1.2.1 Elements Overview & Supply Risks
9.1.2.2 Supply & Demand
9.2 Elements that be Oversupplied in the Near Future
9.2.1 Terbium
9.2.1.1 Elements Overview & Supply Risks
9.2.1.2 Supply & Demand
9.2.2 Yttrium
9.2.2.1 Elements Overview & Supply Risks
9.2.2.2 Supply & Demand
9.2.3 Lanthanum
9.2.3.1 Elements Overview & Supply Risks
9.2.3.2 Supply & Demand
9.2.4 Cerium
9.2.4.1 Elements Overview & Supply Risks
9.2.4.2 Supply & Demand
9.2.5 Dysprosium
9.2.5.1 Elements Overview & Supply Risks
9.2.5.2 Supply & Demand
9.2.6 Samarium
9.2.6.1 Elements Overview & Supply Risks
9.2.6.2 Supply & Demand
9.2.7 Europium
9.2.7.1 Elements Overview & Supply Risks
9.2.7.2 Supply & Demand
10 Market by Application
10.1 Magnets
10.2 NiMH Batteries
10.3 Auto Catalysts
10.4 Diesel Engines
10.5 Fluid Cracking Catalyst
10.6 Phosphers
10.7 Glass
10.8 Polishing Powders
10.9 Other Applications
11 Overview on Mining and Processing of Ion-Adsorption Clays
11.1 Current Technologies
11.2 Typical Costs Involved With Processing RE Oxides
12 Overcoming the Potential Shortfalls in Supply
12.1 Stockpiling
12.2 Recycling
12.3 Substitution
12.4 Material Shortfall Strategies by Various Rare Earth Consumers
13 Competitive Landscape
13.1 Market Structure
13.2 Key Players
13.3 Profiles of Key Players
13.3.1 Lynas Corporation Ltd.
13.3.2 Arafura Resources Limited
13.3.3 Great Western Minerals Group Ltd.
13.3.4 Avalon Advanced Materials Inc.
13.3.5 Greenland Minerals Ltd
13.3.6 Alkane Resources Ltd
13.3.7 Neo Performance Materials
13.3.8 Iluka Resource Limited
13.3.9 IREL (India) Limited
13.3.10 Canada Rare Earths Corporation
List of Figures
Figure 1: Periodic Table Showing Rare Earth Elements
Figure 2: Topology of Rare Earth Elements
Figure 3: Global: Rare Earth Metal Reserves by Country (in Million Metric Tons), 2020
Figure 4: Global: Rare Earth Metal Reserves by Country (in %), 2020
Figure 5: Comparative Total Rare Earth Oxide Values of Various Rare Earth Mines
Figure 6: Kvanefjeld Project Capital Cost Estimated Breakdown
Figure 7: Global: Sources of Rare Earth Metals
Figure 8: Flow Chart: Concentration of Rare Earth Ores
Figure 9: Flow Chart: Extraction of Rare Earths from their Concentrated Ores
Figure 10: China & US: Average Labor Costs Per Hour (in US$), 2020
Figure 11: Global: Rare Earth Metals Production (in 000’ Metric Tons), 2015-2020
Figure 12: Global: Rare Earth Metals Market (in Billion US$), 2015-2020
Figure 13: Global: Rare Earth Metals Production Forecast (in 000’ Metric Tons), 2021-2026
Figure 14: Global: Rare Earth Metals Market Forecast (in Billion US$), 2021-2026
Figure 15: Global: Rare Earth Metals Production by Country (in %), 2020
Figure 16: Bayan Obo Rare Earth Mine: Composition of Various Elements (in %)
Figure 17: Longnan Rare Earth Mine: Composition of Various Elements (in %)
Figure 18: Xunwu Rare Earth Mine: Composition of Various Elements (in %)
Figure 19: India Rare Earth Mine: Composition of Various Elements (in %)
Figure 20: Eastern Coast Rare Earth Mine: Composition of Various Elements (in %)
Figure 21: Lahat Rare Earth Mine: Composition of Various Elements (in %)
Figure 22: Mt Weld Rare Earth Mine: Composition of Various Elements (in %)
Figure 23: Mountain Pass Rare Earth Mine: Composition of Various Elements (in %)
Figure 24: Nolans Rare Earth Mine: Composition of Various Elements (in %)
Figure 25: Steenkampskraal Rare Earth Mine: Composition of Various Elements (in %)
Figure 26: Kvanefjeld Rare Earth Mine: Composition of Various Elements (in %)
Figure 27: Dong Pao Rare Earth Mine: Composition of Various Elements (in %)
Figure 28: Dubbo Zirconia Rare Earth Mine: Composition of Various Elements (in %)
Figure 29: Nechalacho Rare Earth Mine: Composition of Various Elements (in %)
Figure 30: Global: Rare Earth Elements Consumption by Region, (in %), 2020
Figure 31: Global: Rare Earth Elements Consumption by Region Forecast, (in %), 2026
Figure 32: Praseodymium: Supply & Demand Balance, (in Metric Tons), 2020
Figure 33: Praseodymium: Historical prices (in US$/kg), 2015-2020
Figure 34: Praseodymium: Price Forecasts (in US$/kg), 2021-2026
Figure 35: Neodymium: Supply & Demand Balance, (in Metric Tons), 2020
Figure 36: Neodymium: Historical prices (in US$/kg), 2015-2020
Figure 37: Neodymium: Price Forecasts (in US$/kg), 2021-2026
Figure 38: Terbium: Supply & Demand Balance, (in Metric Tons), 2020
Figure 39: Terbium: Historical prices (in US$/kg), 2015-2020
Figure 40: Terbium: Price Forecasts (in US$/kg), 2021-2026
Figure 41: Yttrium: Supply & Demand Balance (in Metric Tons), 2020
Figure 42: Yttrium: Historical Prices (in US$/kg), 2015-2020
Figure 43: Yttrium: Price Forecasts (in US$/kg), 2021-2026
Figure 44: Lanthanum: Supply & Demand Balance, (in Metric Tons), 2020
Figure 45: Lanthanum: Historical prices (in US$/kg), 2015-2020
Figure 46: Lanthanum: Price Forecasts (in US$/kg), 2021-2026
Figure 47: Cerium: Supply & Demand Balance, (in Metric Tons), 2020
Figure 48: L Cerium: Historical prices (in US$/kg), 2015-2020
Figure 49: Cerium: Price Forecasts (in US$/kg), 2021-2026
Figure 50: Dysprosium: Supply & Demand Balance, (in Metric Tons), 2020
Figure 51: Dysprosium: Historical prices (in US$/kg), 2015-2020
Figure 52: Dysprosium: Price Forecasts (in US$/kg), 2021-2026
Figure 53: Samarium: Supply & Demand Balance, (in Metric Tons), 2020
Figure 54: Samarium: Historical Prices (in US$/kg), 2015-2020
Figure 55: Samarium: Price Forecasts (in US$/kg), 2021-2026
Figure 56: Europium: Supply & Demand Balance, (in Metric Tons), 2020
Figure 57: Europium: Historical prices (in US$/kg), 2015-2020
Figure 58: Europium: Price Forecasts (in US$/kg), 2021-2026
Figure 59: Diesel Particulate Filter
List of Tables
Table 1: Rare Earth Elements: Light & Heavy Definitions
Table 2: Rare Earth Elements: Characteristics & Applications
Table 3: Light & Heavy Rare Earth Elements: Key Barriers to Entry
Table 4: Total Time & Stages Required in Constructing & Bringing a Rare Earth Mine to Production
Table 5: Rare Earth Elements: Mining & Processing Costs
Table 6: Arafura Resources Limited-Nolans Project: Mining & Production
Table 7: Arafura Resources Limited-Nolans Project: Financials Involved
Table 8: Nechalacho Earth Elements Project Capital Cost Summary
Table 9: Nechalacho Earth Elements Site Capital Cost Summary
Table 10: Nechalacho Earth Elements Project Operating Cost
Table 11: Kvanefjeld Project Capital Cost Summary
Table 12: Kvanefjeld Project Operating Cost Summary
Table 13: Dubbo Zirconia Project Capital Cost Estimates
Table 14: Dubbo Zirconia Project Operating Cost Estimates
Table 15: Sources of Rare Earth Elements & Their Composition
Table 16: Average Annual Prices of Individual Rare Earth Elements, (in US$/Kg), 2015-2020
Table 17: Average Annual Price Forecast of Individual Rare Earth Elements, (in US$/Kg), 2021-2026
Table 18: China: Rare Earth Elements Production Quota (in Metric Tons), 2015– 2020
Table 19: Global: Distribution of Elements in Various Rare Earth Mines (in %)
Table 20: Bayan Obo Rare Earth Mine: Composition of Various Elements (in %)
Table 21: Longnan Rare Earth Mine: Composition of Various Elements (in %)
Table 22: Xunwu Rare Earth Mine: Composition of Various Elements (in %)
Table 23: India Rare Earth Mine: Composition of Various Elements (in %)
Table 24: Eastern Coast Rare Earth Mine: Composition of Various Elements (in %)
Table 25: Lahat Rare Earth Mine: Composition of Various Elements (in %)
Table 26: Mt Weld Rare Earth Mine: Composition of Various Elements (in %)
Table 27: Mountain Pass Rare Earth Mine: Composition of Various Elements (in %)
Table 28: Nolans Rare Earth Mine: Composition of Various Elements (in %)
Table 29: Steenkampskraal Rare Earth Mine: Composition of Various Elements (in %)
Table 30: Kvanefjeld Rare Earth Mine: Composition of Various Elements (in %)
Table 31: Dong Pao Rare Earth Mine: Composition of Various Elements (in %)
Table 32: Dubbo Zirconia Rare Earth Mine: Composition of Various Elements (in %)
Table 33: Nechalacho Rare Earth Mine: Composition of Various Elements (in %)
Table 34: Global: Rare Earth Elements Consumption by Region & Application (in Metric Tons), 2020
Table 35: Global: Rare Earth Elements Consumption by Region & Application Forecast (in Metric Tons), 2026
Table 36: China: Rare Earth Elements Consumption by Application (in Metric Tons), 2020 & 2026
Table 37: Japan & Northeast Asia: Rare Earth Elements Consumption by Application (in Metric Tons), 2020 & 2026
Table 38: US: Rare Earth Elements Consumption by Application (in Metric Tons), 2020 & 2026
Table 39: Global: Supply of Various Rare Earth Elements (in Metric Tons), 2020
Table 40: Global: Supply & Demand of Various Rare Earth Elements, (in Metric Tons), 2020
Table 41: Praseodymium: Overview, Importance to Clean Energy & Supply Risk
Table 42: Neodymium: Overview, Importance to Clean Energy & Supply Risk
Table 43: Terbium: Overview, Importance to Clean Energy & Supply Risk
Table 44: Yttrium: Overview, Importance to Clean Energy & Supply Risk
Table 45: Lanthanum: Overview, Importance to Clean Energy & Supply Risk
Table 46: Cerium: Overview, Importance to Clean Energy & Supply Risk
Table 47: Dysprosium: Overview, Importance to Clean Energy & Supply Risk
Table 48: Samarium: Overview, Importance to Clean Energy & Supply Risk
Table 49: Europium: Overview, Importance to Clean Energy & Supply Risk
Table 50: Global: Demand of Rare Earth Elements by Application (in Metric Tons), 2015-2020
Table 51: Global: Demand of Rare Earth Elements by Application (in Metric Tons), 2021-2026
Table 52: Global: Demand of Rare Earth Elements for Magnets, (in Metric Tons), 2015-2020
Table 53: Global: Demand of Rare Earth Elements for Magnets, (in Metric Tons), 2021-2026
Table 54: Global: Demand of Rare Earth Elements for NiMH Batteries, (in Metric Tons), 2015-2020
Table 55: Global: Demand of Rare Earth Elements for NiMH Batteries, (in Metric Tons), 2021-2026
Table 56: Global: Demand of Rare Earth Elements for Autocats, (in Metric Tons), 2015-2020
Table 57: Global: Demand of Rare Earth Elements for Autocats, (in Metric Tons), 2021-2026
Table 58: Global: Demand of Rare Earth Elements for Diesel Engines, (in Metric Tons), 2015-2020
Table 59: Global: Demand of Rare Earth Elements for Diesel Engines, (in Metric Tons), 2021-2026
Table 60: Global: Demand of Rare Earth Elements for FCC, (in Metric Tons), 2015-2020
Table 61: Global: Demand of Rare Earth Elements for FCC, (in Metric Tons), 2021-2026
Table 62: Global: Demand of Rare Earth Elements for Phosphers, (in Metric Tons), 2015-2020
Table 63: Global: Demand of Rare Earth Elements for Phosphers, (in Metric Tons), 2021-2026
Table 64: Global: Demand of Rare Earth Elements for Glass, (in Metric Tons), 2015-2020
Table 65: Global: Demand of Rare Earth Elements for Glass, (in Metric Tons), 2021-2026
Table 66: Global: Demand of Rare Earth Elements for Polishing Powders, (in Metric Tons), 2015-2020
Table 67: Global: Demand of Rare Earth Elements for Polishing Powders, (in Metric Tons), 2021-2026
Table 68: Global: Demand of Rare Earth Elements for Other Applications, (in Metric Tons), 2015-2020
Table 69: Global: Demand of Rare Earth Elements for Other Applications, (in Metric Tons), 2021-2026
Table 70: Rare Earth Elements Processing Costs (US$/lb, TREO)
Table 71: Mill Operating Costs (US$/lb, TREO)
Table 72: Extraction/ Separation Plant Operating Costs (US$/lb, TREO)
Table 73: Substitution Possibilities in Rare Earth Elements
Table 74: Material Shortfall Strategies by Rare Earth Reserve Rich Countries
Table 75: Material Shortfall Strategies by Countries Not Having Rich Rare Earth Reserves
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
  • Lynas Corporation Ltd.
  • Arafura Resources Limited
Great Western Minerals Group Ltd.
  • Avalon Advanced Materials Inc.
  • Greenland Minerals Ltd
  • Alkane Resources Ltd
  • Neo Performance Materials
  • Iluka Resource Limited
  • IREL (India) Limited
  • Canada Rare Earths Corporation
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown

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